Eredivisie

Last updated

Eredivisie
Eredivisie nieuw logo 2017-.svg
Organising body KNVB
Founded1956;66 years ago (1956)
CountryNetherlands
Confederation UEFA
Number of teams18
Level on pyramid1
Relegation to Eerste Divisie
Domestic cup(s)
International cup(s)
Current champions Ajax (36th title)
(2021–22)
Most championships Ajax (36 titles)
Most appearances Pim Doesburg (687)
Top goalscorer Willy van der Kuijlen (311)
TV partners List of broadcasters
Website eredivisie.eu
Current: 2022–23 Eredivisie

The Eredivisie (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈeːrədivizi] ; "Honour Division" or "Premier Division") is the highest level of professional football in the Netherlands. The league was founded in 1956, two years after the start of professional football in the Netherlands. It is considered one of the best European leagues. As of the 2020–21 season, it is ranked the sixth-best league in Europe by UEFA. [1]

Contents

The Eredivisie consists of 18 clubs. Each club meets every other club twice during the season, once at home and once away. At the end of each season, the two clubs at the bottom are relegated to the second level of the Dutch league system, the Eerste Divisie (First Division), while the champion and runner-up of the Eerste Divisie are automatically promoted to the Eredivisie. The club finishing third from the bottom of the Eredivisie goes to separate promotion/relegation play-offs with six high-placed clubs from the Eerste Divisie. [2]

The winner of the Eredivisie claims the Dutch national championship. Ajax have won the most titles with 36. PSV Eindhoven are next with 24, and Feyenoord follow with 15. Since 1965, these three clubs have won all but three Eredivisie titles (the 1981 and 2009 titles went to AZ and FC Twente won in 2010). Ajax, PSV, and Feyenoord are known as the "Big Three" or "Traditional Top Three" of Dutch football. They are the only clubs in their current form to have never been relegated out of the Eredivisie. A fourth club, FC Utrecht, is the product of a 1970 merger between three of that city's clubs, one of which, VV DOS, had also never been relegated out of the Eredivisie.

From 1990 to 1999, the official name of the league was PTT Telecompetitie (after the sponsor, PTT Telecom), which was changed to KPN Telecompetitie (because PTT Telecom changed its name to KPN Telecom) in 1999 and to KPN Eredivisie in 2000. From 2002 to 2005, the league was called the Holland Casino Eredivisie. Since the 2005–06 season, the league has been sponsored by the Sponsorloterij (lottery), but for legal reasons its name could not be attached to the league (the Dutch government was against the name, because the Eredivisie would, after Holland Casino's sponsorship, yet again be sponsored by a company providing games of chance).

On 8 August 2012, it was made public that tycoon Rupert Murdoch had secured the rights to the Eredivisie for 12 years at the expense of 1 billion euros, beginning in the 2013–14 season. [3] Within this deal, the five largest Eredivisie clubs are to receive 5 million euros per year. [4] In 2020, the Eredivisie was abandoned due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

History

From the foundation of the Dutch national football championship in 1898 until 1954, the title was decided through play-offs by a handful of clubs who had previously won their regional league. [5] The competition was purely an amateur one; the Royal Dutch Football Association (KNVB) rejected any form of payment and suspended players who were caught receiving salary or transfer fees. [6] The call for professional football grew in the early fifties after many national team members left to play abroad in search for financial benefits. [7] The KNVB would usually suspend these players, preventing them from appearing for the Dutch national team. After the North Sea flood of 1953, the Dutch players abroad (mainly playing in the French league) organised a charity match against the French national team in Paris. The match was boycotted by the KNVB, but after the assembled Dutch players defeated the French (2–1), the Dutch public witnessed the heights that could be achieved through professional football. [8] To serve the growing interest, a dissident professional football association (the NBVB) and league were founded for the 1954–55 season. [9] On 3 July 1954, the KNVB met with a group of concerned amateur club chairmen, who feared the best players would join the professional teams. The meeting, dubbed the slaapkamerconferentie ('bedroom conference'), led to the Association reluctantly accepting semi-professionalism. [6]

