Epsom Oaks

Last updated

Oaks Stakes
Group 1 race
Eleanor horse.jpg
1801 Oaks winner Eleanor
Location Epsom Downs
Epsom, England
Inaugurated1779
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
SponsorTBD (2021)
Website Epsom Downs
Race information
Distance1m 4f 6y (2,420 m)
SurfaceTurf
TrackLeft-handed
QualificationThree-year-old fillies
Weight9 st 0 lb
Purse £250,000 (2020)
1st: £141,775
Epsom Oaks
2020
Owner Michael Tabor.svg Owner Mrs E M Stockwell.svg Owner Mr A E Oppenheimer.svg
LoveEnnistymonFrankly Darling

The Oaks Stakes is a Group 1 flat horse race in Great Britain open to three-year-old fillies. It is run at Epsom Downs over a distance of 1 mile, 4 furlongs and 6 yards (2,420 metres), and it is scheduled to take place each year in late May or early June. It is the second-oldest of the five Classic races, after the St Leger. Officially the Investec Oaks, it is also popularly known as simply The Oaks. (Increasingly it is coming to be referred to as the Epsom Oaks in both the UK and overseas countries, although 'Epsom' is not part of the official title of the race.)

Contents

It is the third of Britain's five Classic races to be held during the season, and the second of two restricted to fillies. It can also serve as the middle leg of the Fillies' Triple Crown, preceded by the 1000 Guineas and followed by the St Leger, although the feat of winning all three is rarely attempted.

History

The event is named after The Oaks, an estate located to the east of Epsom which was leased to the 12th Earl of Derby in the 18th century. He and his guests devised the race during a party at the estate in 1778. It was first run (as the Oakes Stakes [1] ) in 1779, one year before the introduction of the Derby Stakes. The inaugural winner, Bridget, was owned by Lord Derby himself.

The Oaks subsequently became one of Britain's leading events for three-year-olds. By the mid-1860s, the five leading events for this age group were referred to as "Classics". The concept was later adopted in many other countries.

European variations of the Oaks include the Irish Oaks, the Preis der Diana, the Prix de Diane and the Oaks d'Italia. Other national equivalents include the AJC Oaks, the New Zealand Oaks and the Yushun Himba.

Since 1892, horses have each carried 9 stone in the race. Prior to this, there were several fluctuations, from an original 8 stone 4 pounds, down to 8 stone, then progressively upwards. [1]

During both World Wars the race was run at Newmarket under the title the New Oaks Stakes. [1] The 2014 running incorporated the name of Sir Henry Cecil in its title. Cecil, who died in June 2013, trained eight Oaks winners between 1985 and 2007. [2]

Records

Leading jockey (9 wins):

Leading trainer (13 wins):

Leading owner (7 wins):(includes part ownership)

