Everton Weekes

Last updated

Sir Everton Weekes
Everton Weekes.jpg
Personal information
Full nameEverton DeCourcy Weekes
Born (1925-02-26) 26 February 1925 (age 95)
Saint Michael, Barbados
BattingRight-handed
BowlingRight-arm leg break
RoleOccasional wicket-keeper
Relations David Murray (son)
Ken Weekes (cousin)
Ricky Hoyte (grandson)
International information
National side
Test debut(cap  59)21 January 1948 v  England
Last Test31 March 1958 v  Pakistan
Domestic team information
YearsTeam
1944–1964 Barbados
Career statistics
Competition Tests First-class
Matches48152
Runs scored4,45512,010
Batting average 58.6155.34
100s/50s15/1936/54
Top score207304 not out
Balls bowled1221,137
Wickets 117
Bowling average 77.0043.00
5 wickets in innings 00
10 wickets in match00
Best bowling1/84/38
Catches/stumpings 49/–124/1
Source: CricketArchive, 8 January 2009

Sir Everton DeCourcy Weekes, KCMG, GCM, OBE (born 26 February 1925) is a former cricketer from Barbados. Along with Frank Worrell and Clyde Walcott, he formed what was known as "The Three Ws" of the West Indies cricket team.

Contents

Youth and early career

Born in a wooden shack on Pickwick Gap in Westbury, Saint Michael, Barbados, near Kensington Oval, Weekes was named by his father after English football team Everton (when Weekes told English cricketer Jim Laker this, Laker reportedly replied "It was a good thing your father wasn't a West Bromwich Albion fan.") [1] Weekes is unaware of the source of DeCourcy, his middle name, although he believes there was a French influence in his family. [1]

Weekes's family was poor and his father was forced to leave his family to work in the Trinidad oilfields when Weekes was eight. He did not return to Barbados for eleven years. [2] In the absence of his father, Weekes and his sister were raised by his mother Lenore and an aunt, whom Weekes credits with his successful upbringing. [2] Weekes attended St Leonard's Boys' School, where he later bragged that he never passed an exam (although he would later successfully study Hotel Management) [3] and preferred to concentrate on sport. [4] In addition to cricket, Weekes was also a keen football player, representing Barbados. [5] As a boy Weekes assisted the groundsmen at Kensington Oval and often acted as a substitute fielder [6] in exchange for free entry to the cricket, giving himself the opportunity to watch leading international cricketers at close range. [7] At age 13 Weekes began playing for Westshire Cricket Club in the Barbados Cricket League (BCL). He would have preferred to have played for his local club, Pickwick, but the club only catered to white players. [8]

Weekes left school in 1939, aged 14, and, not having a job, spent his days playing cricket and football. He later attributed much of his cricketing success to this time spent practising. [9] In 1943 Weekes enlisted in the Barbados Regiment and served as a Lance-Corporal [8] until his discharge in 1947 and while he never saw active service, [7] the fact he was in the military meant he was eligible to play cricket for Garrison Sports Club in the higher standard Barbados Cricket Association in addition to Westshire in the BCL. [8]

Early first-class career

Weekes's performances in Barbados club cricket led to his selection in a 1945 trial match to select a first-class side to represent Barbados on a Goodwill tour of Trinidad and Tobago. Weekes scored 88 and 117 retired and was selected for the tour, [4] making his first-class debut on 24 February 1945, aged 19 years, 364 days, for Barbados against Trinidad and Tobago at Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain. Batting at number six, he scored 0 and eight as Barbados lost by ten wickets. [10]

Weekes scored his maiden first-class half century in his next match, making 53 as an opener against Trinidad in March 1945 (where he also bowled for the first time in a first class match, conceding 15 runs in four wicketless overs). [11] In his first two first-class seasons Weekes was only a moderate success with the bat, averaging 16.62 by the end of the 1945/46 season [4] but began to find form in 1946/47, when, batting at number four, his maiden first-class century, 126 against British Guiana at Bourda, Georgetown, [12] and averaged 67.57 for the season. [4] The 1947/48 season included a tour by MCC and Weekes impressed West Indian selectors with an unbeaten 118 against the tourists prior to the first Test in Bridgetown. [4]

The Three Ws

The Worrell, Weekes and Walcott Stand at Kensington Oval is named in honour of the Three Ws. Kensington Oval media centre.jpg
The Worrell, Weekes and Walcott Stand at Kensington Oval is named in honour of the Three Ws.

