FC Spartak Moscow

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Spartak Moscow
FC Spartak Moscow crest.svg
Full nameФутбольный клуб Спартак Москва
(Football Club Spartak Moscow)
Nickname(s)Narodnaya komanda (The People's Team)
Krasno-Belye (The Red-Whites)
Myaso (Meat)
Founded18 April 1922;96 years ago (1922-04-18)
Ground Otkritie Arena
Capacity45,360
Owner Leonid Fedun
Chairman Sergey Rodionov
Manager Oleg Kononov
League Russian Premier League
2017–18 3rd
Website Club website
Soccerball current event.svg Current season

FC Spartak Moscow (Russian: Футбольный клуб «Спартак» Москва [spɐrˈtak mɐˈskva] ) is a Russian professional football club from Moscow. Having won 12 Soviet championships (second only to Dynamo Kyiv) and a record 10 Russian championships, it is the country's most successful club. They have also won a record 10 Soviet Cups, 3 Russian Cups and one Russian Super Cup. Spartak have also reached the semi-finals of all three European club competitions.

Association football team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Moscow Capital city of Russia

Moscow is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits, 17 million within the urban area and 20 million within the metropolitan area. Moscow is one of Russia's federal cities.

The Soviet Top League, known after 1970 as the Higher League served as the top division of Soviet Union football from 1936 until 1991.

Contents

Historically, the club was a part of the Spartak sports society. Other teams in the society include ice hockey club HC Spartak Moscow. Currently, the club is not connected with the Spartak sports society and is an independent privately owned organisation.

Spartak (sports society) sports organization

Spartak is an international fitness and sports society that unites some countries of the former Soviet Union. Spartak sports society was supported by the Komsomol.

Ice hockey team sport played on ice using sticks, skates, and a puck

Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points. The sport is known to be fast-paced and physical, with teams usually consisting of six players each: one goaltender, and five players who skate up and down the ice trying to take the puck and score a goal against the opposing team.

HC Spartak Moscow ice hockey team

HC Spartak Moscow is a professional ice hockey team based in Moscow, Russia. They played in the Tarasov Division of the Kontinental Hockey League during the 2013–14 season. However, the team did not participate in the KHL league for the 2014–15 season because of financial issues, but rejoined the league prior to the 2015–16 season as members of the Bobrov Division.

History

Foundation

In the early days of Soviet football, many government agencies such as the police, army and railroads created their own clubs. So many statesmen saw in the wins of their teams the superiority over the opponents patronising other teams. Almost all the teams had such kind of patrons — Dynamo Moscow with the militsiya, CSKA Moscow with the Red Army and Spartak, created by a trade union public organization was considered to be "the people's team."

Football team Group of football players

A football team is a group of players selected to play together in the various team sports known as football. Such teams could be selected to play in a match against an opposing team, to represent a football club, group, state or nation, an all-star team or even selected as a hypothetical team and never play an actual match.

FC Dynamo Moscow Russian association football club based in Moscow

FC Dynamo Moscow is a Russian football club based in Khimki, Moscow Oblast. Dynamo has returned to the Russian Premier League for the 2017–18 season after one season's absence in the second-tier Russian Football National League.

Militsiya police force in USSR and some other countries

Militsiya, was the name of the police forces in the Soviet Union and in several Soviet bloc countries (1945-1991), as well as in the non-aligned SFR Yugoslavia of 1945-1992; the term continues in common and sometimes official usage in some of the individual former Soviet republics such as Belarus, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, as well as in the unrecognized republics of Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Transnistria.

The history of the football club and sports society "Spartak" originates from the Russian Gymnastics Society (RGO "Sokol"), which was founded on May 4, 1883. The society was founded under the influence of the Pan-Slavic "Sokol movement" with the aim of promoting the "Sokolsk gymnastics" and then other sports: fencing, wrestling, figure skating, skating, football, hockey, lawn tennis, boxing, skis, Athletics, cycling ... In the spring of 1922 the RGO "Sokol" was renamed into MKS. (Moscow Sport Circle).

