This article may contain excessive or inappropriate references to self-published sources .(June 2017)
|Founded||1 October 2009|
|Split from|| European People's Party |
Union for Europe of the Nations
|Preceded by||Movement for European Reform|
|Headquarters||Rue du Trône 4, 1000 Brussels, Belgium|
|Think tank||New Direction|
|Youth wing||European Young Conservatives|
|Ideology|| Conservatism |
|Political position|| Centre-right [ citation needed ] to right-wing |
[ citation needed ]
with far-right factions
|International affiliation||International Democrat Union|
|European Parliament group||European Conservatives and Reformists|
62 / 705
1 / 27
1 / 27
|European Lower Houses|
1,004 / 9,874
|European Upper Houses|
324 / 2,714
The European Conservatives and Reformists Party (ECR Party), formerly known as Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists (AECR) (2009–2016) and Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe (ACRE) (2016–2019), is a conservative EuroscepticEuropean political party with a main focus on reforming the European Union (EU) on the basis of Eurorealism, as opposed to total rejection of the EU (anti-EU-ism). It currently has twenty-four member parties and three further independent members from twenty-one countries, in addition to seven regional partners worldwide.
The political movement was founded on 1 October 2009,after the creation of the European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) political group of the European Parliament. It was officially recognised by the European Parliament in January 2010.
ECR is governed by a board of directors who are elected by the Council, which represents all ECR member parties.The executive board is composed of the president Giorgia Meloni, Secretary General Anna Fotyga MEP from Poland, and Treasurer Jorge Buxadé MEP from Spain.
The party is affiliated with the European Conservatives and Reformists Group in the European Parliament, the pan-European think tank New Direction – The Foundation for European Reform, and the youth organisation the European Young Conservatives. It is also formally associated with the European Conservatives and Reformists Group in the Committee of the Regions, in the Congress of the Council of Europe, and in the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.In the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, the ECR Party forms the European Conservatives Group and Democratic Alliance with the Identity and Democracy Party.
The European Conservatives and Reformists Party was founded as the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists on 1 October 2009,after the ECR political group was founded in the wake of the 2009 European Parliament election, and was officially recognised by the European Parliament in January 2010. Amongst ACRE's eight founding members the largest were the UK Conservative Party, the Polish PiS and the Czech ODS.
ECR was formally constituted under the chairmanship of Belgian MEP Derk Jan Eppink, who was succeeded by Czech MEP Jan Zahradil. At ACRE's first congress was in Warsaw on 8 June 2010, attended by its founding members, including UK Conservative Party Chairman and Czech Prime Minister Mirek Topolanek. On 25 March 2011, the Civic Conservative Party from Slovakia joined; Iceland's Independence Party in November 2011 (the party's first member from outside the European Union); Georgia's Christian-Democratic Movement in August 2012; Italy's Conservatives and Social Reformers in October 2012; the Conservative Party of Canada became the ACRE's first associate member (later renamed 'regional partners') in November 2012; Turkey's ruling Justice and Development Party in November 2013; and the Faroe Islands' People's Party, and Romania's New Republic; and in July 2014, Prosperous Armenia.The Conservative Party of Georgia and New Majority joined on 1 November 2014. At the same time, the ACRE formally affiliated to the European Conservatives Group in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. In November 2015, the Conservatives and Reformists of Italy were admitted as ECR Party members, followed by the Alliance for Progress and Renewal (ALFA) of Germany and M10 party of Romania in March 2016. The Liberal Party of Australia, Istiqlal Party of Morocco, National Party of New Zealand, and Republican Party of the United States joined as further regional partners in 2014, followed by Afek Tounes and Likud Movement in 2015 and 2016.
The Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists officially changed its name to the Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe (ACRE) on 6 October 2016.
In December 2018, ACRE was ordered to repay more than half a million euros of EU funds, following an investigation into their spending. This included €250,000 for a three-day conference in Miami and €90,000 for a trade meeting in Kampala. ACRE had previously been asked to return €121,000 given to the Prosperous Armenia party.
More recently the ECR has seen a shift further towards the conservative right with the acceptance of the Brothers of Italy, Forum for Democracy, Vox and Sweden Democrats as members in 2019.All four members are nationalist, right-wing populist and anti-immigration marking a departure from the more moderate positions of the majority of members.
