Eskilstuna

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Eskilstuna
Eskilstuna flygbild1js-1.jpg
Aerial photo of Eskilstuna in 2004
Sweden Sodermanland location map.svg
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Eskilstuna
Sweden location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Eskilstuna
Coordinates: 59°22′15″N16°30′35″E / 59.37083°N 16.50972°E / 59.37083; 16.50972 Coordinates: 59°22′15″N16°30′35″E / 59.37083°N 16.50972°E / 59.37083; 16.50972
Country Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Province Södermanland
County Södermanland County
Municipality Eskilstuna Municipality
Founded1659
Area
[1]
  Total31.05 km2 (11.99 sq mi)
Elevation
26 m (85 ft)
Population
 (2015) [1]
  Total67 359
  Density2,083/km2 (5,390/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
630 03 to 638 21
Area code(s) (+46) 16
Website Official website

Eskilstuna (Swedish pronunciation:  [ˈɛ̂sːkɪlsˌtʉːna] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city and the seat of Eskilstuna Municipality, Södermanland County, Sweden. The city of Eskilstuna had 67,359 inhabitants in 2015, with a total population of 100,092 inhabitants in Eskilstuna municipality (2014). [1] Eskilstuna has a large Sweden Finn population. [2] The town is located on the River Eskilstunaån, which connects Lake Hjälmaren and Lake Mälaren.

Contents

History

Klosters church of Eskilstuna Church Eskilstuna.JPG
Klosters church of Eskilstuna

Eskilstuna's history dates back to medieval times when English monk Saint Eskil made "Tuna" his base and diocese of the South coast of Lake Mälaren. Saint Eskil was stoned to death by the pagan vikings of neighbouring town Strängnäs, 30 kilometres (19 miles) east of Eskilstuna, trying to convert them to Christianity. Saint Eskil was buried in his monastery church in Tuna. Later the pagan city of Strängnäs was Christianised and was given the privilege of becoming diocese of South Lake Mälaren. Later "Eskil" was added in to the word "Tuna". However, the town of Eskilstuna did not receive municipal privileges due to its proximity to the medieval city of Torshälla. The monastery of Saint Eskil was completely destroyed by Swedish king Gustav Vasa during the Protestant Reformation and was replaced with the royal castle of Eskilstuna House. The city's first city privileges were granted in 1659, and its boundaries included Tunafors and the newly founded town of Karl Gustavs Stad ("City of Karl Gustav"), located on the west side of the river. Karl Gustavs Stad was built around the iron forges of master smith Reinhold Rademacher, encouraged by King Karl X Gustav. The first products of the forges were small arms and artillery.

Rademachersmedjorna Rademachersmedjorna.JPG
Rademachersmedjorna

Karl Gustavs Stad was a free town from 1771, where manufacturers and craftsmen were allowed to establish tax-free workshops and factories. The town was merged with the rest of Eskilstuna in 1879.

Eskilstuna river Eskilstuna river.jpg
Eskilstuna river

The city grew enormously during the Industrial Revolution and became one of the most important industrial cities of Sweden, earning the nickname "Stålstaden" ("The City of Steel"). Aside from firearms, the city also produced cutlery, scissors, keys, machine tools and precision instruments. As a tribute to the steel industry, the figure of a steel worker is included in the city's coat of arms. Eskilstuna is sometimes called The Sheffield of Sweden. Both cities at their peak were home to numerous steel production companies.

Economy

Eskilstuna remains an important industrial city with internationally known companies such as Volvo Wheel loaders, main site for the heavy construction equipment division of Volvo, Assa (locks, keys), and Stainless steel manufacturer Outokumpu, Thin Strip Nyby in Torshälla.

Mälardalen University (Mälardalens högskola), founded in cooperation with the neighboring city of Västerås, has a campus in the city. The city also has a combined zoo and amusement park - Parken Zoo.

The hospital, Mälarsjukhuset is one of the largest in the region, employing around 3000 people.

