FIFA Women's World Rankings

Last updated

FIFA Women's World Rankings as of 13 December 2019. [1]
RankChangeTeamPoints
1Steady2.svgFlag of the United States.svg  United States 2174
2Steady2.svgFlag of Germany.svg  Germany 2078
3Steady2.svgFlag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 2035
4Steady2.svgFlag of France.svg  France 2033
5Steady2.svgFlag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 2022
6Decrease2.svg 1Flag of England.svg  England 2001
7Increase2.svg 1Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 1963
8Decrease2.svg 1Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 1958
9Increase2.svg 2Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1956
10Steady2.svgFlag of Japan.svg  Japan 1942
11Decrease2.svg 2Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea 1940
12Steady2.svgFlag of Norway.svg  Norway 1929
13Steady2.svgFlag of Spain.svg  Spain 1900
14Steady2.svgFlag of Italy.svg  Italy 1882
15Increase2.svg 1Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR 1842
16Decrease2.svg 1Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 1839
17Increase2.svg 1Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 1824
18Decrease2.svg 1Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland 1821
19Steady2.svgFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 1817
20Steady2.svgFlag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 1812
*Change from 27 September 2019
Complete rankings at FIFA.com

The FIFA Women's World Rankings for football were introduced in 2003, [2] with the first rankings published on 16 July of that year, [3] [4] as a follow-on to the existing Men's FIFA World Rankings. They attempt to compare the strength of internationally active women's national teams at any given time.

Contents

Specifics of the ranking system

The first two points result from the FIFA Women's World Rankings system being based on the Elo rating system adjusted for football; in 2018, FIFA modified the men's ranking system to similarly be based on Elo systems after continued criticism. FIFA considers the ratings for teams with fewer than 5 matches provisional and at the end of the list. In addition, any team that plays no matches for 18 months becomes unranked.

Leaders

FIFA Women's
World Ranking leaders

FIFA Women's World Rankings

To date the United States and Germany have been the only two teams to lead the women's rankings. They have also held the top two spots in all but five releases, when Germany was ranked third: Norway was in second position in the first two rankings until Germany overtook them by winning the 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup, Brazil was ranked second in March and June 2009 until Germany won 2009 Euro and rejoined the top two, and England reached the second ranking in March 2018.

The United States holds the record for the longest consecutive period leading the rankings of nearly 7 years, from March 2008 to December 2014. As of early March 2020, the United States has led for a total of 12 years, Germany for 4½ years, and the two jointly led for ¼ year.

Ranking procedure

The rankings are based on the following formulae: [2]

Where

= The team rating after the match
= The team rating before the match
= , the weighted importance of the match
= The actual result of the match, see below
= The expected result of the match
= The scaled difference in rating points between the teams
= The opposing team's rating before the match
= The "home advantage" correction, see below
= A scaling factor, see below
= The "Match Importance Factor", see below

The average points of all teams are about 1300 points. The top nations usually exceed 2000 points. In order to be ranked, a team must have played at least 5 matches against officially ranked teams, and have not been inactive for more than 18 months. Even if teams are not officially ranked, their points rating is kept constant until they play their next match.

Actual result of the match

The main component of the actual result is whether the team wins, loses, or draws, but goal difference is also taken into account.

If the match results in a winner and loser, the loser is awarded a percentage given by the accompanying table, with the result always less than or equal to 20% (for goal differences greater than zero). The result is based on the goal difference and the number of goals they scored. The remaining percentage points are awarded to the winner. For example, a 2–1 match has the result awarded 84%–16% respectively, a 4–3 match has the result awarded 82%–18%, and an 8–3 match has the result awarded 96.2%–3.8%. As such, it is possible for a team to lose points even if they win a match, assuming they did not "win by enough".

If the match ends in a draw the teams are awarded the same result, but the number depends on the goals scored so the results will not necessarily add up to 100%. For example, a 0–0 draws earns both teams 47% each, a 1–1 draw earns 50% each, and a 4–4 draw earns 52.5% each. [2]

Actual result table

Goal Difference
0123456 /+
Goals scored
by non winning team
Actual result (percentage)
047.0 / 47.085.0 / 15.092.0 / 8.096.0 / 4.097.0 / 3.098.0 / 2.099.0 / 1.0
150.0 / 50.084.0 / 16.091.1 / 8.995.2 / 4.896.3 / 3.797.4 / 2.698.5 / 1.5
251.0 / 51.083.0 / 17.090.2 / 9.894.4 / 5.695.6 / 4.496.8 / 3.298.0 / 2.0
352.0 / 52.082.0 / 18.089.3 / 10.793.6 / 6.494.9 / 5.196.2 / 3.897.5 / 2.5
452.5 / 52.581.0 / 19.088.4 / 11.692.8 / 7.294.2 / 5.895.6 / 4.497.0 / 3.0
553.0 / 53.080.0 / 20.087.5 / 12.592.0 / 8.093.5 / 6.595.0 / 5.096.5 / 3.5

Source [2]

Neutral ground or Home vs. Away

Historically, home teams earn 66% of the points available to them, with away teams earning the other 34%. To account for this, when two teams are not playing on neutral ground, the home team has its inflated by 100 points for the purposes of calculation. That is, if two equally ranked teams playing at one team's home ground, the home team would be expected to win at the same rate a team playing on neutral ground with a 100-point advantage. This 100 point difference corresponds to a 64%–36% advantage in terms of expected result.

This also helps define the scaling constant , which has a value of 200. In addition to a 100-point difference causing an expected result difference of 64%–36%, it also results in a 300-point difference causing expected results of 85%–15%. [2]

Importance of the match

Match importanceMatch importance
factor (M)
K-value
FIFA Women's World Cup match460
Women's Olympic football tournament 460
FIFA Women's World Cup qualifier 345
Women's Olympic football qualifier345
Women's Continental finals match345
Women's Continental qualifier230
Women's friendly match between two Top 10 teams230
Women's friendly match115

Ranking schedule

Rankings are published four times a year, usually on a Friday. [5]

2020 rankings schedule
Release date [6]
27 March
26 June
14 August
18 December

See also

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References

  1. "The FIFA/Coca-Cola Women's World Ranking". FIFA. 13 December 2019. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 "Fact Sheet, FIFA Women's World Ranking" (PDF). FIFA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2012. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
  3. "FIFA launches Women's World Ranking". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 16 July 2003. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
  4. "U.S. tops first women's world soccer rankings". The Honolulu Advertiser . Associated Press. 17 July 2003. p. D5. Retrieved 6 July 2019 via Newspapers.com. Lock-green.svg
  5. "Women's Ranking Procedure". FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking. FIFA . Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  6. The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking