Eskişehir Province

Last updated
Eskişehir Province

Eskişehir ili
Eskisehir in Turkey.svg
Location of Eskişehir Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region Central Anatolia
Government
   Electoral district Eskişehir
  GovernorErol Ayyıldız
Area
  Total13,652 km2 (5,271 sq mi)
Population
 (2018) [1]
  Total871,187
  Density64/km2 (170/sq mi)
   Urban
734,837
Area code(s) 0222
Vehicle registration 26

Eskişehir Province (Turkish : Eskişehir ili) is a province in northwestern Turkey. Its adjacent provinces are Bilecik to the northwest, Kütahya to the west, Afyon to the southwest, Konya to the south, Ankara to the east, and Bolu to the north. The provincial capital is Eskişehir. Most of the province is laid down in Central Anatolia Region. Northern parts of Mihalıççık district and ones of Mihalgazi and Sarıcakaya are located in the Black Sea Region and one of them belong to the Aegean Region.

Contents

Eskişehir is an old, culturally developed province of Turkey. It has a population of 844,842. Its urban population is 734,837. Eskişehir has 2 universities, Eskişehir Osmangazi University ESOGU, and Anadolu Üniversitesi, which is the largest university in Turkey and which has some branch offices in Europe.

Districts

Eskisehir is the capital of the province. Odunpazari, Eskisehir, Turkey 01.jpg
Eskişehir is the capital of the province.
Midas Tomb in Yazilikaya, Eskisehir MidasSehri.Tomb.jpg
Midas Tomb in Yazılıkaya, Eskişehir

Eskişehir province is divided into 14 districts, two of which are included in the greater municipality of Eskişehir (shown in boldface letters).

Demographics

Porsuk River Eskisehir Porsuk River.JPG
Porsuk River

Eskişehir's population has a high literacy level of 99%. Many universities and military installations are located in and around the city. Turkish technical students are concentrated in the Eskişehir universities. Infrastructural problems have been partially solved in 2004 with the construction of a tram system.

Eskisehir, and neighboring cities were the major settlement area for the descendants of the founders of the Ottoman Empire, about 1000 years ago. Many villages in the province carry the names of the Turkish tribes/clans from those times. Some people in the city of Eskişehir trace their family origin back to Crimea and the Caucasus.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1927154,195    
1940206,794+2.28%
1950276,164+2.93%
1960368,827+2.94%
1970459,367+2.22%
1980543,802+1.70%
1990641,057+1.66%
2000706,009+0.97%
2010764,584+0.80%
2018871,187+1.64%
source: [2] [3]

Meerschaum

Eskişehir is internationally known as the source of Meerschaum, a white foamy stone which is used for smoking pipes with detailed carvings. It is called lületaşı in Turkish.

Archaeological discoveries

In August 2019, researchers head by Prof. Murat Türkteki announced the discovery of two skeletons dating back about 5,000 years in the same sarcophagus in Early Bronze Age settlement Küllüoba. Excavators assumed that one of the skeletons was a 13-year-old girl and other was a man in his late 30s. [4] [5] [6]

In August 2020, archaeologists head by Prof. Murat Türktaki revealed a 5,000-year-old paint palette made of stone in the Seyitgazi district at the Küllüoba site. According to Türktaki, this palette was used for painting dishes. [7] [8]

In March 2021, discovery of the marble sarcophagus  which is 1.5 meters tall and 33 centimeters wide in the Seyitgazi district at the Küllüoba site was announced by the municipal workers while construction work. [9] [10] [11]  

See also

Related Research Articles

Egyptology Study of Ancient Egypt

Egyptology is the study of ancient Egyptian history, language, literature, religion, architecture and art from the 5th millennium BC until the end of its native religious practices in the 4th century AD. A practitioner of the discipline is an "Egyptologist". In Europe, particularly on the Continent, Egyptology is primarily regarded as being a philological discipline, while in North America it is often regarded as a branch of archaeology.

Söğüt Town in Marmara, Turkey

Söğüt is a town and district in Bilecik Province, Turkey. It is in the Marmara region in the north-west of the country, with an area of 599 km2 (231 sq mi), bordering Bilecik to the west, Gölpazarı to the north, İnhisar to the north-east, Tepebaşı (Eskişehir) to the south-east, and Bozüyük to the south-west. Söğüt district has 5 boroughs and 23 villages, with the population last recorded as 21,012 citizens (2000), but according to a 2010 estimate the population was 19,425.

Nevşehir Province Province of Turkey

Nevşehir Province is a province in central Turkey with its capital in Nevşehir. Its adjacent provinces are Kırşehir to the northwest, Aksaray to the southwest, Niğde to the south, Kayseri to the southeast, and Yozgat to the northeast. Nevşehir includes the area called Cappadocia - a tourist attraction in Turkey. The town of Göreme is also located in Nevşehir.

Gümüşhane Province Province of Turkey

Gümüşhane Province is a province in northern Turkey, bordering Bayburt to the east, Trabzon to the north, Giresun and Erzincan to the west. It covers an area of 6,575 km² and has a population of 129,618 in 2010. The population was 186,953 in 2000. The name Gümüşhane means silver house. The city has a rich mining history and was the source of exports for Trabzon. The current Governor is Kamuran Taşbilek, he was appointed on the 27 October 2019.

Satala

Located in Turkey, the settlement of Satala, according to the ancient geographers, was situated in a valley surrounded by mountains, a little north of the Euphrates, where the road from Trapezus to Samosata crossed the boundary of the Roman Empire, when it was a bishopric, which remains a Latin Catholic titular see. Later it was connected with Nicopolis by two highways. Satala is now Sadak, a village of 500 inhabitants, in the Kelkit district of Gümüşhane Province in Turkey.

