Ettela'at

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Ettela'at Newspaper
Ettelaat.svg
Newspaper's Logo
TypeDaily
FormatPrint, online
Owner(s)Iran Chap Organisation
Founder(s)Abbas Masoudi
PublisherIran Chap Organisation
EditorMohmoud Doai
Founded10 July 1926;93 years ago (1926-07-10)
Political alignmentConservative
Headquarters Tehran, Iran
Website www.ettelaat.com

Ettela'at (Persian : اطلاعات lit. Information) is a Persian language daily newspaper published in Iran. It is among the oldest publications in the country, and the oldest running Persian daily newspaper in the world. [1] The paper has a conservative stance [2] and focuses on political, cultural, social and economic news. [3]

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is a Western Iranian language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian subdivision of the Indo-European languages. It is a pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian and Tajiki Persian. It is also spoken natively in the Tajik variety by a significant population within Uzbekistan, as well as within other regions with a Persianate history in the cultural sphere of Greater Iran. It is written officially within Iran and Afghanistan in the Persian alphabet, a derivation of the Arabic script, and within Tajikistan in the Tajik alphabet, a derivation of Cyrillic.

Newspaper Scheduled publication containing news of events, articles, features, editorials, and advertising

A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background.

Iran A country in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With 82 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Its territory spans 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), making it the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. Its central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the political and economic center of Iran, and the largest and most populous city in Western Asia with more than 8.8 million residents in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area.

Contents

Ettela'at Paper news Khamenei was voted as Iran president - 1981 Paper news Khamenei was voted as Iran president.jpg
Ettela'at Paper news Khamenei was voted as Iran president - 1981

History and profile

Ettala'at was started in 1926. [4] The circulation of the paper was 15,000 copies during the reign of Reza Shah. [4]

Reza Shah Shah of Iran, Founder of the Imperial state of iran

Reza Shah Pahlavi, commonly known as Reza Shah, was the Shah of Iran from 15 December 1925 until he was forced to abdicate by the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran on 16 September 1941.

First page of Ettela'at news paper on Iranian Islamic Republic Day SfHh' nkhst rwznmh' Tl`t 12 frwrdyn 1358.jpg
First page of Ettela'at news paper on Iranian Islamic Republic Day

On 6 January 1978 an article appeared in Ettela'at suggesting Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini was a British agent serving colonialism. [5] The next day, clerics in Qom protested and the police demanded they disperse. When they refused, police opened fire and at least twenty people were killed. Iranian media displayed outrage, which increased tensions leading up to the 1979 Iranian Revolution. [5]

"Iran and Red and Black Colonization" was the title of an article written by Ahmad Rashidi Motlagh published in Ettela'at newspaper on 7 January 1978. The article was used to attack Ruhollah Khomeini, described as an Indian Sayyed, who later founded the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Ayatollah high-ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics

Ayatollah or ayatullah is a high-ranking Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah cleric. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, Quran reading, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hujjat al-Islam.

Ruhollah Khomeini 20th-century Iranian religious leader and politician, founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Sayyid Ruhollah Mūsavi Khomeini, also known in the Western world as Ayatollah Khomeini, was an Iranian politician and cleric. He was the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution, which saw the overthrow of the last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and the end of the 2,500 year old Persian monarchy. Following the revolution, Khomeini became the country's Supreme Leader, a position created in the constitution of the Islamic Republic as the highest-ranking political and religious authority of the nation, which he held until his death. He was succeeded by Ali Khamenei on 4 June 1989.

On 31 January 1979, Kayhan and Ettela'at papers announced that Khomeini would return from Paris the other day. Ettela'at's title was "tomorrow morning at 9, visiting Imam in Tehran." The news led to the flow of millions of people from different cities to Tehran. [6] In 1979, the newspaper published Firing Squad in Iran , a photo showing Kurdish militants being executed by Iranian authorities. The photo would later go on to win the 1980 Pulitzer Prize, attributed to "Anonymous," but later was revealed in 2006 to be photographer Jahangir Razmi.

<i>Kayhan</i> newspaper

Kayhan is a newspaper in Iran. It is considered "the most conservative Iranian newspaper."

The following are the Pulitzer Prizes for 1980.

Jahangir Razmi Pulitzer Prize-winning Iranian photographer

Jahangir Razmi is an award-winning Iranian photographer and the author of the entry that won the 1980 Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Photography. His photograph, Firing Squad in Iran, was taken on August 27, 1979 and published anonymously in the Iranian daily Ettela'at, the oldest still running newspaper in Iran. Days later, it appeared on the front pages of numerous newspapers around the world. The photograph was the only anonymous winner of a Pulitzer Prize in the 90-year history of the award, as the identity of Razmi as the photographer was not revealed until 2006.

See also

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References

  1. Parvin 1998, pp. 58-62.
  2. Arash Karami (15 March 2014). "Iran's Fourth Estate". Asharq Al Awsat. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  3. Abdolrasoul Jowkar; Fereshteh Didegah (2010). "Evaluating Iranian newspapers' web sites using correspondence analysis". Library Hi Tech. 28 (1): 119–130. doi:10.1108/07378831011026733 . Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  4. 1 2 Mushira Eid (1 January 2002). The World of Obituaries: Gender across Cultures and over Time. Wayne State University Press. p. 52. ISBN   0-8143-3655-8 . Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  5. 1 2 Sandra Mackey (1996) The Iranians: Persia, Islam and the Soul of a Nation . Plum Penguin Group. New York, NY. p.278 ISBN   0-452-27563-6
  6. "11 Bahman 1357, tomorrow morning at 9, visiting Imam in Tehran".

Sources