Esfandiar Monfaredzadeh

Last updated

Esfandiar Monfaredzadeh
اسفندیار منفردزاده
Monfaredzadeh 2.jpg
Background information
Born (1941-03-15) 15 March 1941 (age 79)
Tehran, Iran
Occupation(s)Film composer, songwriter, filmmaker
InstrumentsPiano, Oud

Esfandiar Monfaredzadeh (Persian : اسفندیار منفردزاده, also Romanized as "Esfandiyār Monfaredzādeh"; born 1941 in Tehran) is an Iranian pioneer film composer, songwriter, and filmmaker. He is recognized for his contribution to film and pop music in Iran. His major works include Qeysar, Toughi, Dash Akol , Tangna , The Deers (Gavaznhā).

Contents

Career

Early years

He started his career early in his teens as percussionist and accordionist in the National Iranian Radio Children's Program. In 1958, he joined the Youth Orchestra of National Iranian Radio as contrabassist where shortly after he would be trusted with all the music arrangement and the conductor duties. [1]

Cinema

From his early ages, he was fascinated by cinema and filmmaking. This was the dream which he and his long-life friend Masoud Kimiai (Iranian film director, screenwriter, and producer) shared. Finally, in 1967, when Masoud Kimiai got a chance to direct his first film (Come Stranger, 196, Monfaredzadeh composed the score. However, it was their second collaboration (Qeysar, 1969) that made history. Months before Qeysar was released, he had left Iran to continue his studies in Germany where he had the opportunity to be acquainted with the Confederation of Iranian Students which helped him to reshape and deepen his social and political ideas. Hence, the Qeysar outbreak made him give up his studies and come back to Iran to pursue his cinematic career. The quality of his work in Qeysar, along with the success of the film at the box office and among the critics, put more attention on the music for films in Iran which until that day was not taken seriously by the Iranian film industry. The following year, he won the Best Film Score award for Qeysar at the second "Sepas Awards" ceremony which would be repeated the next year for his third collaboration with Masoud Kimiai (Reza Motori, 1970). His film scores continued with Toughi (Ali Hatami, 1970), Window (Jalal Moghaddam, 1970), Dash Akol (Masoud Kimiai, 1971), Topoli (Reza Mirlohi, 1972), Balouch (Masoud Kimiai, 1972), Soil (Masoud Kimiai, 1973), Tangna (Amir Naderi, 1973), and The Deers(Gavaznha) (Masoud Kimiai, 1974). [2] [3]

Pop music

In 1965 and after working on the National Iranian Radio and later the University of Tehran orchestra, he began his collaboration with the Tanin Recording Studio (the first private recording studio in Iran), and along with his comrades contributed to shape a new atmosphere in the Iranian pop music. In parallel to his cinematic activities and through his well-known songs such as "Friday" and "Nightly 1", he tried to represent Iranian people by picturing their pains and sorrows under the totalitarian Shah’s regime. In 1973, he was sentenced to jail for his social and political ideas. However, after his release he would not remain silent and with his works (songs such as "Gonjishkak-e Ashi Mashi", "Childish (Koudakaneh)", "Nightly 2" or "Friday for Friday"), he accompanied and supported people in the upcoming revolution. [4] [5]

Institute for the Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults

In 1970, he joined the “Institute for the Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults" where he contributed to establish the Children’s Film Training Center as well as writing music for audio books, animations, and short films produced by the institute. [6]

Exile

Shortly after the Iranian Revolution in February 1979, he concluded that this was not what he has wished for, so he expressed his concerns with the songs "Unity" and "Whisper". He decided to leave Iran and go to a self-imposed exile which continues to this day. [5] During the exile, his artistic activities were extremely limited; however, he still believes in change for his country and his people.

Selected filmography

Related Research Articles

Behrouz Vossoughi Iranian actor

Behrouz Vossoughi is an Iranian actor, TV host and model, with appearances in more than 90 films and plays. He has also worked in television, radio and theater. His work has earned him recognition at several international film festivals, including for Best Actor at the International Film Festival of India in 1974 and the Lifetime Achievement Award at the San Francisco International Film Festival in 2006.

Iranian rock

Iranian rock refers to rock music produced by Iranian artists. Rock music has been popular in Iran since the late forties, with the emergence of singers such as Kourosh Yaghmaei, Farhad Mehrad, Fereydoon Foroughi and Habib Mohebian, but was largely forgotten after the Cultural Revolution. Like most rock styles, electric guitar and bass guitar and drums are the main instruments in this type of music. In some groups, the keyboard also has the task of adjusting the rhythms and symbols.

Jamshid Mashayekhi Iranian actor

Jamshid Mashayekhi was an Iranian actor.

Faramarz Gharibian Iranian actor and film director

Faramarz Gharibian is an Iranian actor and director.

Parviz Fannizadeh was an Iranian actor, film and television star. He was one of Iran's first method actors. Fanizadeh is best known for his roles as Mash Ghaasem in My Uncle Napoleon aka Daii jan Napelon and Hekmati in ِDownpour.

Masoud Kimiai Film director, Screenwriter

Masoud Kimiai or Masoud Kimiaei is an Iranian director, screenwriter and producer.

