Erath County, Texas

Last updated
Erath County
ErathCourt1.JPG
The Erath County Courthouse in Stephenville
Map of Texas highlighting Erath County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas in United States.svg
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°14′N98°13′W / 32.23°N 98.22°W / 32.23; -98.22
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Texas.svg  Texas
Founded1856
Named for George Bernard Erath
Seat Stephenville
Largest cityStephenville
Area
  Total1,090 sq mi (2,800 km2)
  Land1,083 sq mi (2,800 km2)
  Water6.7 sq mi (17 km2)  0.6%%
Population
 (2017)
  Total41,969
  Density35/sq mi (14/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts 11th, 25th
Website www.co.erath.tx.us

Erath County ( /ˈræθ/ ) is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. According to the United States Census bureau its population was 41,969 in 2017. [1] The county seat is Stephenville. [2] The county is named for George Bernard Erath, an early surveyor and a soldier at the Battle of San Jacinto.

Contents

Erath County is included in the Stephenville, Texas, Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Erath County is the location of two of North America's largest renewable natural gas plants. The largest is at Huckabay Ridge, near Stephenville. The second largest is located outside Dublin at Rio Leche Estates.

On November 4, 2008, Erath County voters elected to allow the sale of beer and wine in the county for off-premises consumption.

History

Native Americans

Caddo tribe Anadarko villages were scattered along Trinity and Brazos Rivers. [3] French explorer Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe developed camaraderie among the Anadarko in 1719 when he established Fort Saint Louis de los Cadodaquious. [4] The Anadarko became entangled with the French battles with the Spanish and later the Anglos and suffered the consequences, including diseases from which they had no immunity. By 1860, these tribes moved to Oklahoma. Erath County falls into Comancheria and found itself raided by Comanches until their removal to Oklahoma after 1875. [5]

County established and growth

Erath County was formed from Bosque and Coryell counties in 1856 and named for George Bernard Erath, one of the original surveyors of the area. [6] In 1856, John M. Stephen offered to donate land for a townsite which was named Stephenville after him and became the county seat. [7]

A. H. Dobkins founded the community of Dublin in 1854. [8] Other early settlers in Dublin were Will and Tom Holland. Dublin later became famous as the early boyhood home of the PGA, U.S. Open and Masters golf champion Ben Hogan. [9]

In 1855, thirty pioneers settled in the county, led by the surveyors George Erath and Neil McLennan. Included in the group were brothers William F. and John M. Stephen, and a black family whose name and destiny seems to have been lost to history. [10]

Erath (1813–1891), an immigrant from Vienna, Austria, was a Texas Ranger and member of Billingsley’s Company C, 1st Regiment of Texas Volunteers, under the command of Col. Charles Burleson at the Battle of San Jacinto, and a member of the Confederate Home Guard. [11] As a Freemason, he was a charter member and secretary of Bosque Lodge #92, from 1852 to 1855 which changed its name to Waco #92 in 1857 and remains the oldest continuous organization in Waco, Texas. [12]

Cotton became the major crop between 1875 and 1915, with the largest crop being in 1906. The industry was helped in 1879 when the Texas Central Railroad reached Dublin, and in 1889 when the Fort Worth and Rio Grande railroad was completed through Stephenville. This opened eastern markets for the county's cotton crops. By 1910, soil erosion and the boll weevil caused diversity planning that led to dairy farms, fruit orchards, nurseries, peanuts, feed crops and poultry. [6]

The community of Thurber was created by the Johnson Coal Company. [13] From 1888 to 1921, the Texas Pacific Coal Company mined coal near Thurber, making it a leading coal producer in the state. Fifty-two percent of the miners were of Italian ancestry, creating the "Italian Hill" community just outside Thurber. The United Mine Workers in 1903 sent Joe Fenoglio to organize the Italian workers, thus beginning the Thurber Coal Miners Strike. In the 1970s, the area began bituminous coal production for fuel in the cement industry. [14]

Tarleton State University was founded in 1893 as Stephenville College but was renamed in 1899 after the local rancher John Tarleton rescued the institution from financial difficulties. [15]

Courthouse

Erath’s original 1866 wooden courthouse burned to the ground, destroying county documents along with it. A second stone courthouse was built in 1877 but eventually razed. The cornerstone for the current courthouse was laid in 1891. The architects James Riely Gordon and D. E. Laub designed the present three-story showcase Victorian structure. In addition to Erath, Gordon designed the Arizona State Capitol, and courthouses in Aransas, Bexar, Brazoria, Comal, Ellis, Fayette, Gonzales, Harrison, Hopkins, Lee, McLennan, Victoria and Wise counties. [16] The building was completed in 1893, with limestone from the Leon River and red sandstone from Pecos County. The building’s centralized 95-foot tower has a bell tower and creates a chandeliered atrium from the first floor to the third. The interior is east Texas pine, with cast and wrought-iron stairways, and tessellated imported marble floors. It was renovated in 1988. [17]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,090 square miles (2,800 km2), of which 1,083 square miles (2,800 km2) is land and 6.7 square miles (17 km2) (0.6%) is water. [18]