Sokol all-age gymnastics organization first founded in Prague

The Sokol movement is an all-age gymnastics organization first founded in Prague in the Czech region of Austria-Hungary in 1862 by Miroslav Tyrš and Jindřich Fügner. It was based upon the principle of "a strong mind in a sound body". The Sokol, through lectures, discussions, and group outings provided what Tyrš viewed as physical, moral, and intellectual training for the nation. This training extended to men of all ages and classes, and eventually to women.

In 1922, the Moscow Sport Circle (Moscow sport club of Krasnopresnensky district) (МКС, Московский кружок спорта), later named Krasnaya Presnya (Red Presnya), was formed by Ivan Artemyev and involved Nikolai Starostin, especially in its football team. Presnya is a district of Moscow renowned for the radical politics of its inhabitants. For example, it was the centre of the Moscow uprising of 1905.

Ivan Timofeevich Artemyev was a Russian football player involved in the founding of FC Spartak Moscow.

Nikolai Starostin Soviet footballer

Nikolai Petrovich Starostin was a Russian footballer and ice hockey player, and founder of Spartak Moscow.

Presnensky District, commonly called Presnya (Пре́сня), is a district of Central Administrative Okrug of the federal city of Moscow, Russia. Population: 123,284 (2010 Census); 116,979 (2002 Census).

The team grew, building a stadium, supporting itself from ticket sales and playing matches across the Russian SFSR. As part of a 1926 reorganization of football in the Soviet Union, Starostin arranged for the club to be sponsored by the food workers union and the club moved to the 13,000 seat Tomsky Stadium, known as Pishcheviki. The team changed sponsors repeatedly over the following years as it competed with Dinamo Moscow, whose 35,000 seat Dynamo Stadium lay close by.

Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Republic in the USSR (1922–1991) and sovereign state (1917–1922 and 1990–1991)

The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, previously known as the Russian Soviet Republic and the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, as well as being unofficially known as the Russian Federation, Soviet Russia, or simply Russia, was an independent state from 1917 to 1922, and afterwards the largest, most populous and most economically developed of the 15 Soviet socialist republics of the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1922 to 1991, then a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with priority of Russian laws over Union-level legislation in 1990 and 1991, during the last two years of the existence of the USSR. The Russian Republic comprised sixteen smaller constituent units of autonomous republics, five autonomous oblasts, ten autonomous okrugs, six krais and forty oblasts. Russians formed the largest ethnic group. The capital of the Russian SFSR was Moscow and the other major urban centers included Leningrad, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod and Samara.

Mikhail Tomsky Soviet politician

Mikhail Pavlovich Tomsky was a factory worker, trade unionist and Bolshevik leader. He was the Soviet leader of the All-Russian Central Council of Trade Unions.

The Young Pioneers Stadium was a sports complex built in the Soviet Union, intended exclusively for children and youth training, the largest in Europe of this kind. It was located in Moscow. First built at the location in 1926 was a football stadium named after M.P. Tomsky used by FC Pishcheviki Moscow that had room for 13,000 spectators. Later Built in 1932 - 1934, the complex consisted of a football stadium surrounded by a 6-lane 400 m athletics track, two volleyball grounds, five tennis courts, a cycling track, an indoor ice skating rink, as well as indoor gyms, choreography halls and chess school apartments. Besides that, an Indoor Athletics Area was built there in 1968. The site was reconstructed in 1980 to comply with Olympic standards and the football stadium was used as a venue of the hockey tournament at the 1980 Summer Olympics, including the final. After that, the complex was again the seat of the Central Children's Training and Competition Complex with more than 2,000 children regularly practicing sports.

As a high-profile sportsman, Starostin came into close contact with Alexander Kosarev, secretary of the Komsomol (Communist Union of Youth) who already had a strong influence on sport and wanted to extend it. In November 1934, with funding from Promkooperatsiia, Kosarev employed Starostin and his brothers to develop his team to make it more powerful. Again the team changed its name, this time to "Spartak Moscow" (the name Spartak means "Spartacus", a gladiator who led an uprising against Ancient Rome).

