FIFA Congress

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The FIFA Congress is the supreme legislative body of the International Federation of Association Football (French: Fédération Internationale de Football Association), commonly known by the acronym FIFA /ˈffə/ . FIFA is the international governing body of association football, futsal and beach soccer. The congress may be ordinary or extraordinary.

An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components of a phrase or a word, usually individual letters and sometimes syllables.

FIFA international governing body of association football

The Fédération Internationale de Football Association is an organization which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, fútsal, beach soccer, and eFootball. FIFA is responsible for the organization of football's major international tournaments, notably the World Cup which commenced in 1930 and the Women's World Cup which commenced in 1991.

Association football team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Contents

An ordinary congress meets every year, an extraordinary congress may be convened by the FIFA Council (formerly Executive Committee) at any time with the support of one fifth of the members of FIFA. [1]

FIFA Council institution

The FIFA Council is an institution of FIFA. It is the main decision-making body of the organization in the intervals of FIFA Congress. Its members are elected by the FIFA Congress. The council is a non-executive, supervisory and strategic body that sets the vision for FIFA and global football.

Each of the 211 members of FIFA has one vote in the congress. The members of FIFA can propose candidates for the World Cup Host and Presidency of FIFA. The FIFA Presidential Election and FIFA World Cup Host country election takes place at the congress in the year following the FIFA World Cup. [2]

FIFA World Cup hosts Wikimedia list article

Seventeen countries have been FIFA World Cup hosts in the competition's twenty tournaments since the inaugural World Cup in 1930. The organization at first awarded hosting to countries at meetings of FIFA's congress. The choice of location was controversial in the earliest tournaments, given the three-week boat journey between South America and Europe, the two centers of strength in football at the time.

History

The FIFA Congress has been held annually since 1998. It was previously held every two years. Congresses were not held between 1915 and 1922 and 1939 to 1945, due to the First and Second World Wars.

World War I 1914–1918 global war originating in Europe

World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

FIFA Presidential Elections have taken place at the 1st, 3rd, 12th, 29th, 30th, 39th, 51st, 53rd, 61st and 65th congresses.

51st FIFA Congress

The 51st FIFA Congress was held between 6 and 8 June 1998, at the Equinox congress hall in Paris, France, just before the start of the 1998 FIFA World Cup. It was the last biannual meeting of the international governing body of association football FIFA, since 1998 the congress has been held on an annual basis. The congress saw the election of Joseph "Sepp" Blatter as the 8th President of FIFA who succeeded João Havelange. Havelange had held the presidency since 1974.

53rd FIFA Congress

The 53rd FIFA Congress was held in May 2002 in Seoul, South Korea before the 2002 FIFA World Cup. It was the annual meeting of the international governing body of association football FIFA. The congress saw the re-election of Joseph "Sepp" Blatter as the President of FIFA.

61st FIFA Congress Wikinews article

The 61st FIFA Congress was held between 31 May and 1 June 2011 at the Hallenstadion in Zurich, Switzerland. FIFA is the governing body of world association football, and the congress is the annual meeting of FIFA's supreme legislative body. This is the eighth congress to be held in Zurich, and the first since 2007. After an opening ceremony and a reminder of FIFA events and activities in 2010, the second day witnessed decisions taken, and the unveiling of the 2010 financial results. The opening ceremony was presented by Melanie Winiger, and featured singer Grace Jones, hammered dulcimer player Nicolas Senn, and juggler Alan Šulc.

The 1961 FIFA Extraordinary Congress in London elected Stanley Rous as President. [3]

Stanley Rous President of FIFA

Sir Stanley Ford Rous, CBE was the 6th President of FIFA, serving from 1961 to 1974. He also served as secretary of the Football Association from 1934 to 1962 and was an international referee.

The 2016 FIFA Extraordinary Congress in Zürich elected Gianni Infantino as the new president on 26 February 2016. [4]

Only five elections have had two or more candidates: the 39th (1974), 51st (1998), 53rd (2002), 65th (2015), and 2016 Extraordinary Congress.

