Last updated

Eredivisie nieuw logo 2017-.svg
Organising body KNVB
Founded1956;67 years ago (1956)
Confederation UEFA
Number of teams18 (since 1966–67)
Level on pyramid1
Relegation to Eerste Divisie
Domestic cup(s)
International cup(s)
Current champions Feyenoord (16th title)
Most championships Ajax (36 titles)
Most appearances Pim Doesburg (687)
Top goalscorer Willy van der Kuijlen (311)
TV partners List of broadcasters
Current: 2023–24 Eredivisie

The Eredivisie (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈeːrədivizi] ; "Honour Division" or "Premier Division") is the highest level of professional football in the Netherlands. The league was founded in 1956, two years after the start of professional football in the Netherlands. As of the 2023–24 season, it is ranked the 5th-best league in Europe by UEFA. [1]


The Eredivisie consists of 18 clubs. Each club meets every other club twice during the season, once at home and once away. At the end of each season, the two clubs at the bottom are relegated to the second level of the Dutch league system, the Eerste Divisie (First Division), while the champion and runner-up of the Eerste Divisie are automatically promoted to the Eredivisie. The club finishing third from the bottom of the Eredivisie goes to separate promotion/relegation play-offs with six high-placed clubs from the Eerste Divisie. [2]

The winner of the Eredivisie claims the Dutch national championship. Ajax have won the most titles with 36. PSV Eindhoven are next with 24, and Feyenoord follow with 16. Since 1965, these three clubs have won all but three Eredivisie titles (the 1981 and 2009 titles went to AZ and FC Twente won in 2010). Ajax, PSV, and Feyenoord are known as the "Big Three" or "Traditional Top Three" of Dutch football. They are the only clubs in their current form to have never been relegated out of the Eredivisie. A fourth club, FC Utrecht, is the product of a 1970 merger between three of that city's clubs, one of which, VV DOS, had also never been relegated out of the Eredivisie.

From 1990 to 1999, the official name of the league was PTT Telecompetitie (after the sponsor, PTT Telecom), which was changed to KPN Telecompetitie (because PTT Telecom changed its name to KPN Telecom) in 1999 and to KPN Eredivisie in 2000. From 2002 to 2005, the league was called the Holland Casino Eredivisie. Since the 2005–06 season, the league has been sponsored by the Vriendenloterij (lottery), but for legal reasons its name could not be attached to the league (the Dutch government was against the name, because the Eredivisie would, after Holland Casino's sponsorship, yet again be sponsored by a company providing games of chance).

In August 2012, it was made public that tycoon Rupert Murdoch had secured the rights to the Eredivisie for 12 years at the expense of one billion euros, beginning in the 2013–14 season. [3] Within this deal, the five largest Eredivisie clubs were to receive five million euros per year. [4] In 2020, the Eredivisie was abandoned due to the COVID-19 pandemic.


From the foundation of the Dutch national football championship in 1898 until 1954, the title was decided through play-offs by a handful of clubs who had previously won their regional league. [5] The competition was purely an amateur one; the Royal Dutch Football Association (KNVB) rejected any form of payment and suspended players who were caught receiving salary or transfer fees. [6] The call for professional football grew in the early fifties after many national team members left to play abroad in search for financial benefits. [7] The KNVB would usually suspend these players, preventing them from appearing for the Dutch national team. After the North Sea flood of 1953, the Dutch players abroad (mainly playing in the French league) organised a charity match against the France national team in Paris. The match was boycotted by the KNVB, but after the assembled Dutch players defeated the French (2–1), the Dutch public witnessed the heights that could be achieved through professional football. [8] To serve the growing interest, a dissident professional football association (the NBVB) and league were founded for the 1954–55 season. [9] On 3 July 1954, the KNVB met with a group of concerned amateur club chairmen, who feared the best players would join the professional teams. The meeting, dubbed the slaapkamerconferentie ('bedroom conference'), led to the Association reluctantly accepting semi-professionalism. [6]

