Ezzatollah Sahabi

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Ezatollah Sahabi
Ezzatollah Sahabi.jpg
Member of Parliament of Iran
In office
28 May 1980 28 May 1984
Constituency Tehran, Rey and Shemiranat
Majority 1,070,929 (50.2%)
Minister without Portfolio
for Plan and Budget [1]
In office
29 September 1979 6 November 1979
Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan
Preceded by Ali Akbar Moinfar
Member of Assembly of Experts for Constitution
In office
15 August 1979 15 November 1979
Constituency Tehran Province
Majority 1,442,217 (57.1%)
Personal details
Born(1930-05-09)9 May 1930 [2]
Tehran, Iran
Died 31 May 2011(2011-05-31) (aged 81)
Tehran, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Political party
Children Haleh Sahabi
Parents Yadollah Sahabi (father)

Ezzatollah Sahabi (9 May 1930 – 31 May 2011) was an Iranian politician and journalist. He was a parliament member from 1980 to 1984.

Iran Country in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia and officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center.

Contents

Early life

Sahabi was born on 9 May 1930 in Tehran, Iran. His father, Yadollah Sahabi, was an influential figure in the 1979 Iranian revolution. His brother, Fereydun Sahabi, was the first president of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran and the second in the administration of President of Iran.

Tehran City in Iran

Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.694 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East. It is ranked 24th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.

Yadollah Sahabi Iranian politician

Yadollah Sahabi was a prominent Iranian scholar, writer, reformist and politician. A close associate of Mohammad Mosaddegh and Mehdi Bazargan, Sahabi was an active campaigner for the nationalisation of the Iranian oil industry in the 1950s. He was the father of Ezzatollah Sahabi and Fereydun Sahabi.

Fereydun Sahabi is an Iranian academic, writer, translator and social activist. He was the first president of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran and the second in the administration of President of Iran after the Iranian revolution.

He studied mechanical engineering at the Faculty of Engineering Tehran University.

Political career

He was appointed as a member of Council of Islamic Revolution by Ruhollah Khomeini on 12 February 1979. Mehdi Bazargan, then Prime Minister of Iran, named Sahabi as Head of National Budget Center. He was elected as a member of Parliament in election of 1980.

Ruhollah Khomeini 20th-century Iranian religious leader and politician

Sayyid Ruhollah Mūsavi Khomeini, known in the Western world as Ayatollah Khomeini, was an Iranian politician and marja. He was the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution that saw the overthrow of the last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and the end of 2,500 years of Persian monarchy. Following the revolution, Khomeini became the country's Supreme Leader, a position created in the constitution of the Islamic Republic as the highest-ranking political and religious authority of the nation, which he held until his death. He was succeeded by Ali Khamenei on 4 June 1989.

Mehdi Bazargan Iranian politician

Mehdi Bazargan was an Iranian scholar, academic, long-time pro-democracy activist and head of Iran's interim government, making him Iran's first prime minister after the Iranian Revolution of 1979. He resigned his position as prime minister in November 1979, in protest at the US Embassy takeover and as an acknowledgement of his government's failure in preventing it.

Prime Minister of Iran former a political post in Iran

The Prime Minister of Iran was a political post in Iran that had existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution.

In later years Sahabi was managing editor of the journal Iran-e Farda (The Iran of Tomorrow), which was banned by the Islamic government, [4] and participated in the 2000 'Iran After the Elections' Conference held in Berlin, for which he was sentenced to four and a half years imprisonment. [5] He was well known as the leader of the Iran's Nationalist-Religious political alliance.

Berlin Capital of Germany

Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,748,148 (2018) inhabitants make it the second most populous city proper of the European Union after London. The city is one of Germany's 16 federal states. It is surrounded by the state of Brandenburg, and contiguous with its capital, Potsdam. The two cities are at the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region, which is, with about six million inhabitants and an area of more than 30,000 km², Germany's third-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr and Rhine-Main regions.

Sahabi spent a total of 15 years in prison both before and after the 1979 Islamic revolution. [6]

Iranian Revolution Revolution in Iran to overthrow the Shah replace him with Ayatollah Khomeini.

The Iranian Revolution was a series of events that involved the overthrow of the monarch of Iran, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, and the replacement of his government with an Islamic republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, a leader of one of the factions in the revolt. The movement against the United States-backed monarchy was supported by various leftist and Islamist organizations and student movements.

Personal life

Sahabi was married to Zahra Ataei, whose maternal uncle was Mehdi Bazargan. They had a son and a daughter. In April 2011, he was hospitalized in Persian Hospital. On 1 May 2011, Sahabi went into a coma after a stroke. On 31 May 2011, he died at age 81 in Modarres Hospital and his funeral was held the next day. [7] [8]

Funeral

Sahabi's funeral was reportedly marred by the removal of his body by plain clothes authorities, the death of his daughter, Haleh Sahabi, from cardiac arrest after being beaten by the plain clothes for holding a photograph of her father. Also the plain clothes heated and arrest of several mourners. According to an unnamed journalist present at the funeral, a "large group" of plainclothes and security forces present at the ceremony "beat a number of mourners", including Haleh Sahabi. [9] Haleh Sahabi reportedly collapsed after trying to stop authorities from removing her father's body. According to Haleh's uncle, [10] the woman died due to "the beating given to her, (which) were severe". However, her son Shamekhi was forced into saying by the government that [11] stated that his mother died "not due to beatings but because of a cardiac arrest". [12] Mourners reportedly arrested at the funeral include Habibollah Peyman, a member of the Freedom Movement of Iran, political activist Hamid Ahrari, and Hamed Montazeri, the grandson of the late dissident cleric Grand Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri. [13] Fars news agency denied there had been any clash with police and accused the opposition movement of seeking to politicise the incident. [14]

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References

  1. Mohammad Heydari (2008), "اخراجی‌های دولت", Shahrvand Magazine (in Persian) (43)
  2. Ezatollah Sahabi's birthday
  3. Houchang E. Chehabi (1990). Iranian Politics and Religious Modernism: The Liberation Movement of Iran Under the Shah and Khomeini. I.B.Tauris. p. 87. ISBN   1850431981.
  4. Wright, Robin B. (2001). The Last Great Revolution: Turmoil and Transformation in Iran. Random House, Inc. p. 72. ISBN   978-0-375-70630-1 . Retrieved 19 October 2010.
  5. Ezzatollah Sahabi et al. v. Islamic Republic of Iran, Working Group on Arbitrary Detention,
  6. Britain asks Iran to investigate death of women's rights activist Haleh Sahabi, Saeed Kamali Dehghan | guardian.co.uk, | 2 June 2011
  7. Ezatollah Sahabi dies
  8. Iranian opposition activist Sahabi dies
  9. Daughter of Deceased Dissident Dies Following Attack During Father’s Burial, 1 June 2011 International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran.
  10. quoted by Kaleme.com, the website of opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi
  11. quoted by Kaleme.com and other media
  12. Iran: Haleh Sahabi dies at funeral of Ezatollah Sahabi, By Mohsen Asgari, bbc.co.uk 1 June 2011.
  13. Mourners At Iranian Dissident Funeral 'Detained'|2 June 2011
  14. Iranian activist dies at father's funeral|Saeed Kamali Dehghan |guardian.co.uk |1 June 2011