ECRP adopted the Reykjavík Declaration at its Council Meeting on 21 March 2014. The declaration defines the principles that underpin ECR.
The Reykjavík Declaration
The following parties listed below are members of the ECRP as of 2021.
|Country||Political party||Party Leader|| Political group |
in Ninth European Parliament
|European Parliament||National lower house MPs||Position in national legislature|
|Albania|| Republican Party of Albania |
Partia Republikane e Shqipërisë (PR)
|Fatmir Mediu||Not in the EU||Not in the EU|
0 / 140
|Armenia|| Prosperous Armenia |
Բարգավաճ Հայաստան (ԲՀ)
|Gagik Tsarukyan||Not in the EU||Not in the EU|
0 / 107
|Azerbaijan|| Popular Front Party of Whole Azerbaijan |
Bütöv Azərbaycan Xalq Cəbhəsi Partiyasi (BAXCP)
|Gudrat Hasanguliyev||Not in the EU||Not in the EU|
1 / 125
|Belarus|| BPF Party |
|Ryhor Kastusiou||Not in the EU||Not in the EU|
0 / 110
|Bulgaria|| IMRO - Bulgarian National Movement |
ВМРО – Българско Национално Движение (ВМРО – БНД)
|Krasimir Karakachanov||European Conservatives and Reformists|
2 / 17
0 / 240
| Reload Bulgaria |
0 / 17
0 / 240
|Croatia|| Croatian Conservative Party |
Hrvatska konzervativna stranka (HKS)
|Marijan Pavliček||European Conservatives and Reformists|
1 / 11
2 / 151
|Czech Republic|| Civic Democratic Party |
Občanská demokratická strana (ODS)
|Petr Fiala||European Conservatives and Reformists|
4 / 21
34 / 200
|Faroe Islands|| People's Party |
|Jørgen Niclasen||Not in the EU||Not in the EU|
8 / 33
|Finland|| Blue Reform |
Sininen tulevaisuus (SIN)
0 / 13
0 / 200
|Georgia|| Conservative Party |
Sak’art’velos konservatiuli partia (SPK)
|Zviad Dzidziguri||Not in the EU||Not in the EU|
6 / 150
|Germany|| Liberal Conservative Reformers |
Liberal-Konservative Reformer (LKR)
0 / 96
0 / 709
|Italy|| Brothers of Italy |
Fratelli d'Italia (FdI)
|Giorgia Meloni||European Conservatives and Reformists|
6 / 76
35 / 630
|Kosovo|| Democratic Party of Kosovo |
Partia Demokratike e Kosovës (PDK)
|Enver Hoxhaj (Acting)||Not in the EU||Not in the EU|
25 / 120
|Latvia|| National Alliance |
Nacionālā Apvienība (NA)
| Raivis Dzintars |
|European Conservatives and Reformists|
2 / 8
13 / 100
|Lithuania|| Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania – Christian Families Alliance|
Lietuvos lenkų rinkimų akcija – Krikščioniškų šeimų sąjunga (LLRA–KŠS)
|Valdemar Tomaševski||European Conservatives and Reformists|
1 / 11
8 / 141
|Luxembourg|| Alternative Democratic Reform Party |
Alternativ Demokratesch Reformpartei (ADR)
0 / 6
4 / 60
|Montenegro|| Movement for Changes |
Pokret za promjene (PzP)
|Nebojša Medojević||Not in the EU||Not in the EU|
5 / 81
|Netherlands|| Forum for Democracy |
Forum voor Democratie (FvD)
|Thierry Baudet||European Conservatives and Reformists|
0 / 26
8 / 150
|Netherlands|| Right Answer 2021 |
Juiste Antwoord 2021 (JA21)
|Joost Eerdmans||European Conservatives and Reformists|
3 / 26
3 / 150
|North Macedonia|| VMRO - People's Party |
ВМРО – Народна Партија (BMPO – НП)
|Ljubčo Georgievski||Not in the EU||Not in the EU|
1 / 120
|Junior party in coalition|
|Northern Cyprus|| National Unity Party |
Ulusal Birlik Partisi (UBP)
|Ersin Tatar||Not in the EU||Not in the EU|
18 / 50
|Poland|| Law and Justice |
Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (PiS)
|Jarosław Kaczyński||European Conservatives and Reformists|
25 / 51
239 / 460
|Romania|| The Right Alternative |
Alternativa Dreaptă (AD)
0 / 33
0 / 330
|Serbia|| Enough is Enough |
Доста је било
Dosta je bilo (DJB)
|Saša Radulović||Not in the EU||Not in the EU|
0 / 250
|Slovakia|| Civic Conservative Party |
Občianska konzervatívna strana (OKS)
0 / 13
1 / 150
| Freedom and Solidarity |
Sloboda a Solidarita (SaS)