The club founders, four Starostin brothers, played a big role in the formation of the team. The Starostins played for the red-whites in the 1930s but right before World War II they were subjected to repression as the leaders of the most hated[ clarification needed ] team by the state authorities. Elder brother Nikolai Starostin wrote in his books that he had survived in the State Prison System due to his participation in football and with Spartak. After the political rehabilitation, in 1954, he would later return to the team as the squad's manager.

Soviet period

In 1935, Starostin proposed the name Spartak. It was inspired by the Italian novel Spartaco, written by Raffaello Giovagnoli, and means Spartacus ("Spartak" in Russian), a gladiator-slave who led a rebellion against Rome. Starostin is also credited with the creation of the Spartak logo. [1] The same year, the club became a part of newly created Spartak sports society.

Spartak's third logo, still in use by the sports society. Spartak Society logo.png
Spartak's third logo, still in use by the sports society.

Czechoslovak manager Antonin Fivebr is credited as the first head coach of Spartak, though he worked as a consultant in several clubs simultaneously. [2] In 1936, the Soviet Top League was established, where its first championship was won by Dynamo Moscow while Spartak won its second, which was held in the same calendar year. Before World War II, Spartak earned two more titles. [3] In 1937 Spartak won the football tournament of Workers' Olympiad at Antwerp.

During the 1950s, Spartak, together with Dynamo, dominated the Soviet Top League. When the Soviet national team won gold medals at the Melbourne Olympics, it consisted largely of Spartak players. Spartak captain Igor Netto was the captain of the national team from 1954 to 1963. In the 1960s, Spartak won two league titles, but by the mid-1960s, Spartak was no more regarded as a leading Soviet club. The club was even less successful in the 1970s and in 1976 Spartak was relegated into the lower league.

During the following season, the stadium was still full as the club's fans stayed with the team during its time in the lower division. Konstantin Beskov, who became the head coach (as a footballer Beskov made his name playing for Spartak's main rivals, Dynamo), introduced several young players, including Rinat Dasayev and Georgi Yartsev. Spartak came back the next year and won the title in 1979, beating Dynamo Kyiv and thanks to Spartak supporters, the period is considered to be the start of the modern-style fans' movement in the Soviet Union.

On 20 October 1982, disaster struck during the UEFA Cup match between Spartak and Dutch club HFC Haarlem. Sixty-six people died in a stampede during the match, [4] making it Russia's worst sporting disaster.

In 1989, Spartak won the its last USSR Championship, rivals Dynamo Kyiv 2–1 in the closing round. Spartak's striker Valery Shmarov scored the "golden" free kick with almost no time left. The next season, Spartak reached the European Cup semi-final, consequently eliminating Napoli on penalties and Real Madrid (with 3–1 away victory), but losing to Marseille.

Modern period

View of the Otkrytie Arena. Match veteranov Spartaka (8).jpg
View of the Otkrytie Arena.

A new page in the club’s history began when the Soviet Union collapsed and its championship ceased to exist. In the newly created Russian league, Spartak, led by coach and president Oleg Romantsev, dominated and won all but one title between 1992 and 2001. Year-after-year the team also represented Russia in the Champions League.

Problems began in the new century, however. Several charismatic players (Ilya Tsymbalar and Andrey Tikhonov among others) left the club as a result of conflict with Romantsev. Later, Romantsev sold his stock to oil magnate Andrei Chervichenko, who in 2003 became the club president. The two were soon embroiled in a row that would continue until Romantsev was sacked in 2003 with the club suffering several sub-par seasons until Chervichenko finally sold his stock in 2004. The new ownership made a number of front office changes with the aim of returning the team to the top of the Russian Premier League. [5]

In the 2005 season, Spartak, led by Aleksandrs Starkovs, finished second in the league following an impressive run to beat Lokomotiv Moscow, Zenit Saint Petersburg and Rubin Kazan to the last Champions League place.

Following a mixed start to the 2006 season and public criticism from Dmitry Alenichev, the team's captain and one of its most experienced players, Starkovs left his position to Vladimir Fedotov.