Meanwhile, both the KNVB and the NBVB started their separate competition. The first professional football match was contested between Alkmaar and Venlo. [6] The leagues went on for eleven rounds, before a merger was negotiated between the two federations in November. Both leagues were cancelled and a new, combined competition emerged immediately. De Graafschap, Amsterdam, Alkmaar and Fortuna '54 from the NBVB were accepted to the new league. Other clubs merged, which led to new names like Rapid J.C., Holland Sport and Roda Sport. The first (semi-)professional league was won by Willem II. [10] For the 1956–57 season, the KNVB abandoned the regional league system. The Eredivisie was founded, in which the eighteen best clubs nationwide directly played for the league title without play-offs. The inaugural members of the Eredivisie in 1956 were Ajax, BVC, BVV, DOS, EVV, Elinkwijk, SC Enschede, Feijenoord, Fortuna '54, GVAV, MVV, NAC, NOAD, PSV, Rapid J.C., Sparta, VVV '03 and Willem II. [11] Ajax was the first team to claim the title that season. [11] Below is a complete record of how many teams played in each season throughout the league's history;

Current teams (2023–24)

in 2022–23
1st season
in Eredivisie
No. of seasons
in Eredivisie
1st season of
current spell
No. of seasons
of current spell
Eredivisie titlesNational titlesLast title
Ajax ab Amsterdam 55,8653rd1956–57681956–576826362022
Almere City Almere 4,501promoted*2023–2412023–24100-
AZ Alkmaar 19,5004th1968–69461998–9923222009
Excelsior Rotterdam 4,50015th1970–71242022–23200-
Feyenoord ab Rotterdam 51,1371st1956–57681956–576810162023
Fortuna Sittard Sittard 12,50013th1968–69252018–19600-
Go Ahead Eagles Deventer 10,00011th1963–64342021–223041933
SC Heerenveen Heerenveen 27,2248th1990–91321993–943100-
Heracles Almelo Almelo 12,080promoted*1962–63232023–241221941
NEC Nijmegen 12,50012th1967–68432021–22300-
PEC Zwolle Zwolle 13,250promoted*1978-79232023–24100-
PSV ab Eindhoven 36,5002nd1956–57681956–576821242018
RKC Waalwijk Waalwijk 7,5089th1988–89282019–20500-
Sparta Rotterdam a Rotterdam 11,0266th1956–57582019–205161959
FC Twente c Enschede 30,2055th1956–57652019–205112010
FC Utrecht bd Utrecht 23,7507th1970–71541970–715400-
Vitesse Arnhem 21,24810th1971–72391989–903500-
FC Volendam Volendam 7,38414th1959–60272022–23200-

* Heracles Almelo finished first and PEC Zwolle finished second in the 2022–23 Eerste Divisie. Almere City finished 3rd and defeated FC Emmen in the playoff final.

a Founding member of the Eredivisie
b Never been relegated from the Eredivisie
c Founding member of the Eredivisie (as Sportclub Enschede)
d Founding member of the Eredivisie (as VV DOS and USV Elinkwijk)



ClubWinnerRunner-upWinning years
Ajax Star full.svg Star full.svg Star full.svg 36
23 1917–18, 1918–19, 1930–31, 1931–32, 1933–34, 1936–37, 1938–39, 1946–47, 1956–57, 1959–60, 1965–66, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1969–70, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1976–77, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1984–85, 1989–90, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1997–98, 2001–02, 2003–04, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2018–19, 2020–21, 2021–22
PSV Eindhoven Star full.svg Star full.svg 24
16 1928–29, 1934–35, 1950–51, 1962–63, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1990–91, 1991–92, 1996–97, 1999–00, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2017–18
Feyenoord Star full.svg 16
21 1923–24, 1927–28, 1935–36, 1937–38, 1939–40, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1964–65, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1973–74, 1983–84, 1992–93, 1998–99, 2016–17, 2022–23
HVV Den Haag Star full.svg 10
1 1890–91, 1895–96, 1899–1900, 1900–01, 1901–02, 1902–03, 1904–05, 1906–07, 1909–10, 1913–14
Sparta Rotterdam 6 1908–09, 1910–11, 1911–12, 1912–13, 1914–15, 1958–59
RAP 53 1891–92, 1893–94, 1896–97, 1897–98, 1898–99
Go Ahead Eagles 45 1916–17, 1921–22, 1929–30, 1932–33
Koninklijke HFC 33 1889–90, 1892–93, 1894–95
Willem II 31 1915–16, 1951–52, 1954–55
HBS Craeyenhout 3 1903–04, 1905–06, 1924–25
AZ 23 1980–81, 2008–09
Heracles Almelo 21 1926–27, 1940–41
ADO Den Haag 2 1941–42, 1942–43
RCH 2 1922–23, 1952–53
NAC Breda 14 1920–21
FC Twente 13 2009–10
DWS 13 1963–64
Roda JC Kerkrade*12 1955–56
Be Quick 12 1919–20
FC Eindhoven 12 1953–54
SC Enschede 11 1925–26
DOS 11 1957–58
FC Den Bosch 11 1947–48
De Volewijckers 1 1943–44
HFC Haarlem 1 1945–46
Limburgia 1 1949–50
SVV 1 1948–49
Quick Den Haag 1 1907–08
VV Concordia 1 1888–89

* As Rapid JC.