Meanwhile, both the KNVB and the NBVB started their separate competition. The first professional football match was contested between Alkmaar and Venlo. [6] The leagues went on for eleven rounds, before a merger was negotiated between the two federations in November. Both leagues were cancelled and a new, combined competition emerged immediately. De Graafschap, Amsterdam, Alkmaar and Fortuna '54 from the NBVB were accepted to the new league. Other clubs merged, which led to new names like Rapid J.C., Holland Sport and Roda Sport. The first (semi-)professional league was won by Willem II. [10] For the 1956–57 season, the KNVB abandoned the regional league system. The Eredivisie was founded, in which the eighteen best clubs nationwide directly played for the league title without play-offs. The inaugural members of the Eredivisie in 1956 were Ajax, BVC, BVV, DOS, EVV, Elinkwijk, SC Enschede, Feijenoord, Fortuna '54, GVAV, MVV, NAC, NOAD, PSV, Rapid J.C., Sparta, VVV '03 and Willem II. [11] Ajax was the first team to claim the title that season. [11]

Current teams (2022–23)

Club
CityCapacityPosition
in 2021–22
1st season
in Eredivisie
No. of seasons
in Eredivisie
1st season of
current spell
No. of seasons
of current spell
Eredivisie titlesNational titlesLast title
Ajax ab Amsterdam 54,9901st1956–57671956–576726362022
AZ Alkmaar 17,2505th1968–69451998–9925222009
Cambuur Leeuwarden 10,5009th1992–9392021–22200-
FC Emmen Emmen 8,600promoted*2018–1942022–23100-
Excelsior Rotterdam 4,500promoted*1970–71232022–23100-
Feyenoord ab Rotterdam 51,1373rd1956–57671956–576710152017
Fortuna Sittard Sittard 12,50015th1968–69242018–19500-
Go Ahead Eagles Deventer 10,00013th1963–64332021–222041933
FC Groningen Groningen 22,57912th1971–72442000–012300-
SC Heerenveen Heerenveen 27,2248th1990–91311993–943000-
NEC Nijmegen 12,50011th1967–68422021–22200-
PSV ab Eindhoven 36,5002nd1956–57671956–576721242018
RKC Waalwijk Waalwijk 7,50810th1988–89272019–20400-
Sparta Rotterdam a Rotterdam 11,02614th1956–57572019–204161959
FC Twente c Enschede 30,2054th1956–57642019–204112010
FC Utrecht bd Utrecht 23,7507th1970–71531970–715300-
Vitesse Arnhem 21,2486th1971–72381989–903400-
FC Volendam Volendam 7,384promoted*1959–60262022–23100-

* FC Emmen finished first and FC Volendam finished second in the 2021-22 Eerste Divisie. Excelsior finished 6th and defeated ADO Den Haag in the playoff final.

a Founding member of the Eredivisie
b Never been relegated from the Eredivisie
c Founding member of the Eredivisie (as Sportclub Enschede)
d Founding member of the Eredivisie (as VV DOS and USV Elinkwijk)

Maps

Champions

ClubWinnerRunner-upWinning years
Ajax 36
23 1917–18, 1918–19, 1930–31, 1931–32, 1933–34, 1936–37, 1938–39, 1946–47, 1956–57, 1959–60, 1965–66, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1969–70, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1976–77, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1984–85, 1989–90, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1997–98, 2001–02, 2003–04, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2018–19, 2020–21, 2021–22
PSV Eindhoven 24
16 1928–29, 1934–35, 1950–51, 1962–63, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1990–91, 1991–92, 1996–97, 1999–00, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2017–18
Feyenoord 15
21 1923–24, 1927–28, 1935–36, 1937–38, 1939–40, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1964–65, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1973–74, 1983–84, 1992–93, 1998–99, 2016–17
HVV Den Haag 10
1 1890–91, 1895–96, 1899–1900, 1900–01, 1901–02, 1902–03, 1904–05, 1906–07, 1909–10, 1913–14
Sparta Rotterdam 6 1908–09, 1910–11, 1911–12, 1912–13, 1914–15, 1958–59
RAP 53 1891–92, 1893–94, 1896–97, 1897–98, 1898–99
Go Ahead Eagles 45 1916–17, 1921–22, 1929–30, 1932–33
Koninklijke HFC 33 1889–90, 1892–93, 1894–95
Willem II 31 1915–16, 1951–52, 1954–55
HBS Craeyenhout 3 1903–04, 1905–06, 1924–25
AZ 23 1980–81, 2008–09
Heracles Almelo 21 1926–27, 1940–41
ADO Den Haag 2 1941–42, 1942–43
RCH 2 1922–23, 1952–53
NAC Breda 14 1920–21
FC Twente 13 2009–10
DWS 13 1963–64
Roda JC Kerkrade*12 1955–56
Be Quick 12 1919–20
FC Eindhoven 12 1953–54
SC Enschede 11 1925–26
DOS 11 1957–58
FC Den Bosch 11 1947–48
De Volewijckers 1 1943–44
HFC Haarlem 1 1945–46
Limburgia 1 1949–50
SVV 1 1948–49
Quick Den Haag 1 1907–08
VV Concordia 1 1888–89

* As Rapid JC.