Spartak has been entitled to place a golden star on its badge since 2003 to commemorate winning five Russian championships in 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996 and 1997. They have won the championship another four times since 1997. Since 2013, the club have added another three stars as rules allowed teams to include titles won during the Soviet era. In the 2012-13 season, Spartak qualified for the 2012–13 UEFA Champions League group stage and finished last after disappointing performances against FC Barcelona, Celtic and Benfica. In the league, Spartak finished in fourth place while in the cup it was eliminated in the round of 16 by FC Rostov 0-0 (3-5 pen.), completing a disappointing season. The next 3 seasons (13/14,14/15,15/16) were somewhat similar as Spartak finished 6th, 6th and 5th accordingly while the club did not qualify for European Competitions.

Revival of Spartak

By the beginning of the 2016-17 season, Spartak had acquired a strong squad consisting of talented foreign players such as Quincy Promes, Fernando, Zé Luís, Lorenzo Melgarejo and noteworthy Russians such as Denis Glushakov, Roman Zobnin and Ilya Kutepov. As a result, Spartak won the 2016–17 Russian Premier League after a spectacular performance and the club won most derbies and finished with a difference of 7 points. In the 2016–17 Russian Cup, Spartak was eliminated in the round of 32 and in the 2016–17 UEFA Europa League Spartak was eliminated in the third qualifying round by AEK Larnaca FC 2-1 on aggregate and did not qualify for European Competitions. However, Spartak will be participating in the 2017–18 UEFA Champions League group stage. On 6 December 2017, Spartak suffered the biggest defeat in its history, losing 0-7 in an away UCL group match against Liverpool F.C., though they earlier defeated Sevilla FC 5-1. [6]

Achievements

Domestic competitions

1936 (autumn), 1938, 1939, 1952, 1953, 1956, 1958, 1962, 1969, 1979, 1987, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2016–17
1938, 1939, 1946, 1947, 1950, 1958, 1963, 1965, 1971, 1992, 1993–94, 1997–98, 2003
2017
1977
1987

International

1993, 1994, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2001

Non-official

1982
2012

Notable European campaigns

SeasonAchievementNotes
European Cup / UEFA Champions League
1980–81 Quarter-finaleliminated by Real Madrid 0–0 in Tbilisi, 0–2 in Madrid
1990–91 Semi-finaleliminated by Marseille 1–3 in Moscow, 1–2 in Marseille
1993–94 Group stagefinished third in a group with Barcelona, AS Monaco and Galatasaray
1995–96 Quarter-finaleliminated by Nantes 2–2 in Moscow, 0–2 in Nantes
2000–01 Second group stageFinished fourth in a group with Bayern Munich, Arsenal and Lyon
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
1972–73 Quarter-finaleliminated by Milan 0–1 in Moscow, 1–1 in Milan
1992–93 Semi-finaleliminated by Antwerp 1–0 in Moscow, 1–3 in Antwerp
UEFA Cup
1983–84 Quarter-finaleliminated by Anderlecht 2–4 in Brussels, 1–0 in Tbilisi
1997–98 Semi-finaleliminated by Internazionale 1–2 in Moscow, 1–2 in Milan
UEFA Europa League
2010–11 Quarter-finaleliminated by Porto 1–5 in Porto, 2–5 in Moscow

UEFA club coefficient ranking

As of 14.12.2018, Source:

RankTeamPoints
81 Flag of England.svg Everton F.C. 17.000
82 Flag of Serbia.svg Red Star Belgrade 16.750
83 Flag of Russia.svg Spartak Moscow16.000
84 Flag of Israel.svg Maccabi Tel Aviv F.C. 16.000
85 Flag of Russia.svg FC Dynamo Moscow 16.000
As of 14 August 2018
CompetitionPldWDLGFGAGDWin%
UEFA Champions League 122403151173189−16032.79
UEFA Europa League 114592233180138+42051.75
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1810443117+14055.56
Total2541095788382341+41042.91