European competition

PositionPlayoffQualification to
1st  Champions League group stage
2nd  Champions League third qualifying round of the League Path.
3rd  Europa League play-off round
4th  Conference League third qualifying round
5th–8th/6th-9thEuropean competition play-offs4th vs 7th and 5th vs 6th or 5th vs 8th and 6th vs 7th; the two winners play each other to qualify for:
Europa Conference League second qualifying round
KNVB Cup winners Europa League play-off round (group stage if the Europa Conference League winners have already qualified for the UCL through their domestic league)


PositionPlayoffWhat happens next
16thNacompetitieThe 3rd to 8th placed teams in the Keuken Kampioen Divisie compete against each other for a spot in the semi finals. The remaining 3 teams and the 16th placed team from the Eredivisie then face off in a double legged knock out system for the final place in the Eredivisie.
17th-18thDirect relegation to the Keuken Kampioen Divisie


2018–19 Attendance
Ajax 52,987
Feyenoord 42,065
PSV 34,071
FC Utrecht 18,846
SC Heerenveen 18,743
NAC Breda 18,262
FC Groningen 18,025
Vitesse 15,422
AZ 15,027
PEC Zwolle 13,478
Willem II 12,998
ADO Den Haag 12,561
De Graafschap 12,321
Heracles Almelo 10,993
Fortuna Sittard 9,100
FC Emmen 8,238
VVV Venlo 6,828
Excelsior 4,223

Since the beginning of the league, there have been three clubs with an attendance much higher than the others: Ajax, PSV and Feyenoord. Clubs like Heerenveen, FC Utrecht and FC Groningen also have fairly large fanbases. The regular season average league attendance was just over 7,000 in 1990, but this figure has risen sharply over the years thanks to the opening of new stadiums and the expansion of existing ones nationwide. Average attendance for the 2018–19 season was 18,010, with Ajax having the largest (52,987) and Excelsior having the smallest (4,223). Ajax's figures however differ from those provided by the Johan Cruyff Arena since the club counts all tickets sold instead of the number of people going through the turnstiles.

All-time ranking (since 1956)

Last updated following the 2018–19 season
Playing in the Eredivisie
Playing in the Eerste Divisie
Playing in the amateur leagues
Club has been disestablished or merged into another club
1. Ajax 632126141338132946202,1753862167+3219
2. PSV 632126129845337543472,0449122234+2678
3. Feyenoord 632126120848942941131,9345402440+2100
4. FC Twente 52176477147551827881,5828062247+559
5. Sparta Rotterdam 53176461949866923551,3226762801-125
6. FC Utrecht 49166661842762122811,3723852505-120
7. AZ 41139459834645021401,5423301917+413
8. Roda JC Kerkrade 44149656339154220801,3922602208+52
9. NAC Breda 50168852944071920271,2022392812-573
10. ADO Den Haag 45151450138762618901,2521722486-314
11. FC Groningen 40136046437552117671,3019252098-173
12. Vitesse 34115644532938216641,4417571605+152
13. Willem II 43145544333168016601,1420272608-581
14. NEC 40136037938259915191,1215652132-567
15. MVV Maastricht 36120835035650214061,1615271992-465
16. SC Heerenveen 2791837323331213521,4715461429+117
17. Go Ahead Eagles 31104232526844912431,1913991701-302
18. RKC Waalwijk 237822401973459171,1710141269-255
19. FC Volendam 258422282153998991,079941513-519
20. VVV-Venlo 227482071973448181,099681367-399
21. Fortuna Sittard 206801882002927641,128061085-279
22. Heracles Almelo 196301931432947221,158601173-313
23. PEC Zwolle 196461801752917151,118251124-299
24. HFC Haarlem 186121721782626941,13695978-283
25. Excelsior 227481681863946900,928301399-569
26. De Graafschap 217141571753826460,907731373-600
27. DOS 144601681091836131,33790848-58
28. AFC DWS 134301471171665581,30588644-56
29. Fortuna '54 12392141991525221,33635700-65
30. Telstar 144681181402104941,06530754-224
31. GVAV 133921231151544841,23533595-62
32. FC Den Bosch 124421141232054651,05491756-265
33. SC Enschede 929412177964401,50565490+75
34. Rapid JC 62047347842661,30307350-43
35. USV Elinkwijk 723465501192451,05306483-177
36. FC Amsterdam 62046156872391,17263321-58
37. Blauw-Wit 61966542892371,21334401-67
38. SC Cambuur 723849641252110,89258437-179
39. Holland Sport 41363734651451,07168279-111
40. FC Dordrecht 620431461271390,68208463-255
41. RBC Roosendaal 517035261091310,77164358-194
42. TSV NOAD 41363330731290,95187311-124
43. Sittardia 41323229711250,95148256-108
44. Xerxes/DHC 268261725951,409295-3
45. EVV 3102232554940,92107209-102
46. BVC Amsterdam 268202028801,18103130-27
47. BVV 268181040640,94126172-46
48. SC Veendam 268122333590,8774127-53
49. FC Wageningen 268131837570,8472137-65
50. De Volewijckers 264151039550,8699189-90
51. Helmond Sport 268121838540,7993162-69
52. SVV 268131342520,7662142-80
53. Emmen 13410816381,124172-31
54. Alkmaar '54 13461216300,883961-22