Playoffs

European competition

PositionPlayoffQualification to
1st  Champions League group stage
2nd  Champions League third qualifying round of the League Path.
3rd/4th  Conference League third qualifying round
4th–7th/5th–8thEuropa League4th vs 7th and 5th vs 6th or 5th vs 8th and 6th vs 7th; the two winners play each other to qualify for:
Europa Conference League second qualifying round
KNVB Cup winners Europa League play-off round (group stage if the Europa Conference League winners have already qualified for the UCL through their domestic league)

Relegation

PositionPlayoffWhat happens next
16thNacompetitieOne Eredivisie team play the semi finals against an Eerste Divisie team. Who wins will compete in the poule final for a place in the Eredivisie.
17th-18thDirect relegation to the Eerste Divisie

Attendance

2018–19 Attendance
ClubAttendance
Ajax 52,987
Feyenoord 42,065
PSV 34,071
FC Utrecht 18,846
SC Heerenveen 18,743
NAC Breda 18,262
FC Groningen 18,025
Vitesse 15,422
AZ 15,027
PEC Zwolle 13,478
Willem II 12,998
ADO Den Haag 12,561
De Graafschap 12,321
Heracles Almelo 10,993
Fortuna Sittard 9,100
FC Emmen 8,238
VVV Venlo 6,828
Excelsior 4,223
Average18,010

Since the beginning of the league, there have been three clubs with an attendance much higher than the others: Ajax, PSV and Feyenoord. Clubs like Heerenveen, FC Utrecht and FC Groningen also have fairly large fanbases. The regular season average league attendance was just over 7,000 in 1990, but this figure has risen sharply over the years thanks to the opening of new stadiums and the expansion of existing ones nationwide. Average attendance for the 2018–19 season was 18,010, with Ajax having the largest (52,987) and Excelsior having the smallest (4,223). Ajax's figures however differ from those provided by the Johan Cruyff Arena since the club counts all tickets sold instead of the number of people going through the turnstiles.

All-time ranking (since 1956)

Last updated following the 2017–18 season
Playing in the Eredivisie
Playing in the Eerste Divisie
Playing in the amateur leagues
Club has been disestablished or merged into another club
RankClubSeasonsPlayedWonDrawnLostPointsAvg.
Points
Goals
for
Goals
against
Goal
difference
1. Ajax 622092138537932545342,1752672135+3132
2. PSV 622092127244837242642,0448142208+2606
3. Feyenoord 622092118848442040481,9344652399+2066
4. FC Twente 52176477147551827881,5828062247+559
5. Sparta Rotterdam 53176461949866923551,3226762801-125
6. FC Utrecht 48163260341961022281,3723252454-129
7. AZ 40136058133944020821,5322661874+392
8. Roda JC Kerkrade 44149656339154220801,3922602208+52
9. NAC Breda 49165452443269820041,2122102738-528
10. ADO Den Haag 44148048937861318451,2521142423-309
11. FC Groningen 39132645136950617221,3018862057-171
12. Willem II 42142143032666416161,1419692536-567
13. Vitesse 33112243131837316111,4416871554+133
14. NEC 40136037938259915191,1215652132-567
15. MVV Maastricht 36120835035650214061,1615271992-465
16. SC Heerenveen 2688436322229913111,4814821356+126
17. Go Ahead Eagles 31104232526844912431,1913991701-302
18. RKC Waalwijk 237822401973459171,1710141269-255
19. FC Volendam 258422282153998991,079941513-519
20. VVV-Venlo 217141961893297771,099211304-383
21. Fortuna Sittard 196461791932747301,137561005-249
22. HFC Haarlem 186121721782626941,13695978-283
23. PEC Zwolle 186121691692746761,107811067-286
24. Heracles Almelo 185961781402786741,137991105-306
25. Excelsior 217141591803756570,927841320-536
26. De Graafschap 206801491703616170,917351298-563
27. DOS 144601681091836131,33790848-58
28. AFC DWS 134301471171665581,30588644-56
29. Fortuna '54 12392141991525221,33635700-65
30. Telstar 144681181402104941,06530754-224
31. GVAV 133921231151544841,23533595-62
32. FC Den Bosch 124421141232054651,05491756-265
33. SC Enschede 929412177964401,50565490+75
34. Rapid JC 62047347842661,30307350-43
35. USV Elinkwijk 723465501192451,05306483-177
36. FC Amsterdam 62046156872391,17263321-58
37. Blauw-Wit 61966542892371,21334401-67
38. SC Cambuur 723849641252110,89258437-179
39. Holland Sport 41363734651451,07168279-111
40. FC Dordrecht 620431461271390,68208463-255
41. RBC Roosendaal 517035261091310,77164358-194
42. NOAD 41363330731290,95187311-124
43. Sittardia 41323229711250,95148256-108
44. Xerxes/DHC 268261725951,409295-3
45. EVV 3102232554940,92107209-102
46. BVC Amsterdam 268202028801,18103130-27
47. BVV 268181040640,94126172-46
48. SC Veendam 268122333590,8774127-53
49. FC Wageningen 268131837570,8472137-65
50. De Volewijckers 264151039550,8699189-90
51. Helmond Sport 268121838540,7993162-69
52. SVV 268131342520,7662142-80
53. Alkmaar '54 13461216300,883961-22

