Eugène Fiset

Last updated
Sir Marie-Joseph-Eugène Fiset

Eugene Fiset.png
18th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
In office
December 30, 1939 October 3, 1950
Monarch George VI
Governor General The Lord Tweedsmuir
The Earl of Athlone
The Viscount Alexander of Tunis
Premier Adélard Godbout
Maurice Duplessis
Preceded by Ésioff-Léon Patenaude
Succeeded by Gaspard Fauteux
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Rimouski
In office
September 2, 1924 December 30, 1939
Preceded by Joseph-Émile-Stanislas-Émmanuel D'Anjou
Succeeded by Joseph-Émile-Stanislas-Émmanuel D'Anjou
Personal details
Born(1874-03-15)March 15, 1874
Rimouski, Quebec
DiedJune 8, 1951(1951-06-08) (aged 77)
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s)Zoé-Mary Stella Taschereau, daughter of Thomas Linière Taschereau
Relations Jean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset, father
Alma mater Laval University
Occupationphysician, military officer

Major-General Sir Marie-Joseph-Eugène Fiset KCMG DSO ED (March 15, 1874 June 8, 1951) was a Canadian physician, military officer, Deputy Minister of Militia and Defence, Member of Parliament, the 18th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, and the 3rd Canadian Surgeon General.

Major general, is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines. The rank was also briefly used by the Royal Air Force for a year and a half, from its creation to August 1919. In the British Army, a major general is the customary rank for the appointment of division commander. In the Royal Marines, the rank of major general is held by the Commandant General.

Distinguished Service Order UK military decoration

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. Since 1993 all ranks have been eligible.

Efficiency Decoration

The Efficiency Decoration, post-nominal letters TD for recipients serving in the Territorial Army of the United Kingdom or ED for those serving in the Auxiliary Military Forces, was instituted in 1930 for award to part-time officers after twenty years of service as an efficient and thoroughly capable officer. The decoration superseded the Volunteer Officers' Decoration, the Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers' Decoration and the Territorial Decoration.


Born in Rimouski, Quebec, the son of Jean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset and Aimee Plamondon, Fiset was educated at Rimouski College and received a Bachelor of Arts degree and M.D. from Laval University. [1] He joined the 89th Regiment at the age of 16. His military career continued during his studies, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant while a student. In 1899 he succeeded his father as surgeon to the 89th Regiment but, a few months later, joined the Second (Special Service) Battalion of The Royal Canadian Regiment with the rank of major and saw service in the South African War. [2]

Rimouski City in Quebec, Canada

Rimouski (/ˌrɪmu'ski/) is a city in Quebec, Canada. Rimouski is located in the Bas-Saint-Laurent region, at the mouth of the Rimouski River. It has a population of 46,860. Rimouski is the site of Université du Québec à Rimouski, the Cégep de Rimouski and the Music Conservatory. It is also the home of some ocean sciences research centres.

Quebec Province of Canada

Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the US states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is historically and politically considered to be part of Central Canada.

Jean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset Canadian politician

Jean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset was a Canadian physician and parliamentarian.

With the end of his tour of duty in 1900, Fiset interned at the Nose and Throat Hospital in London and L'Hôpital Saint-Antoine in Paris. [2]

After a year he returned to Rimouski before becoming an adjutant in the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps. In 1902 he was part of the Canadian Coronation Contingent for King Edward VII's coronation and traveled to England as the Surgeon-Lieutenant of The Royal Canadian Regiment. In 1903 he was promoted to the rank of colonel and became Director-General of the service. [2]

Adjutant military rank

Adjutant is a military appointment given to an officer who assists the commanding officer with unit administration, mostly the management of human resources in army unit. The term adjudant is used in French-speaking armed forces as a non-commissioned officer rank similar to a staff sergeant or warrant officer but is not equivalent to the role or appointment of an adjutant.

Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps

The Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps (RCAMC) was an administrative corps of the Canadian Army.

Fiset was promoted to the rank of Surgeon General (Major General) at the beginning of World War I. [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] He was knighted for his service in the war while the French government named him a Commandeur of the Legion of Honour. [2]

World War I 1914–1918 global war starting in Europe

World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the resulting 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.

Commander is a common naval and air force officer rank. Commander is also used as a rank or title in other formal organisations, including several police forces.

The Legion of Honour is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoleon Bonaparte and retained by all later French governments and régimes.

He retired in 1923 and began a political career sitting in the House of Commons of Canada as the Liberal MP for Rimouski from 1924 until 1939. [2] He served as Deputy Minister of Militia and Defence.

House of Commons of Canada Lower house of the Canadian Parliament

The House of Commons of Canada is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign and the Senate. The House of Commons currently meets in a temporary Commons chamber in the West Block of the parliament buildings on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, while the Centre Block, which houses the traditional Commons chamber, undergoes a ten-year renovation.

Liberal Party of Canada oldest federal political party in Canada

The Liberal Party of Canada is the oldest and longest-serving political party in Canada. The party has dominated federal politics for much of Canada's history, holding power for almost 69 years in the 20th century—more than any other party in a developed country—and as a result, it is sometimes referred to as Canada's "natural governing party".

Rimouski was a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 2003.

On December 30, 1939, Fiset became lieutenant governor of Quebec. On two occasions during the war he opened the legislative assembly wearing his major general's uniform in order to express support for the war effort. He remained in office until October 1, 1950. [2]

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  1. "A history of Quebec, its resources and people, vol. 2". Internet Archive .
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Sir Eugene Fiset returns to service…". Canadian Military Heritage. Archived from the original on 2006-12-16. Retrieved 2007-02-08.
  3. Official History Of The Canadian Forces In The Great War 1914-19 - The Medical Services By Sir Andrew Macphail, FA Acland, Ottawa, 1925. Retrieved on 18 February 2012 from
  4. Seventy Years of Service – A History of the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps, GWL Nicholson Borealis Press, Ottawa, 1977
  5. Quebec Daily Telegraph, August 5, 1924 page 1. Retrieved on 18 February 2012 from,2926315 Retrieved on 18 February 2012
  6. Canadian Annual review of Public Affairs 1914 by H Castell Hopkins, F.SS., F.R.G.S. Retrieved on 18 February 2012 from
  7. The county families of the United Kingdom; or, Royal manual of the titled and untitled aristocracy of England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland . (Volume ed.59, yr.1919, page 129). Edward Walford. Retrieved on 18 February 2012 from