|Richard Sulík||European Conservatives and Reformists|
2 / 13
13 / 150
| New Majority |
Nová väčšina (NOVA)
0 / 13
2 / 150
|Spain||Vox||Santiago Abascal||European Conservatives and Reformists|
3 / 54
52 / 350
|Sweden|| Sweden Democrats |
|Jimmie Åkesson||European Conservatives and Reformists|
3 / 20
62 / 349
|United Kingdom|| Conservative Party |
Conservative and Unionist Party (Con)
|Boris Johnson||Not in the EU||Not in the EU|
365 / 650
| Ulster Unionist Party |
|Doug Beattie||Not in the EU||Not in the EU|
0 / 18
|Country||Political party||Party Leader||National Lower Houses||Government|
|Australia|| Liberal Party |
61 / 151
|Senior party in coalition|
|Canada|| Conservative Party |
Parti conservateur du Canada (CPC)
121 / 338
|Colombia|| Democratic Center |
Centro Democrático (CD)
32 / 172
|Israel|| Likud |
30 / 120
|Kenya||Jubilee Party||Uhuru Kenyatta|
171 / 349
|Maldives|| Progressive Party of Maldives |
ޕްރޮގްރެސިވް ޕާރޓީ އޮފް މޯލްޑިވްސް (PPM)
5 / 87
|New Zealand|| National Party |
Rōpū Nāhinara (National)
33 / 120
|Tanzania|| Chadema – Party for Democracy and Progress|
Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (CHADEMA)
63 / 293
|Tunisia|| Afek Tounes |
2 / 217
|United States|| Republican Party |
211 / 435
|Organisation||Institution||Number of seats|
|European Union||European Commission|
1 / 27
| European Council |
(Heads of Government)
1 / 27
| Council of the EU |
(Participation in Government)
3 / 27
61 / 705
|Council of Europe||Parliamentary Assembly|
22 / 321
The ACRE is formally affiliated to groupings in the European Parliament and the Committee of the Regions of the European Union, the Congress of the Council of Europe and the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.
The ECR group is the sixth-largest group in the European Parliament. Founded in 2009, the ECR brings together 64 MEPs from 15 countries.The ECR currently is led by a two Co-Chairmen, Ryszard Legutko of the Polish Law and Justice party and Raffaele Fitto of the Brothers of Italy party.
Following the creation of the ECR Group in the European Parliament in 2009, and the creation of the ACRE in 2010, the ECR Group in the Committee of the Regions was formed on 10 April 2013 under the leadership of Gordon Keymer CBE and with the support of the ACRE. The Group was officially announced during the 11–12 April 100th Committee of the Regions plenary session.
The ECR Group was the first Group to be formed in the Committee of the Regions during the course of a mandate and was the first ECR Group to be formed outside of the European Parliament.
The President of the Group is Cllr. Gordon Keymer CBE (Leader of Tandridge District Council) and the Vice-Presidents are Dan Jiránek (Mayor of Kladno) and Daiva Matonienė (Deputy Mayor of Šiauliai City Council). Adam Banaszak (Member of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie regional assembly), Cllr. Kay Twitchen OBE (Member of Essex County Council) and Cllr. Judith Pearce (Deputy Leader of Wychavon District Council and Executive board member for Planning, Infrastructure and Housing).
|Country||Party name||Members||Other affiliations|
|Czech Republic||Civic Democratic Party||3||1||ACRE||ECR||IDU|
|Denmark||Danish People's Party||0||2||MELD||ECR||None|
|Poland||Law and Justice||1||4||ACRE||ECR||None|
|United Kingdom||Conservative Party||7||8||ACRE||None||IDU|
|United Kingdom||Ulster Unionist Party||0||1||ACRE||None||IDU|
The European Conservatives Group in the European Parliament, founded in 1970 and existing for most of its history as the 'European Democrat Group' became officially affiliated to the ACRE on 29 September 2014. The EC group is led by Samad Seyidov MP, of the New Azerbaijan Party.
