|Full name||Evald Mikson|
|Date of birth||12 July 1911 (N.S.)|
|Place of birth||Tartu, Livonia, Russian Empire|
|Date of death||27 December 1993 82)(aged|
|Place of death||Reykjavík, Iceland|
Evald Mikson (Icelandic : Eðvald Hinriksson), (12 July [ O.S. 29 June] 1911 – 27 December 1993) was a goalkeeper in the Estonian national football team, winning seven caps between 1934 and 1938. He has been accused of playing an active role in the murder of Jews in Estonia during his service as Deputy Chief of the Estonian Sicherheitspolizei in the Tallinn-Harju district during the German Occupation of Estonia in World War II.
Mikson has been accused by the Simon Wiesenthal Center of committing serious war crimes against Jews during the Second World War, when he was working as Deputy Head of Police in Tallinn/Harjumaa.
But in fact, Mikson was imprisoned by the Germans for hiding details about witnesses from his superiors. He escaped to Sweden in 1944, where there was never any question of extradition to the Soviet Union. In 1946 he was transported to the Norwegian border where a boat to Venezuela waited in Halden. However, the boat was stranded in Iceland, where he remained until his death.
According to Evald Mikson in 1992, the reason behind Simon Wiesenthal Center working so hard to call him a Nazi is his "former colleague from the Estonian police force who is now a rich man living in Venezuela and who wanted revenge after I wrote an article about him and his crimes against Estonians in World War II".
In 1999, the Estonian International Commission for Investigation of Crimes Against Humanity singled out the roles of Mikson along with Ain-Ervin Mere, Julius Ennok and Ervin Vik for having signed numerous death warrants during their role as members of the Political Police (Department B IV), headed by Ennok.
Mikson was the father of Jóhannes Eðvaldsson, who played for Celtic F.C. in the seventies, and Atli Eðvaldsson, former player for Borussia Dortmund and player and coach of the Icelandic national football team.
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After Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, Army Group North reached Estonia in July. Initially the Germans were perceived by most Estonians as liberators from the USSR and its repressions, having arrived only a week after the first mass deportations from the Baltic States. Although hopes were raised for the restoration of the country's independence, it was soon realized that they were but another occupying power. The Germans pillaged the country for their war effort and unleashed The Holocaust in Estonia during which they and their collaborators murdered tens of thousands of people. For the duration of the occupation, Estonia was incorporated into the German province of Ostland.
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