List of congresses

  Congress voting for president
* Extraordinary Congress
  Congress vote for World Cup Host
Congress
number [5]
YearCityMember associations
attending
1st1904 Flag of France.svg Paris 5
2nd19055
3rd1906 Flag of Switzerland.svg Bern 7
4th1907 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam 12
5th1908 Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg Vienna 16
*1908 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Brussels 7
6th1909 Flag of Hungary (1848-1849, 1867-1869).svg Budapest 13
7th1910 Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Milan 12
8th1911 Flag of the German Empire.svg Dresden 11
9th1912 Flag of Sweden.svg Stockholm 17
10th1913 Flag of Denmark.svg Copenhagen 12
11th1914 Flag of Norway.svg Christiania (Oslo)17
12th1923 Flag of Switzerland.svg Geneva 17
13th1924 Flag of France.svg Paris27
14th1925 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Prague 22
15th1926 Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Rome 23
16th1927 Flag of Finland.svg Helsinki 21
17th1928 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam29
18th1929 Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg Barcelona 23
19th1930 Flag of Hungary (1915-1918, 1919-1946).svg Budapest27
20th1931 Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg Berlin 25
21st1932 Flag of Sweden.svg Stockholm29
22nd1934 Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Rome27
23rd1936 Flag of Germany (1935–1945).svg Berlin37
24th1938 Flag of France.svg Paris30
25th1946 Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg 34
26th1948 Flag of England.svg London 48
27th1950 Flag of Brazil (1889–1960).svg Rio de Janeiro 35
28th1952 Flag of Finland.svg Helsinki56
*1953 Flag of France.svg Paris48
29th1954 Flag of Switzerland.svg Bern52
30th1956 Flag of Portugal.svg Lisbon 57
31st1958 Flag of Sweden.svg Stockholm62
32nd1960 Flag of Italy.svg Rome69
*1961 Flag of England.svg London67
33rd1962 Flag of Chile.svg Santiago 59
34th1964 Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg Tokyo 99
35th1966 Flag of England.svg London94
36th1968 Flag of Mexico.svg Guadalajara 78
37th1970 Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico City 86
38th1972 Flag of France.svg Paris102
39th1974 Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt 122
40th1976 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Montreal 108
41st1978 Flag of Argentina.svg Buenos Aires 107
42nd1980 Flag of Switzerland.svg Zürich 103
43rd1982 Flag of Spain.svg Madrid 127
44th1984 Flag of Switzerland.svg Zürich112
45th1986 Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico City111
46th1988 Flag of Switzerland.svg Zürich111
47th1990 Flag of Italy.svg Rome130
48th1992 Flag of Switzerland.svg Zürich118
49th1994 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago 164
50th1996 Flag of Switzerland.svg Zürich182
51st ( details )1998 Flag of France.svg Paris196
*1999 Flag of the United States.svg Los Angeles 195
52nd2000 Flag of Switzerland.svg Zurich200
*2001 Flag of Argentina.svg Buenos Aires202
*2002 Flag of South Korea.svg Seoul 202
53rd ( details )2002202
*2003 Flag of Qatar.svg Doha 204
54th2004 Flag of France.svg Paris203
55th2005 Flag of Morocco.svg Marrakesh 203
56th2006 Flag of Germany.svg Munich 207
57th2007 Flag of Switzerland.svg Zürich206
58th2008 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Sydney 200
59th2009 Flag of the Bahamas.svg Nassau 205
60th2010 Flag of South Africa.svg Johannesburg 207
61st ( details )2011 Flag of Switzerland.svg Zürich208
62nd2012 Flag of Hungary.svg Budapest209
63rd2013 Flag of Mauritius.svg Mauritius 208
64th2014 Flag of Brazil.svg São Paulo 209
65th ( details )2015 Flag of Switzerland.svg Zürich210
* ( details )2016207
66th2016 Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico City209
67th2017 Flag of Bahrain.svg Manama [6] 211
68th ( details )2018 Flag of Russia.svg Moscow 210
69th ( details )2019 Flag of France.svg Paris
70th2020
71st2021
72nd2022 Flag of Qatar.svg Doha

Extraordinary congresses

A total of eight extraordinary congresses have taken place: 1908 (Brussels), 1953 (Paris), 1961 (London), 1999 (Los Angeles), 2001 (Buenos Aires), 2002 (Seoul), 2003 (Doha), and 2016 (Zürich). [7] In the 2016 Extraordinary Congress, FIFA President Sepp Blatter would have remained in his position until his successor is elected. [8] However, due to the fact he was suspended, the Acting FIFA President, Issa Hayatou was in charge of FIFA. [9]

See also

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References

  1. "FIFA Statutes (2010 edition)" (PDF). 19 October 2003. p. 21.
  2. "FIFA Congress". FIFA. Archived from the original on 2010-04-05.
  3. "FIFA presidential elections". FIFA. Archived from the original on 2010-04-08.
  4. Sweetman, Tom. "FIFA: Presidential election confirmed for February 26". CNN . 20 October 2015. Accessed on 22 December 2015.
  5. "FIFA Congress venues 1904-2016" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  6. "FIFA Council discusses vision for the future of football".
  7. FIFA Congress venues from 1904 to 2011
  8. "FIFA President to lay down his mandate at extraordinary elective Congress". FIFA. 2 June 2015. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  9. https://www.fifa.com/about-fifa/acting-president/index.html