FINA Swimming World Cup

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The venue for the FINA Swimming World Cup in Eindhoven before start of the event. FINA Swimming World Cup Venue Eindhoven.jpg
The venue for the FINA Swimming World Cup in Eindhoven before start of the event.

The FINA Swimming World Cup is an international series of short course (25 m (82 ft)) swimming meets organized by FINA, the International Federation for swimming. Launched in 1988, the FINA Swimming World Cup gathers world-class swimmers in a series of two-day meets organised between August and November each year. Across nine locations, the circuit is structured in clusters (Middle East, Europe and Asia) and distributes a total of prize money reaching US$2.5 million. [1]

In swimming, the term short course is used to identify a pool that is 25 metres (27.34 yd) in length. The term is also often included in meet names when conducted in a short course pool. "Short course" is the second type of pool configuration currently recognized by FINA and other swimming bodies for pool competition; the other/primary pool length being "long course", where the pool is 50 meters in length. Olympic and the World Aquatics Championships are conducted in a long course pool.

Swimming (sport) water-based sport

Swimming is an individual or team racing sport that requires the use of one's entire body to move through water. The sport takes place in pools or open water. Competitive swimming is one of the most popular Olympic sports, with varied distance events in butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle, and individual medley. In addition to these individual events, four swimmers can take part in either a freestyle or medley relay. A medley relay consists of four swimmers who will each swim a different stroke, ordered as backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly and freestyle. Swimming each stroke requires a set of specific techniques; in competition, there are distinct regulations concerning the acceptable form for each individual stroke. There are also regulations on what types of swimsuits, caps, jewelry and injury tape that are allowed at competitions. Although it is possible for competitive swimmers to incur several injuries from the sport, such as tendinitis in the shoulders or knees, there are also multiple health benefits associated with the sport.

FINA international sport governing body

FINA is the international federation recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for administering international competition in water sports. It is one of several international federations which administer a given sport or discipline for the IOC and international community. It is based in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Contents

Currently, the overall first, second, and third-place winners are awarded prize money. [2] The men's and women's series winners take home $150,000 each, runners-up $100,000, and third-place finishers $50,000, following a prize-money increase announced by FINA in September 2017.

Events

The events are the same for all meets, but the competition order may vary. All events are swum prelims/finals, with the exception of the 800 m (2,600 ft) and 1,500 m (4,900 ft) freestyle which are swum as timed finals (all swimmers swim just once). The meets are held over two days, with preliminary heats in the morning, and finals in the evening. A noted exception to this style are the meets held in Brazil, where prelims have been in the evening with finals the following morning (and hence a three-day format).

On most years, the races are held in short course pools; the exception recently being the season leading up to an Olympic year, where events are swum in long course venues.

Current series events (all in short course pools):

Winners

SeasonNameNationality
1988–89
menWinners in six events [4]
womenWinners in six events [4]
1989–90
menWinners in six events
womenWinners in six events
1991
menWinners in six events [5]
womenWinners in six events [5]
1991–92
menWinners in six events [4]
womenWinners in six events [4]
1993
menWinners in six events [4]
womenWinners in six events [4]
1994
menWinners in six events [4]
womenWinners in six events [4]
1995
menWinners in six events [4]
womenWinners in six events [4]
1996
menWinners in six events [4]
womenWinners in six events [4]
1997
menWinners in six events [4]
womenWinners in six events [4]
1998
menWinners in six events [4]
womenWinners in six events [4]
1998–99
menWinners in six events [4]
womenWinners in six events [4]
1999–2000
menWinners in 17 events [4]
womenWinners in 17 events [4]
2000–01
menWinners in 13 events [4]
womenWinners in 11 events [4]
2001–02
men Ed Moses Flag of the United States.svg  United States
women Martina Moravcová Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia
2002–03
men Thomas Rupprath Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
women Alison Sheppard Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
2003–04
men Ed Moses (2)Flag of the United States.svg  United States
women Martina Moravcová (2)Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia
2004–05
men Ryk Neethling Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
women Anna-Karin Kammerling Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
2005–06
men Ryk Neethling (2)Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
women Therese Alshammar Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
2007 [6]
men Randall Bal Flag of the United States.svg  United States
women Therese Alshammar Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
2008
men Cameron van der Burgh Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
women Marieke Guehrer Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
2009
men Cameron van der Burgh Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
women Jessica Hardy Flag of the United States.svg  United States (4)
2010
men Thiago Pereira Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
women Therese Alshammar Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
2011
men Chad le Clos Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
women Therese Alshammar (4)Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
2012
men Kenneth To Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia (2)
women Katinka Hosszú Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
2013
men Chad le Clos Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
women Katinka Hosszú Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
2014
men Chad le Clos Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
women Katinka Hosszú Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
2015
men Cameron van der Burgh (3)Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
women Katinka Hosszú Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
2016
men Vladimir Morozov Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
women Katinka Hosszú (5)Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary (5)
2017
men Chad le Clos (4)Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa (9)
women Sarah Sjöström Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden (6)
2018
men Vladimir Morozov (2)Flag of Russia.svg  Russia (2)
women Sarah Sjöström (2)Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden (7)
2019
men
women