Winners

YearWinnerJockeyTrainerOwnerTime
1779 Bridget Dick GoodissonSaunders 12th Earl of Derby
1780TetotumDick GoodissonThomas Douglas
1781FaithDick GoodissonJohn Pratt 1st Earl Grosvenor
1782Ceres Sam Chifney John Pratt 1st Earl Grosvenor
1783Maid of the Oaks Sam Chifney John Pratt 1st Earl Grosvenor
1784Stella Charles Hindley Philip Burlton
1785TrifleJ. BirdJohn Pratt 1st Earl of Clermont
1786Yellow FillyJames EdwardsRichard PrinceSir Frank Standish
1787Annette Dennis Fitzpatrick J. Watson Richard Vernon
1788Nightshade Dennis Fitzpatrick Frank Neale 3rd Earl of Egremont
1789 Tag Sam Chifney Frank Neale 3rd Earl of Egremont
1790Hippolyta Sam Chifney Matt Stephenson 5th Duke of Bedford
1791Portia John Singleton Jr. Matt Stephenson 5th Duke of Bedford
1792Volante Charles Hindley John Pratt 1st Earl of Clermont
1793Caelia John Singleton Jr. Matt Stephenson 5th Duke of Bedford
1794Hermione Sam Arnull Saunders 12th Earl of Derby
1795Platina Dennis Fitzpatrick Frank Neale 3rd Earl of Egremont
1796 Parisot John Arnull Richard Prince Sir Frank Standish
1797 Nike Frank Buckle John Pratt 1st Earl Grosvenor
1798Bellissima Frank Buckle Richard PrinceJohn Durand
1799Bellina Frank Buckle John Pratt 1st Earl Grosvenor
1800Ephemera Dennis Fitzpatrick Frank Neale 3rd Earl of Egremont
1801 Eleanor John Saunders J. Frost Sir Charles Bunbury
1802Scotia Frank Buckle Robert Robson John Wastell
1803Theophania Frank Buckle Sam King Sir Thomas Gascoigne
1804 Pelisse Bill Clift Robert Robson 3rd Duke of Grafton
1805 Meteora Frank Buckle Robert Robson 2nd Earl Grosvenor
1806 Bronze William EdwardsDixon BoyceBerkeley Craven
1807 Briseis Samuel Chifney Jr. Robert Robson Thomas Grosvenor
1808 Morel Bill Clift Robert Robson 3rd Duke of Grafton
1809 Maid of Orleans Ben Moss Robert Robson John Leveson-Gower
1810 Oriana Bill PeirseBill Peirse Sir William Gerard
1811 Sorcery Samuel Chifney Jr. Dixon Boyce 5th Duke of Rutland
1812 Manuella Bill PeirseBill PeirseW. N. W. Hewett
1813 Music Tom Goodisson Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1814 Medora Sam BarnardDixon Boyce 5th Duke of Rutland
1815 Minuet Tom Goodisson Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1816 Landscape Samuel Chifney Jr. Robert Robson John Leveson-Gower
1817 Neva Frank Buckle Dixon BoyceGeorge Watson
1818 Corinne Frank Buckle Robert Robson John Udney
1819Shoveler Samuel Chifney Jr. William ChifneyThomas Thornhill
1820CarolineHarry EdwardsRobert Stephenson 3rd Earl of Egremont
1821Augusta Jem Robinson R. Prince Jr. 2nd Marquess of Exeter
1822 Pastille Harry Edwards Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1823 Zinc Frank Buckle Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1824 Cobweb Jem Robinson James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey
1825 Wings Samuel Chifney Jr. Robert Robson Thomas Grosvenor
1826LiliasTommy Lye John Forth John Forth
1827GulnareFrank BoyceJohn Kent 5th Duke of Richmond
1828 Turquoise John Barham Day Robert Stephenson 4th Duke of Grafton
1829Green Mantle George Dockeray Charles Marson 2nd Marquess of Exeter
1830 Variation George EdwardsBobby PettitWilliam Scott Stonehewer
1831 Oxygen John Barham Day Robert Stephenson 4th Duke of Grafton
