Enoshima

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Enoshima Ehoshima-Island-Fujisawa-Japan.jpg
Enoshima
Enoshima yacht harbor Enoshima.JPG
Enoshima yacht harbor
Aerial photograph - Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and National Transport, Land Image Information (2009) EnoshimaAeralPhoto1988JP14.jpg
Aerial photograph - Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and National Transport, Land Image Information (2009)
Looking towards Fujisawa from Enoshima Lighthouse Fujisawa from Enoshima.jpg
Looking towards Fujisawa from Enoshima Lighthouse
Viewed from Miura Peninsula. Mt. Fuji from Hiroyama Park (Zushi).jpg
Viewed from Miura Peninsula.
Enoshima Shrine 1 Chome Enoshima, Fujisawa-shi, Kanagawa-ken 251-0036, Japan - panoramio.jpg
Enoshima Shrine
Iwaya Caves Iwaya Caves - Enoshima, Japan - DSC07913.jpg
Iwaya Caves

Enoshima (江の島) is a small offshore island, about 4 km (2.5 mi) in circumference, at the mouth of the Katase River which flows into the Sagami Bay of Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Administratively, Enoshima is part of the mainland city of Fujisawa, and is linked to the Katase section of that city by a 389-metre-long (1,276 ft) bridge. Home to some of the closest sandy beaches to Tokyo and Yokohama, the island and adjacent coastline are the hub of a local resort area.

Contents

History

Classical era

Benzaiten, the goddess of music and entertainment, is enshrined on the island. The island in its entirety is dedicated to the goddess, who is said to have caused it to rise from the bottom of the sea in the sixth century. [1] The island is the scene of the Enoshima Engi , a history of shrines on Enoshima written by the Japanese Buddhist monk Kōkei in 1047 AD.

Modern era

In 1880, after the Shinto and Buddhism separation order of the new Meiji government had made the land available, much of the uplands was purchased by Samuel Cocking, a British merchant, in his Japanese wife's name. He developed a power plant and extensive botanical gardens including a very large greenhouse. Although the original greenhouse was destroyed in the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, the botanical garden (now the Samuel Cocking Garden) remains an attraction with over half a million visitors a year.

Contemporary era

Enoshima is now the center of Shōnan, a resort area along the coast of Sagami Bay.

Transportation

Enoshima is served by three nearby railway stations: Katase-Enoshima Terminus on the Odakyū Enoshima Line, Enoshima Station on the Enoshima Electric Railway ("Enoden"), and Shōnan-Enoshima Station on the Shonan Monorail.

Features

Sport

Enoshima was the Olympic harbor for the 1964 Summer Olympics. [3] Enoshima will also be the sailing venue for the 2020 Summer Olympics. [4]

Accessibility

While the bridge and town area of Enoshima are wheelchair accessible, anything past the main gate of the shrine (including the observation tower, caves, etc.) is inaccessible to those with mobility difficulties. [5]

Notes

  1. Papinot (1972:82)
  2. "About Enoshima - Kamakura Travel Guide | Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved 2018-02-19.
  3. 1964 Summer Olympics official report. Archived July 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Volume 1. Part 1. p. 115.
  4. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  5. "Enoshima - Accessible Japan | アクセシブルジャパン". Accessible Japan | アクセシブルジャパン. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  6. Hidefumi Kimura (writer), Keiji Gotoh (director) (November 27, 2004). "Ren'ai no Tsūyō". Uta Kata. Episode 9. TV Kanagawa.

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Kanagawa Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Kanagawa Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region of Honshu. Kanagawa Prefecture is the second-most populous prefecture of Japan at 9,058,094 and has a geographic area of 2,415 km2 (932 sq mi). Kanagawa Prefecture borders Tokyo to the north, Yamanashi Prefecture to the northwest and Shizuoka Prefecture to the west.

Sagami Bay

Sagami Bay lies south of Kanagawa Prefecture in Honshu, central Japan, contained within the scope of the Miura Peninsula, in Kanagawa, to the east, the Izu Peninsula, in Shizuoka Prefecture, to the west, and the Shōnan coastline to the north, while the island of Izu Ōshima marks the southern extent of the bay. It lies approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) southwest of the capital, Tokyo. Cities on the bay include Odawara, Chigasaki, Fujisawa, Hiratsuka, Itō, and Kamakura.