Player records

Appearances

RankNameGamesPlaying positionFirst matchLast match
1 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Pim Doesburg 687 Goalkeeper 1962–63 1986–87
2 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Jan Jongbloed 684Goalkeeper 1959–60 1985–86
3 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Piet Schrijvers 576Goalkeeper 1963–64 1984–85

Goals

RankNameGoalsGamesGoals per gamePlaying positionFirst goalLast goal
1 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Willy van der Kuijlen 3115450.57 Forward 1964–65 1981–82
2 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud Geels 2663920.68Forward 1964–65 1983–84
3 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Johan Cruijff 2163090.70Forward 1964–65 1983–84
4 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Kees Kist 2123720.60Forward 1972–73 1983–84
5 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Tonny van der Linden 208--Forward 1956–57 1966–67

Top scorers

Last updated following the 2021–22 season. [12]
SeasonTop Scorer(s)GoalsClub(s)
1956–57 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Coen Dillen 43 PSV
1957–58 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Leo Canjels 32 NAC
1958–59 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Leo Canjels 34 NAC
1959–60 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Henk Groot [13] 37 Ajax
1960–61 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Henk Groot 41 Ajax
1961–62 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dick Tol 27 FC Volendam
1962–63 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Pierre Kerkhofs 22 PSV
1963–64 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Frans Geurtsen 28 DWS
1964–65 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Frans Geurtsen 23 DWS
1965–66 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Willy van der Kuijlen
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Piet Kruiver
23 PSV
Feyenoord
1966–67 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Johan Cruijff 33 Ajax
1967–68 Flag of Sweden.svg Ove Kindvall 28 Feyenoord
1968–69 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dick van Dijk
Flag of Sweden.svg Ove Kindvall
30 FC Twente
Feyenoord
1969–70 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Willy van der Kuijlen 26 PSV
1970–71 Flag of Sweden.svg Ove Kindvall 24 Feyenoord
1971–72 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Johan Cruijff 25 Ajax
1972–73 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Cas Janssens
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Willy Brokamp
18 NEC
MVV
1973–74 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Willy van der Kuijlen 27 PSV
1974–75 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud Geels 30 Ajax
1975–76 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud Geels 29 Ajax
1976–77 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud Geels 34 Ajax
1977–78 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud Geels 30 Ajax
1978–79 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Kees Kist 34 AZ Alkmaar
1979–80 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Kees Kist 27 AZ Alkmaar
1980–81 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud Geels 22 Sparta
1981–82 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Wim Kieft 32 Ajax
1982–83 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Peter Houtman 30 Feyenoord
1983–84 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Marco van Basten 28 Ajax
1984–85 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Marco van Basten 22 Ajax
1985–86 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Marco van Basten 37 Ajax
1986–87 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Marco van Basten 31 Ajax
1987–88 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Wim Kieft 29 PSV
1988–89 Flag of Brazil.svg Romário 19 PSV
1989–90 Flag of Brazil.svg Romário 23 PSV
1990–91 Flag of Brazil.svg Romário [14]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dennis Bergkamp [14]
25 PSV
Ajax
1991–92 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dennis Bergkamp [15] 24 Ajax
1992–93 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dennis Bergkamp [16] 26 Ajax
