Ermengarde de Beaumont

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Ermengarde de Beaumont
Queen consort of Scotland
Tenure1186–1214
Bornc. 1170
Died12 February 1233(1233-02-12) (aged 62–63) or
12 February 1234(1234-02-12) (aged 63–64)
Scotland
Burial
Balmerino Abbey, Fife, Scotland
Spouse
(m. 1186;died 1214)
Issue Margaret, Countess of Kent
Isabella, Countess of Norfolk
Alexander II, King of Scots
Marjorie, Countess of Pembroke
FatherRichard I, Viscount de Beaumont-le-Vicomte, de Fresnay et de Ste-Suzanne
MotherLucie de l'Aigle

Ermengarde de Beaumont (c. 1170 – 12 February 1233/1234) was Queen of Scotland as the wife of King William I. [1] She is reported to have exerted influence over the affairs of state as queen, though the information on her is lacking in detail. [2] Her paternal grandmother was Constance FitzRoy, illegitimate daughter of Henry I of England.

Contents

Life

Ermengarde was born c. 1170 to a minor French noble, Richard I  [ fr ], Viscount of Beaumont-le-Vicomte, [3] Fresnay and Ste-Suzanne, and Lucie de l'Aigle  [ fr ] (died aft. 1217). [2] [4]

Ermengarde married King William I of Scotland at the royal chapel at Woodstock Palace, [5] near Oxford, in England on 5 September 1186, performed by Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury. [6] The marriage was arranged by King Henry II of England, who was at the time the acknowledged overlord of Scotland: William considered her status beneath him, but agreed after Henry offered to pay for the entire wedding, land valued at 100 merks and 40 knight's fees, and to return the castles that he had forfeited, one of them being Edinburgh. [2]

The chronicler Walter Bower described Ermengarde as 'an extraordinary woman, gifted with a charming and witty eloquence'. Though William had many lovers before his marriage, the aging monarch was reportedly never unfaithful to her after their wedding. The relatives of Ermengarde benefited from her status as queen. She is recorded to have presided with the Bishop of St. Andrews over a complex court case. In 1207, there was a complaint by a canon that a royal chaplain obtained the bishopric of Glasgow by bribing the King and the Queen. Queen Ermengarde is credited with mediating a renegotiation of the 1209 treaty, probably due to her husband's incapacity. Due to the illness of William, Ermengarde took over some of his duties during his later years, and there is evidence that she wielded considerable influence in public affairs. In 1212, she accompanied William with their children to King John of England to secure the succession of their son Alexander. Ermengarde was described as distraught and lethargic over her husband's death in 1214.

As queen dowager, she devoted her time to the foundation of a Cistercian abbey at Balmerino in Fife. It was completed in 1229, and she often visited it as a guest with her son Alexander. She stayed at the abbey many times.

She died on 12 February 1233/1234, and was buried at St Edward of Balmerino Abbey, Fife.[ citation needed ]

Children

Eremendgarde and William the Lion, King of Scotland had:

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Events from the 1230s in the Kingdom of Scotland.

Events from the 1220s in the Kingdom of Scotland.

References

  1. Pollock 2015, p. 132.
  2. 1 2 3 Panton, Kenneth J. (15 October 2023). Historical Dictionary of the British Monarchy. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN   978-1-5381-7577-4.
  3. 1 2 Parsons 1977, p. 43.
  4. Connolly, Sharon Bennett (30 May 2020). Ladies of Magna Carta: Women of Influence in Thirteenth Century England. Pen and Sword History. ISBN   978-1-5267-4528-6.
  5. 1 2 Pollock 2015, p. xiv.
  6. Frojmovic, Eva; Karkov, Catherine E. (16 March 2017). Postcolonising the Medieval Image. Taylor & Francis. ISBN   978-1-351-86724-5.

Sources

Scottish royalty
Preceded by Queen consort of Scotland
1186–1214
Succeeded by