Eure-et-Loir

Last updated
Eure-et-Loir
Prefecture d'Eure-et-Loir, Hotel de Ligneris (1795), Chartres (France).JPG
Hôtel de Ligneris (1795), Prefecture building of the Eure-et-Loir department, in Chartres
Flag of Eure-et-Loir.svg
Flag
Blason departement fr Eure-et-Loir.svg
Coat of arms
Eure-et-Loir-Position.svg
Location of Eure-et-Loir in France
Coordinates: 48°20′N01°25′E / 48.333°N 1.417°E / 48.333; 1.417 Coordinates: 48°20′N01°25′E / 48.333°N 1.417°E / 48.333; 1.417
Country France
Region Centre-Val de Loire
Prefecture Chartres
Subprefectures Châteaudun
Dreux
Nogent-le-Rotrou
Government
   President of the General Council Claude Térouinard (UMP)
Area
1
  Total5,880 km2 (2,270 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total433,929
  Rank 55th
  Density74/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 28
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 15
Communes 365
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Eure-et-Loir (French pronunciation:  [œʁelwaʁ] ) is a French department, named after the Eure and Loir rivers.

Contents

History

Eure-et-Loir is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790 pursuant to the Act of December 22, 1789. It was created mainly from parts of the former provinces of Orléanais (Beauce) and Maine (Perche), but also parts of Île-de-France (Drouais, Thimerais, Valley of the Avre, Hurepoix).

The current department corresponds to the central part of the land of the Carnutes who had their capital at Autricum (Chartres). The Carnutes are known for their commitment, real or imagined, to the ancient Druidic religion. A holy place in the "Forest of the Carnutes" used to host the annual Druidic assembly. In the north of the department another pre-Roman people, the little-known Durocasses, had their capital at Dreux.

Geography

Eure-et-Loir comprises the main part of the region of Beauce, politically it belongs to the current region of Centre-Val de Loire and is surrounded by the departments of Loir-et-Cher, Loiret, Essonne, Yvelines, Eure, Orne, and Sarthe.

Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called Euréliens.

Economy

The Eure-et-Loir is a department of agricultural tradition (Beauce), but also at the forefront in three economic sectors :

Agriculture

The department is a major economic player in the production of grain and oilseed in France. [1] Its agricultural economy is still heavily dependent on the economic and regulatory environment of the markets for crops. The Eure-et-Loir region is the first grain producer of France. It is also the national leader in the production of rapeseed and peas. Wheat production is by far the most dominant in the area. Nearly 40% of all farmland is devoted to the cultivation of wheat, which has generated an average of 29% of the commercial agricultural production of the department over the last 5 years.

The "Pôle AgroDynamic also promotes agriculture in the department", a grouping of subsidiaries providing added values in different sectors: agro-energy, agribusiness, agricultural materials, Agrohealth.

Industries

Energy

The department also has the lead in renewable energy. Already ranked second nationally in terms of power generation through its wind farms located in particular in the Beauce region of Eure-et-Loir in 2012 will be the largest producer of electricity with photovoltaic French original creation on the airbase NATO disused Crucey-Villages near Brezolles in the region's natural Thymerais, the largest photovoltaic park in France. Given in February 2011 by the General Council to the operator, EDF Energies Nouvelles, the park will cover 245 ha of the military base and produce the equivalent output of 160 wind turbines.

Politics

The President of the Departmental council is Claude Térouinard of The Republicans.

Partyseats
The Republicans, Union of Democrats and Independents, Miscellaneous right 17
The Republicans 11
Miscellaneous Left 2

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [4] Party
Eure-et-Loir's 1st constituency Guillaume Kasbarian La République En Marche!
Eure-et-Loir's 2nd constituency Olivier Marleix The Republicans
Eure-et-Loir's 3rd constituency Laure de La Raudière The Republicans
Eure-et-Loir's 4th constituency Philippe Vigier Union of Democrats and Independents

Tourism

Notable people

Middle Ages

Renaissance

19th and 20th century

Media

The media in Eure-et-Loir include the following:

See also

Related Research Articles

Chartres Prefecture and commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Chartres is a commune and capital of the Eure-et-Loir department in France. It is located about 90 km (56 mi) southwest of Paris. Chartres is famous world-wide for its cathedral. Mostly constructed between 1193 and 1250, this Gothic cathedral is in an exceptional state of preservation. The majority of the original stained glass windows survive intact, while the architecture has seen only minor changes since the early 13th century. Much of the old town, including the library associated with the School of Chartres, was destroyed by bombs in 1944.

