Evald Mikson

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Evald Mikson
Personal information
Full nameEvald Mikson
Date of birth(1911-07-12)12 July 1911 (N.S.)
Place of birth Tartu, Livonia, Russian Empire
Date of death 27 December 1993(1993-12-27) (aged 82)
Place of death Reykjavík, Iceland
Playing position Goalkeeper
National team
YearsTeamApps(Gls)
1934–1938 Estonia 7 (0)

Evald Mikson (Icelandic : Eðvald Hinriksson), (12 July [ O.S. 29 June] 1911 – 27 December 1993) was a goalkeeper in the Estonian national football team, winning seven caps between 1934 and 1938. He has been accused of playing an active role in the murder of Jews in Estonia during his service as Deputy Chief of the Estonian Sicherheitspolizei in the Tallinn-Harju district during World War II. [1]

Icelandic language North Germanic language mainly spoken in Iceland

Icelandic is a North Germanic language spoken in Iceland. Along with Faroese, Norn, and Western Norwegian it formerly constituted West Nordic; while Danish, Eastern Norwegian and Swedish constituted East Nordic. Modern Norwegian Bokmål is influenced by both groups, leading the Nordic languages to be divided into mainland Scandinavian languages and Insular Nordic. Historically, it was the westernmost of the Indo-European languages until the Portuguese settlement in the Azores.

Old Style and New Style dates 16th-century changes in calendar conventions

Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are terms sometimes used with dates to indicate that the calendar convention used at the time described is different from that in use at the time the document was being written. There were two calendar changes in Great Britain and its colonies, which may sometimes complicate matters: the first was to change the start of the year from Lady Day to 1 January; the second was to discard the Julian calendar in favour of the Gregorian calendar. Closely related is the custom of dual dating, where writers gave two consecutive years to reflect differences in the starting date of the year, or to include both the Julian and Gregorian dates.

Estonia national football team mens national association football team representing Estonia

The Estonia national football team represents Estonia in international football matches and is controlled by the Estonian Football Association, the governing body for football in Estonia. Estonia's home ground is A. Le Coq Arena in Tallinn.

Contents

Overview

Mikson has been accused by the Simon Wiesenthal Center of committing serious war crimes against Jews during the Second World War, when he was working as Deputy Head of Police in Tallinn/Harjumaa.

Simon Wiesenthal Center non-profit organisation in the USA

The Simon Wiesenthal Center (SWC) is a Jewish human rights organization established in 1977 by Rabbi Marvin Hier. According to its mission statement, it is "a global human rights organization researching the Holocaust and hate in a historic and contemporary context. The Center confronts anti-Semitism, hate and terrorism, promotes human rights and dignity, stands with Israel, defends the safety of Jews worldwide, and teaches the lessons of the Holocaust for future generations."

War crime Serious violation of the laws of war

A war crime is an act that constitutes a serious violation of the laws of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility. Examples of war crimes include intentionally killing civilians or prisoners, torturing, destroying civilian property, taking hostages, performing a perfidy, raping, using child soldiers, pillaging, declaring that no quarter will be given, and seriously violating the principles of distinction and proportionality, and military necessity.

Tallinn City in Harju, Estonia

Tallinn is the capital, primate and the most populous city of Estonia. Located in the northern part of the country, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland of the Baltic Sea, it has a population of 434,562. Administratively a part of Harju maakond (county), Tallinn is a major financial, industrial, cultural, educational and research centre of Estonia. Tallinn is located 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Helsinki, Finland, 320 kilometres (200 mi) west of Saint Petersburg, Russia, and 380 kilometres (240 mi) east of Stockholm, Sweden. It has close historical ties with these three cities. From the 13th century until the first half of the 20th century Tallinn was known in most of the world by its historical German name Reval.

But in fact, Mikson was imprisoned by the Germans for hiding details about witnesses from his superiors. He escaped to Sweden in 1944, where there was never any question of extradition to the Soviet Union. In 1946 he was transported to the Norwegian border where a boat to Venezuela waited in Halden. However, the boat was stranded in Iceland, where he remained until his death. [2]

According to Evald Mikson in 1992, the reason behind Simon Wiesenthal Center working so hard to call him a Nazi is his "former colleague from the Estonian police force who is now a rich man living in Venezuela and who wanted revenge after I wrote an article about him and his crimes against Estonians in World War II". [3]

In 1999, the Estonian International Commission for Investigation of Crimes Against Humanity singled out the roles of Mikson along with Ain-Ervin Mere, Julius Ennok and Ervin Vik for having signed numerous death warrants during their role as members of the Political Police (Department B IV), headed by Ennok. [4]

The Estonian International Commission for Investigation of Crimes Against Humanity was the commission established by President of Estonia Lennart Meri in October 1998 to investigate crimes against humanity committed in Estonia or against its citizens during the Soviet and German occupation, such as Soviet deportations from Estonia and the Holocaust in Estonia.

Personal life

Mikson was the father of Jóhannes Eðvaldsson, who played for Celtic F.C. in the seventies, and Atli Eðvaldsson, former player for Borussia Dortmund and player and coach of the Icelandic national football team.

Jóhannes Eðvaldsson is an Icelandic former international football player.

Celtic F.C. association football club

The Celtic Football Club is a Scottish professional football club based in Glasgow, which plays in the Scottish Premiership. The club was founded in 1887 with the purpose of alleviating poverty in the immigrant Irish population in the East End of Glasgow. They played their first match in May 1888, a friendly match against Rangers which Celtic won 5–2. Celtic established themselves within Scottish football, winning six successive league titles during the first decade of the 20th century. The club enjoyed their greatest successes during the 1960s and 70s under Jock Stein when they won nine consecutive league titles and the 1967 European Cup.

Atli Eðvaldsson is an Icelandic former footballer who played as a midfielder. He is widely regarded as one of the most influential players to come from Iceland. After retiring, he became a well-known manager.

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References

  1. "WIESENTHAL CENTER WELCOMES ESTONIAN HISTORICAL COMMISSION FINDINGS WHICH CONFIRM HOLOCAUST CRIMES OF EVALD MIKSON". Simon Wiesenthal Center. 2001. Retrieved 15 October 2009.
  2. Luik, Margus (2009). Estonian Football 100 years. Estonia: ML Agency. p. 288. ISBN   978-9949-18-257-2.
  3. "Veit að mál mín verða rannsökuð í Eistlandi". Dagblaðið Vísir (in Icelandic). 21 February 1992. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
  4. "Phase II : The German occupation of Estonia in 1941–1944" (PDF). mnemosyne.ee. Estonian International Commission for Investigation of Crimes Against Humanity . Retrieved 13 July 2018.