Eunice Eloisae Gibbs Allyn

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Eunice Eloisae Gibbs Allyn
Eunice Eloisae Gibbs Allyn.png
BornEunice Eloisae Gibbs
1847
Brecksville, Ohio, US
DiedJune 30, 1916
Dubuque, Iowa
Occupationcorrespondent, author, songwriter
LanguageEnglish
NationalityUS
Genrepoetry, prose
Notable works"The Cats' Convention"
SpouseClarence G. Allyn

Eunice Eloisae Gibbs Allyn (1847 – June 30, 1916) was an American correspondent, author of poetry and prose, and songwriter. She intended to become a teacher, but her mother dissuaded her so she remained at home, entering into society, and writing in a quiet way for the local papers while using various pen names in order to avoid displeasing one of her brothers, who did not wish to have a "bluestocking" in the family.

A pen name is a pseudonym adopted by an author and printed on the title page or by-line of their works in place of their real name. A pen name may be used to make the author's name more distinctive, to disguise the author's gender, to distance the author from their other works, to protect the author from retribution for their writings, to combine more than one author into a single author, or for any of a number of reasons related to the marketing or aesthetic presentation of the work. The author's name may be known only to the publisher or may come to be common knowledge.

Bluestocking educated, intellectual woman (18th century)

A bluestocking is an educated, intellectual woman, originally a member of the 18th-century Blue Stockings Society led by the hostess and critic Elizabeth Montagu (1720–1800), the "Queen of the Blues", including Elizabeth Vesey (1715–91), Hester Chapone (1727–1801) and the classicist Elizabeth Carter (1717–1806). In the following generation came Hester Lynch Piozzi (1741–1821), Hannah More (1745–1833) and Frances Burney (1752–1840).

Contents

Allyn served as the Washington correspondent for the Chicago Inter Ocean , as well as a writer for the St. Louis Globe-Democrat and the New York World , and also contributed prose and verse to various US publications. She won distinction as an artist and lecturer. For eight years, she served as president of the Dubuque branch of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU). [1]

Correspondent journalist contributing reports from a remote location

A correspondent or on-the-scene reporter is usually a journalist or commentator for magazines, or more speaking, an agent who contributes reports to a newspaper, or radio or television news, or another type of company, from a remote, often distant, location. A foreign correspondent is stationed in a foreign country. The term "correspondent" refers to the original practice of filing news reports via postal letter. The largest networks of correspondents belong to ARD (Germany) and BBC (UK).

<i>Chicago Inter Ocean</i> Daily newspaper

The Chicago Inter Ocean, also known as the Chicago Inter-Ocean, is the name used for most of its history for a newspaper published in Chicago, Illinois, from 1865 until 1914. Its editors included Charles A. Dana and Byron Andrews.

The St. Louis Globe-Democrat was originally a daily print newspaper based in St. Louis, Missouri, from 1852 until 1986. When the trademark registration on the name expired, it was reincarnated as an unrelated free historically themed paper.

Early years and education

Eunice Eloisae Gibbs was born in 1847, [2] in Brecksville, Ohio, a suburb of Cleveland, Ohio. [3] Her father, Dr. Sidney Smith Gibbs, hailed from Schoharie County, New York, and her mother, Eunice Lucinda Newberry, was from St. Lawrence County, New York. Dr. Gibbs was practicing medicine in Brecksville when he married Miss Newberry, who was a successful teacher. He was a relative of the Anglican cleric, wit, and writer, Sydney Smith. [4]

Brecksville, Ohio City in Ohio, United States

Brecksville is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, and a suburb in the Greater Cleveland area. The city's population was 13,656 at the 2010 census.

Cleveland City in Ohio

Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County. The city proper has a population of 385,525, making it the 51st-largest city in the United States, and the second-largest city in Ohio. Greater Cleveland is ranked as the 32nd-largest metropolitan area in the U.S., with 2,055,612 people in 2016. The city anchors the Cleveland–Akron–Canton Combined Statistical Area, which had a population of 3,515,646 in 2010 and is ranked 15th in the United States.

Ohio State of the United States of America

Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th largest by area, the seventh most populous, and the tenth most densely populated. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus. Ohio is bordered by Pennsylvania to the east, Michigan to the northwest, Lake Erie to the north, Indiana to the west, Kentucky on the south, and West Virginia on the southeast.

The family consisted of four children, of whom Eunice was the third. After various changes of climate in search of health, Dr. Gibbs died young. The mother and children then moved from Jackson, Michigan, to Cleveland, where Eunice was graduated with honors from the high school. [4]

Jackson, Michigan City in Michigan, United States

Jackson is a city in the south central area of the U.S. state of Michigan, about 40 miles (64 km) west of Ann Arbor and 35 miles (56 km) south of Lansing. It is the county seat of Jackson County. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 33,534, down from 36,316 at the 2000 census. Served by Interstate 94, it is the principal city of the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Jackson County and has a population of 160,248.