Player records


RankNameGamesPlaying positionFirst matchLast match
1 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Pim Doesburg 687 Goalkeeper 1962–63 1986–87
2 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Jan Jongbloed 684Goalkeeper 1959–60 1985–86
3 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Piet Schrijvers 576Goalkeeper 1963–64 1984–85


RankNameGoalsGamesGoals per gamePlaying positionFirst goalLast goal
1 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Willy van der Kuijlen 3115450.57 Forward 1964–65 1981–82
2 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud Geels 2663920.68Forward 1964–65 1983–84
3 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Johan Cruijff 2163090.70Forward 1964–65 1983–84
4 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Kees Kist 2123720.60Forward 1972–73 1983–84
5 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Tonny van der Linden 208--Forward 1956–57 1966–67

Top scorers

Last updated following the 2022–23 season. [12]
SeasonTop Scorer(s)GoalsClub(s)
1956–57 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Coen Dillen 43 PSV
1957–58 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Leo Canjels 32 NAC
1958–59 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Leo Canjels (2)34 NAC
1959–60 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Henk Groot [13] 37 Ajax
1960–61 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Henk Groot (2)41 Ajax
1961–62 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dick Tol 27 FC Volendam
1962–63 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Pierre Kerkhofs 22 PSV
1963–64 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Frans Geurtsen 28 DWS
1964–65 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Frans Geurtsen (2)23 DWS
1965–66 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Willy van der Kuijlen
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Piet Kruiver
23 PSV
1966–67 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Johan Cruyff 33 Ajax
1967–68 Flag of Sweden.svg Ove Kindvall 28 Feyenoord
1968–69 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dick van Dijk
Flag of Sweden.svg Ove Kindvall
30 FC Twente
1969–70 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Willy van der Kuijlen 26 PSV
1970–71 Flag of Sweden.svg Ove Kindvall (3)24 Feyenoord
1971–72 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Johan Cruyff (2)25 Ajax
1972–73 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Cas Janssens
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Willy Brokamp
18 NEC
1973–74 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Willy van der Kuijlen (3)27 PSV
1974–75 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud Geels 30 Ajax
1975–76 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud Geels 29 Ajax
1976–77 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud Geels 34 Ajax
1977–78 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud Geels 30 Ajax
1978–79 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Kees Kist 34 AZ Alkmaar
1979–80 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Kees Kist (2)27 AZ Alkmaar
1980–81 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud Geels (5)22 Sparta
1981–82 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Wim Kieft 32 Ajax
1982–83 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Peter Houtman 30 Feyenoord
1983–84 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Marco van Basten 28 Ajax
1984–85 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Marco van Basten 22 Ajax
1985–86 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Marco van Basten 37 Ajax
1986–87 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Marco van Basten (4)31 Ajax
1987–88 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Wim Kieft (2)29 PSV
1988–89 Flag of Brazil.svg Romário 19 PSV
1989–90 Flag of Brazil.svg Romário 23 PSV
1990–91 Flag of Brazil.svg Romário (3) [14]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dennis Bergkamp [14]
25 PSV
1991–92 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dennis Bergkamp [15] 24 Ajax
1992–93 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dennis Bergkamp (3) [16] 26 Ajax
1993–94 Flag of Finland.svg Jari Litmanen 26 Ajax