League history

Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union

SeasonDiv.Pos.Pl.WDLGSGAP Cup EuropeTop scorer (league)Manager/acting manager
1936 (s) 1st 3631212713-- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Glazkov  – 4 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Kozlov
1936 (a) 17421191017QF- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Glazkov  – 7 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Kozlov
1937 216853241637R16- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Rumyantsev  – 8 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Kvashnin
1938 1251834741939W- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Sokolov  – 18 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Kvashnin
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg P.Popov
1939 1261493582337W- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Semyonov  – 18 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg P.Popov
1940 3241356543531-- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Semyonov  – 13
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Kornilov  – 13
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Gorokhov
1944 no league competitionSF-- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Kvashnin
1945 10226313224415R16- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Timakov  – 7 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Isakov
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Vollrat
1946 622859384021W- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Salnikov  – 9 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Vollrat
1947 824699342621W- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Dementyev  – 9 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Vollrat
1948 3261817643437RU- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Konov  – 15 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Kvashnin
1949 3342176934349SF- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan  – 26 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Dangulov
1950 53617109774044W- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan  – 34 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Dangulov
1951 62813510503531QF- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan  – 10 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Dangulov
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Gorokhov
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Glazkov
1952 113922261220RU- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Paramonov  – 8 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Sokolov
1953 1201172471529QF- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan  – 14 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Sokolov
1954 2241437492631R16- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Ilyin  – 11 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Sokolov
1955 2221534552733SF- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Parshin  – 13 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Gulyaev
1956 1221543682834-- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan  – 16 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Gulyaev
1957 3221165432828RU- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan  – 12 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Gulyaev
1958 1221363552832W- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Ilyin  – 19 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Gulyaev
1959 622886322824-- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Isaev  – 8 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Gulyaev
1960 7301578523237R16- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Ilyin  – 13 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan
1961 3301686573440R16- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Khusainov  – 14 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan
1962 1322156612547R16- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Sevidov  – 16 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan
1963 2382288653352W- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Sevidov  – 15 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan
1964 83212812343232SF- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Sevidov  – 6 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan
1965 832101210282632W- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Khusainov  – 5
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Reingold  – 5
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan
1966 43615129454142QF- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Osyanin  – 15 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Gulyaev
1967 73613149383040R32 CWC R16 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Khusainov  – 8 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Salnikov
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan
1968 23821107644352R32- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Khusainov  – 14 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan
1969 1322462511554R32- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Osyanin  – 16 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan
1970 33212146432538QF- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Khusainov  – 12 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan
1971 6309138353131W ECC R32 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Kiselyov  – 5
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Silagadze  – 5
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Piskarev  – 5
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan
1972 113081012293026RU UC R32 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Papaev  – 4
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Andreev  – 4
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Piskarev  – 4
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Simonyan
1973 4301488372831QF CWC QF Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Piskarev  – 12 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Gulyaev
1974 2301596412339QF- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Piskarev  – 10 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Gulyaev
1975 103091011273028R16 UC R64 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Lovchev  – 8 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Gulyaev
1976 (s) 1415429101810- UC R16 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Pilipko  – 2
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Lovchev  – 2
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Bulgakov  – 2
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Krutikov
1976 (a) 1515537151813R32- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Bulgakov  – 6 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Krutikov
1977 2nd 13822106834254R16- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Yartsev  – 17 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Beskov
1978 1st 53014511423333R16- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Yartsev  – 19 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Beskov
1979 13421103662550Qual.- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Yartsev  – 14 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Beskov
1980 2341897492645SF- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Rodionov  – 7 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Beskov
1981 2341987704046RU ECC QF Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Gavrilov  – 21 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Beskov
1982 3341699593541Qual. UC R32 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Shavlo  – 11 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Beskov
1983 2341897602545R16 UC R16 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Gavrilov  – 18 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Beskov
1984 2341897532945QF UC QF Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Rodionov  – 13 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Beskov
1985 23418106722846R16 UC R16 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Rodionov  – 14 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Beskov
1986 3301497522137SF UC R16 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Rodionov  – 17 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Beskov
1987 13016113492642R16 UC R16 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Rodionov  – 12
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Cherenkov  – 12
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Beskov
1988 43014115402639QF UC R32 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Rodionov  – 12 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Beskov
1989 13017103491944QF ECC R16 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Rodionov  – 16 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Romantsev
1990 5241257392629R16 UC R32 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Shmarov  – 12 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Romantsev
1991 2301776573041QF ECC SF Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Flag of Russia.svg Mostovoi  – 13
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Flag of Russia.svg Radchenko  – 13
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Romantsev
1992--W UC R32- Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Flag of Russia.svg Romantsev

