Baýat-Hajy (Russian: Bayat-Khadzhi)
|Elevation||29 m (95 ft)|
Etrek (formerly Gyzyletrek, Bayat-Khadzhi Russian : Баят-Хаджи, Kyzyl-Atrek) is a city and administrative center of Etrek District in Balkan Province, Turkmenistan. It is located on the Atrek River (Turkmen : Etrek derýasy) bordering on Iran. The name means "Red Atrek" and may be a reference to the silt load that the Atrek River carries at that point, though it may also be a reference to the color red associated with Soviet Communist authority. The city's and district's name was changed to Etrek in December 1999 by Parliamentary Resolution HM-63.
Nearby towns and villages include Agach-Arvat (4.8 km), Torshakli, Iran (6.3 km), Yasydepe (15.6 km), and Yarymtyk (19.4 km). There is no air service to Etrek, although there is an airport, Kizyl Atrek Airport, just to the south.
Etrek is the site of a barracks of the State Border Service of Turkmenistan, and is the location of a satellite office of the State Migration Service.The city and its district are included in the list of frontier areas of Turkmenistan subject to border service control.
Etrek has a desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWk), with cool winters and hot summers. Rainfall is generally light and erratic, and is heavier in winter than in summer.
|Climate data for Gyzyletrek|
|Average high °C (°F)||11.2|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||5.4|
|Average low °C (°F)||1.0|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||23|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||7||6||7||5||4||1||1||1||2||4||5||6||49|
|Average relative humidity (%)||76||73||71||66||60||56||60||61||60||60||70||77||66|
|Source: NOAA (1961-1990)|
Turkmenistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea to the west, Iran and Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the north-east, and Kazakhstan to the north-west. It is the southernmost republic of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the loose federation created at the end of 1991 by most of the Post-Soviet states.
The economy of Turkmenistan continues to recover from the 2014 downturn in hydrocarbon prices, but remains "in the grip of its worst economic crisis since the immediate postindependence period, driven in part by low gas prices, the suspension of gas exports to Russia between 2016 and 2019...and poor harvests." President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow at a session of the Cabinet of Ministers on March 11, 2021, called the rate of GDP growth unsatisfactory. When discussing the 2021 government budget, he noted that 2021 would be "as difficult" a year as 2020 had been. According to the 2020 Investment Climate Statement of the U.S. Department of State,
Turkmenistan’s economy depends heavily on the production and export of natural gas, oil, petrochemicals and, to a lesser degree, cotton, wheat, and textiles. The economy is still recovering from a deep recession that followed the late 2014 collapse in global energy prices. The current investment climate is considered high risk for U.S. foreign direct investment.
Transport in Turkmenistan includes roadways, railways, airways, seaways, and waterways, as well as oil-, gas-, and water pipelines. Road-, rail-, and waterway transport fall under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Industry and Communications.
Ahal Region is one of the regions of Turkmenistan. It is in the south-center of the country, bordering Iran and Afghanistan along the Kopet Dag Range. Its area is 97,160 km2 (37,510 sq mi) and population 939,700.
Balkan Region is one of the five approximately equal regions of Turkmenistan. It is that in the far west of the country. Clockwise from north it borders Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan (north); two regions of Turkmenistan (east), Iran (south) and the Caspian Sea (west). Its capital is Balkanabat, formerly known as Nebit Dag. The territory of the region is identical to the territory of the former region of Krasnovodsk Oblast, a Soviet-era Oblast of the Turkmen S.S.R.. This oblast was liquidated and restored many times in the mid to late 19 hundreds and in 1988 it was abolished for good. However, the administrative boundaries of the region were restored in 1991 when Balkan Region was established.
Lebap Region is one of the regions of Turkmenistan. It is in the northeast of the country, bordering Afghanistan, Uzbekistan along the Amu Darya. Its capital is Türkmenabat. It has an area of 93,730 square kilometers, and a population of 1,334,500 people.
Türkmenbaşy, formerly known as Krasnovodsk, Kyzyl-Su, and Shagadam is a city in Balkan Province in Turkmenistan, on the Krasnovodsk Gulf of the Caspian Sea. It sits at an elevation of 27 metres. The population was 86,800, mostly ethnic Russians, Armenians and Azeris. As the terminus of the Trans-Caspian Railway and site of a major seaport on the Caspian, it is an important transportation center. The city is also the site of Turkmenistan's largest oil refining complex.
Türkmenabat, formerly and since medieval times, Chardzhou and in ancient times Āmul, is the second-largest city in Turkmenistan and the capital of Lebap Province. As of 2009, it had a population of approximately 254,000 people.
Serhetabat is a small town in the Mary Province in Turkmenistan, in the valley of the Kushka River. The population is 5,200 (1991). It is immediately opposite to Torghundi in Afghanistan, with which it is connected by a road and a 1,520 mm gauge railway.
The Atrek, also known as the Attruck, Atrak, and Etrek, is a fast-moving river which begins in the mountains of north-eastern Iran, and flows 563 kilometres (350 mi) westward draining into the south-eastern corner of the Caspian Sea in Turkmenistan. Because of the high use of its waters for irrigation, it only flows into the Caspian when it is in flood stage.
The districts of Turkmenistan are territorial entities below the regions of Turkmenistan. They may be either counties or cities. By Turkmen law, "...such cities must have population over 30,000 and be the administrative center of a province (welaýat); headed by a presidentially appointed häkim." Though this officially limits the number of such cities to five, in reality other cities are periodically accorded the status of a district. As of 5 January 2018, 34 cities in Turkmenistan enjoyed the status of districts, including the five provincial (welaýat) centers. One city, the capital city of Ashgabat, enjoys the status of a province.
Sarahs is an oasis town in Ahal Province of Turkmenistan and the administrative center of Sarahs district. It is located at latitude 36°31' North; longitude 61°12' East and an elevation of 285m above sea level. It is one of the oases of the ancient Silk Road lying between Merv to the east and Mashhad to the west. In 1989 the city had a population of 9,585.
Etrek may refer to:
Bereket, formerly Gazandjyk or Kazandzhik, is a city in Balkan Province in western Turkmenistan. Bereket is the administrative centre of the Bereket District.
The list of Turkmenistan-related articles is below
The Iran-Turkmenistan border is 1,148km in length and runs from the Caspian Sea to the tripoint with Afghanistan. The Turkmen capital Ashgabat is only 15 miles north of this boundary, and Mashhad is 47 miles south of it.
The State Border Service (SBS) also commonly known by its paramilitary force as the Turkmen Border Troops is a border guard agency of the Armed Forces of Turkmenistan. It is currently a public service department of the government of the country and is under the command of the Ministry for National Security of Turkmenistan.
Turkmen State Border Service Institute is an educational institution that specializes in the training of personnel of the State Border Service of Turkmenistan and the Turkmen Border Troops. The institute is one of many Turkmen military academies based in Ashgabat.