Erumely

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Erumely/Erumeli
Erumakkolli
Town
Erumeli Petta Sastha Temple.jpg
Nickname(s): 
Gateway to Sabarimala, Land of religious harmony
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Erumely/Erumeli
Location in Kerala, India
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Erumely/Erumeli
Erumely/Erumeli (India)
Coordinates: 9°28′16″N76°45′54″E / 9.4710933°N 76.7650384°E / 9.4710933; 76.7650384 Coordinates: 9°28′16″N76°45′54″E / 9.4710933°N 76.7650384°E / 9.4710933; 76.7650384
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Kottayam
Government
  Type Grama Panchayat
  BodyErumely grama panchayat
Area
  Total92.67 km2 (35.78 sq mi)
Elevation
68 m (223 ft)
Population
 (2011)
  Total43,273
  Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
686509
Telephone code04828
Vehicle registration (extended list)
Nearest cities Kanjirappally
Lok Sabha constituency Pathanamthitta
Literacy 94%
Sex ratio 1049/
Website

Erumely, also spelt "Erumeli" is a panchayat in the southeast part of Kottayam district in Kerala state, India. Erumely is situated 49 km east of Kottayam town and 133 km North of capital city Trivandrum. It is situated on the way to Sabarimala and also an important halting place (idathavalam) for the Sabarimala pilgrims. Erumely is famed for its religious harmony and prosperity between Hindus and Muslims which existed from the early periods. It is a place which have strong roots in legends and myths associated with lord Ayyappa. A new airport has been proposed in Erumeli. The village is nourished by Manimala River.

Contents

Etymology

Erumely is the name extracted from Erumakolli ("killed the buffalo"). A myth tells that Lord Ayyappa killed "Mahishi" in this place on the way to collect a tiger's milk. Mahish means buffalo and "Eruma" in Malayalam and hence the name extract "erumakolli".

Location

Erumely is on the Kanjirappally - Pathanamthitta Route. A small river, Koratty (originally known as Manimala River), marks the entrance of Erumely town, which is exactly 14 km from Mundakayam, the gate of Highrange area. World Malayalee association has chosen Erumely as one of the three places in kottayam and pathanamthitta to set up the fifth airport in kerala and proposal is pending for approval. Perunthenaruvi Falls, the scenic waterfall near Vechoochira is located about 13 km (8.1 mi) from Erumely. Cheruvally estate also provides a great experience.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census, Erumely had a population of 43,437 in which 21199 are males and 22230 are females. Average sex ratio is 1049, which is lower than the state average of 1084. The literacy rate of males is 97.53% and 95.71% for females. [1]

Administration

The panchayath of Erumely was formed on 15 August 1953. It spreads over an area of 82.36 km² with 40% of forest coverage. It is surrounded by Parathodu, Kanjirappally and Mundakkayam panchayaths in north, Chittar panchayath in east and south, Manimala, Chirakkadavu panchayaths in west. [2] The panchayath is divided into 23 wards for its administrative convenience.

Wards in Erumely panchayath

Pazhayidom Chenappady
Kizhakkekkara Cheruvally estate
OzhakkanaduVazhakkala
NerchapparaKarisseri
Kanamala Umikkuppa
Mukkoottuthara Muttappally
ElivalikkaraPropose
PambavalleyErumely town
Poriyan malaKanakappalam
SreenipuramAngel Valley
IrumpoonnikkaraThumarampara

Economy

The majority of the people are farmers (the town is surrounded by rubber tree plantations) or are in business. Before it was a small town, now its undergoing developments, because of the temple, Masjid and its integrated, non-discriminatory society.

Important festivals

Erumely Pettathullal

The "Pettathullal" or ritual dance associated with the killing of the demoness Mahishi, hosted in the Malayalam months of Vrishikam and Dhanu (December and January) is the most noted festival in Erumely.

Chandanakkudam

This is another important festival which is conducted as a preliminary event to the historic pettathullal. The festival starts from the mosque with the "Malisa" procession.

Climate

The climate of Erumely is classified under Köppen. The place remains humid throughout the year with an annual temperature of 31 °C. Among the months, March and April are the hottest. The south west monsoon arrives from mid May to August providing significant amount of rainfall. The average annual rainfall here is 2620 mm. Winter normally starts from December to February.