1994–95 Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldo 30 PSV
1995–96 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Luc Nilis 21 PSV
1996–97 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Luc Nilis (2)21 PSV
1997–98 Flag of Greece.svg Nikos Machlas 34 Vitesse
1998–99 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud van Nistelrooy 31 PSV
1999–2000 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud van Nistelrooy (2)29 PSV
2000–01 Flag of Yugoslavia (1992-2003); Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006).svg Mateja Kežman 24 PSV
2001–02 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Pierre van Hooijdonk 24 Feyenoord
2002–03 Flag of Yugoslavia (1992-2003); Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006).svg Mateja Kežman 35 PSV
2003–04 Flag of Yugoslavia (1992-2003); Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006).svg Mateja Kežman (3)31 PSV
2004–05 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dirk Kuyt 29 Feyenoord
2005–06 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Klaas-Jan Huntelaar 33 SC Heerenveen/Ajax
2006–07 Flag of Brazil.svg Afonso Alves 34 SC Heerenveen
2007–08 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Klaas-Jan Huntelaar (2)33 Ajax
2008–09 Flag of Morocco.svg Mounir El Hamdaoui 23 AZ
2009–10 Flag of Uruguay.svg Luis Suárez 35 Ajax
2010–11 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Björn Vleminckx 23 NEC
2011–12 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Bas Dost 32 SC Heerenveen
2012–13 Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Wilfried Bony 31 Vitesse
2013–14 Flag of Iceland.svg Alfreð Finnbogason 29 SC Heerenveen
2014–15 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Memphis Depay 22 PSV
2015–16 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Vincent Janssen 27 AZ
2016–17 Flag of Denmark.svg Nicolai Jørgensen 21 Feyenoord
2017–18 Flag of Iran.svg Alireza Jahanbakhsh 21 AZ
2018–19 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Luuk de Jong
Flag of Serbia.svg Dušan Tadić
28 PSV
2019–20 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Steven Berghuis
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Cyriel Dessers
15 Feyenoord
Heracles Almelo
2020–21 Flag of Greece.svg Giorgos Giakoumakis 26 VVV-Venlo
2021–22 Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Sébastien Haller 21 Ajax
2022–23 Flag of Greece.svg Anastasios Douvikas
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Xavi Simons
19 FC Utrecht

Media coverage

Netherlands ESPN; NOS ESPN airs all matches live and the NOS broadcasts match summaries on the open channels NPO 1 and 3
AzerbaijanCBC SportLive Eredivisie matches
Belgium Play Sports
VOOSport World
Two matches per week, since 2015
Indian subcontinent Dream11 and Eurosport Two–three matches per week on Eurosport and FanCode
Italy Mola TV
Albania DigitAlb / SuperSport Two matches per week and highlights
Poland Polsat Sport
Polsat Sport Extra
Polsat Sport News
2–5 matches (1–4 live) every week and highlights, since the 2002–03 season.
Turkey Tivibu Live Eredivisie matches
Russia Telekanal Futbol Live matches every week, two or three times
Balkans Sport Klub Live matches every week, two or three times
Portugal Sport TV Two or three live matches every week
Slovakia Arena Sport Two or three live matches every week
Austria, Germany, DAZN Up to three matches per week, and highlights (mostly Ajax, PSV and Feyenoord matches)
South Korea tvN Live PSV matches
United Kingdom and Ireland Mola TV Live Eredivisie matches
Norway Viasat Fotball One match live on Sunday 11.30 CET
Lithuania Sport1 Up to two matches per week and highlights
Bulgaria Max Sport Two or three live matches every week
Sub-Saharan Africa ESPN Three live matches every week, sometimes four
Latin America ESPN Two matches every week are broadcast live, one only on ESPN Play (WatchESPN in Brazil).
Indonesia Mola TV Up to four matches per week live and on demand, from 2020 to 2021. [17]
Timor Leste
Malaysia Astro SuperSport Up to three live matches every week.
Philippines Tap DMV Up to three live matches every week.
Singapore Singtel TV Up to three live matches every week.
MENA Abu Dhabi Sports Up to three live matches every week.
VietnamVTVCab, HTV1990-2002, HTV broadcasting all matches.