Weekes was one of the "Three Ws", along with Clyde Walcott and Frank Worrell, noted as outstanding batsmen from Barbados who all made their Test debut in 1948 against England. The three were all born within seventeen months of each other and within a mile of Kensington Oval in Barbados [13] and Walcott believed that the same midwife delivered each of them. [14] Weekes first met Walcott in 1941, aged 16, when they were team mates in a trial match. [15] They shared a room together when on tour [15] and, along with Worrell, would go dancing together on Saturday nights after playing cricket. [16]

The name "Three Ws" was coined by an English journalist during the 1950 West Indian tour of England. [17] Walcott believed that Weekes was the best all-round batsman of the three, while Worrell was the best all-rounder and modestly referred to himself as the best wicket keeper of the trio. [18] After their retirement from cricket, the three remained close and, following the death of Worrell in 1967, Weekes acted as one of the pallbearers at his funeral. [19] The 3Ws Oval, situated on the Cave Hill campus of the University of the West Indies was named in their honour, and a monument to the three Ws is opposite the oval. [20] Worrell and Walcott are buried on ground overlooking the oval [21] but there has been no official word from Weekes whether he intends to be buried with them upon his death.

Test career

Completed Test career batting averages
Don Bradman (AUS)
99.94
Adam Voges (AUS)
61.87
Graeme Pollock (RSA)
60.97
George Headley (WI)
60.83
Herbert Sutcliffe (ENG)
60.73
Eddie Paynter (ENG)
59.23
Ken Barrington (ENG)
58.67
Everton Weekes (WI)
58.61
Wally Hammond (ENG)
58.45
Garfield Sobers (WI)
57.78

Source: Cricinfo
Qualification: 20 completed innings,
career completed.

Weekes made his Test debut for the West Indies against England at Kensington Oval on 21 January 1948, aged 22 years and 329 days. He was one of 12 debutants; seven from the West Indies (the other were Walcott, Robert Christiani, Wilfred Ferguson, Berkeley Gaskin, John Goddard and Prior Jones) and five for England; Jim Laker, Maurice Tremlett, Dennis Brookes, Winston Place and Gerald Smithson. Batting at number three, Weekes made 35 and 25 as the match ended in a draw. [22]

Weekes's performance in his next two Tests, in the words of Wisden, "did little to indicate the remarkable feats which lay ahead" [23] and was initially dropped from the Fourth and final Test of the series against England before an injury to George Headley allowed Weekes to return to the side. [24] After being dropped on 0, Weekes scored 141, his maiden Test century [25] and was subsequently chosen for the West Indies tour of India, Pakistan and Ceylon.

In his next Test, the First against India, at Delhi, in November 1948 (the first by West Indies in India), [25] Weekes scored 128, followed by 194 in the Second Test in Bombay and 162 and 101 in the Third Test in Calcutta. Weekes then made 90 in the Fourth Test in Madras, being controversially run out [25] and 56 and 48 in the Fifth Test at Bombay. Weekes's five Test centuries in consecutive innings is a Test record, passing the record previously held by Jack Fingleton and Alan Melville [26] as was his achievement of seven Test half centuries in consecutive innings, [25] passing the record previously jointly held by Jack Ryder, Patsy Hendren, George Headley and Melville. [27] (Andy Flower and Shivnarine Chanderpaul have since equalled Weekes' record of seven half centuries). [28]

