Emperor Junna

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Emperor Junna
淳和天皇
Chun He Tian Huang .jpg
Emperor of Japan
Reign29 May 823 – 22 March 833
Enthronement 30 May 823
Predecessor Saga
Successor Ninmyō
BornŌtomo (大伴)
c. 786
Died11 June 840(840-06-11) (aged 54–55)
Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
Burial
Ōharano no nishi no minenoe no misasagi (Kyoto)
Spouse
IssueSee below
Posthumous name
Japanese style: Yamato-neko-ame-no-takazuruiyatoo no Mikoto (日本根子天高譲弥遠尊),
also Saiin no Mikado (西院帝)
Chinese style: Emperor Junna (淳和天皇)
House Yamato
Father Emperor Kanmu
Mother Fujiwara no Tabiko

Emperor Junna (淳和天皇, Junna-tennō, c. 786 – 11 June 840) was the 53rd emperor of Japan, [1] according to the traditional order of succession. [2] Junna reigned from 823 to 833. [3]

Contents

Traditional narrative

Junna had six Empresses and Imperial consorts and 13 Imperial sons and daughters. [4] His personal name ( imina ) was Ōtomo (大伴). [5]

Junna is traditionally venerated at his tomb; the Imperial Household Agency designates Ōharano no Nishi no Minenoe no Misasagi (大原野西嶺上陵, Ōharano no Nishi no Minenoe Imperial Mausoleum), in Nishikyō-ku, Kyoto, as the location of Junna's mausoleum. [1]

Events of Junna's life

Eras of Junna's reign

The years of Junna's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name (nengō). [13]

Kugyō

Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. [14]

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Junna's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Consorts and children

Empress: Imperial Princess Shōshi /Masako (正子内親王; 810–879), Emperor Saga's daughter

Hi (Empress as posthumous honors): Imperial Princess Koshi (高志内親王; 789–809), Emperor Kanmu's daughter

Court lady: Princess Otsugu (緒継女王; 787–847)

Nyogō: Nagahara no Motohime (永原原姫)

Nyogō: Tachibana no Ujiko (橘氏子), Tachibana no Nagana's daughter

Koui: Fujiwara no Kiyoko (藤原潔子), Fujiwara no Nagaoka's daughter

Court lady: Kiyohara no Haruko (清原春子), Kiyohara no Natsuno's daughter

Court lady: Ōnakatomi no Yasuko (大中臣安子), Ōnakatomi Fuchiio's daughter

Court lady: Ōno no Takako (大野鷹子), Ōno no Masao's daughter

Court lady: Tachibana no Funeko (橘船子), Tachibana no Kiyono's daughter

Court lady: Tajihi no Ikeko (丹犀池子), Tajihi no Kadonari's daughter

Unknown lady

Ancestry

[15]

Notes

Japanese Imperial kamon -- a stylized chrysanthemum blossom Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. 1 2 Emperor Junna, Ōharano no Nishi no Minenoe Imperial Mausoleum, Imperial Household Agency
  2. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 64.
  3. Brown and Ishida, pp.282–283; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 164; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 102–106. , p. 102, at Google Books
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 Brown and Ishida, p. 282.
  5. Titsingh, p. 103; Brown and Ishida, p. 282.
  6. Julian dates derived from NengoCalc
  7. 弘仁十四年四月十七日
  8. 1 2 Brown and Ishida, pp. 282–283.
  9. 天長十年二月二十八日
  10. 承和七年五月八日
  11. Brown and Ishida, p. 283; Varely, p. 164.
  12. Mason and Caiger, p. 69
  13. Titsingh, p. 102.
  14. Furugosho: Kugyō of Junna-tennō
  15. "Genealogy". Reichsarchiv (in Japanese). Retrieved 28 January 2018.

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References

See also

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Saga
Emperor of Japan:
Junna

823–833
Succeeded by
Emperor Ninmyō