Ernie Chan

Last updated
Ernie Chan
Ernie Chan at Super-Con 2009.JPG
Chan in May 2009.
BornErnesto Chua
(1940-07-27)July 27, 1940
The Philippines
DiedMay 16, 2012(2012-05-16) (aged 71)
Area(s) Penciller, Inker
Pseudonym(s)Ernie Chua
Notable works
Conan the Barbarian
Detective Comics
Kull the Conqueror
Savage Sword of Conan
Awards Inkpot Award 1980

Ernesto "Ernie" Chan (July 27, 1940 – May 16, 2012), [1] [2] born and sometimes credited as Ernie Chua, was a Filipino-American comics artist, known for work published by Marvel Comics and DC Comics, including many Marvel issues of series featuring Conan the Barbarian. Chan also had a long tenure on Batman and Detective Comics . Other than his work on Batman, Chan primarily focused on non-superhero characters, staying mostly in the genres of horror, war, and sword and sorcery.

Filipinos people native to or citizens of the islands of the Philippines

Filipinos are the people who are native to or identified with the country of the Philippines. Filipinos come from various ethnolinguistic groups that are native to the islands or migrants from various Asia Pacific regions. Currently, there are more than 175 ethnolinguistic groups, each with its own language, identity, culture and history. The modern Filipino identity, with its Austronesian roots, was influenced by Spain, China, and the United States.

Americans citizens, or natives, of the United States of America

Americans are nationals and citizens of the United States of America. Although nationals and citizens make up the majority of Americans, some dual citizens, expatriates, and permanent residents may also claim American nationality. The United States is home to people of many different ethnic origins. As a result, American culture and law does not equate nationality with race or ethnicity, but with citizenship and permanent allegiance.

Comics artist people who creates comics

A comics artist is a person working within the comics medium on comic strips, comic books, or graphic novels. The term may refer to any number of artists who contribute to produce a work in the comics form, from those who oversee all aspects of the work to those who contribute only a part.



Ernie Chan was born Ernie Chua due to what he called "a typographical error on my birth certificate that I had to use until I had a chance to change it to 'Chan' when I got my [U.S.] citizenship in '76." [3] He migrated to the United States in 1970 and became a citizen in 1976. [4] For a number of years, he worked under the name Ernie Chua but he was later credited as Ernie Chan. [5] [6] He studied with John Buscema and worked with him as the inker on Conan during the 1970s. He also inked the art of Buscema's brother Sal on The Incredible Hulk .

Birth certificate vital record that documents the birth of a child

A birth certificate is a vital record that documents the birth of a child. The term "birth certificate" can refer to either the original document certifying the circumstances of the birth or to a certified copy of or representation of the ensuing registration of that birth. Depending on the jurisdiction, a record of birth might or might not contain verification of the event by such as a midwife or doctor.

John Buscema artist

John Buscema was an American comic book artist and one of the mainstays of Marvel Comics during its 1960s and 1970s ascendancy into an industry leader and its subsequent expansion to a major pop culture conglomerate. His younger brother Sal Buscema is also a comic book artist.

The inker is one of the two line artists in traditional comic book production.

Chan entered the American comics industry in 1972 with DC Comics as a penciler on horror/mystery titles such as Ghosts , House of Mystery , and The Unexpected . By 1974, he was working regularly for Marvel Comics on Conan the Barbarian . From 1975–1976, Chan worked exclusively for DC including the artwork for Claw the Unconquered which was written by David Michelinie. [7] While working on the Detective Comics series, he drew the first appearances of Captain Stingaree in issue #460 (June 1976) [8] and the Black Spider in #463 (Sept. 1976). [9] Under the name Chua, he was DC Comics' primary cover artist from approximately 1975 to 1977. [10]

DC Comics U.S. comic book publisher

DC Comics, Inc. is an American comic book publisher. It is the publishing unit of DC Entertainment, a subsidiary of Warner Bros. since 1967. DC Comics is one of the largest and oldest American comic book companies, and produces material featuring numerous culturally iconic heroic characters including: Batman, Superman, Wonder Woman, The Flash, Green Lantern, Martian Manhunter, Nightwing, Green Arrow, Aquaman, Hawkman, Cyborg and Supergirl.

<i>Ghosts</i> (comics)

Ghosts is a horror comics anthology series published by DC Comics for 112 issues from September–October 1971 to May 1982. Its tagline was "True Tales of the Weird and Supernatural", changed to "New Tales of the Weird and Supernatural," as of #75, and dropped after #104.

<i>House of Mystery</i> anthology comic book series

The House of Mystery is the name of several horror, fantasy, and mystery Comics anthologies published by DC Comics. It had a companion series, House of Secrets. It is also the name of the titular setting of the series.