1993–94 Flag of Finland.svg Jari Litmanen 26 Ajax
1994–95 Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldo 30 PSV
1995–96 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Luc Nilis 21 PSV
1996–97 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Luc Nilis 21 PSV
1997–98 Flag of Greece.svg Nikos Machlas 34 Vitesse
1998–99 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud van Nistelrooy 31 PSV
1999–2000 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud van Nistelrooy 29 PSV
2000–01 Flag of Yugoslavia (1992-2003); Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006).svg Mateja Kežman 24 PSV
2001–02 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Pierre van Hooijdonk 24 Feyenoord
2002–03 Flag of Yugoslavia (1992-2003); Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006).svg Mateja Kežman 35 PSV
2003–04 Flag of Yugoslavia (1992-2003); Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006).svg Mateja Kežman 31 PSV
2004–05 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dirk Kuyt 29 Feyenoord
2005–06 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Klaas-Jan Huntelaar 33 SC Heerenveen/Ajax
2006–07 Flag of Brazil.svg Afonso Alves 34 SC Heerenveen
2007–08 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Klaas-Jan Huntelaar 33 Ajax
2008–09 Flag of Morocco.svg Mounir El Hamdaoui 23 AZ
2009–10 Flag of Uruguay.svg Luis Suárez 35 Ajax
2010–11 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Björn Vleminckx 23 NEC
2011–12 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Bas Dost 32 SC Heerenveen
2012–13 Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Wilfried Bony 31 Vitesse
2013–14 Flag of Iceland.svg Alfreð Finnbogason 29 SC Heerenveen
2014–15 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Memphis Depay 22 PSV
2015–16 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Vincent Janssen 27 AZ
2016–17 Flag of Denmark.svg Nicolai Jørgensen 21 Feyenoord
2017–18 Flag of Iran.svg Alireza Jahanbakhsh 21 AZ
2018–19 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Luuk de Jong
Flag of Serbia.svg Dušan Tadić
28 PSV
Ajax
2019–20 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Steven Berghuis
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Cyriel Dessers
15 Feyenoord
Heracles Almelo
2020–21 Flag of Greece.svg Giorgos Giakoumakis 26 VVV-Venlo
2021–22 Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Sébastien Haller 21 Ajax

Media coverage

CountryNetworkDetails
Netherlands ESPN; NOS ESPN airs all matches live and the NOS broadcasts match summaries on the open channels NPO 1 and 3
AzerbaijanCBC SportLive Eredivisie matches
Belgium Play Sports
VOOSport World
Two matches per week, since 2015
Indian subcontinent Dream11 and Eurosport Two–three matches per week on Eurosport and FanCode
Italy Mola TV
Albania DigitAlb / SuperSport Two matches per week and highlights
Poland Polsat Sport
Polsat Sport Extra
Polsat Sport News
2–5 matches (1–4 live) every week and highlights, since the 2002–03 season.
Turkey Tivibu Live Eredivisie matches
Russia Telekanal Futbol Live matches every week, two or three times
Balkans Sport Klub Live matches every week, two or three times
Portugal Sport TV Two or three live matches every week
Slovakia Arena Sport Two or three live matches every week
Austria, Germany Sportdigital.tv, DAZN Up to three matches per week, and highlights (mostly Ajax, PSV and Feyenoord matches)
South Korea tvN Live PSV matches
United Kingdom and Ireland Mola TV Live Eredivisie matches
Norway Viasat Fotball One match live on Sunday 11.30 CET
Lithuania Sport1 Up to two matches per week and highlights
Bulgaria Max Sport Two or three live matches every week
Sub-Saharan Africa ESPN Three live matches every week, sometimes four
Latin America ESPN Two matches every week are broadcast live, one only on ESPN Play (WatchESPN in Brazil).
Indonesia Mola TV Up to four matches per week live and on demand, from 2020 to 2021. [17]
Timor Leste
Malaysia Astro SuperSport Up to three live matches every week.
Philippines Tap DMV Up to three live matches every week.
Singapore Singtel TV Up to three live matches every week.
MENA Abu Dhabi Sports Up to three live matches every week.
VietnamVTVCab, HTV1990-2002, HTV broadcasting all matches.