Starting in 2012 the town has been pivoting towards a green economy, including biogas-powered public transit and cogeneration plants, seven-colored recycling bins (compared to the standard Swedish five), and a recycling center with an attached second-hand mall. [3]

Climate

Eskilstuna has a climate transitioning between continental and maritime with vast seasonal differences for a Southern Swedish climate. Unlike the coastal part of the Sörmlandic region, Eskilstuna has higher diurnal temperature variation and stronger waves of either heat or cold. With regards to daytime maximum and minimum temperatures, the weather station has been operated since 1961 with a total of three breaks of 2-3 years apiece in between 1984 and 2008.

Climate data for Eskilstuna; (2002–2020 averages; extremes since 1961)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)10.5
(50.9)
12.2
(54.0)
15.6
(60.1)
26.1
(79.0)
29.0
(84.2)
31.9
(89.4)
33.9
(93.0)
35.1
(95.2)
28.1
(82.6)
21.5
(70.7)
16.9
(62.4)
11.3
(52.3)
35.1
(95.2)
Mean maximum °C (°F)6.8
(44.2)
7.3
(45.1)
13.0
(55.4)
19.4
(66.9)
24.9
(76.8)
27.5
(81.5)
29.7
(85.5)
28.4
(83.1)
22.9
(73.2)
16.1
(61.0)
11.4
(52.5)
7.4
(45.3)
30.4
(86.7)
Average high °C (°F)0.1
(32.2)
1.2
(34.2)
5.4
(41.7)
11.9
(53.4)
17.2
(63.0)
21.0
(69.8)
23.6
(74.5)
22.2
(72.0)
17.2
(63.0)
10.1
(50.2)
5.4
(41.7)
1.9
(35.4)
11.4
(52.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)−2.9
(26.8)
−2.1
(28.2)
1.1
(34.0)
6.0
(42.8)
11.1
(52.0)
15.0
(59.0)
17.6
(63.7)
16.5
(61.7)
12.2
(54.0)
6.3
(43.3)
2.8
(37.0)
−0.8
(30.6)
6.9
(44.4)
Average low °C (°F)−5.9
(21.4)
−5.4
(22.3)
−3.2
(26.2)
0.1
(32.2)
4.9
(40.8)
8.9
(48.0)
11.5
(52.7)
10.7
(51.3)
7.1
(44.8)
2.5
(36.5)
0.1
(32.2)
−3.7
(25.3)
2.3
(36.1)
Mean minimum °C (°F)−19.2
(−2.6)
−17.1
(1.2)
−13.2
(8.2)
−7.2
(19.0)
−3.0
(26.6)
2.1
(35.8)
5.4
(41.7)
3.4
(38.1)
−1.1
(30.0)
−6.0
(21.2)
−9.2
(15.4)
−15.6
(3.9)
−21.7
(−7.1)
Record low °C (°F)−29.5
(−21.1)
−32.2
(−26.0)
−23.8
(−10.8)
−11.7
(10.9)
−7.2
(19.0)
−1.7
(28.9)
2.9
(37.2)
0.7
(33.3)
−6.2
(20.8)
−11.6
(11.1)
−21.1
(−6.0)
−32.2
(−26.0)
−32.2
(−26.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)39.7
(1.56)
32.8
(1.29)
25.1
(0.99)
26.7
(1.05)
40.0
(1.57)
68.8
(2.71)
63.7
(2.51)
71.5
(2.81)
42.0
(1.65)
59.6
(2.35)
49.6
(1.95)
48.2
(1.90)
567.7
(22.34)
Source 1: SMHI Open Data [4]
Source 2: SMHI Open Data [5]

Demography

Demographics
180018501900195020002010 [6]
Inhabitants [7] 1 3413 96113 66353 36388 40496 311

As of December 31, 2019 Eskilstuna has a population of 106 859 people, making it the 15th largest city in Sweden. [8]

Sport

The successful handball club Eskilstuna Guif remains in the top division. They have reached the Swedish Championship final four times (1997, 2001, 2009 and 2011), but lost on each occasion. Eskilstuna is also home to EFK (Eskilstuna Flygklubb), Sweden's largest glider Flying Club which hosted the World Gliding Championships in 2006.

