Emma Morano

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Emma Morano

Emma Morano.jpg
Morano in 1930
Born
Emma Martina Luigia Morano

(1899-11-29)29 November 1899 [1]
Died(2017-04-15)15 April 2017
(aged 117 years, 137 days)
Resting placeCimitero di Pallanza, Italy
Known for
  • Oldest living person
    (13 May 2016 – 15 April 2017)
  • Oldest verified Italian person ever
  • Last person living verified to have been born before 1900
Spouse(s)Giovanni Martinuzzi
(m. 1926–his death 1978; separated 1938) [2]
Children1 son

Emma Martina Luigia Morano OMRI [3] (29 November 1899 – 15 April 2017) was an Italian supercentenarian who, before her death at the age of 117 years and 137 days, was the world's oldest living person whose age had been verified, and the last living person to have been verified as being born in the 1800s. [4] She remains the oldest Italian person ever [5] and the second-oldest European person ever behind Frenchwoman Jeanne Calment. [6]

Order of Merit of the Italian Republic Italian order of knighthood

The Order of Merit of the Italian Republic was founded as the senior order of knighthood by the second President of the Italian Republic, Luigi Einaudi in 1951. The highest ranking honour of the Republic, it is awarded for "merit acquired by the nation" in the fields of literature, the arts, economy, public service, and social, philanthropic and humanitarian activities and for long and conspicuous service in civilian and military careers. The post-nominal letters for the order are OMRI. The order effectively replaced national orders such as the Civil Order of Savoy (1831), the Order of the Crown of Italy (1868), the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (1572) and the Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation (1362).

A supercentenarian is someone who has lived to or surpassed their 110th birthday. This age is achieved by about one in 1,000 centenarians. Anderson et al. concluded that supercentenarians live a life typically free of major age-related diseases until shortly before maximum human lifespan is reached.

Jeanne Calment French supercentenarian with the longest confirmed life in history

Jeanne Louise Calment was a French supercentenarian from Arles, and the oldest human whose age was well-documented, with a lifespan of 122 years and 164 days. Her longevity attracted media attention and medical studies of her health and lifestyle.

Contents

Early life

Morano in 1900 Emma Morano 1900.jpg
Morano in 1900

Emma Martina Luigia Morano was born on 29 November 1899 in Civiasco, Vercelli, Piedmont, Kingdom of Italy, to Giovanni Morano and Matilde Bresciani, [7] the eldest of eight children (five daughters and three sons). She had a long-lived family: her mother, an aunt and some of her siblings turned 90, and one of her sisters, Angela Morano (1908–2011), [8] died at age 102.

Civiasco Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Civiasco is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vercelli in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 90 kilometres (56 mi) northeast of Turin and about 50 kilometres (31 mi) north of Vercelli.

Vercelli Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Vercelli, is a city and comune of 46.552 inhabitants (1-1-2017) in the Province of Vercelli, Piedmont, northern Italy. One of the oldest urban sites in northern Italy, it was founded, according to most historians, around the year 600 BC.

Piedmont Region of Italy

Piedmont is a region in northwest Italy, one of the 20 regions of the country. It borders the Liguria region to the south, the Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna regions to the east and the Aosta Valley region to the northwest; it also borders France to the west and Switzerland to the northeast. It has an area of 25,402 square kilometres (9,808 sq mi) and a population of 4,377,941 as of 30 November 2017. The capital of Piedmont is Turin.

When she was a child she moved from the Sesia Valley to Ossola for her father's job, [9] but the climate was so unhealthy there that a physician advised her family to live somewhere with more moderate weather, so she moved to Verbania, on Lake Maggiore, where she lived the rest of her life. In October 1926, she married Giovanni Martinuzzi [10] (1901–1978), and her only child was born in 1937 but died when he was only six months old. The marriage was not a happy one, [11] so in 1938 Morano separated from her husband, driving him out of the house; he died in 1978. [12]

Valsesia valley in Italy

Valsesia is a group of valleys in the north-east of Piedmont in the Province of Vercelli, Italy; the principal valley is that of the river Sesia.

