European Conservatives and Reformists Party

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European Conservatives and Reformists Party
Chairperson Giorgia Meloni
Secretary-General Anna Fotyga
Founded1 October 2009 (2009-10-01)
Split from European People's Party
Union for Europe of the Nations
Preceded by Movement for European Reform [1]
HeadquartersRue du Trône 4, 1000 Brussels, Belgium [2]
Think tank New Direction
Youth wing European Young Conservatives
Ideology Conservatism [3]
Soft Euroscepticism [3]
Factions:
Economic liberalism [3]
Right-wing populism
National conservatism
Political position Centre-right [ citation needed ] to right-wing
[ citation needed ]
with far-right factions [4] [5]
International affiliation International Democrat Union
European Parliament group European Conservatives and Reformists
Colours  Blue
European Parliament
62 / 705
European Council
1 / 27
European Commission
1 / 27
European Lower Houses
1,004 / 9,874
European Upper Houses
324 / 2,714
Website
ecrparty.eu

The European Conservatives and Reformists Party (ECR Party), formerly known as Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists (AECR) (2009–2016) and Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe (ACRE) (2016–2019), is a conservative Eurosceptic [6] European political party with a main focus on reforming the European Union (EU) on the basis of Eurorealism, [7] as opposed to total rejection of the EU (anti-EU-ism). [8] [9] It currently has twenty-four member parties and three further independent members from twenty-one countries, in addition to seven regional partners worldwide. [10]

Contents

The political movement was founded on 1 October 2009, [11] after the creation of the European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) political group of the European Parliament. It was officially recognised by the European Parliament in January 2010.

ECR is governed by a board of directors who are elected by the Council, which represents all ECR member parties. [12] The executive board is composed of the president Giorgia Meloni, Secretary General Anna Fotyga MEP from Poland, and Treasurer Jorge Buxadé MEP from Spain. [13] [14]

The party is affiliated with the European Conservatives and Reformists Group in the European Parliament, the pan-European think tank New Direction – The Foundation for European Reform, and the youth organisation the European Young Conservatives. It is also formally associated with the European Conservatives and Reformists Group in the Committee of the Regions, in the Congress of the Council of Europe, and in the NATO Parliamentary Assembly. [15] In the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, the ECR Party forms the European Conservatives Group and Democratic Alliance with the Identity and Democracy Party.

History

The European Conservatives and Reformists Party was founded as the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists on 1 October 2009, [16] after the ECR political group was founded in the wake of the 2009 European Parliament election, and was officially recognised by the European Parliament in January 2010. Amongst ACRE's eight founding members the largest were the UK Conservative Party, the Polish PiS and the Czech ODS.

ECR was formally constituted under the chairmanship of Belgian MEP Derk Jan Eppink, who was succeeded by Czech MEP Jan Zahradil. At ACRE's first congress was in Warsaw on 8 June 2010, attended by its founding members, including UK Conservative Party Chairman and Czech Prime Minister Mirek Topolanek. On 25 March 2011, the Civic Conservative Party from Slovakia joined; Iceland's Independence Party in November 2011 (the party's first member from outside the European Union); Georgia's Christian-Democratic Movement in August 2012; Italy's Conservatives and Social Reformers in October 2012; the Conservative Party of Canada became the ACRE's first associate member (later renamed 'regional partners') in November 2012; Turkey's ruling Justice and Development Party in November 2013; and the Faroe Islands' People's Party, and Romania's New Republic; and in July 2014, Prosperous Armenia. [17] The Conservative Party of Georgia and New Majority joined on 1 November 2014. At the same time, the ACRE formally affiliated to the European Conservatives Group in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. [18] In November 2015, the Conservatives and Reformists of Italy were admitted as ECR Party members, [19] followed by the Alliance for Progress and Renewal (ALFA) of Germany and M10 party of Romania in March 2016. [20] The Liberal Party of Australia, Istiqlal Party of Morocco, National Party of New Zealand, and Republican Party of the United States joined as further regional partners in 2014, followed by Afek Tounes and Likud Movement in 2015 and 2016.

The Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists officially changed its name to the Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe (ACRE) on 6 October 2016. [21]

In December 2018, ACRE was ordered to repay more than half a million euros of EU funds, following an investigation into their spending. This included €250,000 for a three-day conference in Miami and €90,000 for a trade meeting in Kampala. ACRE had previously been asked to return €121,000 given to the Prosperous Armenia party. [22]

More recently the ECR has seen a shift further towards the conservative right with the acceptance of the Brothers of Italy, Forum for Democracy, Vox and Sweden Democrats as members in 2019. [23] [24] All four members are nationalist, right-wing populist and anti-immigration marking a departure from the more moderate positions of the majority of members.