Since 2017, Eskilstuna has a football team in the highest tier Allsvenskan, named AFC Eskilstuna, who changed both the team name and location from Solna after qualifying for the top league after the 2016 season, making them the first team in the Swedish top leagues of football changing hometown. The women's football team, Eskilstuna United DFF, has played in the highest tier since 2014, and finished as runner up in the 2015 season, making them qualify for the 2016–17 UEFA Women's Champions League.

The speedway team in Eskilstuna, Smederna, competes in the highest speedway league in Sweden, Elitserien and race its home matches at Smedstadion outside Eskilstuna.

In eSports, Eskilstuna is home to CS:GO player Maikelele.

The stadium Tunavallen was a venue for the 1958 FIFA World Cup, hosting one match between Paraguay and Yugoslavia. It has also been used for several practice games for the Swedish National Youth Teams. Sports clubs using Tunavallen include AFC Eskilstuna, Eskilstuna United DFF, Eskilstuna City FK and IFK Eskilstuna. Eskilstuna Södra FF are based at Skogsängens IP and BK Sport is based at Ekängen.

Transport

Eskilstuna is served by the Svealandsbanan railway line between Stockholm and Hallsberg. European route E20 passes the city. The city has an airport, 13 km (8 mi) east of the centre.

European Cooperation

Eskilstuna is a member city of Eurotowns network. [9]

Other notable natives

Joachim Berg

See also

Related Research Articles

Eskilstuna Municipality Municipality in Södermanland County, Sweden

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Mälaren Valley

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Torshälla Place in Södermanland, Sweden

Torshälla is a locality situated in Eskilstuna Municipality, Södermanland County, Sweden with 7,612 inhabitants in 2010. It is mainly known for steel manufacturing, centered on the Nyby Bruk steel mill, and also for its historic old town centre.

Diocese of Strängnäs

The Diocese of Strängnäs is a part of the Lutheran Church of Sweden and has its seat in Strängnäs Cathedral in Strängnäs, south of Lake Mälaren. The diocese is made up of the two provinces Närke and Södermanland.

Eskilstunaån

Eskilstunaån is a small river in Sweden, length 32 km, running through the city of Eskilstuna and the town of Torshälla in Södermanland County. The river drains Lake Hjälmaren into Lake Mälaren. It is by local custom alternatively referred to as Torshällaån in its lower course from Torshälla to Lake Mälaren.

Saint Eskil

Saint Eskil was an Anglo-Saxon monk particularly venerated during the end of the 11th century in the province of Södermanland, Sweden. He was the founder of the first diocese of the lands surrounding Lake Mälaren, today the Diocese of Strängnäs. He is the patron saint of Södermanland and the Diocese of Strängnäs.

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Södermanlands Fotbollförbund

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Torshälla Church Church in Torshälla, Sweden

Torshälla Church is a medieval church building in Torshälla, Sweden, in the Church of Sweden Diocese of Strängnäs. It serves as the Lutheran town parish church of Torshälla parish and is located at the Rådhustorget market square.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-01-10. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-12-19. Retrieved 2010-01-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. Kalia, Ammar (2019-06-18). "Eskilstuna: how a Swedish town became the world capital of recycling". The Guardian. Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  4. "SMHI Open Data" (in Swedish). Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute.
  5. "Ladda ner meteorologiska observationer | SMHI" (in Swedish). SMHI. 24 March 2021.
  6. "Befolkning - Eskilstuna kommun". www.eskilstuna.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2020-03-11.
  7. Johannesson, Gösta (1978). Från köpstad till storkommun. Stockholm: Natur & kultur. p. 141.
  8. "Folkmängd, topp 50". Statistiska Centralbyrån (in Swedish). Retrieved 2020-03-10.
  9. "Eurotowns".
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