By the end of the series, which also included a century against Ceylon, at that time a non-Test cricketing nation, and a half century against Pakistan in a match not classed as a Test match, Weekes had a Test batting average of 82.46 and had passed 1,000 Test runs in his twelfth innings, one fewer than Donald Bradman. [29] Early in the tour the West Indian team's cricket kit disappeared and Weekes was surprised to see Indian fisherman wearing flannels and West Indian cricket jumpers. [30] As a result of his series, Weekes was named one of the 1949 Indian Cricket "Cricketers of the Year". [31] The next season saw no Test cricket played by West Indies but Weekes scored 236* against British Guiana at Bridgetown, averaged 219.50 for the season and raised his career first-class average to 72.64. [32]

West Indies in England 1950

In 1950 West Indies toured England and Weekes continued his excellent form, scoring 338 runs at 56.33 and playing a significant part in the West Indies 3–1 victory in the Test series, as well as 2310 first-class runs at 79.65 (including five double centuries, a record for a West Indian tour of England). [33] By the end of the series, Weekes had scored 1,410 Test runs at 74.21 and had enhanced his reputation as one of the finest slip fielders in world cricket, taking 11 catches in the series. Additionally, his 304* against University of Cambridge remains the only triple century by a West Indian on tour in England. [33] In recognition of his performance, Weekes was named a 1951 Wisden Cricketer of the Year. [23]

West Indies in Australia and New Zealand 1951/52

Named as a member of the West Indian team to tour Australia in 1951/52, Weekes was troubled by a range of injuries throughout the tour, including an ongoing thigh injury [34] and a badly bruised right thumb when a door slammed shut on it while he was helping an injured Walcott out of his room, [35] subsequently leaving his performances below expectations.

Additionally, as the leading West Indian batsman, Weekes was targeted by the Australian fast bowlers, in particular Ray Lindwall, subjecting him to Bodyline-like tactics of sustained short pitched bowling. Reviewing the series, the Sydney Morning Herald claimed that the Australian tactics to contain Weekes may have been just within the laws of cricket but infringed on the spirit of the game. [36] Leading cricket commentator Alan McGilvray later wrote "I remain convinced to this day the bumpers hurled at Weekes had a definite influence on charging up West Indian competitiveness in future series." [37] Following the Australian tour, the West Indies visited New Zealand. In a tour match against Wellington, Weekes kept wicket in the absence of the injured Simpson Guillen and effected the only stumping of his first class career. [38]

India in the West Indies 1952/53

During the Port of Spain Test against India in February 1953, Weekes surpassed George Headley's record of 2190 as West Indies' highest Test run scorer. Weekes would hold this record until June 1966 when surpassed by Gary Sobers. [39]

Australia in the West Indies 1954/55

Weekes took his sole Test wicket in this series. In the First Test at Sabina Park, Kingston, with Australia requiring just 20 runs in their second innings to win the Test, Weekes opened the bowling and had Arthur Morris caught by Glendon Gibbs. [40] The Australians were surprised at the level of racism evident throughout the West Indies at the time, and were embarrassed to find that Weekes, Worrall and Walcott had not been invited to a cocktail party at the home of a white West Indian player. [41]

Other achievements include three centuries in consecutive innings against New Zealand in 1956, and a partnership of 338 with Worrell against England in 1954, still a West Indian record for the third wicket. In 1954 Weekes was chosen as the first tenured black captain of Barbados and the second black captain overall following Herman Griffith's temporary captaincy in 1941. [42]

West Indies in England 1957

Weekes was affected by sinusitis throughout the tour, requiring five operations, [43] and broke a finger in late June. [44] Reporting on the final day of the 1957 Lord's Test where Weekes had made a rearguard 90 as the West Indies slumped to an innings defeat, The Times's cricket correspondent wrote "It had been a day to quicken one's feeling for cricket, glowing with freshness and impulse and friendliness, and it had belong to Weekes." [45] Denis Compton said of Weekes following this innings; "In every respect, it was the innings of a genius." [46] During the tour Weekes became only the fourth West Indian to pass 10,000 first-class runs. [47] Weekes was the first West Indian to pass 3,000 Test runs, in 31 Test matches, and the first to score 4,000 Test runs, in 42 Tests.

