Enrique or Henrique Flórez de Setién y Huidobro (July 21, 1702 –August 20, 1773) was a Spanish historian.
Flórez was born in Villadiego. At 15 years old, he entered the order of St Augustine. He subsequently became professor of theology at the University of Alcala, where he published a Cursus theologiae in five volumes (1732–1738). He then devoted himself to historical studies. Of these the first-fruit was his Clavis Historiae, a work of the same class as the French Art de verifier les dates, and preceding it by several years. It appeared in 1743, and passed through many editions.
In 1747 was published the first volume of España Sagrada, teatro geografico-historico de La Iglesia de España, a vast compilation of Spanish ecclesiastical history which obtained a European reputation, and of which twenty-nine volumes appeared in the author's lifetime. It was continued after his death by Manuel Risco and others, and further additions have been made at the expense of the Spanish government. The whole work in fifty-one volumes was published at Madrid (1747–1886). Its value is considerably increased by the insertion of ancient chronicles and documents not easily accessible elsewhere.
Flórez was a good numismatist, and published Medallas de Las Colonias in 2 vols. (1757–1758), of which a third volume appeared in 1773. His last work was the Memorias de las reynas Catolicas, 2 vols. (1770). Flórez led a retired, studious and unambitious life, and died at Madrid.
Camilo José Cela y Trulock, 1st Marquess of Iria Flavia was a Spanish novelist, poet, story writer and essayist associated with the Generation of '36 movement.
Agustín Moreto y Cavana, was a Spanish Catholic priest, dramatist and playwright.
Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo was a Spanish scholar, historian and literary critic. Even though his main interest was the history of ideas, and Hispanic philology in general, he also cultivated poetry, translation and philosophy. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature five times.
Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés, commonly known as Oviedo, was a Spanish colonialist, historian and writer. Oviedo participated in the Spanish colonization of the Caribbean, and his chronicle Historia general de las Indias forms one of the few primary sources about it. Portions of the text were widely read in the 16th century in Spanish, English and French editions, and introduced Europeans to the hammock, the pineapple, and tobacco as well as creating influential representations of the colonised peoples of the region.
Cristóbal Diatristán de Acuña was a Spanish missionary and explorer.
Manuel de Faria e Sousa was a Portuguese historian and poet. He frequently wrote in Spanish.
Acislo Antonio Palomino de Castro y Velasco was a Spanish painter of the Baroque period, and a writer on art, author of El Museo pictórico y escala óptica, which contains a large amount of important biographical material on Spanish artists.
José Antonio Conde y García (1766–1820) was a Spanish Orientalist and historian of Al-Andalus period. His Anacreon (1791) obtained him a post in the royal library in 1795. He also published several paraphrases of Greek classics. These were followed in 1799 by an edition of the Arabic text of Muhammad al-Idrisi's Description of Spain, with notes and a translation. As an afrancesado, he fled Spain in 1813, but returned a year later and was eventually reinstated to his honors. His magnum opus, the three-volume Historia de la Dominación de los Árabes en España, was published after his death.
José de Cadalso y Vázquez, Spanish, Colonel of the Royal Spanish Army, author, poet, playwright and essayist, one of the canonical producers of Spanish Enlightenment literature.
Antonio Enríquez Gómez, Spanish dramatist, poet and novelist of Spanish-Jewish origin, was known in the early part of his career as Enríque Enríquez de Paz. Furthermore, certain of his works feature the alternate spelling Antonio Henrique Gómez.
Caldas de Reis is a municipality in Galicia, Spain in the north of the province of Pontevedra.
Antonio Ponz (1725–1792) was a Spanish painter.
José de la Canal was a Spanish ecclesiastical historian.
The Anales castellanos segundos are a set of Latin annals compiled in the mid or late twelfth century in Castile, covering the period from the nativity of Jesus to the death of Queen Urraca in 1126 or to 1110. It is preserved in a thirteenth-century manuscript now in the Leiden Universiteitsbibliotheek, shelfmark VLO 91. This manuscript was kept at the University of Alcalá de Henares until at least the sixteenth century and thus the annals were known as the Annales Complutenses.
The Anales toledanos are a series of three Old Spanish annals covering the medieval history of the Kingdom of Toledo: the primeros (I) begin with the County of Castile and carry their history forward to 1219, the segundos (II) end in 1250, and the terceros (III) in 1303. They are a valuable source to the historian. None of the Anales toledanos are related save in their provenance in Toledo and their emphasis on events in the centre of the Iberian Peninsula.
The Chronicon Compostellanum is a narrative Latin chronicle of the history of Spain from the arrival of the Visigoths until the death of Queen Urraca of León on 8 March 1126. It was probably written shortly after this date, and probably in Galicia. It covers the history of the Visigothic kingdom and their successors, the Kingdom of Asturias, rapidly, incorporating the Laterculum regum ovetensium, a regnal list of the Asturian monarchy from Pelagius to Alfonso II written sometime after 791 and also incorporated in the Chronicon Iriense and the Annales Portugalenses veteres. For the eleventh-century Kingdom of León it is the earliest surviving source after the Historia silense (1109–18). The cause of Urraca's death—in labour with the child of her lover, Pedro González de Lara—is recorded in the Chronicon. Its first editor and publisher, Enrique Flórez, in his twenty-eighth preliminary note to the appendix of Latin documents in the twenty-third volume of his España Sagrada, described the text thus:
Juan Manuel Martínez Ugarte, known as Manuel Risco or Padre Risco, was a Spanish historian. Born at Haro, he took the Augustinian habit at the Convento de Nuestra Señora del Risco in the Diocese of Ávila. He studied at the University of Salamanca and was a disciple of Enrique Flórez, who took him along with him on his voyages of historical research. On Flórez's death Risco took over the unfinished Church history of Spain, España Sagrada. By then he was Jefe de Estudios at the Convento de Doña María de Aragón. He published thirteen volumes of the España Sagrada, from thirty to forty-two, inclusive. In 1800 ill health forced him to resign from the project and he ended his days at the Monasterio de San Felipe el Real in Madrid. He was replaced by Juan Fernández de Rojas from the same monastery.
Francisco Galcerán de Lloris y de Borja, Catalan: Francisc de Lloris i de Borja Italian: Francesco Borgia, was an unconsecrated cardinal of the Catholic Church, and a member of the Borgia family.
The Church of Nuestra Señora del Manzano or Iglesia de Santa María del Manzano is a Catholic church in the town of Castrojeriz, in the province of Burgos. Construction of the current building was begun in 1214, through the will of Queen Berengaria of Castile, daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and mother of Ferdinand III of Castile. It is located at the foot of the hill on which the Castle of Castrojeriz stands. It previously held the rank of collegiate church.
San Alvito, Albite, Aloito or Aloyto. Bishop of León between 1057 and 1063.