Principles

ECRP adopted the Reykjavík Declaration at its Council Meeting on 21 March 2014. The declaration defines the principles that underpin ECR.

The Reykjavík Declaration

Members

As of 2019, the ECRP is composed of members from 29 European nations (shown in dark blue) and regional partners from 10 non-European nations (shown in light blue). European Conservatives and Reformists Party members map.svg
As of 2019, the ECRP is composed of members from 29 European nations (shown in dark blue) and regional partners from 10 non-European nations (shown in light blue).

Member parties

The following parties listed below are members of the ECRP as of 2021. [24]

CountryPolitical partyParty Leader Political group
in Ninth European Parliament
European ParliamentNational lower house MPsPosition in national legislature
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania Republican Party of Albania
Partia Republikane e Shqipërisë (PR)
Fatmir Mediu Not in the EUNot in the EU
0 / 140
Opposition
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia Prosperous Armenia
Բարգավաճ Հայաստան (ԲՀ)
Gagik Tsarukyan Not in the EUNot in the EU
0 / 107
No seats
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan Popular Front Party of Whole Azerbaijan
Bütöv Azərbaycan Xalq Cəbhəsi Partiyasi (BAXCP)
Gudrat Hasanguliyev Not in the EUNot in the EU
1 / 125
Opposition
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus BPF Party
Партыя БНФ
Ryhor Kastusiou Not in the EUNot in the EU
0 / 110
No seats
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria IMRO - Bulgarian National Movement
ВМРО – Българско Национално Движение (ВМРО – БНД)
Krasimir Karakachanov European Conservatives and Reformists
2 / 17
0 / 240
No seats
Reload Bulgaria
Презареди България
Nikolay Barekov None
0 / 17
0 / 240
No seats
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Croatian Conservative Party
Hrvatska konzervativna stranka (HKS)
Marijan Pavliček European Conservatives and Reformists
1 / 11
2 / 151
Opposition
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Civic Democratic Party
Občanská demokratická strana (ODS)
Petr Fiala European Conservatives and Reformists
4 / 21
34 / 200
Opposition
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands People's Party
Fólkaflokkurin
Jørgen Niclasen Not in the EUNot in the EU
8 / 33
Government
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Blue Reform
Sininen tulevaisuus (SIN)
Blå framtid
Kari Kulmala None
0 / 13
0 / 200
No seats
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia Conservative Party
კონსერვატიული პარტია
Sak’art’velos konservatiuli partia (SPK)
Zviad Dzidziguri Not in the EUNot in the EU
6 / 150
Government
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Liberal Conservative Reformers
Liberal-Konservative Reformer (LKR)
Bernd Kölmel None
0 / 96
0 / 709
No seats
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Brothers of Italy
Fratelli d'Italia (FdI)
Giorgia Meloni European Conservatives and Reformists
6 / 76
35 / 630
Opposition
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo Democratic Party of Kosovo
Partia Demokratike e Kosovës (PDK)
Enver Hoxhaj (Acting)Not in the EUNot in the EU
25 / 120
Opposition
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia National Alliance
Nacionālā Apvienība (NA)
Raivis Dzintars
Gaidis Bērziņš
European Conservatives and Reformists
2 / 8
13 / 100
Government
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania – Christian Families Alliance
Lietuvos lenkų rinkimų akcija – Krikščioniškų šeimų sąjunga (LLRA–KŠS)
Valdemar Tomaševski European Conservatives and Reformists
1 / 11
8 / 141
Opposition
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg Alternative Democratic Reform Party
Alternativ Demokratesch Reformpartei (ADR)
Jean Schoos None
0 / 6
4 / 60
Opposition
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro Movement for Changes
Pokret za promjene (PzP)
Nebojša Medojević Not in the EUNot in the EU
5 / 81
Government
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Forum for Democracy
Forum voor Democratie (FvD)
Thierry Baudet European Conservatives and Reformists
0 / 26
8 / 150
Opposition
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Right Answer 2021
Juiste Antwoord 2021 (JA21)
Joost Eerdmans European Conservatives and Reformists
3 / 26
3 / 150
Opposition
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia VMRO - People's Party
ВМРО – Народна Партија (BMPO – НП)
Ljubčo Georgievski Not in the EUNot in the EU
1 / 120
Junior party in coalition
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg  Northern Cyprus National Unity Party
Ulusal Birlik Partisi (UBP)
Ersin Tatar Not in the EUNot in the EU
18 / 50
Government
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Law and Justice
Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (PiS)
Jarosław Kaczyński European Conservatives and Reformists
25 / 51
239 / 460
Majority government
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania The Right Alternative
Alternativa Dreaptă (AD)
Adela Mirza None
0 / 33
0 / 330
No seats
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia Enough is Enough
Доста је било
Dosta je bilo (DJB)
Saša Radulović Not in the EUNot in the EU
0 / 250
No seats
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Civic Conservative Party
Občianska konzervatívna strana (OKS)
Ondrej Dostál None
0 / 13
1 / 150
Government
Freedom and Solidarity
Sloboda a Solidarita (SaS)
Richard Sulík European Conservatives and Reformists
2 / 13
13 / 150
Government
New Majority
Nová väčšina (NOVA)
Gábor Grendel None
0 / 13
2 / 150
Government
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Vox Santiago Abascal European Conservatives and Reformists
3 / 54
52 / 350
Opposition
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Sweden Democrats
Sverigedemokraterna (SD)
Jimmie Åkesson European Conservatives and Reformists
3 / 20
62 / 349
Opposition
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Conservative Party
Conservative and Unionist Party (Con)
Boris Johnson Not in the EUNot in the EU
365 / 650
Majority government
Ulster Unionist Party
(UUP)
Doug Beattie Not in the EUNot in the EU
0 / 18
No seats

