Eugène Fiset

Last updated
Sir Marie-Joseph-Eugène Fiset

Eugene Fiset.png
18th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
In office
December 30, 1939 October 3, 1950
Monarch George VI
Governor General The Lord Tweedsmuir
The Earl of Athlone
The Viscount Alexander of Tunis
Premier Adélard Godbout
Maurice Duplessis
Preceded by Ésioff-Léon Patenaude
Succeeded by Gaspard Fauteux
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Rimouski
In office
September 2, 1924 December 30, 1939
Preceded by Joseph-Émile-Stanislas-Émmanuel D'Anjou
Succeeded by Joseph-Émile-Stanislas-Émmanuel D'Anjou
Personal details
Born(1874-03-15)March 15, 1874
Rimouski, Quebec
DiedJune 8, 1951(1951-06-08) (aged 77)
NationalityCanadian
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s)Zoé-Mary Stella Taschereau, daughter of Thomas Linière Taschereau
Relations Jean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset, father
Alma mater Laval University
Occupationphysician, military officer

Major-General Sir Marie-Joseph-Eugène Fiset KCMG DSO ED (March 15, 1874 June 8, 1951) was a Canadian physician, military officer, Deputy Minister of Militia and Defence, Member of Parliament, the 18th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, and the 3rd Canadian Surgeon General.

Major general, is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines. The rank was also briefly used by the Royal Air Force for a year and a half, from its creation to August 1919. In the British Army, a major general is the customary rank for the appointment of division commander. In the Royal Marines, the rank of major general is held by the Commandant General.

Distinguished Service Order UK military decoration

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. Since 1993 all ranks have been eligible.

Efficiency Decoration

The Efficiency Decoration, post-nominal letters TD for recipients serving in the Territorial Army of the United Kingdom or ED for those serving in the Auxiliary Military Forces, was instituted in 1930 for award to part-time officers after twenty years of service as an efficient and thoroughly capable officer. The decoration superseded the Volunteer Officers' Decoration, the Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers' Decoration and the Territorial Decoration.

Contents

Born in Rimouski, Quebec, the son of Jean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset and Aimee Plamondon, Fiset was educated at Rimouski College and received a Bachelor of Arts degree and M.D. from Laval University. [1] He joined the 89th Regiment at the age of 16. His military career continued during his studies, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant while a student. In 1899 he succeeded his father as surgeon to the 89th Regiment but, a few months later, joined the Second (Special Service) Battalion of The Royal Canadian Regiment with the rank of major and saw service in the South African War. [2]

Rimouski City in Quebec, Canada

Rimouski (/ˌrɪmu'ski/) is a city in Quebec, Canada. Rimouski is located in the Bas-Saint-Laurent region, at the mouth of the Rimouski River. It has a population of 46,860. Rimouski is the site of Université du Québec à Rimouski, the Cégep de Rimouski and the Music Conservatory. It is also the home of some ocean sciences research centres.

Quebec Province of Canada

Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the US states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is historically and politically considered to be part of Central Canada.

Jean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset Canadian politician

Jean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset was a Canadian physician and parliamentarian.

With the end of his tour of duty in 1900, Fiset interned at the Nose and Throat Hospital in London and L'Hôpital Saint-Antoine in Paris. [2]

After a year he returned to Rimouski before becoming an adjutant in the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps. In 1902 he was part of the Canadian Coronation Contingent for King Edward VII's coronation and traveled to England as the Surgeon-Lieutenant of The Royal Canadian Regiment. In 1903 he was promoted to the rank of colonel and became Director-General of the service. [2]

Adjutant military rank

Adjutant is a military appointment given to an officer who assists the commanding officer with unit administration, mostly the management of human resources in army unit. The term adjudant is used in French-speaking armed forces as a non-commissioned officer rank similar to a staff sergeant or warrant officer but is not equivalent to the role or appointment of an adjutant.

Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps

The Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps (RCAMC) was an administrative corps of the Canadian Army.

Fiset was promoted to the rank of Surgeon General (Major General) at the beginning of World War I. [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] He was knighted for his service in the war while the French government named him a Commandeur of the Legion of Honour. [2]

World War I 1914–1918 global war starting in Europe

World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the resulting 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.

Commander is a common naval and air force officer rank. Commander is also used as a rank or title in other formal organisations, including several police forces.

The Legion of Honour is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoleon Bonaparte and retained by all later French governments and régimes.

He retired in 1923 and began a political career sitting in the House of Commons of Canada as the Liberal MP for Rimouski from 1924 until 1939. [2] He served as Deputy Minister of Militia and Defence.

House of Commons of Canada Lower house of the Canadian Parliament

The House of Commons of Canada is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign and the Senate. The House of Commons currently meets in a temporary Commons chamber in the West Block of the parliament buildings on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, while the Centre Block, which houses the traditional Commons chamber, undergoes a ten-year renovation.

Liberal Party of Canada oldest federal political party in Canada

The Liberal Party of Canada is the oldest and longest-serving political party in Canada. The party has dominated federal politics for much of Canada's history, holding power for almost 69 years in the 20th century—more than any other party in a developed country—and as a result, it is sometimes referred to as Canada's "natural governing party".

Rimouski was a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 2003.

On December 30, 1939, Fiset became lieutenant governor of Quebec. On two occasions during the war he opened the legislative assembly wearing his major general's uniform in order to express support for the war effort. He remained in office until October 1, 1950. [2]

See also

Related Research Articles

Gordon Drummond British Army general

General Sir Gordon Drummond, GCB was a Canadian-born British Army officer and the first official to command the military and the civil government of Canada. As Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada, Drummond distinguished himself on the Niagara front in the War of 1812 and later became Governor-General and Administrator of Canada.