Ossola valley

The Ossola[ˈɔssola] is an area of Italy situated to the north of Lago Maggiore. It lies within the Province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola. Its principal river is the Toce, and its most important town Domodossola.

Verbania Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Verbania is the most populous comune (municipality) and the capital city of the province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola in the Piedmont region of northwest Italy. It is situated on the shore of Lake Maggiore, about 91 km (57 mi) north-west of Milan and about 40 km (25 mi) from Locarno in Switzerland. It had a population of 30,827 at 1 January 2017.

Later life

Emma Morano, 1920s Emma Morano (old photo) ver2.jpg
Emma Morano, 1920s

Until 1954 Morano worked at Maioni Industry, a jute factory in her town. She subsequently worked in the kitchen of Collegio Santa Maria, a Marianist boarding school in Verbania, until her retirement at the age of 75. [7]

Jute bast fiber from the genus Corchorus

Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. It is produced primarily from plants in the genus Corchorus, which was once classified with the family Tiliaceae, and more recently with Malvaceae. The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth.

Society of Mary (Marianists) Roman Catholic Marian Society

The Society of Mary, a Roman Catholic Marian Society, is a congregation of brothers and priests called The Marianists or Marianist Brothers and Priests. The Society was founded by Blessed William Joseph Chaminade, a priest who survived the anti-clerical persecution during the French Revolution. The Society is one of the four branches of the Marianist Family. Along with the other branches, the Marianist Brothers and Priests look to Mary as a model of faith and spirituality. They believe that the best ways to live a spiritual life are to share their faith with others, work with the poor, and educate and nourish the mind, the body, and the soul.

In December 2011 she was awarded the honor of Knight of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic by President Giorgio Napolitano. [3]

Giorgio Napolitano 11th President of Italy

Giorgio Napolitano, is an Italian politician who served as the 11th President of the Republic from 2006 to 2015, and the only Italian President to be reelected to the Presidency. Due to his monarchical style and his dominant position in Italian politics, critics often refer to him as Re Giorgio. He is the longest serving President in the history of the modern Italian Republic, which has been in existence since 1946.

In 2013, when asked about the secret of her longevity, she said that she ate three eggs a day, drank a glass of homemade grappa, and enjoyed a chocolate sometimes, but, above all, she thought positively about the future. [13] She was still living alone in her home on her 115th birthday. [14] In 2016 she credited her long life to her diet of raw eggs and cookies, and to staying single. [15] [16]

Egg organic vessel in which an embryo first begins to develop

The egg is the organic vessel containing the zygote in which an embryo develops until it can survive on its own; at which point the animal hatches. An egg results from fertilization of an egg cell. Most arthropods, vertebrates, and mollusks lay eggs, although some, such as scorpions do not.

Grappa Italian alcoholic beverage

Grappa is an alcoholic beverage, a fragrant, grape-based pomace brandy of Italian origin that contains 35 to 60 percent alcohol by volume.

Chocolate food produced from the seed of Theobroma cacao

Chocolate is a usually sweet, brown food preparation of roasted and ground cacao seeds that is made in the form of a liquid, paste, or in a block, or used as a flavoring ingredient in other foods. The earliest evidence of use traces to the Olmecs (Mexico), with evidence of chocolate beverages dating to 1900 BC. The majority of Mesoamerican people made chocolate beverages, including the Maya and Aztecs. Indeed, the word "chocolate" is derived from the Classical Nahuatl word chocolātl.