Regional partners

CountryPolitical partyParty LeaderNational Lower HousesGovernment
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Liberal Party
(LP)
Scott Morrison
61 / 151
Senior party in coalition
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Conservative Party
Parti conservateur du Canada (CPC)
Erin O'Toole
121 / 338
Opposition
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Democratic Center
Centro Democrático (CD)
Álvaro Uribe
32 / 172
Government
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Likud
(מחל) הליכוד
Benjamin Netanyahu
30 / 120
Opposition
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya Jubilee Party Uhuru Kenyatta
171 / 349
Government
Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives Progressive Party of Maldives
ޕްރޮގްރެސިވް ޕާރޓީ އޮފް މޯލްޑިވްސް (PPM)
Abdulla Yameen
5 / 87
Opposition
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand National Party
Rōpū Nāhinara (National)
Judith Collins
33 / 120
Opposition
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania Chadema – Party for Democracy and Progress
Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (CHADEMA)
Freeman Mbowe
63 / 293
Opposition
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Afek Tounes
آفاق تونس
Yassine Brahim
2 / 217
Opposition
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Republican Party
(GOP)
Ronna McDaniel
211 / 435
Opposition

Former member parties

Elected representatives of member parties

European institutions

OrganisationInstitutionNumber of seats
Flag of Europe.svg  European Union European Commission
1 / 27
European Council
(Heads of Government)
1 / 27
Council of the EU
(Participation in Government)
3 / 27
European Parliament
61 / 705
Flag of the Council of Europe.svg  Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly
22 / 321

ECR affiliate groupings

The ACRE is formally affiliated to groupings in the European Parliament and the Committee of the Regions of the European Union, the Congress of the Council of Europe and the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.

European Parliament

The ECR group is the sixth-largest group in the European Parliament. Founded in 2009, the ECR brings together 64 MEPs from 15 countries. [25] The ECR currently is led by a two Co-Chairmen, Ryszard Legutko of the Polish Law and Justice party and Raffaele Fitto of the Brothers of Italy party. [26]

Committee of the Regions

Following the creation of the ECR Group in the European Parliament in 2009, and the creation of the ACRE in 2010, the ECR Group in the Committee of the Regions was formed on 10 April 2013 under the leadership of Gordon Keymer CBE and with the support of the ACRE. The Group was officially announced during the 11–12 April 100th Committee of the Regions plenary session.

The ECR Group was the first Group to be formed in the Committee of the Regions during the course of a mandate and was the first ECR Group to be formed outside of the European Parliament.

The President of the Group is Cllr. Gordon Keymer CBE (Leader of Tandridge District Council) and the Vice-Presidents are Dan Jiránek (Mayor of Kladno) and Daiva Matonienė (Deputy Mayor of Šiauliai City Council). Adam Banaszak (Member of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie regional assembly), Cllr. Kay Twitchen OBE (Member of Essex County Council) and Cllr. Judith Pearce (Deputy Leader of Wychavon District Council and Executive board member for Planning, Infrastructure and Housing).