Chan pencilled several issues of Conan and Doctor Strange , and worked on Kull the Destroyer in 1977 and Power Man and Iron Fist in the 1980s. From about 1978 onward, he worked almost exclusively for Marvel and focused on Conan in the 1980s. [6]

<i>Doctor Strange</i> (comic book) comic book

Doctor Strange is the name of several comic book titles featuring the character Doctor Strange and published by Marvel Comics, beginning with the original Doctor Strange comic book series which debuted in 1968.

Kull of Atlantis or Kull the Conqueror is a fictional character created by writer Robert E. Howard. The character was more introspective than Howard's subsequent creation, Conan the Barbarian, whose first appearance was in a re-write of a rejected Kull story.

<i>Power Man and Iron Fist</i>

Power Man and Iron Fist was an American comic book series published by Marvel Comics, featuring the superheroes Power Man and Iron Fist.

In the early 1990s he joined Sega, providing character design and art for video games such as Eternal Champions . [11]

Sega Japanese video game developer and publisher and subsidiary of Sega Sammy Holdings

Sega Games Co., Ltd. is a Japanese multinational video game developer and publisher headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. The company, previously known as Sega Enterprises Ltd. and Sega Corporation, is a subsidiary of Sega Holdings Co., Ltd., which is part of Sega Sammy Holdings. Its international branches, Sega of America and Sega of Europe, are respectively headquartered in Irvine, California and London. Sega's arcade division, once part of Sega Corporation, has existed as Sega Interactive Co., Ltd., also a Sega Holdings subsidiary, since 2015.

Video game electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor

A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a two- or three-dimensional video display device such as a TV screen, virtual reality headset or computer monitor. Since the 1980s, video games have become an increasingly important part of the entertainment industry, and whether they are also a form of art is a matter of dispute.

<i>Eternal Champions</i> 1993 video game

Eternal Champions is a 1993 fighting game developed and published by Sega for the Sega Genesis. It was one of the few fighting games of its time developed from the ground up as a home console title, rather than being released in arcades first and later ported to home systems.

In 2002, he retired except for commissioned artwork [4] but returned to comics to draw writer Andrew Zar's adult-oriented webcomic The Vat #1 in 2009. [12]

Webcomics are comics published on a website or mobile app. While many are published exclusively on the web, others are also published in magazines, newspapers or in comic books.

Personal life

Chan was based in Oakland, California and had three children; [13] his daughter Cleo Caron Chan was born April 25, 1978. [14] Ernie Chan died on May 16, 2012 after a nearly yearlong battle with cancer. [2]


Ernie Chan received an Inkpot Award in 1980. [15]


Comics work (interior pencil art, except where noted) includes:


DC Comics

Marvel Comics

Warren Publishing

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  1. Miller, John Jackson (June 10, 2005). "Comics Industry Birthdays". Comics Buyer's Guide . Iola, Wisconsin. Archived from the original on October 30, 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
  2. 1 2 Lamentillo, Anna Mae Yu (May 18, 2012). "Comics artist Ernie Chan, 71, passes away". GMA News. Archived from the original on May 19, 2012.
  3. "The Amazing Chan (Interview)". Marvel Age . Marvel Comics (109): 10. February 1992.
  4. 1 2 "About Ernie Chan". Ernie Chan official website. Archived from the original on April 11, 2016.
  5. Ernie Chua at the Grand Comics Database
  6. 1 2 Ernie Chan at the Grand Comics Database
  7. McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 163. ISBN   978-0-7566-6742-9. David Michelinie's pen and Ernie Chan's pencils and inks provided the magic for this fantasy series that introduced Claw the Unconquered, a barbaric outlander with a deformed claw-like right hand.
  8. Manning, Matthew K.; Dougall, Alastair, ed. (2014). "1970s". Batman: A Visual History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 123. ISBN   978-1465424563. The swashbuckling villain Captain Stingaree...debuted in this volume by writers Bob Rozakis and future Batman movie producer Michael Uslan. Drawn by Ernie Chan, this story saw Stingaree launch a campaign against Batman.
  9. Manning "1970s" in Dougall, p. 123: "The Black Spider made his way to Gotham City in this story's lead tale by writer Gerry Conway and artist Ernie Chan."
  10. "Ernie Chan". Lambiek Comiclopedia. July 10, 2012. Archived from the original on February 21, 2014.
  11. "How to Get a Job in the Game Industry". Next Generation . Imagine Media (16): 42. April 1996.
  12. "Ernie Chan Interview". Dark Brain Comics. November 30, 2009. Archived from the original on March 27, 2010.
  13. Lin, Sam Chu. "Asians Fulfill Fantasies As Comic Book Artists," AsianWeek (June 17, 1988), p. 12.
  14. "Bullpen Bulletins," Marvel Comics cover-dated November 1978.
  15. "Inkpot Award Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012.
Preceded by
Irv Novick
Batman artist
Succeeded by
Romeo Tanghal
Preceded by
Jim Aparo
Detective Comics artist
Succeeded by
John Calnan