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|Location||Gulf of Cazones|
|Area||7.0 km2 (2.7 sq mi)|
|Municipality||Ciénaga de Zapata|
|Ernst Thälmann island, seen off the south-western coast of Cuba|
Ernst Thälmann Island (German : Ernst-Thälmann-Insel, Spanish : Cayo Ernesto Thaelmann or Cayo Blanco del Sur) is a 15 km (9.3 mi) long and 500 m (1,600 ft) wide Cuban island in the Gulf of Cazones that is named after Ernst Thälmann. During a 1970s state visit to the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), Fidel Castro made a promise that Cuba would donate an island to the East German government, and Cayo Blanco del Sur was renamed in a ceremony during a state visit by Erich Honecker. After the reunification of Germany, a German newspaper tried to visit the island and was told this transfer had only been "symbolic".
Until 1972, the island was known as Cayo Blanco del Sur. On the occasion of a state visit in June 1972 by Erich Honecker, Fidel Castro renamed the island in honour of German Communist politician and activist Ernst Thälmann. According to a newspaper article in Neues Deutschland dated 20 June 1972, English: "German Democratic Republic Beach", German : "DDR-Strand"). East Germany's state television newscast, Aktuelle Kamera , reported on the ceremony and the unveiling of a bust of Ernst Thälmann on 18 August 1972 in the presence of the GDR ambassador, some East German delegates, and approximately 100 Cuban representatives.the Cuban leader announced the renaming of the island, and one of its beaches to Playa "República Democrática Alemana" (
In March 1975, the East German government sent singer Frank Schöbel to Cuba to make some music videos, and some footage of the island was shot, which was later included in a documentary emphasising the island as a symbol of GDR-Cuba friendship.
In 1998, the island was hit severely by Hurricane Mitch, knocking over the bust of Ernst Thälmann.
According to both the Cuban embassy in Germany and the German Foreign Office, the renaming was a "symbolic act": the island was never transferred from Cuba and neither of the German states owned the island at or after reunification.
Regardless, in the early 2000's, the Republic of Molossia (a micronation) used the island as justification to declare "war" on the German Democratic Republic (over a decade after it's dissolution), citing the island's lack of mention in the Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany as "proof" of East Germany's continued existence on the island. This supposed conflict has played a large part in the culture of Molossia though the micronation has never displayed any real-world intention to take action against Ernst Thälmann Island, militarily or otherwise.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic, was a country that existed from 1949 to 1990, the period when the eastern portion of Germany was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War. Commonly described as a communist state in English usage, it described itself as a socialist "workers' and peasants' state". It consisted of territory that was administered and occupied by Soviet forces following the end of World War II—the Soviet occupation zone of the Potsdam Agreement, bounded on the east by the Oder–Neisse line. The Soviet zone surrounded West Berlin but did not include it and West Berlin remained outside the jurisdiction of the GDR.
Erich Ernst Paul Honecker was a German politician who was the General Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED). As party leader he worked closely with Moscow. He controlled the government of the German Democratic Republic from 1971 until he was forced out in the weeks preceding the fall of the Berlin Wall in October 1989. From 1976 onward he was also the country's official head of state as Chairman of the State Council of the German Democratic Republic following Willi Stoph's relinquishment of the post.
Ernst Thälmann was a German communist politician, and leader of the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) from 1925 to 1933.
BRD ; is an unofficial abbreviation for the Federal Republic of Germany, informally known in English as West Germany until 1990, and just Germany since reunification. It was occasionally used in the Federal Republic itself during the early Cold War; it was commonly used between 1968 and 1990 by the ruling party of the German Democratic Republic, resulting in a strong deprecation of its use in West Germany. The East German regime had previously used the term "German Federal Republic", which it abbreviated as "DBR", to refer to West Germany. The most widely used abbreviation for West Germany in the country itself was its ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code "DE", which has remained the country code of reunified Germany.
Articles related to East Germany include:
The Peaceful Revolution was the process of sociopolitical change that led to the opening of East Germany's borders with the west, the end of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) in the German Democratic Republic and the transition to a parliamentary democracy, which enabled the reunification of Germany in October 1990. This happened through non-violent initiatives and demonstrations. This period of change is also referred to in German as Die Wende.
East German jokes, jibes popular in the former German Democratic Republic, reflected the concerns of East German citizens and residents between 1949 and 1990. Jokes frequently targeted political figures, such as Socialist Party General Secretary Erich Honecker or State Security Minister Erich Mielke, who headed the Stasi secret police. Elements of daily life, such as economic scarcity, relations between the GDR and the Soviet Union or Cold War rival, the United States, were also common. There were also ethnic jokes, highlighting differences of language or culture between Saxony and Central Germany.
The Ernst Thälmann Pioneer Organisation, consisting of the Young Pioneers and the Thälmann Pioneers, was a youth organisation of schoolchildren aged 6 to 14, in East Germany. They were named after Ernst Thälmann, the former leader of the Communist Party of Germany who was executed at the Buchenwald concentration camp.
Margot Honecker was an East German politician who was an influential member of that country's Communist regime until 1989. From 1963 until 1989, she was Minister of National Education of the GDR. She was married to Erich Honecker, the leader of East Germany's ruling Socialist Unity Party from 1971 to 1989 and concurrently from 1976 to 1989 the country's head of state.
The Order of Karl Marx was the most important order in the German Democratic Republic (GDR). The award of the order also included a prize of 20,000 East German marks.
The Communist Party of Germany is a minor political party in Germany. It is one of several parties which claim the KPD name and/or legacy. It was founded in Berlin in 1990.
Molossia, also known as the Republic of Molossia, is a micronation completely surrounded by the United States, founded by Kevin Baugh and headquartered at his home near Dayton, Nevada. The Republic of Molossia has claimed itself a nation, but it is not recognized as a country by the United Nations or any major government. On April 16, 2016, Baugh hosted a tour of Molossia, sponsored by the website Atlas Obscura. Kevin Baugh continues to pay property taxes on the land to Storey County, although he calls it "foreign aid." The land use of the property identified as being within the county is Manufactured Home Converted to Real Property. Kevin Baugh has stated, "We all want to think we have our own country, but you know the U.S. is a lot bigger".
The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the Republic of Cuba.
The National Defense Council of the German Democratic Republic was created in 1960 as the supreme state body of the GDR in charge of national defense matters, including mobilization planning. The NVR held the supreme command of the GDR's armed forces, and the NVR's chairman was considered the GDR's commander-in-chief.
Chile–Cuba relations refers to interstate relations between the Republic of Chile and the Republic of Cuba. Cuba has been, since the 1960s, a reference point to left wing politicians in Chile.
MY Albin Köbis was built in 1952 by Engelbrecht-Werft in Berlin-Köpenick on order by Wilhelm Pieck and served as the presidential yacht of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) until 1971 when it was replaced by MY Ostseeland. It was named in honour of Albin Köbis, a German sailor and revolutionary during World War I.
Gerhard Schürer was a leading politician in East Germany.
The East German Republic Day Parade of 1989 was a parade on Karl-Marx-Allee in East Berlin on 7 October 1989 commemorating the 40th anniversary of the establishment of East Germany. This was the last East German Republic Day Parade and the last major East German political event with the regime falling mere weeks later. In Germany, this parade is remembered as the end of "the great period of military parades".