FIBA

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International Basketball Federation
Fédération Internationale de Basketball
(FIBA)
AbbreviationFIBA
Predecessor International Amateur Handball Federation
Formation18 June 1932;90 years ago (1932-06-18)
Founded at Geneva, Switzerland
Type Sports federation
Headquarters Mies, Switzerland
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
213 national federations
Official languages
English, French [1]
President
Hamane Niang
Secretary General
Andreas Zagklis [2]
Key people
Borislav Stanković
George Vassilakopoulos
Manfred Ströher
Revenue (2018)
US$102.2 million [3]
Expenses (2018)US$107.74 million [3]
Website FIBA.basketball
FIBA headquarters in Mies, Switzerland House of Basketball Patrick Baumann.jpg
FIBA headquarters in Mies, Switzerland

The International Basketball Federation (FIBA /ˈfbə/ FEE-bə; French: Fédération internationale de basket-ball) is an association of national organizations which governs the sport of basketball worldwide. Originally known as the Fédération internationale de basket-ball amateur (hence FIBA), in 1989 it dropped the word amateur from its name but retained the acronym. [4]

Contents

FIBA defines the rules of basketball, specifies the equipment and facilities required, organises international competitions, regulates the transfer of athletes across countries, and controls the appointment of international referees. A total of 213 national federations are now members, organized since 1989 into five zones: Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania.

FIBA organizes both the men's and women's FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournament and the Summer Olympics Basketball Tournament, which are sanctioned by the IOC. [5] The FIBA Basketball World Cup is a world tournament for men's national teams held every four years. Teams compete for the Naismith Trophy, named in honor of basketball's American-Canadian creator James Naismith. The tournament structure is similar but not identical to that of the FIFA World Cup in association football; these tournaments occurred in the same year from 1970 through 2014, but starting in 2019, the Basketball World Cup will move to the year following the FIFA World Cup. A parallel event for women's teams, the FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, is also held quadrennially; from 1986 through 2014, it was held in the same year as the men's event but in a different country.

History

1932–49; founding and early years

FIBA divides the world into 5 commissions, each roughly based on a continent. World Map FIBA.svg
FIBA divides the world into 5 commissions, each roughly based on a continent.

The association was founded in Geneva in 1932, two years after the sport was officially recognized by the IOC. Before 1934 basketball was under the umbrella of the International Amateur Handball Federation. Its original name was Fédération Internationale de basket-ball amateur. The eight nation's basketball federations that were the founding members of FIBA were: Argentina's Basketball Federation, Czechoslovakia's Basketball Federation, Greece's Basketball Federation, Italy's Basketball Federation, Latvia's Basketball Federation, Portugal's Basketball Federation, Romania's Basketball Federation, and Switzerland's Basketball Federation. During the 1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin, the Federation named James Naismith (1861–1939), the founder of basketball, as its Honorary President.

1950–2019; development

FIBA in Mies. FIBA headquarter.JPG
FIBA in Mies.

FIBA has organized a World Championship, now known as World Cup, for men since 1950 and a Women's World Championship, now known as the Women's World Cup, since 1953. From 1986 through 2014, both events were held every four years, alternating with the Olympics. As noted above, the men's World Cup was moved to a new four-year cycle, with tournaments in the year before the Summer Olympics, after 2014.

The Federation headquarters moved to Munich in 1956, then returned to Geneva in 2002. In 1991, it founded the FIBA Hall of Fame; the first induction ceremony was held on 12 September 2007, during EuroBasket 2007. During its 81st anniversary in 2013, FIBA moved into its new headquarters, "The House of Basketball", at Mies. Andreas Zagklis became the Secretary-General of FIBA on 7 December 2018.

