Excideuil

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Excideuil
Excideuil giratoire.JPG
Blason ville fr Exideuil (Dordogne).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Excideuil
Excideuil
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Excideuil
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Excideuil
Coordinates: 45°20′15″N1°03′01″E / 45.3375°N 1.0503°E / 45.3375; 1.0503 Coordinates: 45°20′15″N1°03′01″E / 45.3375°N 1.0503°E / 45.3375; 1.0503
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Dordogne
Arrondissement Nontron
Canton Isle-Loue-Auvézère
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Marie-Laure Lacoste
Area
1
5.02 km2 (1.94 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2017) [1]
1,177
  Density230/km2 (610/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
24164 /24160
Elevation140–253 m (459–830 ft)
(avg. 150 m or 490 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Excideuil (French pronunciation:  [ɛksidœj] ; Occitan : Eissiduelh) is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, southwestern France.

Contents

Geography

Excideuil is located in the Périgord Vert area, on a limestone plateau between the upper courses of the rivers Isle and Auvézère. The river Loue runs through the town. Excideuil is located about 60 km (37 mi) from Limoges, 34 km (21 mi) from Périgueux, 15 km (9.3 mi) from Hautefort and 12 km (7.5 mi) from Tourtoirac. Its built-up area continues into the territory of the adjacent communes Saint-Martial-d'Albarède and Saint-Médard-d'Excideuil.

History

The first reference to Excideuil, as Exidolium is found in a will document from Aredius, also known as Yrieix, dated 572. The town has been referred also as Issidor, Excidour and Excideuilh. This name is made of the Celtic word ialo (meaning "clearing, glade", "place of") suffixed to a radical Exito (Gaul name) or Exitus.

Excideuil was attacked in 1182 around Pentecost by Richard I of England, as mentioned in Rerum gallicarum et francicarum scriptores:

Richardus, Henrici II filius, a patre Pictavensis Comes institutus, anno 1182 in exercitu Francorum Regis militabat adversus Philippum Flandriae Comitem. Eodem anno, mense julio, pace composita cum Lemovicensi vicecomite, duos ejus filios accepit obsides, et a Petragorico Comite castrum Petragoricum cum propugnaculis solo aequavit. Cum interim tractatum esset cum Engolismensibus et Petragoricensibus, circa Pentecosten Exidolium rediit, et ejusdem castri burgum cepit.

Gui d'Excideuil is an Old French romance, written in the 12th century, whose text is now lost.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1962 1,578    
1968 1,660+5.2%
1975 1,663+0.2%
1982 1,535−7.7%
1990 1,414−7.9%
1999 1,318−6.8%
2008 1,314−0.3%

Notable persons

Sights

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2017". INSEE . Retrieved 6 January 2020.