Flag of Russia.svg Russia

SeasonDiv.Pos.Pl.WDLGSGAP Cup EuropeTop scorer (league)Manager/acting manager
1992 1st 1261871621943-- Flag of Russia.svg Radchenko  – 12 Flag of Russia.svg Romantsev
1993 13421112811853R32 CWC SF Flag of Russia.svg Beschastnykh  – 18 Flag of Russia.svg Romantsev
1994 1302181732150W UCL GS Flag of Russia.svg Beschastnykh  – 10 Flag of Russia.svg Romantsev
1995 3301975762663SF UCL GS Flag of Russia.svg Shmarov  – 16 Flag of Russia.svg Romantsev
1996 1352294723575RU UCL QF Flag of Russia.svg Tikhonov  – 16 Flag of Russia.svg Yartsev
1997 1342275673073QF UC R32 Flag of Russia.svg Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Kechinov  – 11 Flag of Russia.svg Romantsev
1998 1301785582759W UCL
UC
Qual.
SF
Flag of Russia.svg Flag of Ukraine.svg Tsymbalar  – 10 Flag of Russia.svg Romantsev
1999 1302262752472R32 UCL GS Flag of Russia.svg Tikhonov  – 19 Flag of Russia.svg Romantsev
2000 1302316693070SF UCL
UC
GS
R32
Flag of Russia.svg Titov  – 13 Flag of Russia.svg Romantsev
2001 1301794563060QF UCL 2nd GS Flag of Russia.svg Titov  – 11
Flag of Brazil.svg Robson  – 11
Flag of Russia.svg Romantsev
2002 3301677493655R32 UCL GS Flag of Russia.svg Beschastnykh  – 12 Flag of Russia.svg Romantsev
2003 103010614384836W UCL GS Flag of Russia.svg Pavlyuchenko  – 10 Flag of Russia.svg Romantsev
Flag of Russia.svg Chernyshov
Flag of Russia.svg Fedotov
Flag of Italy.svg Scala
2004 83011712434440R32 UC
UIC
R16
QF
Flag of Russia.svg Pavlyuchenko  – 10 Flag of Italy.svg Scala
Flag of Latvia.svg Starkov
2005 2301686472656R32- Flag of Russia.svg Pavlyuchenko  – 11 Flag of Latvia.svg Starkov
2006 23015132603658RU- Flag of Russia.svg Pavlyuchenko  – 18 Flag of Latvia.svg Starkov
Flag of Russia.svg Fedotov
2007 2301785503059SF UCL
UC
GS
R32
Flag of Russia.svg Pavlyuchenko  – 14 Flag of Russia.svg Fedotov
Flag of Russia.svg Cherchesov
2008 83011118433944R32 UCL
UC
Qual.
R32
Flag of Russia.svg Bazhenov  – 6
Flag of Russia.svg Pavlyuchenko  – 6
Flag of Russia.svg Pavlenko  – 6
Flag of Brazil.svg Welliton  – 6
Flag of Russia.svg Cherchesov
Flag of Denmark.svg M. Laudrup
2009 2301749613355QF- Flag of Brazil.svg Welliton  – 21 Flag of Denmark.svg M. Laudrup
Flag of Russia.svg Karpin
2010 43013107433310R16 UCL
UC
Qual.
GS
Flag of Brazil.svg Welliton  – 19 Flag of Russia.svg Karpin
2011–12 244211211684875R16 UC Qual Flag of Nigeria.svg Emenike  – 13 Flag of Russia.svg Karpin
2012–13 4301569513951R16 UCL GS Flag of Armenia.svg Y. Movsisyan  – 13 Flag of Spain.svg Emery
Flag of Russia.svg Karpin
2013–14 63015510463650R16 UC Qual Flag of Armenia.svg Y. Movsisyan  – 16 Flag of Russia.svg Karpin
Flag of Russia.svg Gunko
2014–15 63012810424244R16- Flag of the Netherlands.svg Promes  – 13 Flag of Switzerland.svg Yakin
2015–16 53015510483950R16- Flag of the Netherlands.svg Promes  – 18 Flag of Russia.svg Alenichev
2016–17 1302235462769R32 UC Qual Flag of the Netherlands.svg Promes  – 11 Flag of Russia.svg Alenichev
Flag of Italy.svg Carrera
2017–18 3301686513256SF UCL GS Flag of the Netherlands.svg Promes  – 15 Flag of Italy.svg Carrera

