|Length||4,400 km (2,700 mi)|
|North end||Malmö, Sweden|
|South end||Chania, Greece|
|Countries|| Sweden |
Bosnia and Herzegovina
| International E-road network |
European route E65 is a north-south Class-A European route that begins in Malmö, Sweden and ends in Chania, Greece. The road is about 4,400 km (2,700 mi) in length.
The route between Montenegro and Kosovo is unclear, a problem currently shared with E80 which is concurrent with E65 on this section. The existing magistral road that goes via Podgorica through the town of Bijelo Polje continues northwards through western Serbia as E763, away from the direction of Pristina. Instead the route needs to turn to the east some 5 km before Bijelo Polje (Ribarevina junction), and towards Priština. After that, at Rožaje, the route winds slightly northwards again, goes through western Serbia near Tutin, and then enters Kosovo near Kosovska Mitrovica.
Formerly, before 1985, this was the E14.
^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia . The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory . The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement . Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 97 out of the 193 United Nations member states . In total, 113 UN member states are said to have recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.
The Battle of Kosovo took place on 15 June 1389 between an army led by the Serbian Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović and an invading army of the Ottoman Empire under the command of Sultan Murad Hüdavendigâr. The battle was fought on the Kosovo field in the territory ruled by Serbian nobleman Vuk Branković, in what is today Kosovo, about 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) northwest of the modern city of Pristina. The army under Prince Lazar consisted of his own troops, a contingent led by Branković, and a contingent sent from Bosnia by King Tvrtko I, commanded by Vlatko Vuković. Prince Lazar was the ruler of Moravian Serbia and the most powerful among the Serbian regional lords of the time, while Branković ruled the District of Branković and other areas, recognizing Lazar as his overlord.
This is a list of cities in Serbia and Montenegro. For a list of municipalities, see Internal structure of Serbia and Montenegro; for a list of all places in Serbia, see List of places in Serbia; for lists of villages in Serbia and Montenegro, see List of villages in Serbia and Montenegro.
European route E55 is an E-route. It passes through the following cities: Helsingborg … Helsingør – Copenhagen – Køge – Vordingborg – Nykøbing Falster – Gedser … Rostock – Berlin – Lübbenau – Dresden – Teplice – Prague – Tábor – Linz – Salzburg – Villach – Tarvisio – Udine – Palmanova – Venice – Ravenna – Cesena – Rimini – Fano – Ancona – Pescara – Canosa – Bari – Brindisi … Igoumenitsa – Preveza – Rhion – Patrai – Pyrgos – Kalamáta.
Podujevo, or Podujeva or Besiana, is a town and municipality in Kosovo's Pristina District. According to the 2011 census, the city has 23,453 inhabitants. The total population of the municipality is estimated at 83,242.
European route E 75 is part of the International E-road network, which is a series of main roads in Europe.
The Vilayet of Kosovo was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkan Peninsula which included the current territory of Kosovo and the north-western part of the Republic of North Macedonia. The areas today comprising Sandžak (Raška) region of Serbia and Montenegro, although de jure under Ottoman control, were in fact under Austro-Hungarian occupation from 1878 until 1909, as provided under Article 25 of the Treaty of Berlin. Uskub (Skopje) functioned as the capital of the province and the midway point between Istanbul and its European provinces. Uskub's population of 32,000 made it the largest city in the province, followed by Prizren, also numbering at 30,000.
The Sanjak of Novi Pazar was an Ottoman sanjak that was created in 1865. It was reorganized in 1880 and 1902. The Ottoman rule in the region lasted until the First Balkan War (1912). The Sanjak of Novi Pazar included territories of present-day northeastern Montenegro and southwestern Serbia, also including some northern parts of Kosovo. The region is known as Sandžak.
The Sitnica is a 90 km-long (56 mi) river in Kosovo. It flows into the Ibar at Mitrovica, and it is the longest river that flows completely within Kosovo.
European route E 80, also known as Trans-European Motorway or TEM, is an A-Class West-East European route, extending from Lisbon, Portugal to Gürbulak, Turkey, on the border with Iran. The road connects 10 countries and has a length of approximately 6,102 kilometres (3,792 mi). At its eastern end it joins end-on with Asian Highway AH1 which continues all the way to Japan.
European route E 851 is a road part of the International E-road network. It begins in Petrovac, Montenegro, passes through northern Albania and ends in Pristina, Kosovo.
European route E 763 is part of the International E-road network. It begins in Belgrade, Serbia and ends in Bijelo Polje, Montenegro. Most of E763 sections, in Serbia, are currently in the process of being upgraded, with the help of several Chinese construction companies.
Pristina is the capital and largest city of Kosovo. Its population is predominantly Albanian-speaking, constituting the second-largest such city in Europe, after Tirana. The city is located in the northeastern section of Kosovo in a relatively flat plain close to the Gollak mountains.
Gračanica or Graçanica, is a town and municipality located in Pristina District in central Kosovo. As of 2011, it has an estimated population of 10,675 inhabitants. Most Serbs boycotted the census organized by the government in Pristina, which was the recommendation of the Government of the Republic of Serbia. It is considered that the boycott of the census by the Serbs was a mistake because many municipalities with a Serb majority were deprived of financial resources used by the central government to finance local self-government, which belong to each municipality in proportion to its population.
Transport in Kosovo consists of transport by land and air.
Roads in Serbia are the backbone of its transportation system and an important part of the European road network. The total length of roads in the country is 45,419 km, and they are categorized as "state roads" or "municipal roads". All state roads in Serbia are maintained by the public, nation-wide, road construction company JP Putevi Srbije.
The A1, also commonly Rruga e Kombit or SH10, is the longest and only toll motorway in Albania, stretching 114 kilometres (71 mi) in the counties of Lezhë and Kukës. It consists for the most part of two traffic lanes and an emergency lane in each driving direction separated by a central reservation.
The Kosovo field is a large karst field (polje), a plain located in the eastern part of Kosovo. It is mostly known for being the battlefield of the Battle of Kosovo (1389) between the Serbian and Ottoman armies, and many other battles.
The R 7 Motorway, also commonly Autostrada Ibrahim Rugova, is the longest motorway in the Republic of Kosovo running 129.8 kilometres (80.7 mi) in the districts of Pristina and Prizren. It consists of two traffic lanes and an emergency lane in each driving direction separated by a central reservation.
The Serb Uprising of 1737–1739 broke out following Austria's defeats against the Ottomans, when the Austrian Emperor issued proclamations that the Christians in the Balkans rise against the Ottoman Empire. The Austrian Emperor called on the Serbs, who were ready to revolt, on 15 June 1737, and stressed that they would fight in an alliance with Russia against a common enemy. The Serbs organized themselves under Serbian Patriarch Arsenije IV. The uprising had a wide geographical extent, from Belgrade to eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and the Šar Mountain. The Albanian Klimenti tribe also joined the uprising. The failed war prompted Serbs, mostly from Herzegovina, Sandžak, Metohija and Montenegro, to flee under the leadership of Arsenije IV from the Ottoman territories into the Habsburg Monarchy.
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