Erich Brost

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A plaque dedicated to Erich Brost in Gdansk Gdansk July 2013 11.JPG
A plaque dedicated to Erich Brost in Gdańsk

Erich Brost (29 October 1903 8 October 1995) was a German journalist and publisher. [1]



Brost was born in Elbing, West Prussia to a Schichau-Werke shipyard worker and a tailor. [2] In 1915 his family moved to Danzig (modern Gdańsk, Poland), where he became a bookseller and engaged in politics and the labour movement.

Aged 19 Brost wrote his first column for the Social democratic Danziger Volksstimme , for which he worked until 1936, when the Volksstimme got suspended and the Social Democratic Party of the Free City of Danzig was forbidden. In 1935 he became a member of the Volkstag, the Free City of Danzig's parliament, representing the SPD. [3] Brost went into exile to Poland, Sweden, Finland and Great Britain, where he worked for the BBC. [2] After World War II and the expulsion of the German populace Brost moved to the Ruhr area in 1945 to build up the German News Service, a predecessor of the Deutsche Presse-Agentur (dpa). Brost was active in the Social Democratic Party of Germany and represented the party at the Allied Control Council. [4] He received an Allied licence to publish a newspaper in the British Zone of occupied Germany. The first copy of the Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung (WAZ) was published on 3 April 1948 and Brost influenced the WAZ for the next decades. [1]

Brost founded the Erich-Brost-Stiftung in 1991, the "Erich Brost University Lecturership" at the University of Oxford's "Institute of European and Comparative Law" is dedicated to him.


Brost donated the Erich-Brost-Danzig-Preis of 20,000 Euro, which is awarded to people or institutions for their merits in Polish-German reconciliation. [5]

It was awarded to:

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  1. 1 2 "Biography". Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
  2. 1 2 Speech [ permanent dead link ] by Johannes Rau at The Artus Court (in German)
  3. Erich Brost Stiftung (in German)
  4. Biography Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in German)
  5. Erich-Brost-Stiftung: Our Activities in Poland (Friedrich Ebert Foundation (in German))