Erich Brost (29 October 1903 – 8 October 1995) was a German journalist and publisher.
Brost was born in Elbing, West Prussia to a Schichau-Werke shipyard worker and a tailor.In 1915 his family moved to Danzig (modern Gdańsk, Poland), where he became a bookseller and engaged in politics and the labour movement.
Aged 19 Brost wrote his first column for the Social democratic Danziger Volksstimme , for which he worked until 1936, when the Volksstimme got suspended and the Social Democratic Party of the Free City of Danzig was forbidden. In 1935 he became a member of the Volkstag, the Free City of Danzig's parliament, representing the SPD.Brost went into exile to Poland, Sweden, Finland and Great Britain, where he worked for the BBC. After World War II and the expulsion of the German populace Brost moved to the Ruhr area in 1945 to build up the German News Service, a predecessor of the Deutsche Presse-Agentur (dpa). Brost was active in the Social Democratic Party of Germany and represented the party at the Allied Control Council. He received an Allied licence to publish a newspaper in the British Zone of occupied Germany. The first copy of the Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung (WAZ) was published on 3 April 1948 and Brost influenced the WAZ for the next decades.
Brost founded the Erich-Brost-Stiftung in 1991, the "Erich Brost University Lecturership" at the University of Oxford's "Institute of European and Comparative Law" is dedicated to him.
Brost donated the Erich-Brost-Danzig-Preis of 20,000 Euro, which is awarded to people or institutions for their merits in Polish-German reconciliation.
It was awarded to:
Gdańsk is a city on the Baltic coast of northern Poland. With a population of 470,621, Gdańsk is the capital and largest city of the Pomeranian Voivodeship. It is Poland's principal seaport and the country's fourth-largest metropolitan area.
The Free City of Danzig was a semi-autonomous city-state that existed between 1920 and 1939, consisting of the Baltic Sea port of Danzig and nearly 200 other localities in the surrounding areas. Obtaining at least partial control over the city was of vital importance for the Polish state, both in order to allow free access to its historical and then-only maritime seaport, as well as to ensure control over the mouth of the Vistula, as the river's basin was almost entirely within Polish borders and covered the majority of the Polish territory. In contrast, the city was of much lesser significance for the German state, which still had several other large seaports, but which was determined to keep control over the city as a means of exerting pressure over the re-established Polish state.
Albert Maria Forster was a Nazi German politician, member of the SS and war criminal. Under his administration as the Gauleiter and Reichsstatthalter of Danzig-West Prussia during the Second World War, the local non-German population of Poles and Jews was classified as sub-human and subjected to extermination campaign involving ethnic cleansing, mass murder, and in the case of some Poles with German ancestry, forceful Germanisation. Forster was directly responsible for the extermination of non-Germans and was a strong supporter of Polish genocide, which he had advocated for before the war. Forster was tried, convicted and hanged in Warsaw for his crimes, after Germany was defeated.
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Max Halbe was a German dramatist and main exponent of Naturalism.
Stefan Chwin is a Polish novelist, literary critic, and historian of literature whose life and literary work is closely linked to his hometown. He holds a post of Literature Professor at the University of Gdansk, his professional interests are focused on romanticism.
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Wenzel Jaksch was a Sudeten German Social Democrat politician and the president of the Federation of Expellees in 1964 to 1966.
The Social Democratic Party of the Free City of Danzig was a political party in the Free City of Danzig. After the creation of the Free City of Danzig in 1919, the Danzig branch of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) separated itself from the party, and created the Social Democratic Party of the Free City of Danzig. The new party did however maintain close links with the SPD, and its political orientation was largely the same as that of the SPD.
Julius Gehl was a German social democratic politician. Gehl served as the Chairman of the West Prussian District League of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). Gehl was a prominent leader of the Social Democratic Party of the Free City of Danzig during the interbellum years, serving as its chairman and parliamentary faction leader. Gehl also served as Vice President of the Senate of the Free City.
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Bernhard Kamnitzer was a German jurist and Senator of the Free City of Danzig.
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Walter Maass was a Nazi Party politician who served briefly as the Deputy Gauleiter and Acting Gauleiter in the Free City of Danzig. He was also a member of the Schutzstaffel (SS) throughout the Nazi regime.