1832 Galata Patrick ConollyCharles Marson 2nd Marquess of Exeter
1833 Vespa Jem Chapple H. ScottSir Mark Wood
1834 Pussy John Barham Day W. DayThomas Cosby
1835 Queen of Trumps Tommy LyeJohn Blenkhorn Edward Lloyd-Mostyn
1836Cyprian Bill Scott John Scott John Scott
1837Miss LettyJohn HolmesIsaac BladesThomas Orde-Powlett
1838Industry Bill Scott John Scott 6th Earl of Chesterfield
1839Deception John Barham Day W. TreenFulwar Craven
1840 Crucifix John Barham Day John Barham Day Lord George Bentinck
1841Ghuznee Bill Scott John Scott 1st Marquess of Westminster
1842Our NellTommy LyeTom DawsonGeorge Dawson
1843Poison Frank Butler R. Fisher George Samuel Ford
1844The Princess Frank Butler John Scott George Anson
1845RefractionHenry BellJohn Kent Jr. 5th Duke of Richmond
1846MendicantSam Day John Day John Gully
1847Miami Sim Templeman W. Beresford Sir Joseph Hawley
1848Cymba Sim Templeman John Day Harry Hill
1849Lady Evelyn Frank Butler Tom Taylor 6th Earl of Chesterfield
1850Rhedycina Frank Butler William GoodwinGeorge Hobson
1851Iris Frank Butler John Scott Lord Stanley
1852Songstress Frank Butler John Scott John Scott
1853Catherine Hayes Charles Marlow Mathew Dawson John Don-Wauchope
1854Mincemeat Jack Charlton William GoodwinWilliam Cookson
1855Marchioness Sim Templeman John Scott William Rudston-Read
1856Mincepie Alfred Day John Day Harry Hill
1857 Blink Bonny Jack Charlton William I'AnsonWilliam I'Anson
1858Governess [lower-alpha 1] Tom AshmallTom EskrettWilliam Gratwicke
1859Summerside George Fordham Tom Taylor 1st Baron Londesborough
1860ButterflyJim SnowdenG. OatesRichard Eastwood
1861Brown DuchessLuke SnowdenJoseph SaxonJoseph Saxon
1862Feu de JoieTom ChalonerJames GoddingRichard Naylor
1863Queen BerthaTom Aldcroft John Scott 6th Viscount Falmouth
1864Fille de l'AirArthur EdwardsTom Jennings Sr. Frédéric de Lagrange
1865RegaliaJohn NormanWilliam HarlockWilliam Graham
1866TormentorJimmy MannC. BlantonBenjamin Ellam
1867HippiaJohn DaleyJoseph Hayhoe Mayer A. de Rothschild
1868 Formosa George Fordham Henry WoolcottWilliam Graham
1869Brigantine Tom Cannon Sr. William Day Sir Frederick Johnstone
1870 Gamos George Fordham Henry WoolcottWilliam Graham2:46.50
1871 Hannah Charlie Maidment Joseph Hayhoe Mayer A. de Rothschild 2:51.00
1872Reine George Fordham Tom Jennings Sr.Claude-Joachim Lefèvre
1873Marie Stuart Tom Cannon Sr. Robert Peck James Merry
1874 Apology John Osborne Jr.William OsborneJohn King2:48.00
1875Spinaway Fred Archer Mathew Dawson 6th Viscount Falmouth
1876
(dh)
Camelia
Enguerrande
Tom Glover
Hudson
T. Cunnington
C. Wetherall
Frédéric de Lagrange
Auguste Lupin
1877PlacidaHarry JefferyJoseph MarshJohn Fiennes2:54.50
1878 Jannette Fred Archer Mathew Dawson 6th Viscount Falmouth 2:54.00
1879 Wheel of Fortune Fred Archer Mathew Dawson 6th Viscount Falmouth 3:02.00
1880Jenny HowletJim SnowdenWilliam I'Anson Jr.Charles Perkins2:49.00
1881Thebais George Fordham Alec Taylor Sr. William Stirling Crawfurd2:46.00
1882Geheimniss Tom Cannon Sr. John Porter 7th Earl of Stamford
1883Bonny Jean John Watts Joe Cannon 5th Earl of Rosebery 2:53.00
1884 Busybody Tom Cannon Sr. Tom Cannon Sr. George Baird2:49.00
1885Lonely Fred Archer William Gilbert Jr. 5th Earl Cadogan 2:44.00
1886 Miss Jummy John Watts Richard Marsh 12th Duke of Hamilton 2:54.40