2020–present; suspensions of Russia and Belarus

In February 2022, Russia and Belarus were suspended from international competitions until further notice due to Russia's invasion of Ukraine. [6] [7] It also banned the two countries from hosting any competitions. [7]

Presidents

YearsName [8]
1932–1948 Flag of Switzerland (Pantone).svg Leon Bouffard
1948–1960 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Willard Greim
1960–1968 Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg Antonio dos Reis Carneiro
1968–1976 Flag of Egypt (1972-1984).svg Abdel Moneim Wahby
1976–1984 Flag of the Philippines.svg Gonzalo Puyat II
1984–1990 Flag of France.svg Robert Busnel
1990–1998 Flag of the United States.svg George E. Killian
1998–2002 Flag of Senegal.svg Abdoulaye Seye Moreau
2002–2006 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Ching Men-ky
2006–2010 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Robert Elphinston
2010–2014 Flag of France.svg Yvan Mainini
2014–2019 Flag of Argentina.svg Horacio Muratore
2019–present Flag of Mali.svg Hamane Niang

During the 1936 Summer Olympics the FIBA honored James A. Naismith, the founder of basketball, as their honorary President. [4]

Secretaries General

YearsName
1932–1976 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Renato William Jones
1976–2003 Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg / Flag of Yugoslavia (1992-2003); Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006).svg Borislav Stanković
2003–2018 Flag of Switzerland (Pantone).svg Patrick Baumann
2018–present Flag of Greece.svg Andreas Zagklis

Tournaments

World champions

Tournament FIBA World Cup Year Olympics Year
Men Flag of Spain.svg  Spain (2) 2019 Flag of the United States.svg  United States (16) 2020
Women Flag of the United States.svg  United States (11) 2022 Flag of the United States.svg  United States (9) 2020
U-19 Men Flag of the United States.svg  United States (8) 2021 Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina (1) 2018
U-19 Women Flag of the United States.svg  United States (9) 2021 Flag of the United States.svg  United States (2) 2018
U-17 Men Flag of the United States.svg  United States (6) 2022 N/A [lower-alpha 1]
U-17 Women Flag of the United States.svg  United States (5) 2022
  1. The Youth Olympic Games are a U-19 event, played in FIBA 3x3 format.

World club champions

Club competitionYearChampionTitleRunner-upNext edition
Intercontinental Cup 2022 Flag of Brazil.svg Flamengo 1st Flag of Spain.svg San Pablo Burgos 2023

Continental champions

National teams FIBA Africa YearNext edition FIBA Americas YearNext edition FIBA Asia YearNext edition FIBA Europe YearNext edition FIBA Oceania YearNext edition
Men Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia (3) 2021 2025 Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina (3) 2022 2025 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia (2) 2022 2025 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain (4) 2022 2025 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia (19) 2015 N/A [lower-alpha 1]
Women Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria (5) 2021 2023 Flag of the United States.svg  United States (4) 2021 2023 Flag of Japan.svg  Japan (6) 2021 2023 Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia (2) 2021 2023 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia (15) 2015
U-18 Men Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt (6) 2022 2024 Flag of the United States.svg  United States (10) 2022 2024 Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea (4) 2022 2024 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain (5) 2022 2023 Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand (1) 2016
U-18 Women Flag of Mali.svg  Mali (8) 2022 2024 Flag of the United States.svg  United States (11) 2022 2024 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia (1)2022 2024 Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania (2) 2022 2023 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia (7) 2016
U-16 Men Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt (5) 2021 2023 Flag of the United States.svg  United States (7) 2021 2023 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia (2) 2022 2024 Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania (2) 2022 2023 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia (2) 2019 2022
U-16 Women Flag of Mali.svg  Mali (7) 2021 2023 Flag of the United States.svg  United States (6) 2021 2023 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia (2) 2022 2024 Flag of France.svg  France (4) 2022 2023 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia (2) 2019 2022
  1. FIBA Oceania no longer conducts senior-level championships for either sex. Since 2017, that region's members have competed for FIBA Asia senior championships. FIBA Oceania continues to hold age-grade championships.