John Thomas (American general) American doctor and soldier from Massachusetts

John Thomas was an American doctor and soldier from Massachusetts who became a major general in the Continental Army. He was a leader during the siege of Boston. Thomas briefly commanded the withdrawal from Canada after the unsuccessful invasion by the Continental Army. He died from smallpox during the retreat.

James Henry Craig British military officer and colonial administrator

General Sir James Henry Craig KB was a British military officer and colonial administrator.

Major-General Francis de Rottenburg, baron de Rottenburg was a military officer and colonial administrator who served in the armies of the Kingdom of France and later the United Kingdom.

Colonel commandant is a military title used in the armed forces of some English-speaking countries. The title, not a substantive military rank, could denote a senior colonel with authority over fellow colonels. Today, the holder often has an honorary role outside the executive military structure, such as advocacy for the troops.

William Heneker British Army general

General Sir William Charles Giffard Heneker, was a Canadian soldier who served with the British Army in West Africa, India, and then later on the Western Front during the First World War. A notable military strategist and tactician, he became one of the most experienced and highly decorated Canadians in the British Empire, and one of only a handful of Canadians to reach the rank of full general.

Allan Maclean of Torloisk British Army general

Allan Maclean of Torloisk (1725–1798) was a Jacobite who became a British Army general. He was born on the Isle of Mull, Scotland. He is best known for leading the 84th Regiment of Foot in the Battle of Quebec.

Joseph-Émile-Stanislas-Émmanuel d'Anjou was an Independent Liberal, Independent, Liberal and Laurier Liberal member of the House of Commons of Canada. He was born in Saint-Fabien-de-Rimouski, Quebec and was employed as an insurance broker.

DArcy Power Surgeon, medical historian

Sir D'Arcy Power, was a British surgeon, medical historian, and contributor of some 200 articles on famous surgeons and other related figures to the Dictionary of National Biography.

Major-General Sir Frederick Spencer Wilson Robb, was a senior British Army officer who went on to be Military Secretary.

General Sir George Bowles was a British general, colonel of the 1st West India Regiment, and lieutenant of the Tower of London.

Arthur Mignault Founder of the Canadian Royal 22e Régiment

Arthur Mignault, MD was a French Canadian pharmaceutical entrepreneur, physician and colonel of the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps, serving in the First World War. He is the founder of the Royal 22e Régiment, today the largest regiment of the Canadian Army.

Herbert Watts British general

Lieutenant-General Sir Herbert Edward Watts was a British Army officer who commanded 7th Division and later XIX Corps during the First World War.

Gerald Morton British Army general

Lieutenant-General Sir Gerald De Courcy Morton was a British Army officer who became General Officer Commanding 7th Division.

Sir Charles Roderick Hunter, 3rd Baronet was a British army officer and Conservative Party politician.

The Surgeon General is the professional head of the Canadian military health jurisdiction, the adviser to the Minister of National Defence and the Chief of Defence Staff on all matters related to health, and head of the Royal Canadian Medical Service. The Surgeon General is also the Commander of the Canadian Forces Health Services Group, which fulfils all military health system functions from education and clinical services to research and public health. It consists of the Royal Canadian Medical Service, the Royal Canadian Dental Corps, personnel from other branches of the armed forces, and civilians, with health professionals from over 45 occupations and specialties in over 125 units and detachments across Canada and abroad. As Director General Health Services, the Surgeon General is also the senior health services staff officer in the Department of National Defence. The Surgeon General is normally appointed to the Medical Household as Honorary Physician (QHP) or Honorary Surgeon (QHS) to Her Majesty the Queen.

The 1906 Birthday Honours for the British Empire were announced on 29 June, to celebrate the birthday of Edward VII on 9 November.

The 1902 Coronation Honours were announced on 26 June 1902, the date originally set for the coronation of King Edward VII. The coronation was postponed because the King had been taken ill two days before, but he ordered that the honours list should be published on that day anyway.

Brigadier-General C. Auger SBStJ, CD, QHS, MD, FRCPC was the 34th Canadian Surgeon General.

References

  1. "A history of Quebec, its resources and people, vol. 2". Internet Archive .
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Sir Eugene Fiset returns to service…". Canadian Military Heritage. Archived from the original on 2006-12-16. Retrieved 2007-02-08.
  3. Official History Of The Canadian Forces In The Great War 1914-19 - The Medical Services By Sir Andrew Macphail, FA Acland, Ottawa, 1925. Retrieved on 18 February 2012 from http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/docs/CFGW_MedSvc_e.pdf
  4. Seventy Years of Service – A History of the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps, GWL Nicholson Borealis Press, Ottawa, 1977
  5. Quebec Daily Telegraph, August 5, 1924 page 1. Retrieved on 18 February 2012 from https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1903&dat=19240801&id=x5UfAAAAIBAJ&sjid=QNQEAAAAIBAJ&pg=3968,2926315 Retrieved on 18 February 2012
  6. Canadian Annual review of Public Affairs 1914 by H Castell Hopkins, F.SS., F.R.G.S. Retrieved on 18 February 2012 from https://archive.org/stream/canadianannuawar01hopkuoft/canadianannuawar01hopkuoft_djvu.txt
  7. The county families of the United Kingdom; or, Royal manual of the titled and untitled aristocracy of England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland . (Volume ed.59, yr.1919, page 129). Edward Walford. Retrieved on 18 February 2012 from http://www.ebooksread.com/authors-eng/edward-walford/the-county-families-of-the-united-kingdom-or-royal-manual-of-the-titled-and-un-fla/page-129-the-county-families-of-the-united-kingdom-or-royal-manual-of-the-titled-and-un-fla.shtml