1887 Reve d'Or Charles Wood Alec Taylor Sr. 8th Duke of Beaufort 2:50.40
1888 Seabreeze Jack Robinson James Jewitt 5th Baron Calthorpe 2:42.8
1889 L'Abbesse de Jouarre Jimmy WoodburnRobert Sherwood Lord Randolph Churchill 2:45.00
1890 Memoir John Watts George Dawson 6th Duke of Portland 2:40.80
1891 Mimi Fred Rickaby Mathew Dawson Noel Fenwick2:54.60
1892 La Fleche George Barrett John Porter Baron Maurice de Hirsch 2:43.20
1893 Mrs Butterwick John Watts George Dawson 6th Duke of Portland 2:44.00
1894 Amiable Walter Bradford George Dawson 6th Duke of Portland 2:50.00
1895 La Sagesse Sam Loates Martin Gurry Sir James Miller 2:48.80
1896 Canterbury Pilgrim Fred Rickaby George Lambton 16th Earl of Derby 2:45.60
1897 Limasol Walter BradfordTom Jennings Jr. 2nd Baron Hindlip 2:45.00
1898 Airs and Graces Walter BradfordFred DayW. T. Jones2:45.20
1899 Musa Otto Madden Harry EnochDouglas Baird2:44.00
1900 La Roche Morny Cannon John Porter 6th Duke of Portland 2:48.20
1901 Cap and Bells Milton Henry Sam Darling Foxhall Keene 2:44.40
1902 Sceptre Herbert Randall Bob Sievier Bob Sievier 2:46.60
1903 Our Lassie Morny Cannon Charles Morton Jack Barnato Joel 2:44.60
1904 Pretty Polly Willie Lane Peter Gilpin Eustace Loder2:46.20
1905 Cherry Lass Herbert Jones Jack Robinson William Hall Walker 2:38.00
1906 Keystone Danny Maher George Lambton 16th Earl of Derby 2:38.60
1907 Glass Doll Herbert Randall Charles Morton Jack Barnato Joel 2:42.00
1908 Signorinetta Billy BullockOdoardo GinistrelliOdoardo Ginistrelli2:42.40
1909 Perola Frank Wootton Saunders DaviesWilliam Cooper2:39.80
1910 Rosedrop Charlie Trigg Alec Taylor Jr. Sir William Bass 2:38.20
1911 Cherimoya Fred Winter Sr.Charlie Marsh William Broderick Cloete 2:41.60
1912 Mirska Joe Childs Tom Jennings Jr.Jean Prat2:43.00
1913 Jest Fred Rickaby Jr. Charles Morton Jack Barnato Joel 2:37.60
1914 Princess Dorrie Bill Huxley Charles Morton Jack Barnato Joel 2:38.20
1915 Snow Marten Walter Griggs Peter Gilpin Ludwig Neumann2:36.20
1916 Fifinella Joe Childs Dick Dawson Sir Edward Hulton 2:35.00
1917 Sunny Jane Otto Madden Alec Taylor Jr. Waldorf Astor 2:43.40
1918 My Dear [lower-alpha 2] Steve Donoghue Alec Taylor Jr. Alfred Cox 2:34.80
1919 Bayuda Joe Childs Alec Taylor Jr. Lady James Douglas2:37.20
1920 Charlebelle Albert WhalleySandy BraimeAlan Cunliffe2:38.20
1921 Love in Idleness Joe Childs Alec Taylor Jr. Joseph Watson 2:38.40
1922 Pogrom Ted Gardner Alec Taylor Jr. 2nd Viscount Astor 2:36.20
1923 Brownhylda Vic Smyth Dick Dawson Vicomte de Fontarce2:37.00
1924 Straitlace Frank O'Neill Dawson Waugh Sir Edward Hulton 2:47.00
1925 Saucy Sue Frank Bullock Alec Taylor Jr. 2nd Viscount Astor 2:43.60
1926 Short Story Bobby Jones Alec Taylor Jr. 2nd Viscount Astor 2:43.60
1927 Beam Tommy Weston Frank Butters 3rd Earl of Durham 2:34.60
1928 Toboggan Tommy Weston Frank Butters 17th Earl of Derby 2:37.40
1929 Pennycomequick Henri Jelliss Joseph Lawson 2nd Viscount Astor 2:35.80
1930 Rose of England Gordon Richards Thomas Hogg Lord Glanely 2:39.00
1931 Brulette Charlie Elliott Frank CarterCharles Birkin2:39.20
1932 Udaipur Michael Beary Frank Butters Aga Khan III 2:43.20
1933 Chatelaine Sam Wragg Fred Templeman Ernest Thornton-Smith2:36.80
