Emperor Shijō

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Shijō
Emperor Shijo.jpg
Emperor of Japan
Reign1232–1242
Predecessor Go-Horikawa
Successor Go-Saga
BornMarch 17, 1231
DiedFebruary 10, 1242(1242-02-10) (aged 10)
Burial
Tsukinawa no Misasagi (Kyoto)
SpouseKujō Genshi
House Yamato
Father Emperor Go-Horikawa
Mother Fujiwara no Shunshi

Emperor Shijō(四条天皇,Shijō-tennō) (March 17, 1231 – February 10, 1242) was the 87th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. This reign spanned the years 1232 through 1242. [1]

Emperor of Japan Monarch in Japan

The Emperor of Japan is the head of the Imperial Family and the head of state of Japan. Under the 1947 constitution, he is defined as "the symbol of the State and of the unity of the people." Historically, he was also the highest authority of the Shinto religion. In Japanese, the Emperor is called Tennō (天皇), literally "heavenly sovereign". In English, the use of the term Mikado for the Emperor was once common, but is now considered obsolete.

Japan Constitutional monarchy in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

Contents

Genealogy

Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (his imina) was Mitsuhito-shinnō(秀仁親王), [2] also known as Tosihito-shinnō. [3]

Chrysanthemum Throne

The Chrysanthemum Throne is the throne of the Emperor of Japan. The term also can refer to very specific seating, such as the takamikura (高御座) throne in the Shishin-den at Kyoto Imperial Palace.

He was the first son of Emperor Go-Horikawa. [4]

Consort: Kujō Genshi (九条 彦子; 1227–1262) later Nishinomon’in (宣仁門院), Kujō Norizane’s daughter

Kujō Norizane, son of regent Michiie, was a kugyō or Japanese court noble of the Kamakura period. He held regent positions kampaku from 1231 to 1232 and sessho from 1232 to 1235. Tadaie was his son.

He had no children, due to his youth at the time of his death.

Events of Shijō's life

He reigned from October 26, 1232 to February 10, 1242.

Jōei Japanese era

Jōei (貞永) was a Japanese era name after Kangi and before Tenpuku. This period spanned the years from April 1232 to April 1233. The reigning emperors were Go-Horikawa-tennō (後堀河天皇) and Shijō-tennō (四条天皇).

Emperor Shijō died from an accident in 1242. His Imperial tomb (misasagi) is at Sennyū-ji in the Nochi no Tsukinowa no Higashiyama no misasagi(後月輪東山陵). [6]

Sennyū-ji

Sennyū-ji (泉涌寺), formerly written as Sen-yū-ji (仙遊寺), is a Buddhist temple in Higashiyama-ku in Kyoto, Japan. For centuries, Sennyū-ji was a mortuary temple for aristocrats and the imperial house. Located here are the official tombs of Emperor Shijō and many of the emperors who came after him.

As the Emperor was very young, and the Retired Emperor Go-Horikawa died just two years later, most of the actual leadership was held by his maternal relatives Kujō Michiie and Saionji Kintsune.

Emperor Go-Horikawa Emperor of Japan

Emperor Go-Horikawa was the 86th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1221 CE through 1232 CE.

Kujō Michiie Japanese regent in the 13th century

Kujō Michiie was a Japanese regent in the 13th century. He was the father of Kujō Yoritsune and grandson of Kujō Kanezane. He was the father of Norizane and Yoritsune. His third son Ichijō Sanetsune was the founding father of Ichijō family, while his second son Nijō Yoshizane founded Nijō family.

Kugyō

Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Shijō's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Shijō's reign

The years of Shijō's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō . [7]

See also

Notes

Japanese Imperial kamon -- a stylized chrysanthemum blossom Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 242–245; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 227.
  2. Varley, p. 227.
  3. Titsingh, pp. 241–242.
  4. Titsingh, p. 242; Varley, p. 227.
  5. Titsingh, p. 241-242; Varley, p. 44; n.b., a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
  6. Sennyū-ji: official English web page; Archived 2008-09-16 at the Wayback Machine . images of front of Imperial mausoleum enclosure.
  7. Titsingh, p. 242.

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Katei Japanese era

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Tenpuku Japanese era

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References

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Go-Horikawa
Emperor of Japan:
Shijō

1232–1242
Succeeded by
Emperor Go-Saga