As of 23 October 2014, the European Conservatives have the following members:
|Country||Party name||Members||Other affiliations|
|Armenia||Republican Party of Armenia [A]||1||None||N/A||None|
|Azerbaijan||New Azerbaijan Party||4||None||N/A||None|
|Czech Republic||Civic Democratic Party||2||ACRE||ECR||IDU|
|Denmark||Danish People's Party||1||None||ECR||None|
|Poland||Law and Justice||7||ECRP||ECR||None|
|Poland||United Poland||1||MELD||No MEPs||None|
|Turkey||Justice and Development Party [B]||13||ACRE||N/A||None|
|Turkey||Nationalist Movement Party [C]||1||None||N/A||None|
|Ukraine||Party of Regions [D]||4||None||N/A||None|
|Ukraine||Sovereign European Ukraine||1||None||N/A||None|
|United Kingdom||Conservative Party||17||ACRE||N/A||IDU|
|United Kingdom||Democratic Unionist Party||1||None||N/A||None|
| ^A One of the three members of the Republican Party of Armenia sit with the EC Group. The other two members sit with the European People's Party. |
^B Eleven of the thirteen members of the Justice and Development Party sit with the EC Group. One sits with the European People's Party and one sits with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.
^C One of the two members of the Nationalist Movement Party sits with the EC Group. The other member sits with the Socialist Group.
^D Four of the seven members of Party of Regions sit with the EC Group. Two sit with the Socialist Group and one sits with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.
The ECR group in the Congress of the Council of Europe brings together representatives in local government from across Europe. It has 31 members, 26 of whom represent parties in the ECRP.
|Country||Party name||Members||Other affiliations|
|Czech Republic||Civic Democratic Party||3||ACRE||ECR||IDU|
|Denmark||Danish People's Party||1||None||ECR||None|
|Poland||Law and Justice||1||ACRE||ECR||None|
|Turkey||Nationalist Movement Party||5||None||N/A||None|
|United Kingdom||Conservative Party||11||ACRE||ECR||IDU|
|United Kingdom||Ulster Unionist Party||1||ACRE||ECR||None|
The European Young Conservatives (EYC) is ECR Party's youth wing. It brings together conservative and political parties from across Europe. As of 2020, the group has a membership of 30 political youth organisations from 30 different countries and territories. Its patron was Margaret Thatcher until her death in 2013.
|Armenia||Prosperous Armenia Youth||Prosperous Armenia|
|Belarus||BPF Youth||BPF Party|
|Czech Republic||Young Conservatives||Civic Democratic Party|
|Denmark||Young Conservatives||Conservative People's Party|
|Faroe Islands||Huxa||People's Party|
|Finland||Finns Party Youth||Finns Party|
|Georgia||Young Conservatives||Conservative Party of Georgia|
|Italy||Youth for Freedom||Forza Italia|
|Latvia||For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK Youth Club||For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK|
|Liechtenstein||Junge FBP||Progressive Citizens' Party|
|Lithuania||Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania Youth Organisation||Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania|
|Luxembourg||ADRenalin||Alternative Democratic Reform Party|
|Netherlands||Youth Forum for Democracy||Forum for Democracy|
|Norway||Progress Party's Youth||Progress Party|
|Poland||Law and Justice Youth Forum||Law and Justice|
|Portugal||People's Youth||Democratic and Social Centre – People's Party|
|Romania||New Republic Youth||New Republic|
|Switzerland||Young SVP||Swiss People's Party|
|Turkey||AKP Youth||Justice and Development Party|
|United Kingdom||Young Conservatives (UK)||Conservative Party|
|United Kingdom||Young Unionists||Ulster Unionist Party|
The European Free Alliance (EFA) is a European political party that consists of various regionalist, separatist and ethnic minority political parties in Europe. Member parties advocate either for full political independence and sovereignty, or some form of devolution or self-governance for their country or region. The alliance has generally limited its membership to progressive parties; therefore, only a fraction of European regionalist parties are members of the EFA.
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