Giti Pashaei Iranian musician

Giti Pashaei was an Iranian singer and musician. Her name, "Giti", means "the universe" in original Pahlavi. Giti was one of the most popular Iranian singers of the late 1960s and 1970s.

<i>Qeysar</i> (film) 1969 film by Masoud Kimiai

Qeysar is a 1969 film by Iranian filmmaker Masoud Kimiai. The film was considered a "landmark in the Iranian cinema" and led to a new trend for brooding noir dramas in which outraged family honour is avenged.

Iranian New Wave refers to a movement in Iranian cinema. It started in 1964 with Hajir Darioush's second film Serpent's Skin, which was based on D.H. Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover featuring Fakhri Khorvash and Jamshid Mashayekhi. Darioush's two important early social documentaries But Problems Arose in 1965, dealing with the cultural alienation of the Iranian youth, and Face 75, a critical look at the westernization of the rural culture, which was a prizewinner at the 1965 Berlin Film Festival, also contributed significantly to the establishment of the New Wave. In 1968, after the release of Shohare Ahoo Khanoom directed by Davoud Mollapour, The Cow (گاو) directed by Darius Mehrjui followed by Masoud Kimiai's Qeysar (قیصر) in 1969, Nasser Taqvai's Tranquility in the Presence of Others, and immediately followed by Bahram Beyzai's Downpour, the New Wave became well established as a prominent cultural, dynamic and intellectual trend. The Iranian viewer became discriminating, encouraging the new trend to prosper and develop.

Bahman Mofid Iranian actor

Bahman Mofid is an Iranian actor.

Pouri Banayi Iranian actress

Pouri Banayi is an Iranian actress. She acted in more than 85 feature films between 1965 and 1979. During her years of acting before the Iranian revolution, she worked with directors such as Mehdi Reisfirooz, Samuel Khachikian, Masoud Kimiai, Farrokh Ghaffari, and Fereidoun Goleh. Her most memorable performances are in Iranian new wave films such as Masoud Kimiai's Qeysar in 1969 and Fereydun Gole's The Mandrake.

Pre-revolutionary Iranian cinema contains films and cinematic events made in Iran before Iranian revolution era. Hooshang Kavoosi, an Iranian film critic first used term Filmfarsi to point to Iranian popular films before revolution.

Hamideh Kheirabadi Iranian actress

Hamideh Kheirabadi was a celebrated Iranian film and theatre actress. She played in more than 200 feature films and in over 20 television series. Inside Iran, she is affectionately referred to as Nādereh and Mother of the Iranian Cinema.

<i>The Soil</i> (film) 1973 film by Masoud Kimiai

The Soil is a 1973 Iranian film by Masud Kimiai from the novel by Mahmoud Dowlatabadi. The film stars Behrouz Vossoughi, Farzaneh Taidi, and Faramarz Gharibian.

Dash Akol is a 1971 Iranian drama film directed by Masoud Kimiai. It was adopted from a short story of the same name written by Sadegh Hedayat in his short story collection Three Drops of Blood.

<i>Reza Motorcyclist</i> 1970 film by Masoud Kimiai

Reza Motorcyclist(Persian title: Reza Motori - Persian: رضا موتوری‎) is a 1970 Iranian drama film directed by Masoud Kimiai and starring Behrouz Vossoughi, Fariba Khatami, Mahmoud Tehrani, Jalal Pishvaeian, Parvin Malakouti and Bahman Mofid.

<i>Razors Edge: The Legacy of Iranian Actresses</i> Film directed by Bahman Maghsoudlou

Razor's Edge: The Legacy of Iranian Actresses is a 2016 documentary written and directed by Bahman Maghsoudlou. The film examines what it was like to be an actress in the Iranian film industry from the industry's beginnings in the 1930s up to the Iranian Revolution of 1979, through extensive interviews, many with the actresses themselves, and clips from the films.

Reza Khatibi

Reza Khatibi(Persian: رضا خطیبی‎; born 27 June 1969) is an Iranian filmmaker.

References

  1. (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. ""کیمیایی بود، من و عشق سینما" • گپی با اسفندیار منفردزاده | فرهنگ و هنر | DW | 11.04.2008". DW.COM (in Persian). Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  2. Negar., Mottahedeh (2008). Displaced allegories : post-revolutionary Iranian cinema. Durham: Duke University Press. ISBN   9780822342755. OCLC   226361821.
  3. 1951-, Dabashi, Hamid (2001). Close up : Iranian cinema, past, present, and future . London: Verso. ISBN   1859843328. OCLC   48432961.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  4. Breyley, G. J.; Fatemi, Sasan (26 November 2015). Iranian Music and Popular Entertainment: From Motrebi to Losanjelesi and Beyond. New York, NY Abingdon, Oxon OX: Routledge. ISBN   9780415575126.
  5. 1 2 "به عبارت دیگر: گفتگو با اسفندیار منفردزاده". BBC Persian (in Persian). Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  6. electricpulp.com. "KĀNUN-E PARVAREŠ-E FEKRI-E Encyclopaedia Iranica". www.iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 8 April 2018.