Most league goals for Spartak

As of 9 April 2018 (min. 50)

  1. Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Nikita Simonyan: 133
  2. Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Sergey Rodionov: 119
  3. Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Galimzyan Khusainov: 102
  4. Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Fyodor Cherenkov: 95
  5. Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Yuri Gavrilov: 90
  6. Flag of Russia.svg Yegor Titov: 86
  7. Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Anatoli Ilyin: 83
  8. Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Yuri Sevidov: 71
  9. Flag of Russia.svg Roman Pavlyuchenko: 69
  10. Flag of Russia.svg Andrey Tikhonov: 68
  11. Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Sergei Salnikov: 64
  12. Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Aleksei Paramonov: 63
  13. Flag of Brazil.svg Welliton: 57
  14. Flag of the Netherlands.svg Quincy Promes: 56
  15. Flag of Russia.svg Vladimir Beschastnykh: 56
  16. Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Anatoli Isayev: 54
  17. Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Georgi Yartsev: 54
  18. Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Valeri Shmarov: 54
  19. Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Nikolai Osyanin: 50

Nickname

The team is usually called "red-and-whites," but among the fans "The Meat" (Russian : "Мясо", "Myaso") is a very popular nickname. The origins of the nickname belong to the days of the foundation of the club; in the 1920s, the team was renamed several times, from "Moscow Sports Club" to "Red Presnya" (after the name of one of the districts of Moscow) to "Pishcheviki" ("Food industry workers") to "Promkooperatsiya" ("Industrial cooperation") and finally to "Spartak Moscow" in 1935, and for many years the team was under patronage of one of the Moscow food factories that dealt with meat products.

One of the most favourite slogans of both the fans and players is, "Who are we? We're The Meat!" (Russian : "Кто мы? Мясо!", "Kto my? Myaso!")

Kits and crests

FC Spartak Moscow's main colour is red. In 2014, Nike unveiled kit inspired by the club’s new home. [7]

Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors

PeriodKit supplierShirt sponsor
1979–1987 Adidas
1988 Danieli
1989JINDO
1990–1993Unipack
1994–1996Urengoygazprom
1997–1998 Akai
1999
2000–2002 Lukoil
2003–2004 Umbro
2005–present Nike

Kit deals

Kit supplierPeriodContract dateContract durationValueNotes
Nike 2005–present

Rival teams and friendships

At present, Spartak's archrival is CSKA Moscow, although this is a relatively recent rivalry that has only emerged in the last 25 years. Seven of ten matches with the largest audience in Russian Premier League (including top three) were Spartak-CSKA derbies. [8] Historically, the most celebrated rivalry is with Dynamo Moscow, a fiercely contested matchup which is Russia's oldest derby. Matches against Lokomotiv Moscow and Zenit Saint Petersburg attract thousands of people as well, almost always resulting in packed stadia. Upon the collapse of the Soviet Union, Spartak's rivalry with Dynamo Kyiv, one of the leaders of the USSR championship, was lost. Since Dynamo Kyiv now plays in the Ukrainian Premier League, both teams must qualify for UEFA tournaments to meet each other.

Since the mid-2000s the supporters of Spartak maintain brotherhood relations with Red Star Belgrade and Olympiacos ultras – a friendship based on common Orthodox faith and same club colours. Also fans of Spartak have generally friendly relationships with Torpedo Moscow supporters.

Stadium

Until 2014, Spartak had never had its own stadium, with the team historically playing in various Moscow stadia throughout its history, even once playing an exhibition match in Red Square. The team played home games at various Moscow stadiums - especially at the Locomotiv and Luzhniki stadiums. After the purchase of the club by Andrei Chervichenko in the early 2000s, several statements were made about the speedy construction of the stadium, but construction did not begin.

