Ethel Lackie

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Ethel Lackie

Ethel Lackie 1929.jpg

Ethel Lackie in 1929
Personal information
Full name Ethel Minnie Lackie
National teamFlag of the United States.svg  United States
Born(1907-02-10)February 10, 1907
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Died December 15, 1979(1979-12-15) (aged 72)
Newbury Park, California, U.S.
Height 5 ft 4 in (1.63 m)
Sport
Sport Swimming
Strokes Freestyle
Club Illinois Athletic Club

Ethel Minnie Lackie (February 10, 1907 – December 15, 1979), also known by her married name Ethel Watkins, was an American competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and world record-holder.

Swimming (sport) water-based sport

Swimming is an individual or team sport that requires the use of one's entire body to move through water. The sport takes place in pools or open water. Competitive swimming is one of the most popular Olympic sports, with varied distance events in butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle, and individual medley. In addition to these individual events, four swimmers can take part in either a freestyle or medley relay. A medley relay consists of four swimmers who will each swim a different stroke. The order for a medley relay is: backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, and freestyle. Swimming each stroke requires a set of specific techniques; in competition, there are distinct regulations concerning the acceptable form for each individual stroke. There are also regulations on what types of swimsuits, caps, jewelry and injury tape that are allowed at competitions. Although it is possible for competitive swimmers to incur several injuries from the sport, such as tendinitis in the shoulders or knees, there are also multiple health benefits associated with the sport.

Lackie represented the United States at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. [1] Individually, she won a gold medal in the women's 100-meter freestyle, finishing with a time of 1:12.4, and leading an American medal sweep of the event. [1] [2] She also won a second gold medal as a member of the first-place U.S. team in the women's 4×100-meter freestyle relay, together with American teammates Euphrasia Donnelly, Gertrude Ederle and Mariechen Wehselau. [1] [3] The U.S. relay team set a new world record of 4:58.8 in the event final. [1] In 1969 she was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame. [4]

1924 Summer Olympics games of the VIII Olympiad, celebrated in Paris, France in 1924

The 1924 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the VIII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1924 in Paris, France.

The women's 100 metre freestyle was a swimming event held as part of the swimming at the 1924 Summer Olympics programme. It was the third appearance of the event, which was established in 1912. The competition was held on Saturday July 19, 1924, and on Sunday July 20, 1924.

The women's 4×100 metre freestyle relay was a swimming event held as part of the swimming at the 1924 Summer Olympics programme. It was the third appearance of the event, which had been established in 1912. The competition was held on Friday 18 July 1924.

She was born in Chicago, Illinois and attended high school at University High in the Hyde Park community of Chicago. After retiring from competitions she married Bill Watkins, a rower from the Santa Monica area. She died in Newbury Park, California. [1]

Newbury Park, California Populated place in California, United States of America

Newbury Park is a town located mostly within the western Thousand Oaks city limits in Ventura County, California, United States. It makes up all of ZIP code 91320, and is within area code 805. Lying within the Conejo Valley in the northwestern part of the Greater Los Angeles Area, Newbury Park abuts the Santa Monica Mountains. It is approximately 35 miles (56 km) from Downtown Los Angeles and less than 7 mi (11 km) from the Los Angeles County border in Westlake Village. The closest coastal city is Malibu, 22 mi (35 km) from Newbury Park, which may be reached through winding roads or hiking trails crossing the Santa Monica Mountains. About 28,000 of Thousand Oaks' 110,000 residents reside in Newbury Park. Newbury Park makes up around 40 percent of Thousand Oaks' total land area.

See also

World record progression 100 metres freestyle Wikimedia list article

The first world record in the men's 100 metres freestyle in long course (50 metres) swimming was recognised by the International Swimming Federation (FINA) in 1905. In the short course (25 metres) swimming events the world's governing body recognizes world records since 3 March 1991.

This article includes the world record progression for the 4×100 metres freestyle relay, and it shows the chronological history of world record times in that competitive swimming event. The 4×100 metres freestyle relay is a relay event in which each of four swimmers on a team swims a 100-metre freestyle leg in sequence. The world records are recognized by and maintained by FINA, the international competitive swimming and aquatics federation that overseas the sport in international competition.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Sports-Reference.com, Olympic Sports, Athletes, Ethel Lackie. Retrieved November 22, 2012.
  2. Sports-Reference.com, Olympic Sports, Swimming at the 1924 Paris Summer Games, Women's 100 metres Freestyle Final. Retrieved November 22, 2012.
  3. Sports-Reference.com, Olympic Sports, United States Swimming at the 1924 Paris Summer Games. Retrieved November 22, 2012.
  4. Ethel Lackie (USA) – Honor Swimmer profile at International Swimming Hall of Fame


Records
Preceded by
Mariechen Wehselau
Women's 100-meter freestyle
world record-holder (long course)

January 28, 1926 – August 7, 1929
Succeeded by
Eleanor Garatti