Continental club champions

RegionCompetitionYearChampionTitleRunner-upNext edition
Men's club competitions
Africa Basketball Africa League 2022 Flag of Tunisia.svg US Monastir 1st Flag of Angola.svg Petro de Luanda 2023
Americas Basketball Champions League Americas 2021–22 Flag of Brazil.svg São Paulo 1st Flag of Uruguay.svg Biguá 2022–23
Asia Asia Champions Cup 2019 Flag of Japan.svg Alvark Tokyo 1st Flag of Lebanon.svg Al Riyadi Beirut 2021
Europe [lower-alpha 1] Basketball Champions League 2021–22 Flag of Spain.svg Lenovo Tenerife 2nd Flag of Spain.svg Baxi Manresa 2022–23
Europe Cup 2021–22 Flag of Turkey.svg Bahçeşehir Koleji 1st Flag of Italy.svg UnaHotels Reggio Emilia 2022–23
Women's club competitions
Africa Africa Women's Clubs Champions Cup 2018 Flag of Mozambique.svg Ferroviário de Maputo 1st Flag of Angola.svg Interclube 2021
Europe EuroLeague Women (1st-tier) 2020–21 Flag of Russia.svg UMMC Ekaterinburg 6th Flag of Spain.svg Perfumerías Avenida 2021–22
EuroCup Women (2nd-tier) 2020–21 Flag of Spain.svg Valencia Basket 1st Flag of Italy.svg Reyer Venezia 2021–22
SuperCup Women 2021 Flag of Spain.svg Valencia Basket 1st Flag of Russia.svg UMMC Ekaterinburg 2022
  1. The top-tier European professional basketball club competitions is complexe. The EuroLeague run by Euroleague Basketball and its EuroCup are competing with the FIBA Europe organized competitions. The best European clubs have joined the close league EuroLeague.

3x3 world champions

Tournament FIBA 3x3 World Cup Year Olympics Year
Men Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia (5) 2022 Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia (1) 2020
Women Flag of France.svg  France (1) 2022 Flag of the United States.svg  United States (1) 2020
U-23 Men Flag of Poland.svg  Poland (1) 2022 N/A
U-23 Women Flag of France.svg  France (1) 2022
U-18 Men Flag of France.svg  France (1) 2022
U-18 Women Flag of the United States.svg  United States (6) 2022

Awards

Most Valuable Player

TournamentMost Recent AwardeeTeamYear
Men Ricky Rubio Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 2019
Women Breanna Stewart Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2018
U-19 Men Chet Holmgren Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2021
U-19 Women Caitlin Clark Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2021
U-17 Men Izan Almansa Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 2022
U-17 Women JuJu Watkins Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2022

FIBA World Rankings

Men's

The following table has the Top 32 men's basketball countries in the world. [9] The Top 32 is here due to the next iteration of the FIBA Basketball World Cup, the world's major tournament in men's basketball, anticipating to have 32 countries compete. As such, this table shows the projected teams in the next FIBA Men's WC based on the ranking's algorithm. This list does not consider berths given to countries based on hosting or region status. [10]

Top 20 Rankings as of 18 November 2022 [11]
RankChangeTeamPoints
1Increase2.svg 1Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 758.6
2Decrease2.svg 1Flag of the United States.svg  United States 757.5
3Steady2.svgFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 740.3
4Steady2.svgFlag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 734.3
5Steady2.svgFlag of France.svg  France 715
6Steady2.svgFlag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 710.9
7Steady2.svgFlag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 704.3
8Steady2.svgFlag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 669.5
9Steady2.svgFlag of Greece.svg  Greece 665.9
10Steady2.svgFlag of Italy.svg  Italy 646.6
11Steady2.svgFlag of Germany.svg  Germany 640.8
12Steady2.svgFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 594.5
13Increase2.svg 1Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 593.6
14Decrease2.svg 1Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 591.3
15Steady2.svgFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 575.5
16Steady2.svgFlag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 533.9
17Steady2.svgFlag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela 524.8
18Steady2.svgFlag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro 515.6
19Steady2.svgFlag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 460.1
20Increase2.svg 1Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 452.5
21Increase2.svg 1Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico 451.7
22Decrease2.svg 2Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 447.5
23Steady2.svgFlag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 445.1
24Increase2.svg 1Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 440.6
25Increase2.svg 1Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic 438.3
26Decrease2.svg 2Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 431.5
27Steady2.svgFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 407.7
28Steady2.svgFlag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 406.7
29Increase2.svg 1Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 397
30Decrease2.svg 1Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 385.5
31Steady2.svgFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 363.5
32Steady2.svgFlag of Georgia.svg  Georgia 351.9
*Change from 9 August 2021