1934 Light Brocade Brownie Carslake Frank Butters 5th Earl of Durham 2:35.20
1935 Quashed Henri JellissColledge Leader Lord Stanley 2:41.40
1936 Lovely Rosa Tommy Weston Harry Cottrill Sir Abe Bailey 2:36.00
1937 Exhibitionnist Steve Donoghue Joseph Lawson Sir Victor Sassoon 2:36.80
1938 Rockfel Harry Wragg Ossie Bell Sir Hugo Cunliffe-Owen 2:37.00
1939 Galatea Bobby Jones Joseph Lawson Robert Sterling Clark 2:40.60
1940 Godiva Doug MarksWilliam Rose Jarvis Esmond Harmsworth 2:29.40
1941 Commotion Harry Wragg Fred Darling Arthur Dewar2:35.60
1942 Sun Chariot Gordon Richards Fred Darling King George VI 2:33.20
1943 Why Hurry Charlie Elliott Noel CannonJimmy Rank2:32.60
1944 Hycilla Georges Bridgland Cecil Boyd-Rochfort William Woodward Sr. 2:30.40
1945 Sun Stream Harry Wragg Walter Earl 17th Earl of Derby 2:30.00
1946 Steady Aim Harry Wragg Frank Butters Sir Alfred Butt 2:41.00
1947 Imprudence Rae Johnstone Joseph LieuxMrs Pierre Corbière2:40.00
1948 Masaka Billy Nevett Frank Butters HH Aga Khan III 2:40.60
1949 Musidora Edgar Britt Charles Elsey Norman Donaldson2:40.00
1950 Asmena Rae Johnstone Charles Semblat Marcel Boussac 2:42.40
1951 Neasham Belle Stan ClaytonGeoffrey BrookeLionel Holliday2:41.20
1952 Frieze Edgar Britt Charles Elsey Alexander Keith2:35.36
1953 Ambiguity Joe Mercer Jack Colling 3rd Viscount Astor 2:36.48
1954 Sun Cap Rae Johnstone Richard CarverMrs Robert Forget2:39.12
1955 Meld Harry Carr Cecil Boyd-Rochfort Lady Zia Wernher 2:47.48
1956 Sicarelle Freddie PalmerFrançois MathetSuzy Volterra2:42.00
1957 Carrozza Lester Piggott Noel Murless Queen Elizabeth II 2:37.24
1958 Bella Paola Max GarciaFrançois Mathet François Dupré 2:40.48
1959 Petite Etoile Lester Piggott Noel Murless Prince Aly Khan 2:35.48
1960 Never Too Late Roger Poincelet Etienne PolletMrs Howell Jackson2:39.12
1961 Sweet Solera Bill RickabyReginald DayMrs Magnus Castello2:39.24
1962 Monade Yves Saint-Martin Joseph LieuxGeorge Goulandris2:38.12
1963 Noblesse Garnie Bougoure Paddy Prendergast Evelyn Olin 2:39.36
1964 Homeward Bound Greville Starkey John Oxley Foster Robinson 2:49.36
1965 Long Look Jack Purtell Vincent O'Brien James Cox Brady Jr.2:39.56
1966 Valoris Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Charles Clore 2:39.35
1967 Pia Edward Hide Bill Elsey Countess Batthyany2:38.34
1968 La Lagune Gérard Thiboeuf François Boutin Henry Berlin2:41.66
1969 Sleeping Partner John Gorton Doug Smith 6th Earl of Rosebery 2:39.94
1970 Lupe Sandy Barclay Noel Murless Gladys Joel2:41.46
1971 Altesse Royale Geoff Lewis Noel Murless Roger Hue-Williams2:36.95
1972 Ginevra Tony Murray Ryan Price Charles St George2:39.35
1973 Mysterious Geoff Lewis Noel Murless George Pope Jr.2:36.31
1974 Polygamy Pat Eddery Peter Walwyn Louis Freedman 2:39.39
1975 Juliette Marny Lester Piggott Jeremy Tree James Ian Morrison 2:39.10
1976 Pawneese Yves Saint-Martin Angel Penna Sr. Daniel Wildenstein 2:35.25
1977 Dunfermline Willie Carson Dick Hern Queen Elizabeth II 2:36.53
1978 Fair Salinia Greville Starkey Michael Stoute Sven Hanson2:36.82
1979 Scintillate Pat Eddery Jeremy Tree James Morrison2:43.74
1980 Bireme Willie Carson Dick Hern Dick Hollingsworth2:34.33
1981 Blue Wind Lester Piggott Dermot Weld Diana Firestone 2:40.93
