Enos Thompson Throop
|10th Governor of New York|
March 12, 1829 –December 31, 1832
|Lieutenant||Edward Philip Livingston|
|Preceded by||Martin Van Buren|
|Succeeded by||William L. Marcy|
|Lieutenant Governor of New York|
January 1,1829 –March 12,1829
|Governor||Martin Van Buren|
|Preceded by||Charles Dayan (acting)|
|Succeeded by||Charles Stebbins (acting)|
|Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives |
from New York's 20th district
March 4,1815 –June 4,1816
|Preceded by|| Daniel Avery |
Oliver C. Comstock
|Succeeded by|| Daniel Avery |
Oliver C. Comstock
|Died||November 1,1874 90) (aged|
|Political party||Jacksonian Democratic|
|Spouse(s)||Evelina J. Vredenburgh|
Enos Thompson Throop ( // THROOP;August 21,1784 –November 1,1874) was an American lawyer,politician,and diplomat who was the tenth Governor of New York from 1829 to 1832.
Throop was born in Johnstown,New York on August 21,1784,the eldest child of George Bliss Throop and Abiah Thompson. He studied law in Albany with attorney George Metcalfe,where he became friendly with his fellow student Martin Van Buren. He was admitted to the bar in 1806,and began to practice law in Auburn,New York. He joined the Democratic-Republican Party,and was appointed postmaster of the village,and in 1811 county clerk of Cayuga County. In 1814,he married Evelina Vredenburgh,who died in 1834;she was the daughter of William Vredenburgh,an early landholder and investor in the area. None of their children survived infancy. The same year he was elected to the 14th United States Congress as a supporter of the war measures of the administration. He took part in the debates upon the measures to which the close of the war and the prostration of public and private credit gave rise. He also supported and voted for the act changing the compensation of congressmen from six dollars a day to $1,800 per annum,a course which temporarily clouded his political fortunes. Popular dissatisfaction with his actions was such that he was defeated at the congressional elections of April 1816,and resigned his seat on June 4,1816. In April 1823,he was appointed Judge of the Seventh Circuit and remained on the bench until 1828 when he resigned.
In 1828,he joined his friend Martin Van Buren's ticket for the gubernatorial election as the Democratic-Republican candidate for lieutenant governor,a step that rendered it necessary for him to resign his judicial office. It was expected that Andrew Jackson would be elected president at the same election,in which event Van Buren would be made secretary of state and would,if his appointment were confirmed,have to resign the office of governor and the leadership of the party,and with Throop as his lieutenant would keep both offices in the hands of a friend. These expectations were fulfilled,and Throop succeeded to the office of governor on March 12,1829. He was re-elected governor in 1830,defeating again Francis Granger,who had been the contender for the lieutenant-governorship at the previous election. At this time the construction of the Chenango Canal became one of the chief questions of state policy. He opposed the plan,raising such a vehement opposition to him in the localities through which the proposed canal would pass,that in 1832 he declined to seek a third term. The French observer of America Alexis de Tocqueville visited Throop on his farm near Auburn and was amazed to find that the governor engaged in farming half the year to supplement his small salary.
In 1833 he was appointed by President Jackson naval officer at the Port of New York,which office he held until February 6,1838,when President Van Buren appointed him Chargéd'affaires of the United States to the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. On this post he remained until January 12,1842. After spending two years in Paris,he returned to the United States,and resided upon an estate on the banks of Owasco Lake near Auburn. In 1847 he moved to Kalamazoo,Michigan,where he purchased a farm of 800 acres (3.2 km2),and became noted among agriculturists. Advancing years compelled him to give up farming,and in 1857 he returned to his former home,removing in 1868 to New York City,but a few years later again returning to his residence near Auburn.
He died on his estate of Willowbrook,near Auburn,on November 1,1874,aged 90. He was buried in the churchyard of St. Peter's Episcopal Church (now Sts. Peter and St. John Church) in Auburn.
There is a memorial to him at the Cathedral of All Saints (Albany,New York) (see image on this page) that states in Latin, integer vitae scelerisque purus ,which means "upright of life and free from wickedness."
The Town of Throop,New York in Cayuga County is named after him.
Throop Avenue in Brooklyn (Kings County) and Throop Avenue in the Bronx are named after him.
Martin Van Buren was an American lawyer and statesman who served as the 8th president of the United States from 1837 to 1841. A founder of the Democratic Party,he had previously served as the 9th governor of New York,the 10th United States secretary of State,and the 8th vice president of the United States. Later in his life,Van Buren emerged as an elder statesman and an important anti-slavery leader who led the Free Soil Party ticket in the 1848 presidential election.
Throop is a town in Cayuga County,New York,United States. The town is at the northern city line of Auburn and is in the Finger Lakes region of New York. The population was 1,990 at the 2010 census. The town is named after former New York Governor Enos T. Throop,a resident of Cayuga County.
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Charles Stebbins was an American lawyer and politician from New York. Stebbins served as a member of the New York State Senate and as acting Lieutenant Governor of New York in 1829.
Daniel Avery was an American politician and a United States Representative from New York.
Gershom Powers was a U.S. Representative from New York.
The 1876 New York state election was held on November 7,1876,to elect the governor,the lieutenant governor,a judge of the New York Court of Appeals,a Canal Commissioner and an Inspector of State Prisons,as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and two members of the New York State Senate. Besides,two constitutional amendments were proposed - to abolish the elected Canal Commissioners and appoint a Superintendent of Public Works instead;and to abolish the elected New York State Prison Inspectors and appoint a Superintendent of State Prisons instead - and both were accepted by the electorate.
The 1828 New York gubernatorial election was held from November 3 to 5,1828,to elect the Governor and Lieutenant Governor of New York.
The 1830 New York gubernatorial election was held from November 1 to 3,1830,to elect the Governor and Lieutenant Governor of New York.
David B. McNeil was an American politician from New York.
Jesse Thompson was an American politician from New York
The St. Peter's Episcopal Church Complex is a historic Episcopal church complex located at 169 Genesee Street in Auburn. The complex consists of the church,the Parish House,a cemetery,and a small burial plot.
The 50th New York State Legislature,consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly,met from January 2 to December 4,1827,during the third year of DeWitt Clinton's second tenure as Governor of New York,in Albany.
The 51st New York State Legislature,consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly,met from January 1 to December 10,1828,during the fourth year of DeWitt Clinton's second tenure as Governor of New York,and—after Clinton's death—while Nathaniel Pitcher was Governor,in Albany.
George Bliss Throop was an American lawyer and politician from New York and Michigan.
The 52nd New York State Legislature,consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly,met from January 6 to May 5,1829,during the short tenure of Martin Van Buren as Governor of New York,and—after Van Buren's resignation—during the first year of Enos T. Throop's governorship,in Albany.
The 53rd New York State Legislature,consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly,met from January 5 to April 20,1830,during the second year of Enos T. Throop's governorship,in Albany.
The 54th New York State Legislature,consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly,met from January 4 to April 26,1831,during the third year of Enos T. Throop's governorship,in Albany.
The 55th New York State Legislature,consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly,met from January 3 to July 2,1832,during the fourth year of Enos T. Throop's governorship,in Albany.