Women's

The following table has the Top 16 women's basketball countries in the world. [12] The Top 16 is here due to the next iteration of the FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, the world's major tournament in women's basketball, anticipating to have 16 countries compete. As such, this table shows the projected teams in the next FIBA Women's WC based on the ranking's algorithm. This list does not consider berths given to countries based on hosting or region status. [13]

Top 20 Rankings as of 15 February 2022 [14]
RankChangeTeamPoints
1Steady2.svgFlag of the United States.svg  United States 823.9
2Steady2.svgFlag of Spain.svg  Spain 685.7
3Steady2.svgFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 678
4Steady2.svgFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 661.6
5Increase2.svg 1Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 651.2
6Decrease2.svg 1Flag of France.svg  France 637.7
7Steady2.svgFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 631.8
8Steady2.svgFlag of Japan.svg  Japan 606.1
9Steady2.svgFlag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 591.4
10Steady2.svgFlag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 589.5
11Steady2.svgFlag of Belarus.svg  Belarus 493.7
12Steady2.svgFlag of Russia.svg  Russia 476.6
13Increase2.svg 1Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 431.3
14Increase2.svg 1Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 421.4
15Decrease2.svg 2Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 397.5
16Increase2.svg 1Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 395.1
*Change from 9 August 2021

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">FIBA Basketball World Cup</span> International basketball tournament

The FIBA Basketball World Cup, also known as the FIBA World Cup of Basketball or simply the FIBA World Cup, between 1950 and 2010 known as the FIBA World Championship, is an international basketball competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), the sport's global governing body. It is considered the flagship event of FIBA.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lebanon men's national basketball team</span>

The Lebanon men's national basketball team, controlled by the Lebanese Basketball Federation (FLB), has represented Lebanon in basketball since its inception in 1947. The squad is governed by FIBA, and is part of the FIBA Asia zone.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Norway men's national basketball team</span>

The Norway men's national basketball team represents Norway in international basketball tournaments. The national team is administered by the Norwegian Basketball Federation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Albania men's national basketball team</span>

The Albania men's national basketball team represents Albania in international basketball competitions. The national team is governed by the Albanian Basketball Association.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Syria men's national basketball team</span>

Syria national basketball team, nicknamed Nosour Qasioun , represents Syria in international basketball competitions. The squad is governed by SBF, and is part of the FIBA Asia zone. Based on the number of overall medals won, Syria is a major force among basketball teams of WABA and ABC. The team has won eight medals at the WABA Championship and five at the Arab Basketball Championship.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Serbia men's national basketball team</span> Mens national basketball team representing Serbia

The Serbia men's national basketball team represents Serbia in international basketball competition and is controlled by the Basketball Federation of Serbia. Serbia is currently ranked sixth in the FIBA World Rankings.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">FIBA Asia Cup</span> Mens basketball competition

The FIBA Asia Cup is an international basketball tournament which takes place every four years between the men's national teams of Asia and Oceania.

The FIBA Men's World Ranking are FIBA's rankings of national basketball teams. FIBA ranks both men's and women's national teams for both senior and junior competitions. It also publishes combined rankings for all mixed-sex competitions.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ireland men's national basketball team</span>

The Ireland men's national basketball team represents the island of Ireland in international basketball. It is governed by Basketball Ireland with players from both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Ireland plays their home matches at the National Basketball Arena in Tallaght, Dublin.

The Lithuania women's national basketball team represents Lithuania in international women's basketball competitions. They are regulated by the Lithuanian Basketball Federation, the governing body for basketball in Lithuania.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Spain women's national basketball team</span> Womens national basketball team representing Spain

The Spain women's national basketball team represents Spain in international women's basketball competition, and are regulated by the Spanish Basketball Federation, the governing body for basketball in Spain. Spain has one of the most successful women's national teams in the world, being the current World Cup bronze medallists.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup</span> 2014 edition of the FIBA Basketball World Cup

The 2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup was the 17th edition of the FIBA Basketball World Cup, the tournament previously known as the FIBA World Championship. Hosted by Spain, it was the last tournament to be held on the then-current four-year cycle. The next FIBA World Cup was held five years later, in 2019, to reset the four-year-cycle on a different year than the FIFA World Cup.