Lancashire League

In 1949 Weekes accepted an offer of £500 to play as the professional for Bacup in the Lancashire League. [48] When he first arrived in Bacup, Weekes was greatly affected by the cold and took to wearing an army great coat everywhere, to the extent it became part of his League image. [49] His homesickness for Barbados was tempered by his landlady's potato pies and the presence of Worrell and Walcott, who were playing for League clubs Radcliffe and Enfield respectively. The three Ws would regularly meet at Weekes's house midweek for an evening of piano playing and jazz singing. [50]

In all, Weekes played seven seasons in the Lancashire League between 1949 and 1958, passing 1000 runs in each. [51] His 1,518 runs scored in 1951 is still the club record and for 40 years was the League record, until broken by Peter Sleep. [52] Weekes scored a total of 9,069 runs for Bacup at 91.61, with 25 centuries, including 195* against Enfield, a score that remains a League record, [49] as does his 1954 batting average of 158.25. [50] Weekes also had success with the ball, taking at least fifty wickets in all but one season at Bacup, including 80 wickets in 1956. [49]

During the 1954 season he also played for neighbouring Central Lancashire League club Walsden as sub professional in the Wood Cup Final. His 150 runs and 9 wickets helped the village club to their first trophy in the seventy years since they became founder members of the CLL. Weekes's performances were a significant contribution to League crowds, with over 325,000 spectators attending Lancashire League matches in 1949, a record as yet unsurpassed. [49] He also played up for the crowds; batting in a match against Rawtenstall Cricket Club, Weekes waited until a ball had passed him before taking his left hand off his bat and hitting the ball around his back through square leg for four. [49]

Style

Weekes had a classic batting style, possessed a variety of shots on both sides of the wicket, [7] and is considered one of the hardest hitters in cricket history. [53] Described by The Times as lightly bow-legged, with a wonderful eye, wrists the envy of any batsman, and feet always the right place to play a shot, [45] Richie Benaud stated that many Australians who saw Weekes in action said he was the closest batsman in style to the pre-World War II Donald Bradman. [53] He was also compared to Bradman in his ability to keep the scoreboard moving and at using his feet to come down the pitch to slower bowlers. [54] Additionally, Weekes was an excellent fielder, initially in the covers before moving into the slips, [54] and produced a training manual entitled Aspects of Fielding.

Retirement and post-cricketing career

Sir Everton Weekes (centre) with the Rector of St. James Church and guests, February 2007. Sir Everton Weekes.jpg
Sir Everton Weekes (centre) with the Rector of St. James Church and guests, February 2007.

Weekes retired from Test cricket in 1958 due to a persistent thigh injury but continued in first-class cricket until 1964, his final first-class match being against Trinidad and Tobago in Port-of-Spain, scoring 19 and 13. [55] Weekes passed 12,000 first-class runs in his final innings, becoming only the third West Indian, after Worrell and Roy Marshall, to do so. [56]

Post-retirement, Weekes would make occasional appearances in charity and exhibition matches, including for the International Cavaliers. [57] In one 1967 match, aged 42, Weekes, out of practice and in borrowed gear, dominated a bowling attack half his age. [57] Weekes also participated in a Cavaliers tour of Rhodesia in the early 1960s, where he was the focus of racial discrimination, including having a match against a Bulawayo side moved to a substandard ground in a black area due to a local bylaw banning blacks from playing in a white area. [58] Feeling humiliated, Weekes and fellow West Indian Rohan Kanhai threatened to abandon the tour but remained following an apology from Rhodesian government officials. [59]

While Weekes was never coached as a young player, he was appointed a Barbados Government Sports Officer in 1958 [60] and found great success as a coach, encouraging young players to obey their instincts and develop their own style. [61] Such was his success, Weekes was appointed coach of the Canadian side at the 1979 Cricket World Cup. [62] Additionally, Weekes served on the executive of the Barbados Cricket Association for many years [63] and helped develop many leading Barbadian players, including Conrad Hunte and Seymour Nurse, both deeply influenced by Weekes. [64] Weekes also found time to work as a television and radio cricket commentator, known for his acerbic wit and deep knowledge of the game [65] and began to play Dominoes and Bridge competitively, representing Barbados in regional Bridge championships. [66] The New York Times referred to his style as "aggressive". [67]