CountryParty nameMembersOther affiliations
FullAffiliateEuropartyEU ParliamentInternational
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Civic Democratic Party 31ACRE ECR IDU
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Danish People's Party 02 MELD ECR None
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Finns Party 11ACRE ECR None
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Independent13NoneNoneNone
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Christian Union 11 ECPM ECR None
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Law and Justice 14ACRE ECR None
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Independent politician10NoneNoneNone
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Conservative Party 78ACRENone IDU
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Ulster Unionist Party 01ACRENone IDU

Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

The European Conservatives Group in the European Parliament, founded in 1970 and existing for most of its history as the 'European Democrat Group' became officially affiliated to the ACRE on 29 September 2014. The EC group is led by Samad Seyidov MP, of the New Azerbaijan Party.

As of 23 October 2014, the European Conservatives have the following members: [27]

CountryParty nameMembersOther affiliations
EuropartyEU ParliamentInternational
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia Prosperous Armenia 2ACREN/ANone
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia Republican Party of Armenia [A] 1NoneN/ANone
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan New Azerbaijan Party 4NoneN/ANone
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan Independent 1NoneN/ANone
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Civic Democratic Party 2ACRE ECR IDU
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Danish People's Party 1None ECR None
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Independent Greeks 1None ECR None
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Progress Party 2NoneN/ANone
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Law and Justice 7ECRP ECR None
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland United Poland 1 MELD No MEPsNone
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Justice and Development Party [B] 13ACREN/ANone
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Nationalist Movement Party [C] 1NoneN/ANone
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Party of Regions [D] 4NoneN/ANone
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Sovereign European Ukraine 1NoneN/ANone
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Independent 1NoneN/ANone
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Conservative Party 17ACREN/A IDU
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Democratic Unionist Party 1NoneN/ANone
^A One of the three members of the Republican Party of Armenia sit with the EC Group. The other two members sit with the European People's Party.
^B Eleven of the thirteen members of the Justice and Development Party sit with the EC Group. One sits with the European People's Party and one sits with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.
^C One of the two members of the Nationalist Movement Party sits with the EC Group. The other member sits with the Socialist Group.
^D Four of the seven members of Party of Regions sit with the EC Group. Two sit with the Socialist Group and one sits with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.

Congress of the Council of Europe

The ECR group in the Congress of the Council of Europe brings together representatives in local government from across Europe. It has 31 members, 26 of whom represent parties in the ECRP.

CountryParty nameMembersOther affiliations
EuropartyEU ParliamentInternational
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia Prosperous Armenia 1ACREN/ANone
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Civic Democratic Party 3ACRE ECR IDU
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Independent 2NoneN/ANone
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Danish People's Party 1None ECR None
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Progress Party 2NoneN/ANone
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Law and Justice 1ACRE ECR None
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Independent 1NoneN/ANone
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Nationalist Movement Party 5NoneN/ANone
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine People's Party 1NoneN/ANone
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Conservative Party 11ACRE ECR IDU
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Ulster Unionist Party 1ACRE ECR None

Youth organisation

European Young Conservatives

The European Young Conservatives (EYC) is ECR Party's youth wing. It brings together conservative and political parties from across Europe. As of 2020, the group has a membership of 30 political youth organisations from 30 different countries and territories. Its patron was Margaret Thatcher until her death in 2013.

CountryOrganisationMother party
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia Prosperous Armenia Youth Prosperous Armenia
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus BPF Youth BPF Party
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Jong N-VA N-VA
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Young Conservatives Civic Democratic Party
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Young Conservatives Conservative People's Party
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands Huxa People's Party
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Finns Party Youth Finns Party
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia Young Conservatives Conservative Party of Georgia
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Youth for Freedom Forza Italia
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK Youth Club For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg  Liechtenstein Junge FBP Progressive Citizens' Party
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania Youth Organisation Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg ADRenalin Alternative Democratic Reform Party
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Youth Forum for Democracy Forum for Democracy
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Progress Party's Youth Progress Party
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Law and Justice Youth Forum Law and Justice
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal People's Youth Democratic and Social Centre – People's Party
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania New Republic Youth New Republic
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Young SVP Swiss People's Party
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey AKP Youth Justice and Development Party
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Young Conservatives (UK) Conservative Party
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Young Unionists Ulster Unionist Party

See also

DodgerBlue flag waving.svg   Conservatismportal

Notes

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