Qualifying for the 2010 FIBA World Championship in Turkey commenced as early as 2007 and will culminate in the five continental championships in each of the five FIBA zones. The final ranking of each continental championship determines which teams go to Turkey for the world championship, with FIBA allocating slots partly based on a zone's strength.

Basketballin Greece erupted with the win of the Greece men's national basketball team at the 1987 EuroBasket in Athens, which caused a general basketball euphoria in the country. Since then, the Greece men's national teams have achieved consistent international success, leading Greece to join Russia, Serbia, Croatia, Italy, Spain, France, and Lithuania in the circle of European basketball powers. In addition to the Greece national team's triumph in 1987, they won the gold medal at the 2005 EuroBasket, silver medals at the 1989 EuroBasket, and the 2006 FIBA World Cup, and the bronze medal at the 2009 EuroBasket.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">3x3 basketball</span> Basketball variant played on half of a regulation court

3x3 basketball is a variation of basketball played three-a-side, with one backboard and in a half-court setup. According to an ESSEC Business School study commissioned by the International Olympic Committee, 3x3 is the largest urban team sport in the world. This basketball game format is currently being promoted and structured by FIBA, the sport's governing body. Its primary competition is an annual FIBA 3X3 World Tour, comprising a series of Masters and one Final tournament, and awarding six-figure prize money in US dollars. The FIBA 3x3 World Cups for men and women are the highest tournaments for national 3x3 teams. The 3x3 format has been adopted for both the 2020 Summer Olympics and 2022 Commonwealth Games.

The FIBA Basketball World Cup qualification is the process that a national basketball team goes through to qualify for the FIBA Basketball World Cup finals. Qualifiers are held within four FIBA continental zones Africa, Americas, Europe, and Asia-Oceania play in a combined Asia-Pacific region to qualify for the FIBA Basketball World Cup, which are organized by their respective confederations. One extra berth is allocated for the specific continental zone that hosts the event, in addition to the set berths allotted for the region.

The basketball qualification for the Summer Olympics men's basketball tournament occurred from 2014 to 2016; all five FIBA zones sent in teams.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2023 FIBA Basketball World Cup</span> 2023 edition of the mens FIBA Basketball World Cup

The 2023 FIBA Basketball World Cup will be the 19th tournament of the FIBA Basketball World Cup for men's national basketball teams. The tournament will be the second to feature 32 teams. For the first time in its history, the World Cup will be hosted by multiple nations, the Philippines, Japan, and Indonesia, from 25 August to 10 September 2023.

The men's qualification for the Olympic basketball tournament will occur between August 2023 and 2024 allocating twelve teams for the final tournament. All five FIBA zones are expected to have a representation in the Olympic basketball event.

The women's qualification for the Olympic basketball tournament will occur between 2022 and 2024; all five FIBA zones are expected to have a representation in the Olympic basketball event.

References

  1. 2014 General Statutes of FIBA, Article 47.1
  2. "FIBA Central Board appoints Andreas Zagklis as Secretary General". FIBA.basketball.
  3. 1 2 Perelman, Rich (24 May 2020). "Who's in the money? EXCLUSIVE analysis of our survey of International Federation finances". The Sports Examiner. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  4. 1 2 "History". FIBA. Archived from the original on 4 May 2020. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  5. "Presentation". FIBA.basketball.
  6. "FIBA suspends Russian teams, officials from international basketball competitions until further notice".
  7. 1 2 "FIBA bans Russia, Belarus from Upcoming National Basketball Team Competitions - KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice". KyivPost. 18 May 2022.
  8. "President of FIBA". fiba.basketball. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  9. "FIBA Rankings – Men's basketball". International Basketball Federation. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  10. "How to Qualify for the 2023 FIBA World Cup". International Basketball Federation. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  11. "FIBA Ranking Presented by Nike". FIBA. 18 November 2022. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
  12. "FIBA Rankings – Women's basketball". International Basketball Federation. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  13. "How to Qualify for the 2022 FIBA Women's World Cup". International Basketball Federation. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  14. "FIBA Women's Ranking Presented by Nike". FIBA. 15 February 2022. Retrieved 15 February 2022.