In 1994 Weekes was appointed as an International Cricket Council match referee, refereeing in four Tests and three One Day Internationals. [68] Weekes published his memoirs Mastering the Craft: Ten years of Weekes, 1948 to 1958 in December 2007, when it was announced that the book will be included in the curriculum of the Caribbean Civilisation Foundation course at the University of the West Indies. [69] Outside of cricket, Weekes became a Justice of the Peace and served on a number of Barbados Government bodies, including the Police Service Commission. [70] Weekes' cousin Kenneth Weekes and son David Murray also played Test cricket for the West Indies, while his grandson Ricky Hoyte played first-class cricket for Barbados [71] and his nephew Donald Weekes played one first-class match for Sussex. [72]

In June 2019, Weekes was placed in intensive care, after suffering a heart attack in Barbados. [73]

Honours and Legacy

An innings-by-innings breakdown of Weekes's Test match batting career, showing runs scored (red bars) and the average of the last 10 innings (blue line). The blue dots indicate an innings where he was not dismissed. Everton Weekes Graph.png
An innings-by-innings breakdown of Weekes's Test match batting career, showing runs scored (red bars) and the average of the last 10 innings (blue line). The blue dots indicate an innings where he was not dismissed.

Following the end of his cricketing career, Weekes received a range of distinctions, including being made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE), the Barbados Gold Crown of Merit (GCM) and in 1995 Weekes was made a Knight of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) for his services to cricket. [74] For the 2000 edition of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, Weekes was asked to be a member of the 100 strong electorate to select the Five Cricketers of the 20th Century. All voters were allowed to nominate five players and while there was no disclosure of which five each voter chose, Wisden editor Matthew Engel revealed that Weekes voted for Dennis Lillee and, as Sir Donald Bradman received 100 votes, it is obvious Weekes voted for Bradman as well. [75]

The former Prime Minister of Barbados Owen Arthur paid tribute to Weekes for his role in bringing social change to Barbados and the Caribbean, stating "Through his excellence on the cricket field, Sir Everton helped in a fundamental way to change Barbados for the better, forever, by proving that true excellence cannot be constrained by social barriers." [76] In addition the 3Ws Oval, Weekes has been honoured throughout Barbados, including having a roundabout in Warrens, St. Michael named after him. [77] In January 2009 Weekes was one of 55 players inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame and will choose new inductees to the Hall of Fame. [78]

Weekes had a Test batting average of nearly 97.92 in innings immediately after those in which he scored a hundred, the second highest (after Vijay Hazare) for those who had scored five Test centuries. [79] As of February 2009, Weekes' career Test batting average of 58.61 is the eighth highest of all players with 30 or more innings. [80] An oddity of his career was the first innings bias averaging 71.44 compared with 36.64 in the second, and only one of his fifteen tons came in the second innings.