Climate data for Erumely, Kerala
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)31.1
(88.0)
31.9
(89.4)
33.2
(91.8)
33.3
(91.9)
32.7
(90.9)
30.6
(87.1)
30.0
(86.0)
30.0
(86.0)
30.6
(87.1)
30.3
(86.5)
30.1
(86.2)
30.5
(86.9)
31.2
(88.2)
Average low °C (°F)22.1
(71.8)
22.8
(73.0)
24.4
(75.9)
25.2
(77.4)
25.2
(77.4)
24.1
(75.4)
23.6
(74.5)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.6
(74.5)
23.3
(73.9)
22.3
(72.1)
23.7
(74.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)22
(0.9)
39
(1.5)
68
(2.7)
157
(6.2)
254
(10.0)
454
(17.9)
466
(18.3)
328
(12.9)
240
(9.4)
320
(12.6)
211
(8.3)
61
(2.4)
2,620
(103.1)
Source: Climate-Data.org [3]

Religions

Erumely is the gateway to Sabarimala. One of the important temples at Erumely is Sree Dharmashastha temple. Vavar masjid is also located very near to Sree Dharmashastha temple. Assumption Forane church, under the Syro Malabar Catholic diocese of Kanjirapally, one of the major churches in Kottayam district, is also located here.

Places of worship

Erumely Valiyambalam Erumely Temple.jpg
Erumely Valiyambalam
Arch gate of Petta Sastha temple Erumeli Petta Sastha Temple.jpg
Arch gate of Petta Sastha temple
Vavar mosque Erumeli Vavar Mosque.jpg
Vavar mosque

Educational institutions

St. Thomas H.S.S, Devasom Board H.S.S, Vavar Memorial H.S.S, and MT High School are the well known higher secondary schools in Erumely. St. Thomas H.S.S started in 1937, and is under the Erumely Forane Church. MTHS Kanakappalam started in 1936. the oldest school in this area is MTHS, Kanakappalam Nirmala Public School, Shermount Public School are the schools without higher secondary studies. MES College, on the way to Mukkoottuthara and Shermount College of Arts and Commerce which is located 2 km away from Erumely town. Both colleges are affiliated to Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam. Assissi Hospital and Nursing College is also at Mukkoottuthara. Amaljyothy Engineering College, under the Syro Malabar Catholic diocese of Kanjirapally, is in nearby Koovappally. Sree Sabareesa College is an Aided arts and science college is located at Murikkumvayal, Mundakayam. This college is located at Erumely district panchayath division. Sree Sabareesa college is the first aided college in India under a tribal management

Access

Road

Erumely can be approached through Mundakkayam, Kanjirappally, Manimala, Kanamala, Ponkunnam, Vechoochira, or Ranni. People coming from Kottayam can reach through Kanjirappally. People coming from Kochi can reach through Thripunithura, Pala, Ponkunnam, Vizhikkithodu. People from the Highranges can access Erumely through Mundakkayam - Erumely state highway. From the capital city Trivandrum, Erumely is accessed through Ranni. NH220 National Highway passes 10 km near to Erumely through 26th mile, which makes it reachable easily.

Railway

Nearest Rail Heads are Kottayam, Chengannur, Changanassery, and Thiruvalla.

Airport

Cochin International Airport (119 km) and Thiruvananthapuram Airport (140 km) are the nearest airports. Believers Church informed Pinarayi the consent to hand over land for Sabarigiri International airport. The airport at Cheruvally is approved by both governments and may expect to start soon. [6]

On 19 July 2017, the Kerala Government has announced the construction of Airport at Cheruvally Estate of Harrisons Plantations near Erumely, to facilitate travel of Sabarimala pilgrims. [7]

Proposed airport

State and central governments have approved an airport for Sabarimala and Cheruvally estate near Erumely is one among three sites. The other sites were government sites and whether Cheruvally is a government land or not will be announced by court in a year. The case is in court. If implemented, it will be a green field airport with no industries or commercial building allowed with a huge radius of 50 km or more. The name of the proposed airport is Sabarigiri International Airport or shortened as "SABARI AIRPORT".

Distances from various places

Nearby places

See also

Related Research Articles

Kanjirappally Town in Kerala, India

Kanjirappally is a taluk and a town in Kottayam district situated about 38 km (24 mi) away from the district capital, in the state of Kerala, India.

