Enon, South Africa

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Enon
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Enon
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Enon
Coordinates: 33°23′53″S25°32′42″E / 33.398°S 25.545°E / -33.398; 25.545 Coordinates: 33°23′53″S25°32′42″E / 33.398°S 25.545°E / -33.398; 25.545
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Sarah Baartman
Municipality Sundays River Valley
Area
[1]
  Total1.4 km2 (0.5 sq mi)
Population
(2011) [1]
  Total2,160
  Density1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
[1]
   Black African 47.3%
   Coloured 51.9%
   Indian/Asian 0.1%
  Other0.7%
First languages (2011)
[1]
   Afrikaans 52.1%
   Xhosa 43.6%
   English 1.5%
  Other2.8%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
6125
PO box
6125

Enon is a small town in the Eastern Cape in South Africa. It is named after the biblical place mentioned in John 3:23 [2] It lies 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) east of Kirkwood and 60 kilometres (37 mi) north-east of Uitenhage.

Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Bhisho, but its two largest cities are Port Elizabeth and East London. It was formed in 1994 out of the Xhosa homelands or bantustans of Transkei and Ciskei, together with the eastern portion of the Cape Province. It is the landing place and home of the 1820 Settlers. The central and eastern part of the province is the traditional home of the Xhosa people.

South Africa Republic in the southernmost part of Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European (White), Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

Kirkwood, Eastern Cape Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Kirkwood is a town in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. It is situated on the banks of the Sundays River in the eponymously named Sundays River Valley, which forms part of the Sundays River Valley Municipality in the Sarah Baartman District Municipality of the Eastern Cape.

Enon (formerly known as Witterivier) was formed in 1818 by the Moravian Missionary Society on request of the Area Landdrost Jacob Glen Cuyler, [3] to serve as a buffer between the Xhosa, Tembu and Fingo tribes living outside the Cape Colony and the European farmers and towns inside the Cape Colony. [4] The land was granted to the Missionary Society in trust, to be administrated on behalf of the Cape Colony in the interests of residents of the missionary station. [5]

Landdrost was the title of various officials with local jurisdiction in the Netherlands and a number of former territories in the Dutch Empire. The term is a Dutch compound, with land meaning "region" and drost, from Middle Dutch drossāte which originally referred to a lord's chief retainer, equivalent to:

Cape Colony Dutch and British colony in Southern Africa

The Cape of Good Hope, also known as the Cape Colony, was a British colony in present-day South Africa, named after the Cape of Good Hope. The British colony was preceded by an earlier Dutch colony of the same name, the Kaap de Goede Hoop, established in 1652 by the Dutch East India Company. The Cape was under Dutch rule from 1652 to 1795 and again from 1803 to 1806. The Dutch lost the colony to Great Britain following the 1795 Battle of Muizenberg, but had it returned following the 1802 Peace of Amiens. It was re-occupied by the UK following the Battle of Blaauwberg in 1806, and British possession affirmed with the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814.

Within the first 35 years of its inception it was caught in the middle of three Cape Frontier Wars and the First Anglo-Boer War, [6] and has been evacuated on three separate occasions. [7] [8] [9]

Enon is referred to in the 1840s by James Backhouse in his diary.

James Backhouse English botanist and missionary for the Quaker church in Australia

James Backhouse was a botanist and missionary for the Quaker church in Australia. His son, also James Backhouse (1825–1890), was also botanist.

In 1909 control of the town was ceded back to the Union of South Africa. [10] The governance of Enon currently falls under the Sundays River Valley Local Municipality.

Union of South Africa state in southern Africa from 1910 to 1961, predecessor to the Republic of South Africa

The Union of South Africa is the historical predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa. It came into being on 31 May 1910 with the unification of the Cape Colony, the Natal Colony, the Transvaal, and the Orange River Colony. It included the territories that were formerly a part of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State.

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Jameson Raid raid on Transvaal Republic

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Sum of the Main Places Enon and Barsheba Census 2011.
  2. Raper 1989, p. 155.
  3. Temmers 1987, p. 3.
  4. de Boer & Temmers 1987, p. 3.
  5. Temmers 1987, p. 6.
  6. Temmers 1987, p. 23.
  7. Temmers 1987, p. 8.
  8. Temmers 1987, p. 10.
  9. Temmers 1987, p. 51.
  10. Temmers 1987, p. 16.

Bibliography

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