After a controlling stake in the club was bought by Leonid Fedun, real steps were taken to promote the stadium project, and in 2006, the Government of Moscow allocated land at Tushino Aeropol at a size of 28.3 hectares for the construction of the stadium. The project involved the main arena of 42,000 people with natural lawn, sports, and an entertainment hall for tennis, handball, basketball and volleyball for 12,000 spectators. The ceremony of laying the first stone took place on June 2, 2007.

In February 2013, it was announced that as a result of a sponsorship deal with Otkritie FC Bank ("Discovery"), the stadium will be called Otkritie Arena for 6 years. The opening match at the new stadium took place on September 5, 2014, when Spartak drew with the Serbian side Red Star Belgrade (1-1). The first competitive match took place on September 14, 2014, in which Spartak defeated Torpedo Moscow 3-1 in the 7th round of the championship.

Players

Current squad

As of 13 January 2019

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.PositionPlayer
2 Flag of France.svg DF Samuel Gigot
6 Flag of Brazil.svg DF Ayrton Lucas
7 Flag of Russia.svg MF Ayaz Guliyev
8 Flag of Russia.svg MF Denis Glushakov (captain)
9 Flag of Cape Verde.svg FW Zé Luís
11 Flag of Brazil.svg MF Fernando
12 Flag of Brazil.svg FW Luiz Adriano
14 Flag of Russia.svg DF Georgi Dzhikiya
16 Flag of Italy.svg DF Salvatore Bocchetti
22 Flag of Russia.svg MF Mikhail Ignatov
23 Flag of Russia.svg DF Dmitri Kombarov
25 Flag of Paraguay.svg FW Lorenzo Melgarejo
26 Flag of Russia.svg MF Nail Umyarov
27 Flag of Russia.svg MF Aleksandr Lomovitsky
No.PositionPlayer
29 Flag of Russia.svg DF Ilya Kutepov
32 Flag of Russia.svg GK Artyom Rebrov
37 Flag of Russia.svg FW Georgi Melkadze
38 Flag of Russia.svg DF Andrey Yeshchenko
40 Flag of Russia.svg MF Maksim Glushenkov
46 Flag of Russia.svg DF Artyom Mamin
47 Flag of Russia.svg MF Roman Zobnin
57 Flag of Russia.svg GK Aleksandr Selikhov
88 Flag of Russia.svg MF Aleksandr Tashayev
92 Flag of Russia.svg DF Nikolai Rasskazov
94 Flag of Algeria.svg MF Sofiane Hanni
98 Flag of Russia.svg GK Aleksandr Maksimenko
99 Flag of Brazil.svg MF Pedro Rocha

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.PositionPlayer
Flag of Russia.svg DF Georgi Tigiyev (at Dinamo Minsk)
Flag of Russia.svg MF Artyom Timofeyev (at Krylia Sovetov Samara)
Flag of Georgia.svg MF Jano Ananidze (at Krylia Sovetov Samara)
No.PositionPlayer
Flag of Russia.svg MF Zelimkhan Bakayev (at Arsenal Tula)
Flag of Russia.svg MF Boris Tsygankov (at Torpedo Minsk)
Flag of Portugal.svg FW Idrisa Sambú (at Mouscron)

Staff

Managers

Affiliated clubs

Notable players

Had international caps for their respective countries, or held any club record. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for Spartak. For further list, see List of FC Spartak Moscow players.

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References

  1. History of Spartak, fcspartak.ru (in Russian)
  2. "History of Spartak 1936" (in Russian). Retrieved 28 November 2007.
  3. Robert Edelman, Spartak Moscow: A History of the People's Team in the Worker's State. Cornell University Press, 2009.
  4. Зайкин, В. (20 July 1989). Трагедия в Лужниках. Факты и вымысел. Известия (in Russian) (202). Retrieved 6 February 2012.
  5. All-star Spartak rise again, Eduard Nisenboim, uefa.com
  6. https://ria.ru/sport/20171207/1510383440.html
  7. SPARTAK MOSCOW AND NIKE UNVEIL THE NEW HOME AND AWAY KIT FOR 2014-15 SEASON
  8. Samye poseschaemye matchi v istorii chempionatov Rossii (in Russian)

Further reading