Mundakayam, is a town in Kanjirappally Taluk in the Kottayam District of Kerala. It is the doorway to the high ranges of southern Kerala, and is at the border of Kottayam and Idukki districts. The next nearest town, Kanjirappally, is 14 km (8.7 mi) & Erumely is 12 km from Mundakayam. Mundakayam has rubber plantations, and greenery. The Manimala River runs through Mundakayam. It is located 48 km east of the district headquarters at Kottayam and 148 km from the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram. The name Mundakayam is said to be derived from the Mundi cranes that used to be seen along the Manimala River banks.

Koottickal is a town at the base of Western Ghats mountain ranges in the Kottayam district, Kerala. It is 2,000 feet (610 m) above sea level and is situated on the eastern border of Kottayam District, 55 km from Kottayam, and around 5 km away from Mundakayam on the NH 220. There are streams and waterfalls in the surrounding places. The Muthukora Hills are nearby. Urban centres in Kottayam and Ernakulam districts can be viewed from the top of Muthukora Hills.

Vavar, known reverently as Vavarswami, is a legendary figure from Kerala. He is the celebrated Muslim acquaintance of Hindu deity Ayappan. There is a shrine dedicated to Vavaraswami at Sabarimala, as well as Vavaraswami's mosque at Erumely opposite to an Ayyappan temple. This shows the religious and cultural harmony in India.

Ponkunnam Town in Kerala, India

Ponkunnam (പൊൻകുന്നം) is a census town in Kerala, India, part of Kottayam district under Kanjirappally taluk. Ponkunnam literally means golden mountain (ponn = gold, kunn = mountain). Nearby towns are Kanjirappalli, Manimala and Pala. This part of Kerala is famous for its fertile land and rubber plantations. It is at an altitude of 495 ft (151 m) above mean sea level. The town is at the junction of two major roads in Kerala: NH220 and Main Eastern Highway. The climate is moderate with timely cold breezes and the town is the gateway to the Western Ghats. The town is famous for its volleyball traditions and customs. Almost every year there is an ever-rolling volleyball tournament happening in Ponkunnam Mahatma Gandhi Mini Stadium.

Mallikassery Village in Kerala, India

Mallikassery is a small village near Paika, in Elikulam Panchayat of Kanjirappally Taluk in Kottayam district, in the state of Kerala, India.

Kodungoor is a town in Kottayam district of Kerala state in India and is popularly known as "Vazhoor". Kodungoor is 25 km from the district headquarters, Kottayam, 28 km from Changanassery, 22 km from Pala,27 km from Ettumanoor,26 km from Mundakayam,26 km from Ranni, 7 km from Ponkunnam,4 km from Pallickathode, 9 km from Pampady and 13 km from Kanjirappally. The Kollam-Theni road passes through the town. SH 13 branches out at Kodungoor junction leading to Pala and Manimala, after the junction a little further KK road also branches out towards Changanassery. Thus Kodungoor town plays a vital role in connecting some major towns in Kottayam through roads averaging at 25 km distances.

Mukkoottuthara is a developing Town located in the south eastern part of Kottayam district of Kerala State, India. Sabarimala is only 48 km (30 mi) from Erumely, while travelling through Mukkoottuthara. The roads passing through here are upgraded and maintained as State Highways. The main cultivation is rubber. Mukkoottuthara is famous for its decades old "Sunday Open Markets" and for its famous bamboo products. One of the famous tourist spots in Pathanamthitta, Perunthenaruvi Falls is just 5 kilometers from Mukkoottuthara. There are many rubber estates. The border of Kottayam and Pathanamthitta divides Mukkoottuthara into two. However the place is recorded as part of Kottayam district only.

Perunad (Ranni-Perunad) is a scenic hilly village in Pathanamthitta district, Kerala state, India It's located on the banks of Pamba River and Kakkadu River.

Yendayar Town in Kerala, India

Yendayar is a village in Kottayam district, Kerala, India that is totally surrounded by hills. According to local tradition, Mr. J.J. Murphy named the place, which was to be his home until death in 1957, after his mother and the local river. Yendayar is a combination of 'yen' (my) 'thai' (mother) and 'ar' (river). Murphy had come in 1904 to the place which was a thick forest and had no name or people then. He had traveled a long way to reach there. There he established India's first successful rubber plantation. He brought workers from near and far – Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka.

Koruthodu is a village/town in Kanjirappally Taluk, Kottayam District of Kerala state, India. It is situated on the Highway connecting Mundakayam to Sabarimala temple, Kerala, and is at the border of Pathanamthitta, Kottayam and Idukki districts. The nearest town Mundakayam is 13 Kilometers from Koruthodu. The river Azhutha runs through the borders of this village. Nearby locations include Kanamala, Vandanpathal, Mundakkayam and Panakkachira.