Career

Allyn intended to become a teacher, but her mother dissuaded her and she remained at home, entering into society and writing quietly for the local papers. Her articles were signed using various pen names in order to avoid displeasing one of her brothers, who did not wish to have a "bluestocking" in the family. Her first published poems appeared in the Cleveland Plain Dealer, when she was only thirteen years old. Besides composing poems for recitation in school, she often wrote songs, both words and music, when she could not find songs suited to various occasions. [4]

In 1873, she married Clarence G. Allyn (born 1845), of Nyack, New York. After spending several years at Nyack, New London, Connecticut, and Auburn, New York, they moved to Dubuque, Iowa. [4] Before her marriage she gained valuable experience as Washington correspondent of the Chicago Inter Ocean a position which she filled for a year, during which time she also wrote numerous articles for the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, the New York World, and before and since marriage, for various New York City, Boston, Indianapolis, Philadelphia, and Chicago journals. She was a pointed, incisive writer, and all her work, prose or poetry, had an aim, a central thought. [4]

Nyack, New York Village in New York, United States

Nyack is a village located primarily in the town of Orangetown in Rockland County, New York, United States. Incorporated in 1872, it retains a very small western section in Clarkstown. It is an inner suburb of New York City lying approximately 19 miles (31 km) north of the Manhattan boundary near the west bank of the Hudson River, situated north of South Nyack, east of Central Nyack, south of Upper Nyack, and southeast of Valley Cottage.

New London, Connecticut City in Connecticut, United States

New London is a seaport city and a port of entry on the northeast coast of the United States, located at the mouth of the Thames River in New London County, Connecticut. It was one of the world's three busiest whaling ports for several decades beginning in the early 19th century, along with Nantucket and New Bedford, Massachusetts. The wealth that whaling brought into the city furnished the capital to fund much of the city's present architecture. The city subsequently became home to other shipping and manufacturing industries, but it has gradually lost most of its industrial heart.

Auburn, New York City in New York, United States

Auburn is a city in Cayuga County, New York, United States, located at the north end of Owasco Lake, one of the Finger Lakes, in Central New York. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 27,687. As the largest city of Cayuga County, it is the county seat, and the site of the maximum-security Auburn Correctional Facility, as well as the William H. Seward House Museum and the house of abolitionist Harriet Tubman.

Personal life

Allyn was a prominent member of the Dubuque Ladies' Literary Union, and for eight years, she served as president of the Dubuque WCTU. She also won distinction as an artist. She was a member of the Episcopal Church, and an ardent admirer of Oriental philosophy. In Dubuque, she inaugurated many reforms and educational movements, doing the work, not for notoriety, but prompted by her inborn desire to do something towards lifting up humanity. [4]

Allyn died at her home in Dubuque on June 30, 1916, [5] following a lengthy illness. An effort began two years before her death to collect her literary works for preservation in the state historical archives. [6]

The Cats' Convention review

The Cats' Convention The Cats' Convention (cover).png
The Cats' Convention

Allyn's The Cats' Convention was published by Cochrane Publishing Co., New York (1909). It was reviewed by Watson's Jeffersonian Magazine the following year. [7] The work is illustrated with drawings of many cats of various styles, some beautiful and others ugly, all created by Allyn. [8]

What Black Beauty has spoken in behalf of the horse, what Bob, Son of Battle , has revealed of the thoroughbred collie, what The Bar Sinister has shown of the mongrel dog, this book will mean to the cat, aristocratic or plebian. As to its literary merits, no reviewer could do justice. To say that it is a classic is the nearest approach one can make. It is not a book to be scanned, neither does the term reading adequately apply, for one is not conscious at all of the printed page but. with smiles and tears, sees simply a vision of the real life— yea, the heart life—of the daintiest creatures under the sun. Artists have said that to paint the cat is the most difficult of all their subjects. To write of them requires that rare combination of love, imagination, humor and tenderness which heretofore has not been found dedicated to this theme and which at last appears in the pen of Mrs. Allyn. In form, binding and illustration, "The Cats' Convention" is presented as beautifully as the story deserves. Mechanical art has aided genius in bringing forth a book which is a privilege to read, a treasure to own.

Selected works

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References

  1. Herringshaw 1904, p. 38.
  2. "Eunice G Allyn". Census Records. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  3. Willard, Frances Elizabeth; Livermore, Mary Ashton (1897). American Women: Fifteen Hundred Biographies with Over 1,400 Portraits : a Comprehensive Encyclopedia of the Lives and Achievements of American Women During the Nineteenth Century. Mast, Crowell & Kirkpatrick. p. 21. OCLC   1133808.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Willard & Livermore 1897, p. 21-22.
  5. The Cedar Rapids Evening Gazette 1916, p. 6.
  6. The Des Moines Register 1914, p. 12.
  7. Watson 1910, p. 702.
  8. Carleton 1910, p. 211.
  9. Allyn 1909.

Bibliography