2019-present, Up to three live matches every week.

Eredivisie teams and major UEFA and FIFA competitions

The following sixteen international tournaments were won by Eredivisie teams:

The UEFA Super Cup was founded by a Dutch reporter named Anton Witkamp and Ajax's 1973 win was the first time the tournament was contested officially.

Sponsorship names for seasons

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">AZ Alkmaar</span> Dutch professional football club

Alkmaar Zaanstreek, better known as AZ Alkmaar or simply AZ, is a Dutch professional football club from Alkmaar and the Zaanstreek. The club plays in the Eredivisie, the highest professional football league in the Netherlands, and hosts home matches at the AFAS Stadion.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Willem II (football club)</span> Association football club in the Netherlands

Willem II, also known as Willem II Tilburg, is a Dutch football club based in Tilburg, Netherlands. They play in the Eerste Divisie, the second tier of Dutch football, following relegation from the Eredivisie in the 2021–22 season. The club was founded on 12 August 1896 as Tilburgia. On 12 January 1898, the club was renamed Willem II after Dutch king William II of the Netherlands, who, as Prince of Orange and commander of the Dutch army, had his military headquarters in Tilburg during the Belgian uprising of 1830, spent much time in the city after becoming king, and died there.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">FC Groningen</span> Dutch professional football club

Football Club Groningen is a Dutch professional association football club based in Groningen, province of Groningen. Founded on 16 June 1971 as the successor of GVAV, the team compete in the Eredivisie, the highest tier of Dutch football. Groningen played their inaugural season in the Eredivisie, before the side were relegated to the Eerste Divisie in 1973–74 as they got into financial difficulties. Groningen were promoted back to the Eredivisie as champions in 1979–80 and remained in the top flight for almost 20 seasons before they dropped to the second tier in 1997–98. The team won promotion to the Eredivisie in 1999–2000, where they have remained since.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eerste Divisie</span> Dutch association football league

The Eerste Divisie is the second-highest tier of football in the Netherlands. It is linked with the top-level Eredivisie and with the third-level Tweede Divisie via promotion/relegation systems. It is also known as the Keuken Kampioen Divisie due to sponsorship, while previously it was known as Jupiler League for the same reason.

The 2005–06 season of the Eredivisie began in August 2005 and ended in May 2006. PSV Eindhoven became champion on April 9, 2006. The season was overshadowed by the death of FC Utrecht player David di Tommaso.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Remko Pasveer</span> Dutch footballer

Remko Pasveer is a Dutch professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Eredivisie club Ajax and the Netherlands national team.

The 2006–07 Eredivisie season began on August 18, 2006. The season saw PSV Eindhoven quickly building a gap with the other teams. After 20 matches, the club was 11 points ahead of AZ and 12 points ahead of Ajax. The lead quickly dissipated in the 13 matches that followed. A draw of PSV at FC Utrecht in the penultimate round saw AZ and Ajax catching up. The three clubs were all on 72 points from 33 matches, with the AZ on top due to goal difference. Ajax were second, PSV were third. AZ suffered a shock defeat at league minnows Excelsior Rotterdam in the final round, playing with 10 men after 15 minutes in the game. Ajax won 0–2 at Willem II, and PSV beat Vitesse 5–1. PSV and Ajax both finished on 75 points, but PSV finished first due to a better goal difference to end one of the most exciting and closest title races in many years.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Luigi Bruins</span> Dutch footballer

Luigi Bruins is a Dutch professional footballer who plays as an attacking midfielder for VV Smitshoek.

The 2004–05 season of the Eredivisie started on August 13, 2004 and ended on May 22, 2005. The title was won by PSV. FC Den Bosch and De Graafschap were relegated to the Eerste Divisie at the end of the season.

The Dutch Eredivisie in the 1989–90 season was contested by 18 teams. Ajax won the championship.

The 1997–98 Eredivisie season was contested by 18 teams. Ajax won the championship.

The Dutch Eredivisie in the 1998–99 season was contested by 18 teams. Feyenoord won the championship.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jong Ajax</span> Dutch football club

Jong Ajax, also referred to as Ajax II or Ajax 2 is a Dutch association football team, the reserve team of Ajax. It is based in Amsterdam and competes in the Dutch Eerste Divisie.