Kelkit District in Black Sea, Turkey

Kelkit is a town and district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. According to the 2010 census, population of the district is 39,547 of which 13,784 live in the town of Kelkit. The district covers an area of 1,438 km2 (555 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,377 m (4,518 ft).

Mihalgazi District in Central Anatolia, Turkey

Mihalgazi, formerly Gümele, is a town and district of Eskişehir Province in the Black Sea Anatolia region of Turkey. According to 2010 census, population of the district is 3,876 of which 1,730 live in the town of Mihalgazi. The district covers an area of 131 km2 (51 sq mi), and the town lies at an average elevation of 328 m (1,076 ft). She borders İnhisar to the west, Yenipazar to the northwest, Sarıcakaya to the east and Tepebaşı (Eskişehir) to the south. Mihalgazi has four boroughs and five villages. Alpagut and Sakarılıca, who are 2 of these villages, have a municipality. She 35 km away from Eskişehir. She was part of Eskişehir sanjak between 1292- second half of 15th century. She was part of Göynük township of Bursa sanjak between second half of 15th one - 16th one, her of Bolu sanjak between 16th century - 1894. She bounded to İnhisar nahiya in Söğüt township of Bilecik sanjak between 1894 and 1923. She was part of Söğüt district of Bilecik Province between 1923-1946 and became a township and changed her name as Mihalgazi in 1927 after People of Gümele repulsed attacks of Greeks troops, who marched from Söğüt and Eskişehir during Turkish War of Independence in 1921. She bounded to Central District of Eskişehir Province in 1946 and Sarıcakaya district of her in 1958. She had a municipality in 1967. She finally a district of Eskişehir Province in 1990. She is famous with hot spring in Sakarılıca.

Mihalıççık District in Central Anatolia, Turkey

Mihalıççık, also Mihalıçcık, is a town and district of Eskişehir Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. According to 2010 census, population of the district is 10,482 of which 3,133 live in the town of Mihalıççık. The district covers an area of 1,650 km2 (637 sq mi), and the average elevation is 1,325 m (4,347 ft).

Sarıcakaya District in Central Anatolia, Turkey

Sarıcakaya is a town and district of Eskişehir Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. According to 2000 census, population of the district is 5,642 of which 2,672 live in the town of Sarıcakaya as of 2010. The district covers an area of 375 km2 (145 sq mi), and the town lies at an average elevation of 297 m (974 ft).

Seyitgazi Place in Eskişehir, Turkey

Seyitgazi is a town and district of Eskişehir Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. The central town of Seyitgazi lies at a distance of 43 km (27 mi) towards the south from the province capital of Eskişehir. According to 2010 census, population of the district is 16,222 of which 2,890 live in the town of Seyitgazi. The district covers an area of 1,502 km2 (580 sq mi), and the average elevation is 1,040 m (3,412 ft).

Sivrihisar District in Central Anatolia, Turkey

Sivrihisar is a town and district of Eskişehir Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. According to 2010 census, population of the district is 23 488 of which 9,817 live in the town of Sivrihisar. The district covers an area of 2,987 km2 (1,153 sq mi), and the average elevation is 1,070 m (3,510 ft).

Kırka, Eskişehir Town in Turkey

Kırka is a town in Seyitgazi district of Eskişehir Province, Turkey.

Kaymaz Town in Turkey

Kaymaz is a town in the Sivrihisar district of Eskişehir Province, Turkey. It is situated at 39°31′N31°11′E, on Turkish state highway D.200 which connects Eskişehir to Ankara. It is 65 kilometres (40 mi) south east of Eskişehir and 36 kilometres (22 mi) west of Sivrihisar. The population of Kaymaz was 1254 as of 2012. The town is an historical settlement and it was named as Troknada during the Phyrgiaan kingdom. Later it was renamed as Kaytrus and eventually the name Kaymaz was adopted.

Metin Yurdanur is a Turkish school teacher and sculptor, who was awarded the title State Artist of Turkey.

Gün Sazak was a Turkish nationalist politician and former government minister of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP). He was assassinated by the Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front after his police guard was removed. After his killing, MHP supporters carried out the Çorum massacre in reprisal.

This page lists major archaeological events of 2018.

This page lists major events of 2020 in archaeology.

Sivrihisar Aviation Center

Sivrihisar Aviation Center, Necati Artan Facilities, is an airpark located at Sivrihisar district of Eskişehir Province in Turkey.

This page lists major events of 2021 in archaeology.

References

  1. "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. Genel Nüfus Sayımları
  3. tuik
  4. sabah, daily (2019-08-04). "5,000-year-old human skeletons unearthed in central Turkey". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2021-03-03.
  5. "5,000-year-old double burial unearthed in central Turkey". The Archaeology News Network. Retrieved 2021-03-03.
  6. "5,000-year-old human skeletons unearthed in central Turkey". anews. Retrieved 2021-03-03.
  7. SABAH, DAILY (2020-08-26). "5,000-year-old paint palette unearthed in northwest Turkey". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2021-03-03.
  8. "5,000-year-old paint palette unearthed in northwest Turkey". The Archaeology News Network. Retrieved 2021-03-03.
  9. AA, DAILY SABAH WITH (2021-03-01). "Construction workers discover ancient sarcophagus in NW Turkey". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2021-03-03.
  10. "Строители нашли загадочный древний саркофаг в Турции". www.mk.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-03-03.
  11. "Builders find mysterious ancient sarcophagus in Turkey - Around World journal" . Retrieved 2021-03-03.

Coordinates: 39°39′31″N31°02′13″E / 39.65861°N 31.03694°E / 39.65861; 31.03694