Thulappally is a small village in Perunad panchayath of Ranni tehsil in Pathanamthitta district of Kerala state, India.

Kanamala Village in Kerala, India

Kanamala, commonly known by the name Pambavalley, is a village in Erumely panchayath in Kanjirappally tehsil of Kottayam district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is situated in the border of Kottayam and Pathanamthitta districts, but officially recorded as a part of Kottayam district only.

Kalaketty is a village in the Erumely panchayath of Kanjirappally tehsil in the Kottayam district of Kerala state, India. Many Shiva devotees pass through Kalaketty during the Makaravilakku festival period, as the local temple is an important landmark as well as an idathavalam for them.

Erumely Sree Dharmasastha Temple

Erumely Sree Dharmasastha Temple is a traditional Hindu temple located in Erumely town in Kottayam district in the Indian state of Kerala. The temple is dedicated to Lord Ayyappa or Dharmasastha. It is also an important meeting place of Sabarimala pilgrims.

Punchavayal is a village in Mundakayam panchayath of Kanjirappally taluk in the Indian state of Kerala. An Aided Arts and science college is present in this village. Punchavayal includes the places nearby Murikkumvayal, Pachima, Pakkanam, Kadamanthode, Kulamakkal and Moonnoly. It is approximately 6 km away by road from Mundakayam the doorway to the high ranges of southern Kerala, and is at the border of Kottayam and Idukki districts.

Pettathullal

Pettathulal, also known as Petta Kettu, is a historic ritualistic dance held annually on the 27th of Dhanu at Erumely, in the district of Kottayam, in the Indian state of Kerala. It is performed during the Mandalam - Makaravilakku period among thousands of devotees. It depicts the joyfulness of people over the slaying of Mahishi by Lord Ayyappa. Two groups actively participate in the thullal, one from Ambalappuzha and other from Aalangadu. The Ambalappuzha group starts their journey to Erumely on the 22nd of Dhanu and a couple of days before the thullal. They visit the Manimala Bhagavathy temple on 25th Dhanu and perform an Aazhi pooja. Before the Ambalappuzha thullal, a Krishna parunth flies around in the sky. It is believed that lord Vishnu himself arrives from Ambalappuzha Sree Krishna temple on his mount Garuda to witness the thullal.

Sabarimala Airport, also known as Sabarimala International Airport, is a proposed greenfield airport project to be built in Erumely of Kottayam district in Kerala, India. The proposed site is spread over 2,263 acres (9.16 km2) of land at Cheruvally Estate in Manimala panchayath, Kanjirappally Taluk is located on the way to the Sabarimala temple, 136 km from state capital Thiruvananthapuram and 113 km from Kochi. Once commissioned, this would be the fifth airport in the State. In February 2017, the Kerala government gave in-principle approval to construct the airport and the Kerala State Industrial Development Corporation (KSIDC) was asked to conduct a feasibility study.

Vizhikkithodu Village in Kerala, India

Vizhikkithodu is a village located on the banks of river Manimala in Kanjirapally panchayath in Kottayam district of Kerala. Kanjirapally is the nearest town to this village and is located at a distance of 6 km. The Ponkunnam-Erumeli Road, which is one of the main roads for Sabarimala pilgrims passes through this village.

Parathanam is a Town at the base of Western Ghats mountain ranges in the Kottayam district, Kerala. It is 2,000 feet above sea level and is situated on the eastern border of Kottayam District, 60 km from Kottayam, 12 km away from Poonjar and around 8 km away from Mundakayam on the NH 220.

References

  1. "Erumeli South Population - Kottayam, Kerala". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  2. "Through Erumely panchayath". lsgkerala.in. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  3. "CLIMATE: ERUMELY", Climate-Data.org. Web: .
  4. Sree, Ayyappan (2001). Edathavalams - Sabarimala pilgrimage. Pattom, Trivandrum: Siso books. p. 92. ISBN   817797033X.
  5. "Erumely Vavar mosque". www.keralatrips.co.in. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  6. "Centre's stance on proposed Erumeli Airport favourable: CM". Mathrubhumi. 16 November 2016. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  7. "Airport For Sabarimala To Come Up at Cheruvally Estate". ndtv.com.