Football is the most popular sport in the Netherlands. Football was introduced to the Netherlands by Pim Mulier in the 19th century when in 1879, at the age of 14, he founded Haarlemsche Football Club. Over the next 30 years, football gained popularity in the Netherlands and the late 1890s and early 1900s saw the foundation of many new clubs, notably Sparta Rotterdam in 1888, which is the oldest professional football club in the country, AFC Ajax in 1900, Feyenoord Rotterdam in 1908, and PSV Eindhoven in 1913.

The 2010–11 Eredivisie is the 55th season of Eredivisie since its establishment in 1955. It began on 6 August 2010 with the first matches of the season and ended on 29 May 2011 with the last matches of the European competition and relegation playoffs. FC Twente were the reigning champions, having won their first Dutch championship the previous season. A total of 18 teams took part in the league. Ajax won their 30th title after beating FC Twente 3–1 on 15 May 2011.

The Beloften Eredivisie was the highest football league in for reserve teams in the Netherlands organized by the Royal Dutch Football Association (KNVB). The league was founded in 1992 as Reserve Teams Eredivisie and this name was in use until the 2000–01 season. The second teams are called beloften teams.

The 2017–18 Eredivisie was the 62nd season of the Eredivisie since its establishment in 1955. The season began on 11 August 2017 and concluded on 6 May 2018; the Europa League and relegation play-offs took place later that month. Feyenoord were the defending champions from the previous season. On 15 April 2018, PSV became champions for the 24th time after defeating their closest rival Ajax 3–0 at the Philips Stadion.

The 2018–19 Eredivisie was the 63rd season of the Eredivisie since its establishment in 1955. The season began on 10 August 2018 and concluded on 15 May 2019; the Europa League and relegation play-offs will take place later that month. PSV were the defending champions. Emmen, De Graafschap and Fortuna Sittard joined as the promoted clubs from the 2017–18 Eerste Divisie. They replaced Sparta Rotterdam, Twente and Roda JC who were relegated to the 2018–19 Eerste Divisie.

The 2019–20 Eredivisie was the 64th season of the Dutch football league Eredivisie since its establishment in 1955. The season began on 2 August 2019 and was suspended on 12 March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the Netherlands. The season was abandoned on 24 April.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2021–22 Eredivisie</span> 66th season of the Eredivisie

The 2021–22 Eredivisie was the 66th season of Eredivisie, the premier football competition in the Netherlands. It began on 14 August 2021 and concluded on 15 May 2022.

References

  1. "Member associations - UEFA rankings - Country coefficients – UEFA.com". UEFA.com. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  2. "Reglement play-off promotie/degradatie betaald voetbal seizoen 2021/'22".
  3. van der Kraan, Marcel (8 August 2012). "Murdoch koopt tv-rechten eredivisie". De Telegraaf. TMG Landelijke Media B.V. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  4. Seegers, Jules (8 August 2012). "5 vragen over wat de deal Murdoch-Eredivisie betekent voor de kijker". nrc.nl. NRC Media. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  5. "Netherlands – Regional Analysis". RSSSF. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  6. 1 2 3 (in Dutch) "Eredivisie – ontstaan". Vak Q. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  7. "Professionalism and European Games". TimeRime. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  8. (in Dutch) "De Watersnoodwedstrijd van Cor van der Hart". Sportgeschiedenis. Archived from the original on 21 October 2007. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  9. "Netherlands Final Tables 1950–1954". RSSSF. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  10. "Netherlands 1954/55". RSSSF. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  11. 1 2 "Netherlands 1956/57". RSSSF. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  12. Eredivisie Top Scorers - rsssf
  13. Topscorers Eredivisie 1959–1960 [ permanent dead link ], Eredivisielive.nl (Dutch)
  14. 1 2 Topscorers Eredivisie 1990–1991 [ permanent dead link ], Eredivisielive.nl (Dutch)
  15. Topscorers Eredivisie 1991–1992 [ permanent dead link ], Eredivisielive.nl (Dutch)
  16. Topscorers Eredivisie 1992–1993 [ permanent dead link ], Eredivisielive.nl (Dutch)
  17. "Eredivisie - Mola TV" . Retrieved 11 September 2020.