2019-present, Up to three live matches every week.

Canada OneSoccer Up to three live matches every week. [18]

Eredivisie teams and major UEFA and FIFA competitions

The following sixteen international tournaments were won by Eredivisie teams:

The UEFA Super Cup was founded by a Dutch reporter named Anton Witkamp and Ajax's 1973 win was the first time the tournament was contested officially.

Sponsorship names for seasons

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">AZ Alkmaar</span> Dutch professional football club

Alkmaar Zaanstreek, better known internationally as AZ Alkmaar, or simply and most commonly as AZ in the Netherlands, is a Dutch professional football club from Alkmaar and the Zaan district. The club plays in the Eredivisie, the highest professional football league in the Netherlands.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jaap Stam</span> Dutch footballer and manager

Jakob "Jaap" Stam is a Dutch professional football coach and former player. As a player, he played as a centre-back and is regarded as one of the best defenders of his generation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">FC Twente</span> Dutch professional football club

Football Club Twente, sometimes known internationally as FC Twente Enschede, is a Dutch professional football club from the city of Enschede. The club was formed in 1965 by the merger of 1926 Dutch champions Sportclub Enschede with Enschedese Boys. It was the holder of the 2011 KNVB Cup and Johan Cruyff Shield trophies, and was Eredivisie champion in the 2009–10 season; the club has also finished as Eredivisie runner-up twice, was runner-up in the 1974–75 UEFA Cup, and has won the KNVB Cup three times. Twente's home ground since 1998 is De Grolsch Veste. Since 2019, the team have played in the Eredivisie, the top division of Dutch football.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Willem II (football club)</span> Association football club in the Netherlands

Willem II, also known as Willem II Tilburg, is a Dutch football club based in Tilburg, Netherlands. They play in the Eerste Divisie, the second tier of Dutch football, following relegation from the Eredivisie in the 2021–22 season. The club was founded on 12 August 1896 as Tilburgia. On 12 January 1898, the club was renamed Willem II after Dutch king William II of the Netherlands (1792–1849), who, as Prince of Orange and commander of the Dutch army, had his military headquarters in Tilburg during the Belgian uprising of 1830, spent much time in the city after becoming king, and died there.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eerste Divisie</span> Dutch association football league

The Eerste Divisie is the second-highest tier of football in the Netherlands. It is linked with the top-level Eredivisie and with the third-level Tweede Divisie via promotion/relegation systems. It is also known as the Keuken Kampioen Divisie due to sponsorship reasons, while previously it was known as Jupiler League for the same reason.

The 2005–06 season of the Eredivisie began in August 2005 and ended in May 2006. PSV Eindhoven became champion on April 9, 2006. The season was overshadowed by the death of FC Utrecht player David di Tommaso.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Remko Pasveer</span> Dutch footballer (born 1983)

Remko Jurian Pasveer is a Dutch professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Eredivisie club Ajax.

The 2006–07 Eredivisie season began on August 18, 2006. The season saw PSV Eindhoven quickly building a gap with the other teams. After 20 matches, the club was 11 points ahead of AZ and 12 points ahead of Ajax. The lead quickly dissipated in the 13 matches that followed. A draw of PSV at FC Utrecht in the penultimate round saw AZ and Ajax catching up. The three clubs were all on 72 points from 33 matches, with the AZ on top due to goal difference. Ajax were second, PSV were third. AZ suffered a shock defeat at league minnows Excelsior Rotterdam in the final round, playing with 10 men after 15 minutes in the game. Ajax won 0–2 at Willem II, and PSV beat Vitesse 5–1. PSV and Ajax both finished on 75 points, but PSV finished first due to a better goal difference to end one of the most exciting and closest title races in many years.

The Dutch Eredivisie in the 1986–87 season was contested by 18 teams. PSV Eindhoven won the championship. At the beginning of the season, AZ '67 from Alkmaar changed their name to AZ.

The Dutch Eredivisie in the 1989–90 season was contested by 18 teams. Ajax won the championship.

The Dutch Eredivisie in the 1994–95 season was contested by 18 teams. Ajax won the championship. Starting this season, clubs qualifying for the Intertoto Cup can play for a spot in the UEFA Cup.

The 1997–98 Eredivisie season was contested by 18 teams. Ajax won the championship.

The Dutch Eredivisie in the 1998–99 season was contested by 18 teams. Feyenoord won the championship.