Most wins

As of October 15, 2019 [7]
No.MenCountryWinsWomenCountryWins
1 Chad le Clos Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 144* Katinka Hosszú Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 307 + 3(r)*
2 Vladimir Morozov Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 103 + 14(r)* Martina Moravcová Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 105
3 Roland Schoeman Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 64 Therese Alshammar Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 93
4 Cameron van der Burgh Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 59 Alia Atkinson Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 73*
5 Randall Bal Flag of the United States.svg  United States 54 Sarah Sjöström Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 72*
6 Mark Foster Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 53 Yana Klochkova Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 60
7 Christian Keller Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 53 Mette Jacobsen Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 52
8 Daiya Seto Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 47* Antje Buschschulte Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 52
9 Ryk Neethling Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 43 Sandra Voelker Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 45
10 Alexander Popov Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 42 Franziska Van Almsick Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 42

Venues

CountryCity88

89

89

90

9191

92

93949596979898

99

99

00

00

01

01

02

02

03

03

04

04

05

05

06

07080910111213141516171819Total
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Hobart 2
Melbourne 5
Sydney 6
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Belo Horizonte 5
Rio de Janeiro 7
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Edmonton 4
Montreal 2
Toronto 1
Victoria 1
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Beijing 15
Jinan 1
Shanghai 5
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Espoo 3
Flag of France.svg  France Chartres-Paris 2
Paris 14
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Berlin [8] [8] 18
Bonn 5
Gelsenkirchen 7
Rostock 1
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Glasgow 1
Leicester 2
London 1
Sheffield 9
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong Hong Kong 11
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Budapest 1
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Desenzano 2
Imperia 7
Milan 3
Saint-Vincent 1
Venice 1
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Tokyo 9
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Eindhoven 3
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar Doha 7
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Moscow 14
Saint Petersburg [9] 2
Kazan 1
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Singapore 11
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Durban 6
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Daejon 3
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Palma de Mallorca 1
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Gothenburg 3
Malmö 10
Stockholm 12
Flag of the United States.svg  USA College Station, TX 1
Indianapolis, IN 1
New York, NY (East Meadow) 5
Orlando, FL 1
Washington, D.C. 2
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates Dubai 6
Total8878777889121210978887757788789852

Related Research Articles

Medley is a combination of four different swimming styles—butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, and freestyle—into one race. This race is either swum by one swimmer as individual medley (IM) or by four swimmers as a medley relay.

The Swedish Swimming Grand Prix series is a national swimming competition held each year in Sweden. The events take place in Long Course with morning finals as in the 2008 Summer Olympics. The meets are open for swimmers competing outside Sweden.

Freestyle swimming category of swimming competition

Freestyle is a category of swimming competition, defined by the rules of the International Swimming Federation (FINA), in which competitors are subject to few limited restrictions on their swimming stroke. Freestyle races are the most common of all swimming competitions, with distances beginning with 50 meters and reaching 1500 meters, also known as the mile. The term 'freestyle stroke' is sometimes used as a synonym for 'front crawl', as front crawl is the fastest swimming stroke. It is now the most common stroke used in freestyle competitions.

Kenneth King Him To was a Hong Kong Australian swimmer who practised individual medley, freestyle, butterfly and breaststroke. He won 6 medals at the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics, was the male overall winner of the 2012 FINA Swimming World Cup and was a World Championships silver medallist. He was the holder of 16 Hong Kong national swimming records.

The swimming portion of the 2011 FINA World Championships was held July 24–31 at the Shanghai Oriental Sports Center in Shanghai, China. Swimming is one of five aquatic disciplines at the championships.

The swimming competitions at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo will take place from 25 July to 2 August at the Olympic Aquatics Centre. The women's 10 km open-water marathon will be held on August 5, with the men's race happening a day later at the Odaiba Marine Park.

This article includes the world record progression for the 4×50 metres freestyle relay and it shows the chronological history of world record times in that competitive short course swimming event. The 4×50 metres freestyle relay is a relay event in which each of four swimmers on a team swims a 50-metre freestyle leg in sequence. The world records are recognized by and maintained by FINA, the international competitive swimming and aquatics federation that overseas the sport in international competition.

References

  1. http://www.fina.org/event/fina-swimming-world-cup-2019/details
  2. "Wayback Machine". 21 June 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  3. Disciplins and results of Swimming World Cup 2018 #1 Kazan. http://www.fina.org/event/swimming-world-cup-2018-1/results
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 "FINA Swimming World cup : Golden Book" (PDF). Fina.org. 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  5. 1 2 Moravcova Tops Final FINA World Cup Rankings; Balcerzak is Top American – January 29, 2001 Archived April 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine . Swimming World Magazine : published 2001-01-29; retrieved 2009-06-13.
  6. "Wayback Machine". 21 June 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  7. 1 2 as East Berlin
  8. as Leningrad