Morano became the oldest living person in Italy and Europe after the death of Maria Redaelli on 2 April 2013. [10] On her 114th birthday, she gave a short live TV interview to a RAI show. [17] On her 116th birthday, Morano received congratulations from Pope Francis. [18]

She surpassed the age of Venere Pizzinato in August 2014 and Dina Manfredini (who died in the United States) in August 2015, to become the oldest Italian person ever. [5] [19] On 13 May 2016, [lower-alpha 1] upon the death of American woman Susannah Mushatt Jones, Morano became the world's oldest living person and also the last living person verified to have been born before 1900. [21] On 29 July 2016, she was presented with a certificate from Guinness World Records recognizing her as the oldest person alive. [22] [23] Festivities celebrating her 117th birthday on 29 November 2016 were broadcast live in Italy. [24]

Death

Morano died at her home in Verbania, Italy, on 15 April 2017 at the age of 117. [25] [26] At the time she was the oldest person alive and the fifth-oldest person in recorded history. [27] [28] She was recognised as the last living person born before 1900 whose age had been independently verified. [29] [30] Upon Morano's death, Violet Brown became the world's oldest living person. [31] [32]

See also

Notes

  1. Susannah Mushatt Jones died on 12 May 2016 at 8:26 pm EDT. [20] However, in Italy, where Morano lived, the date was already 13 May 2016 (CEST).

Related Research Articles

Marie-Louise Meilleur French Canadian supercentenarian

Marie-Louise Fébronie Meilleur was a French Canadian supercentenarian. Meilleur is the oldest validated Canadian ever and upon the death of longevity world record holder Jeanne Calment, became the world's oldest recognized living person. She was succeeded as the oldest living person by Sarah Knauss.

Longevity claims are unsubstantiated cases of asserted human longevity. Those asserting lifespans of 110 years or more are referred to as supercentenarians. Many have either no official verification or are backed only by partial evidence. Cases where longevity has been fully verified, according to modern standards of longevity research, are reflected in an established list of supercentenarians based on the work of organizations such as the Gerontology Research Group (GRG) or Guinness World Records. This article lists living claims greater than that of the oldest person whose age has been independently verified, Kane Tanaka at 116 years, 113 days, and deceased claims greater than that of the oldest person ever whose age has been verified, namely Jeanne Calment who died at the age of 122 years, 164 days. The upper limit for both lists is 130 years.

This is a list of tables of the oldest people in the world in ordinal ranks. To avoid including false or unconfirmed claims of extreme old age, names here are restricted to those people whose ages have been validated by an international body that specifically deals in longevity research, such as the Gerontology Research Group (GRG) or Guinness World Records (GWR), and others who have otherwise been reliably sourced.

Jeralean Talley American supercentenarian

Jeralean Talley was an American supercentenarian who was, at the age of 116 years, 25 days, the world's verified oldest living person. She was previously thought to be the oldest living American, from the death of Elsie Thompson on March 21, 2013 until Gertrude Weaver was verified to be older in July 2014. Upon Weaver's death on April 6, 2015, Talley was recognized as the oldest living person in the world. Talley received letters from U.S. President Barack Obama on her 114th and 116th birthdays acknowledging her status.

Susannah Mushatt Jones American supercentenarian

Susannah Mushatt Jones was an African American supercentenarian who was, at the age of 116 years and 311 days, the world's oldest living person and the last living American born in the 19th century. She received tributes from the United States House of Representatives and from the Alabama House of Representatives "for a remarkable lifetime of exceptional achievement lived during three centuries".

Violet Brown Jamaican supercentenarian

Violet Brown was a Jamaican supercentenarian who was the oldest verified living person in the world for five months, following the death of Emma Morano on 15 April 2017 until her own death at the age of 117 years, 189 days on 15 September 2017. She was the fifth-oldest person in history at the time of her death and along with Nabi Tajima of Japan, was one of the last two living people known to have been born in the 19th century.

Events during the year 2017 in Italy.

Kane Tanaka is a Japanese supercentenarian who at her age of 116 years, 112 days, is the world's oldest verified living person following the death of 117-year-old Chiyo Miyako on 22 July 2018.