Football is the most popular sport in the Netherlands. Football was introduced to the Netherlands by Pim Mulier in the 19th century when in 1879, at the age of 14, he founded Haarlemsche Football Club. Over the next 30 years, football gained popularity in the Netherlands and the late 1890s and early 1900s saw the foundation of many new clubs, notably Sparta Rotterdam in 1888, which is the oldest professional football club in the country, AFC Ajax in 1900, Feyenoord Rotterdam in 1908, and PSV Eindhoven in 1913.

The Beloften Eredivisie was the highest football league for reserve teams in the Netherlands organized by the Royal Dutch Football Association (KNVB). The league was founded in 1992 as Reserve Teams Eredivisie and this name was in use until the 2000–01 season. The second teams are called beloften teams.

The 2013–14 AFC Ajax season saw the club participate in the Eredivisie, the KNVB Cup and the UEFA Champions League. The first training took place on 24 June 2012, and the traditional AFC Ajax Open Day was held on 25 July, followed by a testimonial match on 3 July for retired former Ajax forward Sjaak Swart for his 75th birthday.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Joey Veerman</span> Dutch footballer

Johannes Cornelis Maria Veerman is a Dutch professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Eredivisie club PSV Eindhoven and the Netherlands national team.

Quinten Ryan Crispito Timber is a Dutch professional footballer who plays as central-midfielder, defensive-midfielder or attacking-midfielder for Eredivisie club Feyenoord F.C and the Netherlands national under-21 football team. He is the twin brother of Jurriën Timber who is also a professional footballer currently playing as centre-back for Premier League club Arsenal F.C and the younger brother of Dylan Timber who is also a professional footballer respectively playing for Eerste Divisie club VVV-Venlo FC.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2021–22 Eredivisie</span> 66th season of the Eredivisie

The 2021–22 Eredivisie was the 66th season of Eredivisie, the premier football competition in the Netherlands. It began on 14 August 2021 and concluded on 15 May 2022.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2022–23 KNVB Cup</span> Football tournament season

The 2022–23 KNVB Cup, for sponsoring reasons officially called the TOTO KNVB Beker, was the 105th season of the annual Dutch national football cup competition. It began in August with the first of two preliminary rounds, and concluded in April 2023 with the final played at De Kuip in Rotterdam.


  1. "Country coefficients | UEFA Coefficients". Archived from the original on 4 December 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2023.
  2. "Reglement play-off promotie/degradatie betaald voetbal seizoen 2021/'22". Archived from the original on 1 May 2022. Retrieved 1 May 2022.
  3. van der Kraan, Marcel (8 August 2012). "Murdoch koopt tv-rechten eredivisie". De Telegraaf. TMG Landelijke Media B.V. Archived from the original on 2 October 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  4. Seegers, Jules (8 August 2012). "5 vragen over wat de deal Murdoch-Eredivisie betekent voor de kijker". NRC Media. Archived from the original on 1 October 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  5. "Netherlands – Regional Analysis". RSSSF . Archived from the original on 8 August 2022. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  6. 1 2 3 "Eredivisie – ontstaan" (in Dutch). Vak Q. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  7. "Professionalism and European Games". TimeRime. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  8. "De Watersnoodwedstrijd van Cor van der Hart" (in Dutch). Sportgeschiedenis. Archived from the original on 21 October 2007. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  9. "Netherlands Final Tables 1950–1954". RSSSF . Archived from the original on 19 August 2022. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  10. "Netherlands 1954/55". RSSSF . Archived from the original on 26 July 2022. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  11. 1 2 "Netherlands 1956/57". RSSSF . Archived from the original on 26 July 2022. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  12. Eredivisie Top Scorers Archived 27 October 2022 at the Wayback Machine - rsssf
  13. Topscorers Eredivisie 1959–1960 [ permanent dead link ], (Dutch)
  14. 1 2 Topscorers Eredivisie 1990–1991 [ permanent dead link ], (Dutch)
  15. Topscorers Eredivisie 1991–1992 [ permanent dead link ], (Dutch)
  16. Topscorers Eredivisie 1992–1993 [ permanent dead link ], (Dutch)
  17. "Eredivisie - Mola TV". Archived from the original on 31 October 2020. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  18. "OneSoccer Picks Up Rights For Manchester City TV, Eredivisie, And CSL". Twitter. 17 October 2022. Archived from the original on 17 October 2022. Retrieved 17 October 2022.