Records

Notes

  1. 1 2 Walcott p. 14.
  2. 1 2 Weekes p. 4.
  3. Walcott p. 18.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 Sandiford, K. (1995) Everton DeCourcey Weekes, Famous Cricketers Series: No 29, Association of Cricket Statisticians and Historians, Nottingham. ISBN   0-947774-55-6
  5. Walcott p. 17.
  6. Spooner, P. (1998) "Sir Everton Weekes: My First Test", The Barbados Nation, 18 December 1998
  7. 1 2 3 Walcott p. 20.
  8. 1 2 3 Sandiford (1995) p. 6.
  9. Weekes, p. 5.
  10. Cricket Archive, Trinidad v Barbados scorecard http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Scorecards/17/17467.html Accessed 24 April 2008.
  11. Cricket Archive, http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Scorecards/17/17469.html Accessed 24 May 2008
  12. Cricket Archive, Scorecard British Guiana v Barbados in 1946/47 http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Scorecards/17/17878.html Accessed 29 May 2008
  13. Dyde p. 160.
  14. Walcott p. 2.
  15. 1 2 Walcott p. vii.
  16. Walcott p. 7.
  17. Walcott p. 13.
  18. Walcott p. 15.
  19. Walcott p. 19.
  20. "West Indies Cricket: 3Ws Oval, Barbados" http://www.barbados.org/3ws_oval.htm Accessed 27 April 2008
  21. "West Indies Cricket: 3Ws Monument" http://www.barbados.org/3ws_memorial.htm Accessed 27 April 2008
  22. Cricinfo, "Scorecard, 1st Test: West Indies v England at Bridgetown, 21–26 Jan 1948" Accessed 27 April 2008
  23. 1 2 Belson, F. (1951) "Cricketer of the Year – 1951 Everton Weekes", Wisden Cricketer's Almanack
  24. Sandiford (1995) p. 13.
  25. 1 2 3 4 Sandiford, K. (2004) "Everton Weekes – West Indies' Whirlwind", The Journal of the Cricket Society, vol. 21 no. 4 Spring 2004
  26. The Adelaide Advertiser, "Young West Indian's Test Record" 4 January 1949, p. 10.
  27. "Fifties in consecutive innings", ESPNcricinfo, Accessed 6 October 2008.
  28. Lynch, S. (2007) "Losing four times running, and seven fifties in a row", ESPNcricinfo, Accessed 6 October 2008.
  29. "Cricinfo: Fastest To 1000 Runs". Archived from the original on 13 February 2006. Retrieved 20 May 2007.
  30. Sobers p. 64
  31. Cricket Archive, "Indian Cricketer Cricketers of the Year", http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Players/Overall/Indian_Cricket_Cricketers_of_the_Year.html Accessed 27 April 2008.
  32. Sandiford (1995) p. 16.
  33. 1 2 Sandiford (1995) p. 17.
  34. Canberra Times, "Weekes may play in Second Test, 30 November 1951
  35. Canberra Times, "West Indies Bad Luck Continues", 21 December 1951
  36. Goodman, T. "Lindwall's bowling to Weekes was overdone", Sydney Morning Herald, 30 January 1952.
  37. McGilvray, A. (1989) Alan McGilvray's Backpage of Cricket, Lester Townsend Publishing, Paddington.
  38. Sandiford (1995) p. 23.
  39. Basevi, T. & Binoy, G. (2009) "From Charles Bannerman to Ricky Ponting", ESPNcricinfo, 5 August 2009, Accessed 9 August 2009
  40. Cricket Archive, Scorecard, West Indies v Australia in 1954/55, Sabina Park, Kingston http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Scorecards/21/21455.html Accessed 28 April 2008
  41. Beckles p. 78.
  42. Sandiford (1998) p. 22.
  43. Sandiford (1995) p. 8.
  44. Sandiford (1995) p. 29.
  45. 1 2 Our Cricket Correspondent, "Weekes and West Indies earn Honour in Defeat", The Times, 24 June 1957.
  46. Armstrong p. 123.
  47. Sandiford (1995) p. 30
  48. Kay, J. (1969) "An Invitation from the Forgotten Leagues", The International Cavaliers Cricket Book, Purnell, London
  49. 1 2 3 4 5 Edmundson p. 69.
  50. 1 2 Edmundson p. 71.
  51. Lancashire League http://lancashireleague.com/Records/LL1000RUNS.html 1,000 runs in a Lancashire League season Accessed 26 April 2008
  52. Edmundson p. 125.
  53. 1 2 Armstrong p. 122.
  54. 1 2 Walcott p. 21.
  55. Cricket Archive, "Scorecard, Trinidad and Tobago v Barbados in 1963/64", http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Scorecards/26/26610.html Accessed 8 May 2008
  56. Sandiford (1995) p. 38.
  57. 1 2 Bailey (1968) p. 52.
  58. Majumdar & Mangan p. 139
  59. Majumdar & Mangan p. 138-9
  60. Sandiford (1995) p. 9.
  61. Bailey (1968) p. 56.
  62. Sandiford (1998) p. 150.
  63. Sandiford (1998) p. 23.
  64. Sandiford (1998) p. 26.
  65. Sandiford (1995) p. 10.
  66. Sobers p. 65
  67. Truscott, A. "Bridge; Can't Be Beat?", The New York Times, 3 July 1988.
  68. Cricinfo, "Everton Weekes Profile", http://content-www.cricinfo.com/westindies/content/player/53241.html Accessed 24 April 2008.
  69. Indo-Asian News Service "Sir Everton pens a book" 4 December 2007
  70. Government of Barbados, Official Gazette, 1986.
  71. Cricket Archive, "Everton Weekes" http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Players/0/812/812.html Accessed 24 April 2008.
  72. Cricinfo, "Donald Weekes", http://content-www.cricinfo.com/westindies/content/player/22829.html Accessed 24 April 2008.
  73. "Sir Everton Weekes: West Indies cricketing great suffers heart attack". BBC Sport. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  74. Reuters, "Everton Weekes and Peter Blake Knighted" 16 June 1995.
  75. Engel, M. "How they were chosen", Wisden Cricketers' Almanack 2000, John Wisden & Co. Ltd, Guildford, Surrey.
  76. Arthur in Weekes, p. iv.
  77. Small, M. "A Brit like home", The Sunday Mirror, 14 December 2008, p. 14
  78. Asian News International, "ICC Launches Cricket Hall of Fame in Association With FICA", 2 January 2009
  79. Basevi, T. & Binoy, G. "Unsated by a century", ESPNcricinfo, 8 April 2009 http://content.cricinfo.com/magazine/content/story/398018.html?CMP=OTC-FCS Accessed 9 April 2009
  80. Cricket Archive, "Highest Batting Averages in Test Cricket" http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Records/Tests/Overall/Highest_Batting_Average.html Accessed 7 July 2008

