Equestrian at the 1960 Summer Olympics

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Equestrian
at the Games of the XVII Olympiad
Sergei Filatov 1960.jpg
Sergei Filatov won gold on Absent
at the individual dressage
Venue Villa Borghese gardens
Rocca di Papa
Stadio Olimpico
Dates5–11 September
No. of events6
Competitors159 from 30 nations
  1956
1964  

The equestrian events at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome included dressage, eventing, and show jumping. Eventing and show jumping presented both individual and team medals, dressage presented only individual medals. The competitions were held from 5 to 11 September 1960. 159 entries, including 8 women, competed from 30 nations: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Egypt, France, Federal Republic of Germany, Great Britain, Democratic Republic of Germany (GDR), Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Soviet Union, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay, and the USA. The youngest participant was Min Gwan-Gi from South Korea at 18 years old, while the oldest rider was Lilian Williams from Great Britain at 65 years old. [1]

1960 Summer Olympics Games of the XVII Olympiad, celebrated in Rome in 1960

The 1960 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from August 25 to September 11, 1960, in Rome, Italy. The city of Rome had previously been awarded the administration of the 1908 Summer Olympics, but following the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 1906, Rome had no choice but to decline and pass the honour to London.

Rome Capital city and comune in Italy

Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy. Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,872,800 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.

Dressage highly skilled form of riding performed in exhibition and competition

Dressage is a highly skilled form of riding performed in exhibition and competition, as well as an "art" sometimes pursued solely for the sake of mastery. As an equestrian sport defined by the International Equestrian Federation, dressage is "the highest expression of horse training" where "horse and rider are expected to perform from memory a series of predetermined movements."

Contents

Disciplines

Show jumping

There were two separate jumping competitions for individual and team medals, the first time this had occurred since 1920. 69 riders from 23 countries competed, and more than half of the riders had faults at either the 5 meter water jump or the triple combination, which had very odd distances. 9 of the 18 teams did not finish the first round. Although they were considered eliminated under Olympic rules, the Technical Delegate chose to implement a rule allowing eliminated riders to continue with a score that was equal to the worst non-eliminated rider, plus 20 additional penalties. This allowed all 18 teams to jump in the second round.

The individual medals were fought out between the two d’lnzeo brothers, Raimondo and Piero, David Broome, and Argentinean Naldo Dasso. The first round saw Raimondo d’lnzeo and Posillipo with the single clear, followed by Naldo Dasso with 4 penalties, and Piero d’lnzeo and his mount Max Fresson with eight. David Broome (7 penalties) had the best ride of the second round, while Piero d’lnzeo and Hans-Günter Winkler each had 8 faults, and the leader, Raimondo d’lnzeo had 3 rails down for 12 faults. Raimondo d’lnzeo's final score of 12 was still enough to win the gold, followed by his brother Piero and David Broome.

Dressage

The 1952 Olympics created some serious changes for the dressage competition at the 1960 Games. The previous Games had resulted in a serious judging scandal after the German and Swedish judges favored their own countrymen. These two judges were subsequently suspended by the FEI. Following this controversy, the IOC threatened to remove dressage from the Olympics, but the FEI managed to come to a compromise, removing the team competition from the 1960 Games and only allowing individual competitors (up to 2 per country). Additionally, 3 of the judges had to be from non-participating countries, and ride-offs were filmed and reviewed for a day before the final results were announced publicly.

The other major change was in the scoring scale, which moved from a scale of 0–6 to 0–10.

17 riders competed, from 10 nations. Despite the small number of riders, the competition still took a long time as the judges, conscious of not playing favoritism, conferred for up to 20 minutes following each ride. 5 riders total qualified for the ride-off (2 from the Soviet Union, and 1 each from Switzerland, Germany, and Sweden), and repeated the original test. The ride-off was filmed and reviewed, the judging panel decided not to change the original placings, and the results were announced to the public 3 days following the ride.

Eventing

For the first time since 1924, the eventing team consisted of 4 riders rather than 3. Although 19 nations, with a total of 79 riders, competed, the eventing competition at the 1960 Olympics clearly went to the Australians. The team had fantastic performances cross-country, with three of the four riders (Lawrence "Laurie" Morgan, Neale Lavis, and Brian Crago) in the top three spots of the competition following endurance day. Bill Roycroft, the fourth Australian team member, had fallen on cement drain pipes, resulting in a concussion and broken collar bone. Unfortunately, Brian Crago's mount Sabre was rejected at the final horse inspection, removing him from his current silver-medal position. In order to insure his team finished, Roycroft left the hospital to ride in the final phase, posting a clear round and insuring a team gold for his country.

Medal summary

EventGoldSilverBronze
Individual dressage
details
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Sergei Filatov
and Absent (URS)
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Gustav Fischer
and Wald (SUI)
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  Josef Neckermann
and Asbach (EUA)
Individual eventing
details
Flag of Australia.svg  Lawrence Morgan
and Salad Days (AUS)
Flag of Australia.svg  Neale Lavis
and Mirrabooka (AUS)
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Anton Bühler
and Gay Spark (SUI)
Team eventing
details
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)
Lawrence Morgan
and Salad Days
Neale Lavis
and Mirrabooka
Bill Roycroft
and Our Solo
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  (SUI)
Anton Bühler
and Gay Spark
Hans Schwarzenbach
and Burn Trout
Rudolf Günthardt
and Atbara
Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)
Jack Le Goff
and Image
Guy Lefrant
and Nicias
Jéhan Le Roy
and Garden
Individual jumping
details
Flag of Italy.svg  Raimondo D'Inzeo
and Posillipo (ITA)
Flag of Italy.svg  Piero D'Inzeo
and The Rock (ITA)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  David Broome
and Sunsalve (GBR)
Team jumping
details
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany  (EUA)
Hans Günter Winkler
and Halla
Fritz Thiedemann
and Meteor
Alwin Schockemöhle
and Ferdl
US flag 49 stars.svg  United States  (USA)
Frank Chapot
and Trail Guide
William Steinkraus
and Ksar d'Esprit
George H. Morris
and Sinjon
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)
Raimondo D'Inzeo
and Posillipo
Piero D'Inzeo
and The Rock
Antonio Oppes
and The Scholar

Medal table

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)2103
2Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)1113
3Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany  (EUA)1012
4Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union  (URS)1001
5Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  (SUI)0213
6US flag 49 stars.svg  United States  (USA)0101
7Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)0011
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)0011
Totals (8 nations)55515


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References

  1. Equestrianism at the 1960 Roma Summer Games, Sports Reference, retrieved 27 February 2011