Eric Arturo Delvalle

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Eric Arturo Delvalle
Eric Arturo Delvalle.jpg
President of Panama
In office
28 September 1985 26 February 1988
Vice President Roderick Esquivel
Preceded by Nicolás Ardito Barletta
Succeeded by Manuel Solis Palma
First Vice President of Panama
In office
11 October 1984 28 September 1985
Preceded by Carlos Ozores
Succeeded by Roderick Esquivel
Personal details
Born
Eric Arturo Delvalle Cohen-Henríquez

(1937-02-02)2 February 1937
Panama City, Panama
Died2 October 2015(2015-10-02) (aged 78)
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
Political party Republican Party
Spouse(s)Mariela Delvalle

Eric Arturo Delvalle Cohen-Henríquez (2 February 1937 – 2 October 2015) was a Panamanian politician. He served as Vice President under Nicolás Ardito Barletta. Following the disputed 1984 election, and after Barletta's forced resignation, Delvalle served as President of Panama from 28 September 1985 until 26 February 1988.

Vice President of Panama second-highest political position in the Government of Panama

The Vice President of Panama is the second-highest political position in the Government of Panama. Since 2009, the position of Vice President has been held by only one person.

Contents

In 1988, he attempted to remove Manuel Noriega as head of the armed forces, but was himself deposed by the Legislative Assembly, going into hiding and eventually exile.

Manuel Noriega Panamanian head of state

Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno was a Panamanian politician and military officer who was the de facto ruler of Panama from 1983 to 1989. He had longstanding ties to United States intelligence agencies; however, he was removed from power by the U.S. invasion of Panama.

Background

Delvalle was born in Panama City. [1] His brother Raúl is a former member of the National Assembly (1984–1989). His uncle Max Delvalle was the first Jewish president in Latin America (both were members of Kol Shearit Israel Synagogue). [2] He belonged to the Republican Party founded by his family.

Panama City City in Panama

Panama City is the capital and largest city of Panama. It has an urban population of 880,691, with over 1.5 million in its metropolitan area. The city is located at the Pacific entrance of the Panama Canal, in the province of Panama. The city is the political and administrative center of the country, as well as a hub for banking and commerce.

Max Delvalle Levy-Maduro was a Panamanian politician who served as vice president from 1964 to 1968 and briefly served as acting president in 1967.

The Republican Party was a Panamanian right-wing political party.

Presidency

Delvalle was elected as Nicolás Ardito Barletta's Vice President in the disputed 1984 election, and after Barletta's forced resignation he served as President of Panama from 28 September 1985 to 26 February 1988. Delvalle's presidency occurred during Manuel Noriega's de facto military rule of the country, and he was a loyal ally of Noriega for much of his administration.

In 1986, US Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs Elliot Abrams openly called on the Panamanian military to overthrow Noriega and suggested that it could lead to the restoration of military aid. The Delvalle government protested, filing a complaint with the Organization of American States; sixteen Latin American states joined Panama in condemning the US statement. [3]

Organization of American States international organization

The Organization of American States, or the OAS or OEA, is a continental organization that was founded on 30 April 1948, for the purposes of regional solidarity and cooperation among its member states. Headquartered in the United States capital Washington, D.C., the OAS's members are the 35 independent states of the Americas.

After Noriega's indictment on 4 February 1988 by the US Drug Enforcement Administration, Delvalle unsuccessfully attempted to remove Noriega from his formal post as head of the Panamanian Defense Forces. Instead, Noriega's allies in the Legislative Assembly voted on 22 February to oust Delvalle as president, appointing Education Minister Manuel Solis Palma in his place. [4] [5] Delvalle then went into hiding with the help of the American government. [4] Though initially stating that he intended to remain in Panama, [6] Delvalle soon went into the exile in the US. [5] The administration of US President Ronald Reagan refused to recognize the legitimacy of Delvalle's successors and continued to officially support the legitimacy of Delvalle's presidency until his term's official ending in late 1989. [4]

Drug Enforcement Administration United States federal law enforcement agency

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is a United States federal law enforcement agency under the United States Department of Justice, tasked with combating drug smuggling and distribution within the United States. The DEA is the lead agency for domestic enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act, sharing concurrent jurisdiction with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). It has sole responsibility for coordinating and pursuing US drug investigations both domestic and abroad.

Ronald Reagan 40th president of the United States

Ronald Wilson Reagan was an American politician who served as the 40th president of the United States from 1981 to 1989. Prior to his presidency, he was a Hollywood actor and union leader before serving as the 33rd governor of California from 1967 to 1975.

Delvalle and his Noriega-appointed successors are nicknamed the "Kleenex presidents" in Panama due to their "disposability". [7]

In 1994, he was pardoned by President Guillermo Endara for any crimes committed during the Noriega years. [8]

Personal life and death

Delvalle was married to Mariela Delvalle. [9] He died on 2 October 2015 at the age of 78 in Cleveland, Ohio. He was given a State Funeral by the Government of Panama which was held at the Kol Shearith Israel Synagogue in Panama City. [10]

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References

  1. Gumbo Yearbook . Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University. 1955. LD3118 .G8 1954.
  2. "Panama: Stability In The Cradle Of Transience". World Jewish Congress. 2005. Retrieved 10 December 2008.
  3. Harding 2006, p. 106.
  4. 1 2 3 Glenn J. Antizzo (2010). U.S. military intervention in the post-Cold War era : how to win America's wars in the twenty-first century. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. p. 43. ISBN   978-0-8071-3642-3.
  5. 1 2 Harding 2006, p. 108.
  6. William Branigan (28 February 1988). "Panama's President In Hiding; Delvalle Flees Home As Military Orders His Expulsion". Washington Post.   via  HighBeam Research (subscription required). Archived from the original on 25 February 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
  7. Harding 2006, p. 100.
  8. "Briefs". St. Louis Post-Dispatch.   via  Questia (subscription required). Reuters. 7 June 1994. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
  9. William Branigin (10 March 1988). "Wife of Panama's Ousted President Asks U.S. to Be Ready to Invade". Washington Post.   via  HighBeam Research (subscription required). Archived from the original on 25 February 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
  10. Obituary

Bibliography

Political offices
Preceded by
Carlos Ozores
First Vice President of Panama
19841985
Succeeded by
Roderick Esquivel
Preceded by
Nicolás Ardito Barletta
President of Panama
19851988
Succeeded by
Manuel Solís