1982 Time Charter Billy Newnes Henry Candy Robert Barnett2:34.21
1983 Sun Princess Willie Carson Dick Hern Sir Michael Sobell 2:40.98
1984 Circus Plume Lester Piggott John Dunlop Sir Robin McAlpine2:38.97
1985 Oh So Sharp Steve Cauthen Henry Cecil Sheikh Mohammed 2:41.37
1986 Midway Lady Ray Cochrane Ben Hanbury Harry Ranier 2:35.60
1987 Unite Walter Swinburn Michael Stoute Sheikh Mohammed 2:38.17
1988 Diminuendo Steve Cauthen Henry Cecil Sheikh Mohammed 2:35.02
1989 Snow Bride [lower-alpha 3] Steve Cauthen Henry Cecil Saeed bin M. Al Maktoum 2:34.22
1990 Salsabil Willie Carson John Dunlop Hamdan Al Maktoum 2:38.70
1991 Jet Ski Lady Christy Roche Jim Bolger Maktoum Al Maktoum 2:37.30
1992 User Friendly George Duffield Clive Brittain Bill Gredley2:39.77
1993 Intrepidity Michael Roberts André Fabre Sheikh Mohammed 2:34.19
1994 Balanchine Frankie Dettori Hilal Ibrahim Maktoum / Godolphin 2:40.37
1995 Moonshell Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Maktoum / Godolphin 2:35.44
1996 Lady Carla Pat Eddery Henry Cecil Wafic Saïd 2:35.55
1997 Reams of Verse Kieren Fallon Henry Cecil Khalid Abdullah 2:35.59
1998 Shahtoush Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien Nagle / Magnier 2:38.23
1999 Ramruma Kieren Fallon Henry Cecil Prince Fahd bin Salman 2:38.72
2000 Love Divine Richard Quinn Henry Cecil Lordship Stud2:43.11
2001 Imagine Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien Nagle / Magnier 2:36.70
2002 Kazzia Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin 2:44.52
2003 Casual Look Martin Dwyer Andrew Balding William S. Farish III 2:38.07
2004 Ouija Board Kieren Fallon Ed Dunlop 19th Earl of Derby 2:35.41
2005 Eswarah Richard Hills Michael Jarvis Hamdan Al Maktoum 2:39.00
2006 Alexandrova Kieren Fallon Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor / Smith2:37.71
2007 Light Shift Ted Durcan Henry Cecil Niarchos Family 2:40.38
2008 Look Here Seb Sanders Ralph BeckettJulian Richmond-Watson2:36.89
2009 Sariska Jamie Spencer Michael Bell Lady Bamford 2:35.28
2010 Snow Fairy Ryan Moore Ed Dunlop Anamoine Ltd2:35.77
2011 Dancing Rain Johnny Murtagh William Haggas Martin and Lee Taylor2:41.73
2012 Was Seamie Heffernan Aidan O'Brien Smith / Magnier / Tabor 2:38.68
2013 Talent Richard Hughes Ralph BeckettJ Rowsell & M Dixon2:42.00
2014 Taghrooda Paul Hanagan John Gosden Hamdan Al Maktoum 2:34.89
2015 Qualify Colm O'Donoghue Aidan O'Brien Chantal Regalado-Gonzalez2:37.41
2016 Minding Ryan Moore Aidan O'Brien Smith / Magnier / Tabor 2:42.66
2017 Enable Frankie Dettori John Gosden Khalid Abdullah 2:34.13
2018 Forever Together Donnacha O'Brien Aidan O'Brien Smith / Magnier / Tabor 2:40.39
2019 Anapurna Frankie Dettori John Gosden Helena Springfield Ltd 2:36.09
2020 Love [lower-alpha 4] Ryan Moore Aidan O'Brien Tabor Smith / Magnier 2:34.06
  1. The race finished as a dead-heat in 1858, but Governess defeated Gildermire in a run-off
  2. Stony Ford finished first in 1918, but she was disqualified for causing interference to My Dear
  3. Aliysa was first in 1989, but she was later disqualified after testing positive for a banned substance
  4. The 2020 race was run in July due to the COVID-19 pandemic
   Wartime substitute race at Newmarket.