Perche region in France

Perche is a former province of France, known historically for its forests and, for the past two centuries, for the Percheron draft horse breed. Until the French Revolution, Perche was bounded by four ancient territories of northwestern France: the provinces of Maine, Normandy, and Orléanais, and the region of Beauce. Afterwards it was absorbed into the present-day departments of Orne and Eure-et-Loir, with small parts in the neighboring departments of Eure, Loir-et-Cher, and Sarthe.

Nogent is the name or part of the name of several communes in France:

Nogent-le-Rotrou Subprefecture and commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Nogent-le-Rotrou is a commune in the Eure-et-Loir department in northern France.

The 4 arrondissements of the Eure-et-Loir department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Chartres, with 148 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 209,218 in 2016.
  2. Arrondissement of Châteaudun, with 61 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 59,262 in 2016.
  3. Arrondissement of Dreux, with 108 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 129,414 in 2016.
  4. Arrondissement of Nogent-le-Rotrou, with 48 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 36,035 in 2016.
Arrondissement of Chartres Arrondissement in Centre-Val de Loire, France

The arrondissement of Chartres is an arrondissement of France in the Eure-et-Loir department in the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has 148 communes. Its population is 209,218 (2016), and its area is 2,129.5 km2 (822.2 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Châteaudun Arrondissement in Centre-Val de Loire, France

The arrondissement of Châteaudun is an arrondissement of France in the Eure-et-Loir department in the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has 61 communes. Its population is 59,262 (2016), and its area is 1,438.8 km2 (555.5 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Dreux Arrondissement in Centre-Val de Loire, France

The arrondissement of Dreux is an arrondissement of France in the Eure-et-Loir department in the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has 108 communes. Its population is 129,414 (2016), and its area is 1,500.5 km2 (579.3 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Nogent-le-Rotrou Arrondissement in Centre-Val de Loire, France

The arrondissement of Nogent-le-Rotrou is an arrondissement of France in the Eure-et-Loir department in the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has 48 communes. Its population is 36,035 (2016), and its area is 811.1 km2 (313.2 sq mi).

The following is a list of the 15 cantons of the Eure-et-Loir department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

Lords, counts and dukes of Perche Wikimedia list article

The county of Perche was a medieval county lying between Normandy and Maine.

The Route nationale 23 (N23) is a trunk road (nationale) in western France.

Nogent-le-Roi Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Nogent-le-Roi is a commune in the department of Eure-et-Loir in the Centre-Val de Loire region in France.

Châteauneuf-en-Thymerais Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Châteauneuf-en-Thymerais is a commune Eure-et-Loir department in northern France.

Senonches Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Senonches is a commune in Eure-et-Loir, France.

Thymerais Natural region in France

Thymerais is a natural region of Eure-et-Loir, in France, where history and geography meet. Open to influences from Normandy, Drouais, Beauce and Perche, it is a transition zone like the Drouais.

Rotrou I, Viscount of Châteaudun and Count of Perche, son of Geoffrey II, Viscount of Châteaudun, and Helvise de Corbon, daughter of Rainard, Lord of Pithiviers.

Hugues IV, Viscount of Châteaudun, son of Geoffrey III, Viscount of Châteaudun, and Helvise, Dame of Mondoubleau, daughter of Ilbert “Payen” de Mondoubleau. He became Lord of Mondoubleau upon his mother’s death, based on her inheritance, and acquired the lordship of Saint-Calais by marriage.

The canton of Nogent-le-Rotrou is an administrative division of the Eure-et-Loir department, northern France. Its borders were modified at the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. Its seat is in Nogent-le-Rotrou.

References

  1. Agricultural chamber of Eure-et-Loir
  2. Codel: Eure-et-Loir economic development board
  3. http://shop.octe.eu/en/index.aspx?p_lang=1
  4. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/