Ernest Doudart de Lagrée

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Ernest Doudart de Lagree, from Voyage d'exploration en Indo-Chine Voyage d'exploration en Indo-Chine - effectue pendant les annees 1866 1867 et 1868 - v 1 002 crop.jpg
Ernest Doudart de Lagrée, from Voyage d'exploration en Indo-Chine

Ernest Marc Louis de Gonzague Doudart de Lagrée (French pronunciation:  [ɛʁnɛst dudaʁ də laɡʁe] ; March 31, 1823 March 12, 1868) was the leader of the French Mekong Expedition of 1866-1868. [1]

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He was born in Saint-Vincent-de-Mercuze near Grenoble, France, and graduated from the École Polytechnique. [2] He joined the navy and served in the Crimean War, then took up a post in Indochina in the hope that the climate would help his chronically ulcerated throat. It did not, and throughout the Mekong expedition he was often in severe pain.

Saint-Vincent-de-Mercuze Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Saint-Vincent-de-Mercuze is a commune in the Isère department in southeastern France.

Grenoble Prefecture and commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Grenoble is a city in southeastern France, at the foot of the French Alps where the river Drac joins the Isère. Located in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, Grenoble is the capital of the department of Isère and is an important European scientific centre. The city advertises itself as the "Capital of the Alps", due to its size and its proximity to the mountains.

France Republic in Europe with several non-European regions

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

The expedition left Saigon on June 5, 1866. In addition to his ulcers, Doudart de Lagrée suffered from fever, amoebic dysentery and infected wounds caused by leeches, as the expeditioners had to walk barefoot once they had worn out their supply of shoes. By the time the expedition reached Dongchuan, in Yunnan, China, he was too sick to be moved, and his second-in-command Francis Garnier took command. Garnier led the expedition to Dali, leaving Doudart de Lagrée in the care of the doctor. He died from an abscess on his liver. The doctor removed his heart to return it to France, while Doudart de Lagrée was buried in Dongchuan.

Fever common medical sign characterized by elevated body temperature

Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set point. There is not a single agreed-upon upper limit for normal temperature with sources using values between 37.5 and 38.3 °C. The increase in set point triggers increased muscle contractions and causes a feeling of cold. This results in greater heat production and efforts to conserve heat. When the set point temperature returns to normal, a person feels hot, becomes flushed, and may begin to sweat. Rarely a fever may trigger a febrile seizure. This is more common in young children. Fevers do not typically go higher than 41 to 42 °C.

Leech subclass of worms

Leeches are segmented parasitic or predatory worms that belong to the phylum Annelida and comprise the subclass Hirudinea. They are closely related to the oligochaetes, which include the earthworms, and like them have soft, muscular, segmented bodies that can lengthen and contract. Both groups are hermaphrodites and have a clitellum, but leeches typically differ from the oligochaetes in having suckers at both ends and in having external annulations that do not correspond with their internal segmentation. The body is relatively solid, and the spacious body cavity found in other annelids, the coelom, is reduced to small channels.

Yunnan Province

Yunnan is a province in Southwest China. The province spans approximately 394,000 square kilometres (152,000 sq mi) and has a population of 47.368 million. The capital of the province is Kunming, formerly also known as Yunnan. The province borders the Chinese provinces Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, and the Tibet Autonomous Region, as well as the countries Vietnam, Laos, and Myanmar.

Ernest Doudart de Lagrée was also an entomologist. Insect collections made by him in Africa are conserved in Muséum national d'histoire naturelle in Paris. [3]

Honours

French Navy Maritime arm of the French Armed Forces

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References

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  1. "Delaporte, Louis (1842-1925)". Musée Guimet. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 10 July 2011. Choisi pour ses talents de dessinateur, Delaporte accompagne la Mission Doudart de Lagrée explorant le cours du Mekong.
  2. "Ernest DOUDART de LAGRÉE". Angkor Wat Online. Retrieved 10 July 2011. Ce marin est aussi un passionné d’archéologie. Le Cambodge lui doit beaucoup pour ses recherches sur l’art khmer. Le 5 juin 1866, Doudart de Lagrée quitte Saigon, à la tête d’une expédition qui doit remonter le Mékong. Elle est de retour le 19 juin 1868. La mission fut un succès, mais le capitaine de frégate Ernest Doudart de Lagrée était décédé le 12 Mars à Tong-Tchouen en Chine terrassé par la maladie.
  3. "Groll, E. K. Biografien der Entomologen der Welt : Datenbank".[ permanent dead link ]