|Emperor of Japan|
|Reign||March 10, 1016 – May 15, 1036|
|Coronation||March 24, 1016|
|Born||October 12, 1008|
Tsuchimikado Tei (土御門邸), Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
|Died||May 15, 1036 27) (aged|
Seiryō Den (清涼殿) in Dairi (内裏), Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
|Burial||Bodaijuin no misasagi (菩提樹院陵) (Kyoto)|
|Spouse||Fujiwara no Ishi|
|Mother||Fujiwara no Shōshi|
Emperor Go-Ichijō(後一条天皇Go-Ichijō-tennō , October 12, 1008 – May 15, 1036) was the 68th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
The Emperor of Japan is the head of the Imperial Family and the head of state of Japan. Under the 1947 constitution, he is defined as "the symbol of the State and of the unity of the people." Historically, he was also the highest authority of the Shinto religion. In Japanese, the Emperor is called Tennō (天皇), literally "heavenly sovereign". In English, the use of the term Mikado for the Emperor was once common, but is now considered obsolete.
Go-Ichijō's reign spanned the years from 1016 through 1036.
This 11th century sovereign was named after Emperor Ichijō and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he is sometimes called the "Later Emperor Ichijō", or, in some older sources, may be identified as " Emperor Ichijō, the second."
Emperor Ichijō was the 66th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name ( imina )was Atsuhira-shinnō (敦成親王). He was also known as Atsunari-shinnō.
The Chrysanthemum Throne is the throne of the Emperor of Japan. The term also can refer to very specific seating, such as the takamikura (高御座) throne in the Shishin-den at Kyoto Imperial Palace.
Atsuhira was the second son of Emperor Ichijō. His mother, Fujiwara no Akiko/Shōshi (藤原彰子) (988–1074), was a daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga. In her later years, Ichijō's chūgo consort was known as Jōtō-mon In (上東門院).
Fujiwara no Shōshi, also known as Jōtōmon-in (上東門院), the eldest daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga, was Empress of Japan from c. 1000 to c. 1011. Her father sent her to live in the Emperor Ichijō's harem at age 12. Because of his power, influence and political machinations she quickly achieved the status of second empress. As empress she was able to surround herself with a court of talented and educated ladies-in-waiting such as Murasaki Shikibu, author of The Tale of Genji.
Fujiwara no Michinaga was a Japanese statesman. His rule represents the high point of the Fujiwara clan control over the government of Japan.
Atsuhira-shinnō was used as a pawn in Imperial court politics when he was only a child.
Chōwa (長和) was a Japanese era name after Kankō and before Kannin. This period spanned the years from December 1012 through April 1017. The reigning emperors were Sanjō-tennō (三条天皇) and Go-Ichijō-tennō (後一条天皇).
Atsuhira became emperor at the age of 8, upon the abdication of his first cousin once removed, Emperor Sanjō.
During the initial years of Go-Ichijō's reign, Fujiwara no Michinaga actually ruled from his position as sesshō (regent).
The actual site of Go-Ichijō's grave is known.This emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) at Kyoto.
The Imperial Household Agency designates this location as Go-Ichijō's mausoleum. It is formally named Bodaijuin no misasagi.
Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Ichijō's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:
The years of Go-Ichijō's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō .
Go-Ichijō had one Empress and two Imperial daughters.
Empress (chūgū): Fujiwara no Ishi (藤原威子; 999–1036), Fujiwara no Michinaga’s third daughter
|Ancestors of Emperor Go-Ichijō|
Emperor Kazan was the 65th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Emperor Go-Suzaku was the 69th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Emperor Go-Reizei was the 70th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Emperor Toba was the 74th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Emperor Go-Horikawa was the 86th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1221 CE through 1232 CE.
Emperor Rokujō was the 79th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1165 through 1168.
Emperor Konoe was the 76th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Emperor Go-Sanjō was the 71st emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Emperor Horikawa was the 73rd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Emperor Shirakawa was the 72nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Emperor En'yū was the 64th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Emperor Sanjō was the 67th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Emperor Reizei was the 63rd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Fujiwara no Yorimichi (992–1071), son of Michinaga, was a Japanese Court noble. He succeeded his father to the position of Sesshō in 1017, and then went on to become Kampaku from 1020 until 1068. In both these positions, he acted as Regent to the Emperor, as many of his ancestors and descendants did; the Fujiwara clan had nearly exclusive control over the regency positions for over 200 years. Prior to succeeding to the position of Regent, Yorimichi had held the title of Nidaijin, the lowest level of state ministers. By edict, he was raised above his colleagues, to the title of Ichi no Hito, or First Subject. In addition to the reason of direct succession from his father, this edict was presumably necessary to allow Yorimichi to become Sesshō.
Kankō (寛弘) was a Japanese era name after Chōhō and before Chōwa. This period spanned the years from July 1004 through December 1012. The reigning emperors were Ichijō-tennō (一条天皇) and Sanjō-tennō (三条天皇).
Kannin (寛仁) was a Japanese era name after Chōwa and before Jian. This period spanned the years from April 1017 through February 1021. The reigning emperor was Go-Ichijō-tennō (後一条天皇).
Daijō Tennō or Dajō Tennō (太上天皇) is the title for a Japanese Emperor who abdicated in favor of a successor. The term is often shortened to Jōkō (上皇).
| Emperor of Japan:|