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George Nathaniel Francis was a West Indian cricketer who played in West Indies' first Test in their inaugural Test tour of England. He was a fast bowler of renowned pace and was notably successful on West Indies' non-Test playing tour of England in 1923, but he was probably past his peak by the time the West Indies were elevated to Test status. He was born in Trents, St. James, Barbados and died at Black Rock, Saint Michael, also in Barbados.

Manny Martindale West Indian cricketer

Emmanuel Alfred "Manny" Martindale was a West Indian cricketer who played in ten Test matches from 1933 to 1939. He was a right-arm fast bowler with a long run up; although not tall for a bowler of his type he bowled at a fast pace. With Learie Constantine, Martindale was one of the earliest in the long succession of Test-playing West Indian fast bowlers. During the time he played, the West Indies bowling attack depended largely on his success. Critics believe that his record and performances stand comparison with bowlers of greater reputation and longer careers.

Nyron Sultan Asgarali was a former West Indian cricketer who played in two Tests in 1957.

The English cricket team in the West Indies in 1953–54 played five Test matches, five other first-class matches and seven other games, three of them on a two-week stop-over in Bermuda that included Christmas.

The West Indies cricket team toured Australia in the 1951–52 season and played five Test matches against Australia. The series was billed as the "World Championship of cricket", with both teams having beaten England in the previous 18 months. In the event, the series was a disappointment with Australia winning fairly easily by four matches to one.

The West Indies cricket team toured England in the 1950 season to play a four-match Test series against England.

The West Indies cricket team toured England in the 1957 season to play a five-match Test series against England.

This article describes the history of West Indies cricket from 1946 to 1970.

The West Indies cricket team toured India, Pakistan and Ceylon from October 1948 to March 1949 and played a five-match Test series against the India national cricket team. West Indies won the Test series 1–0 with four matches being drawn. The West Indians played three matches in Pakistan in November and four matches in Ceylon in February.

Keith Arlington Patrick Sandiford GCM is a Barbadian-born Canadian historian. He has been professor emeritus at the University of Manitoba since 2002.

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