Eugen Schüfftan (21 July 1893, in Breslau, Silesia, Germany, now Wroclaw, Poland – 6 September 1977, in New York City) was a German cinematographer.
He invented the Schüfftan process, a special effects technique that employed mirrors to insert actors into miniature sets. One of the early uses of the process was for Metropolis (1927), directed by Fritz Lang. The technique was widely used throughout the first half of the 20th century until it was supplanted by the travelling matte and bluescreen techniques.
Schüfftan won the 1962 Academy Award for Best Cinematography, Black-and-White for his work on the film The Hustler .
|1924||Die Nibelungen||Fritz Lang|
|1930||People on Sunday||Curt Siodmak, Robert Siodmak, Edgar G. Ulmer, Fred Zinnemann|
|1930||The Stolen Face||Philipp Lothar Mayring, Erich Schmidt|
|1931||The Street Song||Lupu Pick|
|1931||The Scoundrel||Eugen Schüfftan, Franz Wenzler|
|1931||My Wife, the Impostor||Kurt Gerron|
|1931||I'd Rather Have Cod Liver Oil||Max Ophüls|
|1932||Coeurs joyeux||Hanns Schwarz, Max de Vaucorbeil|
|1932||The Mistress of Atlantis||Georg Wilhelm Pabst|
|1932||Gypsies of the Night||Hanns Schwarz|
|1932||L'Atlantide||Georg Wilhelm Pabst|
|1932||Queen of Atlantis||Georg Wilhelm Pabst|
|1932||The Faceless Voice||Leo Mittler|
|1933||The Oil Sharks||Rudolf Katscher|
|1933||Du haut en bas||Georg Wilhelm Pabst|
|1933||Läufer von Marathon||Ewald André Dupont|
|1933||Invisible Opponent||Rudolf Katscher|
|1934||The Scandal||Marcel L'Herbier|
|1934||The Crisis is Over||Robert Siodmak|
|1934||Irish Hearts||Brian Desmond Hurst|
|1935||The Invader||Adrian Brunel|
|1935||Children of the Fog||John Quin|
|1935||La Tendre ennemie||Max Ophüls|
|1936||The Robber Symphony||Friedrich Feher|
|1936||Komedie om geld||Max Ophüls|
|1937||Bizarre, Bizarre||Marcel Carné|
|1937||The Cheat||Marcel L'Herbier|
|1938||The Novel of Werther||Max Ophüls|
|1938||Port of Shadows||Marcel Carné|
|1944||It Happened Tomorrow||René Clair|
|1954||A Parisian in Rome||Erich Kobler|
|1958||Head Against the Wall||Georges Franju|
|1960||Eyes Without a Face||Georges Franju|
|1961||The Hustler||Robert Rossen|
|1961||Something Wild||Jack Garfein|
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Special effects are illusions or visual tricks used in the theatre, film, television, video game, and simulator industries to simulate the imagined events in a story or virtual world.
Eugen Ritter von Böhm-Bawerk was an Austrian economist who made important contributions to the development of the Austrian School of Economics and neoclassical economics. He served intermittently as the Austrian Minister of Finance between 1895 and 1904. He also wrote a series of extensive critiques of Marxism.
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Visual effects is the process by which imagery is created or manipulated outside the context of a live action shot in filmmaking. The integrations are of live action footage and CG elements to create realistic imagery is called VFX.
An in-camera effect is any special effect in a video or movie that is created solely by using techniques in and on the camera and/or its parts. The in-camera effect is defined by the fact that the effect exists on the original camera negative or video recording before it is sent to a lab or modified. So effects that modify the original negative at the lab, such as skip bleach or flashing, are not included. Some examples of in-camera effects include: There are many ways one could use the In-camera effect. The in-Camera effect is something that often goes unnoticed but can play a critical part in a scene or plot. A popular show that uses the In-camera effect from TV Tropes can be seen is in the series Star Trek by shaking the camera to give the effect of motion happening on the scene. There are many ways that a user could try In-camera effect could be used at home such as using a Wine glass to give the effect that "ghosting, flares, and refractions" from DIY photography.
Archduke Eugen Ferdinand Pius Bernhard Felix Maria of Austria-Teschen was an Archduke of Austria and a Prince of Hungary and Bohemia. He was the last Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights from the Habsburg dynasty.
The Schüfftan process is a movie special effect named after its inventor, Eugen Schüfftan (1893–1977). It was widely used in the first half of the 20th century before being almost completely replaced by the travelling matte and bluescreen effects.
Edgar Georg Ulmer was a Jewish-Moravian, Austrian-American film director who mainly worked on Hollywood B movies and other low-budget productions. His stylish and eccentric works came to be appreciated by auteur theory-espousing film critics in the years following his retirement. Ulmer's productions include The Black Cat (1934) and the film noir Detour (1945).
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People on Sunday is a 1930 German silent drama film directed by Robert Siodmak and Edgar G. Ulmer from a screenplay by Billy Wilder. The film follows a group of residents of Berlin on a summer's day during the interwar period. Hailed as a work of genius, it is a pivotal film in the development of German cinema and Hollywood. The film features the talents of Curt Siodmak (story), Fred Zinnemann (cinematography) and Eugen Schüfftan, who had developed the Schüfftan process for Metropolis three years earlier.
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The Scoundrel is a 1931 German comedy film directed by Eugen Schüfftan and Franz Wenzler and starring Max Adalbert, Emilia Unda, and Evelyn Holt. It is based on the play The Scoundrel by Hans Reimann and Toni Impekoven. The film was remade in 1939 and 1959.
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