Sakai River (Tokyo, Kanagawa)

The Sakai River is a Class B river in Tokyo and Kanagawa Prefecture which flows into the Bay of Sagami of the Pacific Ocean.

Shōnan

Shōnan (湘南) is the name of a region along the coast of Sagami Bay in Kanagawa Prefecture, central Japan. Centered on Enoshima, an island about 50 kilometers southwest of Tokyo, the Shōnan region stretches from Ōiso in the west to Hayama in the east, including Hiratsuka, Chigasaki, Fujisawa, and Kamakura. Because of the bay, the region benefits from a mild climate and long beaches covered with dark volcanic sand.

Kashio River

The Kashio River (柏尾川) is a Class B river in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, about 50 kilometers southwest of Tokyo. It begins in Kashio, Totsuka-ku, Yokohama at the confluence of the Akuwa River (阿久和川) and the Hiradonagaya River (平戸永谷川) and flows for 11 kilometers to the city of Fujisawa, where it merges with the Sakai River at the confluence known as Kawana (川名). The conjoined river, which is sometimes known as the Katase River, then flows into Sagami Bay at Enoshima Island.

Fujisawa, Kanagawa City in Kantō, Japan

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Ryūgū-jō

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Katase-Enoshima Station Railway station in Fujisawa, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Katase-Enoshima Station is a railway station on the Odakyu Enoshima Line, in the city of Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Odakyu Electric Railway.

Shonan Monorail

The Shonan Monorail is a suspended SAFEGE monorail in the cities of Kamakura and Fujisawa in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by the Shonan Monorail Co., Ltd., and opened on March 7, 1970, the first monorail of its kind in Japan.

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Odakyū Enoshima Line

The Odakyū Enoshima Line is a branch line operated by the Japanese private railway operator Odakyū Electric Railway in eastern Kanagawa Prefecture. The Enoshima Line branches from the Odawara Line at Sagami-Ōno, extending south to Fujisawa and Katase-Enoshima, a distance of 27.6 km. It was completed with 13 stations on April 1, 1929.

Shōnandai Station Railway and metro station in Yokohama, Japan

Shōnandai Station is a railway station in Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan, jointly operated by Odakyu Electric Railway, Sagami Railway (Sōtetsu), and Yokohama City Transportation Bureau. It is 15.8 kilometers from the starting point of the Odakyū Enoshima Line at Sagami-Ōno Station and is a terminal station for both the Sagami Railway Izumino Line and the Yokohama Subway Blue Line.

Enoshima Station Railway station in Fujisawa, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

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Samuel Cocking Garden

The Samuel Cocking Garden, also known as the Enoshima Tropical Plants Garden, is a small botanical garden on the small island of Enoshima in Japan. The address is 2-3-28 Enoshima, Fujisawa, Kanagawa.

Mejiroyamashita Station Monorail station in Fujisawa, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Mejiroyamashita Station is a monorail train station on the Shōnan Monorail Enoshima Line located in Fujisawa, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is located 6.2 kilometers from the northern terminus of the Shōnan Monorail Enoshima Line at Ōfuna Station.

Shōnan-Enoshima Station Monorail station in Fujisawa, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Shōnan-Enoshima Station is a monorail train station on the Shōnan Monorail Enoshima Line located in Fujisawa, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is the southern terminus of the Shōnan Monorail Enoshima Line and is located 6.6 kilometers from the northern terminus at Ōfuna Station.

Shōnan, shounan, or shonan may refer to:

Enoshima Sea Candle

The Enoshima Sea Candle, also known as the Shonan Observatory Lighthouse, is an observation tower and lighthouse located in the Samuel Cocking Garden on the small tidal island of Enoshima in Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan. The tower has two observation decks, the primary indoor deck and a secondary outdoor deck. The primary deck can be accessed via a central lift or spiral staircase, while the outdoor deck can only be accessed by a second spiral staircase.

References

Coordinates: 35°17′59″N139°28′49″E / 35.29972°N 139.48028°E / 35.29972; 139.48028