References

  1. "Oldest Validated Living Supercentenarians". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  2. "Auguri alla nonna d'Italia che ha visto 10 Papi" (in Italian). San Francesco. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  3. 1 2 "Le onorificenze della Repubblica italiana" (in Italian). Quirinale.it. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  4. "Emma Morano, world's oldest living person and last link to 19th Century, celebrates her 117th birthday". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  5. 1 2 "Emma Morano, è italiana la nonnina del mondo". DiRegiovani (in Italian). 16 May 2016.
  6. "Longevity tips from the world's oldest person". The New Daily. 17 May 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  7. 1 2 "I miei 112 anni di storia d'Italia". La Stampa (in Italian).
  8. "'Angiolina', Sono 102!" (in Italian). Verbaniamilleventi.org. 27 March 2007. Archived from the original on 6 November 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  9. "La nonna che abbraccia tre secoli" (in Italian). Caffe.ch. 12 November 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  10. 1 2 mario.giovanardi. "Emma MArano 113 anni Mangio tre uova al giorno, come mi disse il dottore quando ero ragazza" (in Italian). Vip.it. Archived from the original on 15 October 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  11. "Emma Morano, 112 anni: ha visto dieci Papi. Il segreto? Tre uova al dì" (in Italian). 45.9215067,8.5515597: Blitzquotidiano.it. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  12. Diebel, Matthew (13 May 2016). "This woman is the only person left born in the 1800s". USA TODAY. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
  13. "Nacque sotto re Umberto I. Era il 1899 Emma Morano è nata a Civiasco 112 anni fa. Oggi vive a Verbania e abita ancora da sola 'Martedì ho festeggiato con torta e vino bianco'. Mangia tre uova al giorno e beve la 'sua' grappa" (in Italian). Civiasco.netweek.it. 16 July 1987. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  14. "Emma Morano compie 115 anni". La Stampa (in Italian). Retrieved 3 December 2014.
  15. Bender, Kelli. "Emma Morano, 115, Credits Her Long Life to Raw Eggs and Staying Single" . Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  16. CNN, Faith Karimi. "Emma Morano, world's oldest person, dies at age 117". CNN. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  17. "Emma Morano compie 114 anni" (in Italian). ogginotizie.it. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  18. "I 116 anni di Emma Morano". Eco Risveglio (in Italian). 29 November 2015.
  19. "Nonna Emma compie 115 anni" (in Italian). 29 November 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  20. Boyette, Chris; Melendez, Pilar (14 May 2016). "Susannah Mushatt Jones, world's oldest person, dies at 116". cnn.com. CNN . Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  21. "This woman is the only person left born in the 1800s". USA Today . 13 May 2016.
  22. Ronchi, Sergio (2 August 2016). "Emma Morano Sul Libro Del Guinness World Records" (in Italian). verbaniamilleventi.org. Retrieved 3 August 2016.
  23. Ronchi, Sergio (2 August 2016). "Guinness e marianisti premiano Emma Morano". La Stampa (in Italian). Retrieved 3 August 2016.
  24. Povoledo, Elisabetta (29 November 2016). "Emma Morano, World's Oldest Person, Turns 117". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  25. "Italy's Emma Morano, the world's oldest person, dies at 117". ABC News. 15 April 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  26. D'Emilio, Frances (15 April 2017). "Emma Morano, the world's oldest person, dies in Italy at 117". The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  27. "La biografia per la valsesiana più vecchia del mondo" (in Italian). La Sesia. 3 January 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  28. Fernando, Spencer (15 April 2017). "World's Oldest Person Dead At Age 117". MyToba.ca News. Archived from the original on 16 April 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
  29. Ronchi, Sergio (15 April 2017). "Verbania, morta a 117 anni Emma Morano: era la più anziana del mondo". La Stampa (in Italian). Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  30. "World's oldest person Emma Morano dies at 117". BBC News. 15 April 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  31. D'Emilio, Frances (15 April 2017). "Italy's Emma Morano, the world's oldest person, dies at 117". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 15 April 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  32. "Italy's Emma Morano, the world's oldest person, dies at 117". STAT News. 15 April 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017 via Associated Press.