Estrella Zeledón Lizanolp
|First Lady of Costa Rica|
May 8, 1978 –May 8, 1982
|President||Rodrigo Carazo Odio|
|Preceded by||Marjorie Elliott Sypher|
|Succeeded by||Doris Yankelewitz Berger|
|Born||April 21, 1929|
San José, Costa Rica
|Died||April 10, 2019 89) (aged|
San José, Costa Rica
|Spouse(s)||Rodrigo Carazo Odio (m. 1947–2009; his death)|
|Children||5, including Rodrigo Alberto Carazo Zeledón|
Estrella Zeledón Lizano (April 21, 1929 – April 10, 2019)was a Costa Rican public figure who served as the First Lady of Costa Rica from 1978 to 1982 during the presidency of her husband, Rodrigo Carazo Odio. She also served on the Executive Council of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) from 1981 until 1985.
Rodrigo José Ramón Francisco de Jesús Carazo Odio served as President of Costa Rica from 8 May 1978 to 8 May 1982.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris. Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter. It is the successor of the League of Nations' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation.
Zeledón, the daughter of Jorge Zeledón Venegas and María Lizano Matamoros, was born in San José, Costa Rica, on April 21, 1929. She was the granddaughter of Saturnino Lizano Gutiérrez, who was briefly President of Costa Rica in 1882.She attended the Colegio Nuestra Señora de Sion in San José.
San José is the capital and largest city of Costa Rica. Located in the mid-west of the Central Valley, San José is the seat of national government, the focal point of political and economic activity, and the major transportation hub of this Central American nation. The population of San José Canton was 288,054 in 2011, and San José’s municipal land area measures 44.2 square kilometers, and an estimated 333,980 residents in 2015. The metropolitan area stretches beyond the canton limits and has an estimated population of over 2 million in 2017. The city is named in honor of Joseph of Nazareth.
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The President of Costa Rica is the head of state and head of government of Costa Rica. The President is currently elected in direct elections for a period of four years, which is not immediately renewable. Two Vice presidents are elected in the same ticket with the president. The president appoints the Council of Ministers. Due to the abolition of the military of Costa Rica in 1948, the president is not a Commander-in-chief, unlike the norm in most other countries, although the Constitution does describe him as commander in chief of the civil defense public forces.
Zeledón married Rodrigo Carazo Odio at a ceremony in San José on April 16, 1947. The couple had five children: Rodrigo Alberto Carazo Zeledón, Mario Ernesto, Álvaro, Rolando Martin, and Jorge Manuel. Rolando died in a car accident in 1979 at the age of 26.Former President Rodrigo Carazo died in December 2009.
Rodrigo Alberto Carazo Zeledón is a Costa Rican politician, economist, lawyer and political scientist, first Ombudsman of the Republic of Costa Rica, and a former delegate to the Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica who seved in that capacity during the Pacheco administration. He was president of the Partido Acción Ciudadana.
Estrella Zeledón Lizano died on April 10, 2019, 11 days before her 90th birthday. She was survived by four of her five children.
Aniceto del Carmen Esquivel Sáenz was President of Costa Rica for a brief period of three months in 1876 before being deposed in a coup d'état.
José Bruno Carranza Ramírez was briefly President of Costa Rica in 1870. Bruno Carranza came to power in the coup d'état of 27 April 1870 that deposed President Jesús Jiménez. He resigned three months later.
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The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the Republic of Costa Rica.
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Zeledón or Zeledon may refer to:
General elections were held in Costa Rica on 5 February 1978. Rodrigo Carazo Odio of the Unity Coalition won the presidential election, whilst his party also won the parliamentary election. Voter turnout was 81%.
Yolanda Oreamuno Unger was a Costa Rican writer. Her most acclaimed novel is La Ruta de su Evasión (1948). Her 40 years of life were markedly divided into two phases: the first 20 years, filled with youth, beauty and happiness, contrasted sharply with the following years of tragedy, loneliness and sickness.
Juan Carlos Mendoza García is a Costa Rican politician and the country's current Ambassador to the United Nations. He was a deputy with the Citizens' Action Party during the 2010 to 2014 and served as President of the Legislative Assembly from 2011 to 2012.
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Doris Yankelewitz Berger was a Costa Rican artist, politician, political activist, and member of the National Liberation Party (PLN). She served as the First Lady of Costa Rica from 1982 to 1986 during the presidency of her then-husband, President Luis Alberto Monge. She was the nation's first Jewish First Lady.
María Teresa Obregón Zamora (1888-1956) was a teacher, suffragist and politician in Costa Rica. She was part of the group that formed the Asociación Nacional de Educadores (ANDE) and fought for women's enfranchisement. After winning the vote, she helped found the National Liberation Party of Costa Rica and was one of the first three women elected as a Deputy of the Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica. In 2002, Obregón was honored as one of the inaugural group of women inducted into La Galería de las Mujeres de Costa Rica.
The Ministry of the Presidency is a ministry of the Republic of Costa Rica created on 24 December 1961 through Law 2980. Its work prescribed by law consists in providing support to the President of the Republic, serving as a liaison between the Presidency and the other branches of government, civil society and the various ministries.
Liberalism in Costa Rica is a political philosophy with a long and complex history. Liberals were the hegemonic political group for most of Costa Rica’s history specially during the periods of the Free State and the First Republic, however, as the liberal model exhausted itself and new more left-wing reformist movements clashed during the Costa Rican Civil War liberalism was relegated to a secondary role after the Second Costa Rican Republic with the development of Costa Rica’s Welfare State and its two-party system controlled by social-democratic and Christian democratic parties.
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