|Subprefectures|| Étampes |
|• President of the Departmental Council||François Durovray (LR)|
|• Total||1,804 km2 (697 sq mi)|
|• Density||720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
Essonne (French pronunciation: [ɛsɔn] ( listen )) is a department of France in the northern Île-de-France region. It is named after the river Essonne. In 2019, it had a population of 1,301,659 across 194 communes.
Essonne was formed on 1 January 1968 when Seine-et-Oise was split into smaller departments. Its prefecture is Évry-Courcouronnes. Its INSEE and postcode number is 91.
The Essonne department was created on 1 January 1968,[ why? ] from the southern portion of the former department of Seine-et-Oise.
In June 1963, Carrefour S.A. opened the first hypermarket in the Paris region at Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois (although the word "hypermarché" was first used only in 1966). Based on the ideas put forward by the American logistics pioneer Bernardo Trujillo, 2,500 m2 (26,909.78 sq ft) site a hitherto unknown combination of wide choice and low prices, supported by 400 car parking spaces.the centre offered on a single
In 1969, the communes of Châteaufort and Toussus-le-Noble were separated from Essonne and added to the department of Yvelines.
Essonne belongs to the region of Île-de-France.
It has borders with the departments of:
All of northern Essonne department belongs to the Parisian agglomeration and is very urbanized. The south remains rural.
The most populous commune is Évry-Courcouronnes, the prefecture. As of 2019, the 5 most populous communes are:
In descending order, the other communes over 25,000 population are: Athis-Mons, Palaiseau, Vigneux-sur-Seine, Viry-Châtillon, Ris-Orangis, Yerres, Draveil, Grigny, Brétigny-sur-Orge, Étampes, Brunoy and Les Ulis.Milly-la-Forêt is a notable example of its more rural communes.
The department's most high-profile political representative has been Manuel Valls, Prime Minister of France from 31 March 2014 to 6 December 2016. He visited its main town Évry to deliver remarks following the Charlie Hebdo massacre of January 2015. The president of the Departmental Council is François Durovray, elected in 2015.
|Election||Winning Candidate||Party||%||2nd Place Candidate||Party||%|
|2022||Emmanuel Macron||LREM||65.43||Marine Le Pen||FN||34.57|
|2017||Emmanuel Macron||LREM||72.18||Marine Le Pen||FN||27.82|
|2012||François Hollande||PS||53.43||Nicolas Sarkozy||UMP||46.57|
|2007||Nicolas Sarkozy||UMP||52.08||Ségolène Royal||PS||47.92|
|2002||Jacques Chirac||RPR||84.96||Jean-Marie Le Pen||FN||15.04|
|1995||Jacques Chirac||RPR||53.30||Lionel Jospin||PS||15.04|
|Essonne's 1st constituency||Francis Chouat||La République En Marche!|
|Essonne's 2nd constituency||Franck Marlin||The Republicans|
|Essonne's 3rd constituency||Laëtitia Romeiro Dias||La République En Marche!|
|Essonne's 4th constituency||Marie-Pierre Rixain||La République En Marche!|
|Essonne's 5th constituency||Cédric Villani||Ecology Democracy Solidarity|
|Essonne's 6th constituency||Amélie de Montchalin||La République En Marche!|
|Essonne's 7th constituency||Robin Reda||The Republicans|
|Essonne's 8th constituency||Nicolas Dupont-Aignan||Debout la France|
|Essonne's 9th constituency||Marie Guévenoux||La République En Marche!|
|Essonne's 10th constituency||Pierre-Alain Raphan||La République En Marche!|
Population development since 1876:
|Born in metropolitan France||Born outside metropolitan France|
|Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1||EU-15 immigrants2||Non-EU-15 immigrants|
|1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.|
2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.
Essonne is twinned with:
Hauts-de-Seine is a department in the Île-de-France region, Northern France. It covers Paris's western inner suburbs. It is bordered by Paris, Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne to the east, Val-d'Oise to the north, Yvelines to the west and Essonne to the south. With a population of 1,624,357 and a total area of 176 square kilometres, it is the second most highly densely populated department of France after Paris. It is the fifth most populous department in France. Its prefecture is Nanterre although Boulogne-Billancourt, one of its two subprefectures alongside Antony, has a larger population.
Marne is a department in the Grand Est region of France. It is named after the river Marne which flows through it. The prefecture (capital) of Marne is Châlons-en-Champagne. The subprefectures are Épernay, Reims, and Vitry-le-François. It had a population of 566,855 in 2019.
Haute-Marne is a department in the Grand Est region of Northeastern France. Named after the river Marne, its prefecture is Chaumont. In 2019, it had a population of 172,512.
Yvelines is a department in the western part of the Île-de-France region in Northern France. In 2019, it had a population of 1,448,207. Its prefecture is Versailles, home to the Palace of Versailles, the principal residence of the King of France from 1682 until 1789, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979. Yvelines' subprefectures are Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Mantes-la-Jolie and Rambouillet.
Eure is a department in Normandy in Northwestern France, named after the river Eure. Its prefecture is Évreux. In 2019, Eure had a population of 599,507.
Meurthe-et-Moselle is a department in the Grand Est region of France, named after the rivers Meurthe and Moselle. It had a population of 733,760 in 2019.
Sarthe is a department of the French region of Pays de la Loire, and the province of Maine, situated in the Grand-Ouest of the country. It is named after the river Sarthe, which flows from east of Le Mans to just north of Angers. It had a population of 566,412 in 2019.
Seine-et-Marne is a department in the Île-de-France region in Northern France. Named after the rivers Seine and Marne, it is the region's largest department with an area of 5,915 square kilometres ; it roughly covers its eastern half. In 2019, it had a population of 1,421,197. Its prefecture is Melun, although both Meaux and Chelles have larger populations.
Seine-Saint-Denis is a department of France located in the Grand Paris metropolis in the Île-de-France region. In French, it is often referred to colloquially as quatre-vingt treize or neuf trois, after its official administrative number, 93. Its prefecture is Bobigny.
Val-de-Marne is a department of France located in the Île-de-France region. Named after the river Marne, it is situated in the Grand Paris metropolis to the southeast of the City of Paris. In 2019, Val-de-Marne had a population of 1,407,124.
Val-d'Oise is a department in the Île-de-France region, Northern France. It was created in 1968 following the split of the Seine-et-Oise department. In 2019, Val-d'Oise had a population of 1,249,674.
Évry is a former commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France, prefecture of the department of Essonne. On 1 January 2019, it was merged into the new commune Évry-Courcouronnes.
Boutigny-sur-Essonne is a commune in the Essonne department in Île-de-France in northern France.
Palaiseau is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 16.9 km (10.5 mi) from the centre of Paris. Palaiseau is a sub-prefecture of the Essonne department and the seat of the Arrondissement of Palaiseau.
The 3 arrondissements of the Essonne department are:
The arrondissement of Évry is an arrondissement of France in the Essonne department in the Île-de-France region. It has 51 communes. Its population is 536,258 (2016), and its area is 469.0 km2 (181.1 sq mi).
The arrondissement of Palaiseau is an arrondissement of France in the Essonne department in the Île-de-France region. It has 68 communes. Its population is 620,608 (2016), and its area is 484.0 km2 (186.9 sq mi).
The following is a list of the 21 cantons of the Essonne department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:
Ballancourt-sur-Essonne is a commune in the Essonne department in Île-de-France in northern France. Inhabitants of Ballancourt-sur-Essonne are known as Ballancourtois.
Bouray-sur-Juine is a commune in the Essonne department in Île-de-France in northern France.