Emperor Suzaku

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Suzaku
Emperor of Japan
ReignOctober 16, 930 – May 23, 946
Coronation December 14, 930
Predecessor Daigo
Successor Murakami
BornSeptember 7, 923
Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
DiedSeptember 6, 952(952-09-06) (aged 28)
Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
Burial
Daigo no misasagi (Kyōto)
Spouse
  • Princess Hiroko
  • Fujiwara no Yoshiko
Issue Princess Masako
House Yamato
Father Emperor Daigo
Mother Fujiwara no Onshi

Emperor Suzaku (朱雀天皇すざくてんのう, Suzaku-tennō , September 7, 923 – September 6, 952) was the 61st emperor of Japan, [1] according to the traditional order of succession. [2]

Contents

Suzaku's reign spanned the years from 930 through 946. [3]

Biography

Before his ascension of the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name ( imina ) [4] was Hiroakira-shinnō. [5] He was also known as Yutaakira-shinnō (寛明親王ゆたあきらしんのう). [6]

Hiroakira-shinnō was the 11th son of Emperor Daigo and Empress Consort Onshi, a daughter of the regent and great minister of the council of state, Fujiwara no Mototsune. [7]

Suzaku had two Empresses or consorts and one Imperial daughter. [8]

Events of Suzaku's life

Suzaku's older brother died unexpectedly young, as did his brother's son. These untimely deaths opened the way for Suzaku to accede to the throne.

The actual site of Suzaku's grave is known. [1] This emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) at Kyoto.

The Imperial Household Agency designates this location as Suzaku's mausoleum. It is formally named Daigo no misasagi [16] in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto near the Buddhist temple, Daigo-ji.

Kugyō

Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. [17]

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Suzaku's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Suzaku's reign

Japanese Imperial kamon -- a stylised chrysanthemum blossom Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylised chrysanthemum blossom

The years of Suzaku's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō . [19]

Consorts and children

Consort (Nyōgo): Princess Hiroko/Kishi (熙子女王; d. 950), Imperial crown Prince Yasuakira's daughter (Emperor Daigo’s son)

Consort (Nyōgo): Fujiwara no Yoshiko (藤原慶子; d. 951), Fujiwara no Saneyori's daughter

Ancestry

Notes

  1. 1 2 Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 朱雀天皇 (61)
  2. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 69–70.
  3. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 134–139; Brown, Delmer. (1879). Gukanshō, pp. 294–295; Varley, H. Paul (1980) Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 181–183.
  4. Brown, p. 264; prior to Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the emperors were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
  5. 1 2 3 Titsingh, p. 134; Varley, p. 181.
  6. 1 2 3 4 Brown, p. 294.
  7. Varley, p. 181.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 Brown, p. 295
  9. Brown, p. 295, Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
  10. Brown, p. 295; Varley, p. 181-182.
  11. Titsingh, p. 135; Brown, p. 295.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Titsingh, p. 135.
  13. 1 2 Titsingh, p. 135; Brown, p. 294.
  14. Titsingh, p. 136.
  15. 1 2 Brown, p. 295; Varley, p. 130.
  16. Ponsonby-Fane, p. 420.
  17. Furugosho: Kugyō of Suzaku-tennō.
  18. Brown, p. 291.
  19. Titsingh, p. 134.
  20. "Genealogy". Reichsarchiv (in Japanese). Retrieved 14 February 2018.

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References

See also

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Daigo
Emperor of Japan:
Suzaku

930–946
Succeeded by
Emperor Murakami