Emperor Go-Ichijō

Last updated
Go-Ichijō
Emperor of Japan
ReignMarch 10, 1016 – May 15, 1036
Coronation March 24, 1016
Predecessor Sanjō
Successor Go-Suzaku
BornOctober 12, 1008
Tsuchimikado Tei (土御門邸), Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
DiedMay 15, 1036(1036-05-15) (aged 27)
Seiryō Den (清涼殿) in Dairi (内裏), Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
BurialBodaijuin no misasagi (菩提樹院陵) (Kyoto)
Spouse Fujiwara no Ishi
Issue
House Yamato
Father Emperor Ichijō
Mother Fujiwara no Shōshi

Emperor Go-Ichijō(後一条天皇,Go-Ichijō-tennō , October 12, 1008 – May 15, 1036) was the 68th emperor of Japan, [1] according to the traditional order of succession. [2]

Emperor of Japan Monarch in Japan

The Emperor of Japan is the head of the Imperial Family and the head of state of Japan. Under the 1947 constitution, he is defined as "the symbol of the State and of the unity of the people." Historically, he was also the highest authority of the Shinto religion. In Japanese, the Emperor is called Tennō (天皇), literally "heavenly sovereign". In English, the use of the term Mikado for the Emperor was once common, but is now considered obsolete.

Contents

Go-Ichijō's reign spanned the years from 1016 through 1036. [3]

This 11th century sovereign was named after Emperor Ichijō and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he is sometimes called the "Later Emperor Ichijō", or, in some older sources, may be identified as " Emperor Ichijō, the second."

Emperor Ichijō Emperor of Japan

Emperor Ichijō was the 66th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.

Traditional narrative

Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name ( imina ) [4] was Atsuhira-shinnō (敦成親王). [5] He was also known as Atsunari-shinnō. [6]

Chrysanthemum Throne

The Chrysanthemum Throne is the throne of the Emperor of Japan. The term also can refer to very specific seating, such as the takamikura (高御座) throne in the Shishin-den at Kyoto Imperial Palace.

Atsuhira was the second son of Emperor Ichijō. His mother, Fujiwara no Akiko/Shōshi (藤原彰子) (988–1074), was a daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga. In her later years, Ichijō's chūgo consort was known as Jōtō-mon In (上東門院). [7]

Empress Shōshi daughter of Michinaga; empress consort of Ichijō

Fujiwara no Shōshi, also known as Jōtōmon-in (上東門院), the eldest daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga, was Empress of Japan from c. 1000 to c. 1011. Her father sent her to live in the Emperor Ichijō's harem at age 12. Because of his power, influence and political machinations she quickly achieved the status of second empress. As empress she was able to surround herself with a court of talented and educated ladies-in-waiting such as Murasaki Shikibu, author of The Tale of Genji.

Fujiwara no Michinaga Japanese nobleman of the Heian period

Fujiwara no Michinaga was a Japanese statesman. His rule represents the high point of the Fujiwara clan control over the government of Japan.

Events of Go-Ichijō's life

Atsuhira-shinnō was used as a pawn in Imperial court politics when he was only a child.

Chōwa Japanese era

Chōwa (長和) was a Japanese era name after Kankō and before Kannin. This period spanned the years from December 1012 through April 1017. The reigning emperors were Sanjō-tennō (三条天皇) and Go-Ichijō-tennō (後一条天皇).

Atsuhira became emperor at the age of 8, upon the abdication of his first cousin once removed, Emperor Sanjō.

During the initial years of Go-Ichijō's reign, Fujiwara no Michinaga actually ruled from his position as sesshō (regent). [10]

The actual site of Go-Ichijō's grave is known. [1] This emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) at Kyoto.

The Imperial Household Agency designates this location as Go-Ichijō's mausoleum. It is formally named Bodaijuin no misasagi. [14]

Kugyō

Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Ichijō's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Go-Ichijō's reign

The years of Go-Ichijō's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō . [17]

Consort and children

Tomb of Emperor Go-Ichijo and one of his daughters, Kyoto Tomb of Emperor Goichijo.jpg
Tomb of Emperor Go-Ichijō and one of his daughters, Kyoto

Go-Ichijō had one Empress and two Imperial daughters. [11]

Empress (chūgū): Fujiwara no Ishi (藤原威子; 999–1036), Fujiwara no Michinaga’s third daughter

Ancestry

[18]

See also

Notes

Japanese Imperial kamon -- a stylized chrysanthemum blossom Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. 1 2 Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 後一条天皇 (68)
  2. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 74.
  3. Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 307–310; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 195-196; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 156–159. , p. 156, at Google Books
  4. Brown, pp. 264; prior to Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the emperors were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
  5. Varley, p. 195
  6. Titsingh, p. 156; Brown, p. 307.
  7. Titsingh, p. 156; Brown, p. 309.
  8. Titsingh, p. 154.
  9. Titsingh, pp. 155–156; Brown, p. 307; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
  10. Brown, pp. 308–309; Varley, p. 195.
  11. 1 2 3 Brown, p. 310.
  12. Titsingh, p. 156.
  13. 1 2 Titsingh, p. 157.
  14. Ponsonby-Fane, p. 421.
  15. 1 2 3 Brown, p. 308-309.
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Brown, p. 309.
  17. Titsingh, p. 156-159; Brown, p. 310.
  18. "Genealogy". Reichsarchiv. Retrieved 19 May 2018.(in Japanese)

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References

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Sanjō
Emperor of Japan:
Go-Ichijō

1016–1036
Succeeded by
Emperor Go-Suzaku