FIFA Player of the Century

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Five years after the award, winners Maradona and Pele exchanged national team shirts. MaradonaPeleShirts.jpg
Five years after the award, winners Maradona and Pelé exchanged national team shirts.

FIFA Player of the Century was a one-off award created by FIFA to decide the greatest football player of the 20th century, announced at the annual FIFA World gala, held in Rome on 11 December 2000. [1] Diego Maradona and Pelé were joint winners of the award. [2] [3] Maradona won the award based on the Internet poll, while Pelé won the award based on votes from FIFA officials, journalists and coaches. [2] [3]

FIFA International governing body of association football

The Fédération Internationale de Football Association is an organization which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, fútsal, beach soccer, and efootball. FIFA is responsible for the organization of football's major international tournaments, notably the World Cup which commenced in 1930 and the Women's World Cup which commenced in 1991.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

20th century Century

The 20th (twentieth) century was a century that began on January 1, 1901 and ended on December 31, 2000. It was the tenth and final century of the 2nd millennium. It is distinct from the century known as the 1900s which began on January 1, 1900 and ended on December 31, 1999.

Contents

Background

Since 1991, FIFA have had awards for FIFA World Player of the Year and they decided to bring in the new millennium by conducting a public vote to decide the FIFA Player of the Century. This was to be decided by votes on their official website, their official magazine and a grand jury. Maradona won the Internet-based poll by wide margins, garnering 53.6% of the votes against 18.53% for Pelé. [4] Despite the fact that Eusébio, who played football professionally during Pelé's era, placed third in the poll, many observers complained that the Internet nature of the poll would have meant a skewed demographic of younger fans who would have seen Maradona play, but not Pelé. As a result, FIFA decided to add a second poll and appointed a "Football Family" committee composed of football journalists, officials and coaches, who voted Pelé the best player of the century with 72.75% of the vote, thus both were joint winners of the award. [5]

FIFA World Player of the Year association football award

The FIFA World Player of the Year was an association football award presented annually by the sport's governing body, FIFA, between 1991 and 2015. Coaches and captains of international teams and media representatives selected the player they deem to have performed the best in the previous calendar year.

Eusébio Portuguese association football player

Eusébio da Silva FerreiraGCIH GCM was a Portuguese footballer who played as a striker. Eusébio is considered by many as one of the greatest footballers of all time. During his professional career, he scored 733 goals in 745 matches. Nicknamed the Black Panther, the Black Pearl, or o Rei, he was known for his speed, technique, athleticism and his ferocious right-footed shot, making him a prolific goalscorer. He is considered S.L. Benfica's and the Portugal national team's most renowned player and one of the first world-class African-born players.

FIFA internet vote

The results of FIFA's internet Poll were as follows: [6]

PlayerNationalityPercentage
1 Diego Maradona Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 53.6%
2 Pelé Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 18.53%
3 Eusébio Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 6.21%
4 Roberto Baggio Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 5.42%
5 Romário Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1.69%
6 Marco van Basten Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1.57%
7 Ronaldo Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1.55%
8 Franz Beckenbauer Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 1.50%
9 Zinedine Zidane Flag of France.svg  France 1.34%
10 Rivaldo Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1.19%
11 Zico Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1.15%
12 Garrincha Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1.08%
13 Johan Cruyff Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 0.87%
14 Alfredo Di Stéfano Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 0.68%
15 Michel Platini Flag of France.svg  France 0.58%
16 Bobby Charlton Flag of England.svg  England 0.39%
17 Ferenc Puskás Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 0.37%
18 Lothar Matthäus Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 0.37%
19 Lev Yashin Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 0.36%
20 George Best Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland 0.32%

FIFA Magazine and Grand Jury vote

This part of the award was decided by the FIFA Magazine readers vote and the FIFA Grand Jury. [6]

PlayerNationalityPercentage
1 Pelé Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil72.75%
2 Alfredo Di Stéfano Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina9.75%
3 Diego Maradona Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina6.0%
4 Franz Beckenbauer Flag of Germany.svg Germany2.5%
5 Johan Cruyff Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands2.0%
George Best Ulster Banner.svg Northern Ireland2.0%
7 Michel Platini Flag of France.svg France1.0%
Garrincha Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil1.0%
Zico Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil1.0%
Gerd Müller Flag of Germany.svg Germany1.0%
Roberto Baggio Flag of Italy.svg Italy1.0%

FIFA Centennial Award

FIFA Centennial Player and Football Personality. [7]

WinnerNationality
Franz Beckenbauer Flag of Germany.svg Germany
Pelé Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil

IFFHS

IFFHS gave out an award decided by votes which was conducted with the participation of journalists and former players (no further details given). [8]

PlayerNationalityVotes
1 Pelé Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1705
2 Johan Cruyff Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1303
3 Franz Beckenbauer Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 1228
4 Alfredo Di Stéfano Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 1215
5 Diego Maradona Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 1214
6 Ferenc Puskás Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 810
7 Michel Platini Flag of France.svg  France 722
8 Garrincha Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 624
9 Eusébio Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 544
10 Bobby Charlton Flag of England.svg  England 508

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References

  1. "Three candidates for FIFA World Player Award: Figo, Rivaldo and Jake Leigh". FIFA.com. FIFA. 7 December 2000. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
  2. 1 2 Pele, Maradona split player of 20th century award. CBC News. Retrieved 13 March 2013
  3. 1 2 FIFA Player of the Century. touri.com
  4. "Maradona's genius cannot eclipse English master". telegraph.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph. 12 December 2000. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
  5. "Pele, Maradona each win FIFA century awards after feud". CNN.
  6. 1 2 "FIFA Player of the Century" (PDF). touri.com. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  7. "Celebrations mark the opening of FIFA Centennial Congress in Paris, FIFA’s birthplace". FIFA.com. Retrieved 9 April 2013
  8. "World - Player of the Century". RSSSF.com. Retrieved 9 April 2013