Fédération Internationale d'Escrime

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Fédération Internationale d'Escrime
International Fencing Federation logo.svg
Sport Fencing
FoundedNovember 29, 1913;107 years ago (1913-11-29)
President Alisher Usmanov
Countries157
Headquarters Flag of Switzerland.svg Lausanne
Official website fie.org
Headquarters of the FIE at the Maison du Sport International in Lausanne Maison du Sport International - Lausanne.jpg
Headquarters of the FIE at the Maison du Sport International in Lausanne

The Fédération Internationale d'Escrime (English: International Fencing Federation), commonly known by the acronym FIE, is the international governing body of Olympic fencing. Today, its head office is at the Maison du Sport International in Lausanne, Switzerland. The FIE is composed of 157 national federations, [1] each of which is recognized by its country's Olympic Committee as the sole representative of Olympic-style fencing in that country.

Contents

Since its inception in 1913, there have been fourteen different presidents. The current president of the federation is Alisher Usmanov.

History

Allegory of fencing by Vaclav Cesak, presented to the Olympic Museum by the Federation Internationale d'Escrime in celebration of its centenary Allegory of fencer - Vaclav Cesak - Lausanne.jpg
Allegory of fencing by Václav Česák, presented to the Olympic Museum by the Fédération Internationale d'Escrime in celebration of its centenary

The Fédération Internationale d'Escrime is the heir of the Société d'encouragement de l'escrime founded in France in 1882, which took part in the global movement of structuring sport. [2] The first international fencing congress was held in Brussels, Belgium in 1897 at the instigation of the Fédération belge des cercles d'escrime, followed by another one in Paris in 1900. [3] On this occasion the Société organised one of the first international fencing events; French, Italian, Spanish, and Belgian fencers attended the competition. [4] Dissensions rapidly arose between epeists and foilists, which held the majority at the Société. The third congress held in Brussels in 1905 voted the creation of an international fencing committee whose mission would be of fostering friendship amongst all fencers, establishing national rules, and supporting the organization of fencing competitions. [5] The 3rd congress also adopted the French rules as the basis for upcoming international competitions. New tensions appeared, this time between France and Italy, about the regulatory weapon grip. They led to the boycott by France of the fencing events of the 1912 Olympic Games. [6] A new international congress was called together in Ghent, Belgium, in July 1913. The main matter was the adoption of international regulations for each of the three weapons. The French rules were adopted in épée and foil; the Hungarian rules were chosen for sabre. [7] Frenchman René Lacroix also campaigned for the creation of an international fencing federation.

The Fédération Internationale d'Escrime was founded on November 29, 1913, in the conference rooms of the Automobile Club de France in Paris. [8] The nine founding nations were Belgium, Bohemia (now the Czech Republic), France, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, and Norway. Albert Feyerick, president of the Federation of fencing clubs of Belgium, was elected as the first president. The FIE held its first congress on June 23, 1914, and accepted the adhesion of seven new countries: Austria, Denmark, Monaco, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, and the United States. [9]

Events

Competitions organized by the FIE include the senior World Championships and World Cup, the Junior World Championships and Junior World Cup, the Cadets World Championships and the Veterans World Championships. The FIE delegates to regional confederations the organization of the zone championships.

The FIE assists the International Olympic Committee in the organization of fencing events at the Summer Olympics. The number of events is a matter of contention between the FIE and the CIO since the introduction of women's sabre at the 1999 World Championships: since then, the World Championships feature twelve events–an individual and a team weapon for each of the three weapons, for men and for women. However, the CIO refuses to increase the number of Olympic medals allocated to fencing. After much dithering, the FIE decided to organize all six individual events, but only four team events decided on a rotational basis. The two team events excluded from the Olympic programme, one for men and one for women, compete instead in World championships. [10]

People

Presidents of the FIE

A list of FIE presidents from 1913 to the present: [11]

Athletes

National federations

As of 2019, the FIE recognizes 157 affiliated national federations. [12]

Africa (CAE) America (CPE)Asia (FCA)Europe (CEE)Oceania (OFC)

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Note:As of 7 July 2012, the Netherlands Antilles is still listed as an FIE Member nation, and 146 member nations are listed on the FIE's membership page. However, after the country was dissolved, it lost its National Olympic Committee status in 2011. At the 2012 Olympics, athletes from the former Netherlands Antilles were eligible to participate as independent athletes under the Olympic flag (no fencers competed).

Related Research Articles

Fencing Type of armed combat sport

Fencing is a group of three related combat sports. The three disciplines in modern fencing are the foil, the épée, and the sabre ; winning points are made through the weapon's contact with an opponent. A fourth discipline, singlestick, appeared in the 1904 Olympics but was dropped after that, and is not a part of modern fencing. Fencing was one of the first sports to be played in the Olympics. Based on the traditional skills of swordsmanship, the modern sport arose at the end of the 19th century, with the Italian school having modified the historical European martial art of classical fencing, and the French school later refining the Italian system. There are three forms of modern fencing, each of which uses a different kind of weapon and has different rules; thus the sport itself is divided into three competitive scenes: foil, épée, and sabre. Most competitive fencers choose to specialize in one weapon only.

The United States Fencing Association (USFA) is the national governing body for the sport of fencing in the United States. The USFA was founded in 1891 as the Amateur Fencers League of America (AFLA) by a group of New York fencers seeking independence from the Amateur Athletic Union. The AFLA changed its name to the United States Fencing Association in 1981.

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The Namibian Fencing Federation (NFF) became recognized in 2007 by the FIE. There are currently four fencing clubs in Namibia. Highlanders, Katima Mulilo Fencing Club, Gobabis Fencing Club and Windhoek Fencing Club.

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References

  1. "INTERNATIONAL FENCING FEDERATION". www.fie.org.
  2. Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014 , p. 13
  3. Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014 , p. 15
  4. Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014 , p. 14
  5. Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014 , p. 17
  6. Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014 , p. 18
  7. Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014 , p. 19
  8. Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014 , p. 20
  9. Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014 , p. 38
  10. Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014 , pp. 168–172
  11. Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014 , p. 222
  12. "List of the federations". Fédération Internationale d'Escrime. Retrieved 2013-04-01.[ non-primary source needed ]

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