See also

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Udaipur was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. Her racing career consisted of eight races between April and October 1932. Having finished second on her debut and seventh in the 1000 Guineas she was still a maiden when she recorded her biggest win in the Epsom Oaks in June. She went on to win the Coronation Stakes, Richemont Stakes and Newmarket Oaks as well as finishing fourth in a strong edition of the St Leger. As a broodmare she produced several good winners and was the female-line ancestor of Wild Again.

Keystone was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. Having suffered from ill-health as a juvenile she recorded an emphatic win in the Epsom Oaks on her second racecourse appearance. She went on to win the Coronation Stakes and three other races as well as finishing second in the Jockey Club Stakes and a possibly unlucky fourth in the St Leger. She failed to win in the following year and was retired from racing. As a broodmare she produced the St Leger winner Keysoe and was the female-line ancestor of Display and Ballymoss.

Tranquil (horse) British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Tranquil was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. She showed considerable promise as a two-year-old when she won one race and finished second in the Gimcrack Stakes. In the following season she was one of the best horses in Britain, scoring classic victories in the 1000 Guineas and St Leger Stakes as well as winning four other races including the Jockey Club Cup and Newmarket Oaks. he won once in 1924 before her racing career was ended by injury. She made no impact as a broodmare.

Hypericum was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. Bred and owned by King George VI she was one of the best two-year-old fillies in England in 1945 when she won two of her four races including the Dewhurst Stakes as well as finishing second in the Middle Park Stakes. In the following year she became increasingly temperamental but after finishing second on her seasonal debut she won the 1000 Guineas despite throwing her jockey and bolting before the start. In her two subsequent races she finished fourth in the Epsom Oaks and unplaced in the Coronation Stakes. As a broodmare she had an enduring influence on the breed through her granddaughter Highclere.

Canterbury Pilgrim (1893–1917) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. She showed some ability as a juvenile but failed to win a race. She won the Oaks Stakes on her first run as a three-year-old and went on to win the Liverpool Summer Cup, Park Hill Stakes and Jockey Club Cup before being retired at the end of the year. As a broodmare the best of her offspring was Swynford, a top-class racehorse who was even better as a breeding stallion. She also produced the influential sire Chaucer and several good broodmares. She has been described as "one of the most influential horses, stallion or mare, of the Twentieth Century".

References

  1. 1 2 3 Waterman, Jack (1999). The Punter's Friend. Harpenden, Herts, UK: Queen Anne Press. ISBN   1852916001.
  2. "The Oaks: Marvellous heads field of 17 entries for Epsom race". BBC Sport. Retrieved 4 June 2014.