Major highways

State Highway 108 as S Graham Avenue in Stephenville Stephenville August 2017 13 (S Graham Avenue).jpg
State Highway 108 as S Graham Avenue in Stephenville

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860 2,425
1870 1,801−25.7%
1880 11,796555.0%
1890 21,58483.0%
1900 29,96638.8%
1910 32,0957.1%
1920 28,385−11.6%
1930 20,804−26.7%
1940 20,760−0.2%
1950 18,434−11.2%
1960 16,236−11.9%
1970 18,14111.7%
1980 22,56024.4%
1990 27,99124.1%
2000 33,00117.9%
2010 37,89014.8%
Est. 201942,698 [19] 12.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [20]
1850–2010 [21] 2010–2014 [1]

At the 2010 census, [22] there were 37,890 people, 14,569 households and 9,003 families residing in the county. The racial makeup of the county was 85.6% White, 1.2% Black or African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.0003% Pacific Islander, 10% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. 19.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,569 households, of which 29.59% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.03% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present and 38.2% were non-families. 27% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.06.

22.29% of the population were under the age of 18, 19.40% from 18 to 24, 23.10% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.5 years. For every 100 females there were 96.50 males.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

Politics

Erath County is heavily Republican. In 2012, Mitt Romney won the county in the presidential election, taking over 80% of the vote. The last Democrat to win the county was Jimmy Carter in 1980. [23]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [23]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 80.7%11,21015.6% 2,1603.8% 523
2012 82.8%10,32915.8% 1,9651.4% 179
2008 76.8%10,76822.3% 3,1280.9% 123
2004 77.4%9,50622.1% 2,7100.5% 65
2000 73.1%8,12625.2% 2,8041.7% 185
1996 49.5%4,75038.2% 3,66412.3% 1,184
1992 36.8%3,83533.9% 3,53129.4% 3,065
1988 56.7%5,42743.0% 4,1130.3% 30
1984 65.2%6,12234.4% 3,2340.4% 39
1980 47.9% 3,98150.0%4,1562.0% 169
1976 37.6% 2,92561.9%4,8210.6% 44
1972 74.3%4,77725.6% 1,6480.1% 8
1968 36.5% 2,20948.1%2,91515.4% 935
1964 29.9% 1,64270.0%3,8510.1% 5
1960 51.7%2,69647.7% 2,4900.6% 30
1956 53.7%2,77546.0% 2,3770.4% 19
1952 54.9%3,24945.0% 2,6640.0% 2
1948 14.9% 59879.3%3,1725.8% 232
1944 9.9% 41179.8%3,33010.3% 430
1940 15.7% 64683.9%3,4590.4% 18
1936 9.7% 29090.0%2,6940.4% 11
1932 7.8% 28491.5%3,3190.7% 26
1928 56.9%1,92340.6% 1,3722.4% 82
1924 10.3% 40685.9%3,3963.8% 152
1920 13.1% 35869.8%1,91417.2% 471
1916 7.3% 18480.6%2,02412.1% 304
1912 8.2% 15682.4%1,5699.4% 180

Media

Two newspapers have offices located in Erath County: The Stephenville Empire-Tribune and The Dublin Citizen. Local television stations that provide coverage for Erath County and surrounding areas come from the Dallas/Fort Worth and Waco/Temple/Killeen metropolitan areas.

Five radio stations have their main studios and offices in Erath County: KEQX 89.5, KTRL 90.5, KSTV-FM 93.1, KXTR-LP 100.7 and KSTV (AM) 1510. KTRL and KXTR-LP are operated by Tarleton State University.

See also

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KXTR-LP is a noncommercial college radio station licensed to Tarleton State University in Stephenville, Texas. KXTR-LP broadcasts to the city of Stephenville and the surrounding area, covering more than half of Erath County. Programming is generally rock, both classic and modern. Programming also includes educational programming and genre-specific programs aired by students and faculty.

DeWayne Christopher Burns is a property investment manager and rancher from Cleburne, Texas. Burns is a member of the Texas House of Representatives for District 58 in Johnson and Bosque counties located in the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington Metropolitan Statistical Area.

References

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  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. "Anadarko Indian History". Access Genealogy. Retrieved December 15, 2010.
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    - Taylor, Wilma Rugh (2005). "Finding Surprises in East Texas". Gospel Tracks through Texas: The Mission of Chapel Car Good Will. TAMU Press. pp. 47–56. ISBN   978-1-58544-434-2.
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  23. 1 2 Leip, Dave. "United States Presidential Election Results". Atlas of US Presidential Elections.

Coordinates: 32°14′N98°13′W / 32.23°N 98.22°W / 32.23; -98.22