FINA World Swimming Championships (25 m)

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The FINA World Swimming Championships (25m) [1] or "Short Course Worlds" as they are sometimes known, [2] [3] [4] is an international swimming competition. It is swum in a short course (25m) pool, and has been held in the years when FINA has not held its main World Championships (currently this means in even years). [5] [6]

FINA international sport governing body

FINA is the international federation recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for administering international competition in water sports. It is one of several international federations which administer a given sport or discipline for the IOC and international community. It is based in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Swimming (sport) water-based sport

Swimming is an individual or team racing sport that requires the use of one's entire body to move through water. The sport takes place in pools or open water. Competitive swimming is one of the most popular Olympic sports, with varied distance events in butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle, and individual medley. In addition to these individual events, four swimmers can take part in either a freestyle or medley relay. A medley relay consists of four swimmers who will each swim a different stroke, ordered as backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly and freestyle. Swimming each stroke requires a set of specific techniques; in competition, there are distinct regulations concerning the acceptable form for each individual stroke. There are also regulations on what types of swimsuits, caps, jewelry and injury tape that are allowed at competitions. Although it is possible for competitive swimmers to incur several injuries from the sport, such as tendinitis in the shoulders or knees, there are also multiple health benefits associated with the sport.

In swimming, the term short course is used to identify a pool that is 25 metres (27.34 yd) in length. The term is also often included in meet names when conducted in a short course pool. "Short course" is the second type of pool configuration currently recognized by FINA and other swimming bodies for pool competition; the other/primary pool length being "long course", where the pool is 50 meters in length. Olympic and the World Aquatics Championships are conducted in a long course pool.

Contents

Unlike the FINA World Aquatics Championships, this championship is swimming-only (the World Championships feature all 5 Aquatics disciplines), and is contested in a short course, 25-meter pool (rather than a long course, 50-meter pool).

FINA World Aquatics Championships aquatic sports tournament

The FINA World Championships or World Aquatics Championships are the World Championships for aquatics sports: swimming, diving, high diving, open water swimming, synchronized swimming, and water polo. They are run by FINA, and all swimming events are contested in a long course (50-metre) pool.

Championships

YearDateEditionLocationNationsEvents (men/women/mixed)Winner of the medal tableSecond in the medal tableThird in the medal table
1993December 2 5 1 Flag of Spain.svg Palma de Mallorca, Spain 4616 / 16 / 0Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
1995November 30 December 3 2 Flag of Brazil.svg Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 5716 / 16 / 0Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
1997April 17 20 3 Flag of Sweden.svg Gothenburg, Sweden 7116 / 16 / 0Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1999April 1 4 4 Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong, China 6120 / 20 / 0Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
2000March 16 19 5 Flag of Greece.svg Athens, Greece 7820 / 20 / 0Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
2002April 3 7 6 Flag of Russia.svg Moscow, Russia 9220 / 20 / 0Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
2004October 7 11 7 Flag of the United States.svg Indianapolis, USA 9420 / 20 / 0Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
2006April 5 9 8 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Shanghai, China 11720 / 20 / 0Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
2008April 9 13 9 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Manchester, Great Britain 11620 / 20 / 0Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
2010December 15 19 10 Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Dubai, UAE 15320 / 20 / 0Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
2012December 12 16 11 Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul, Turkey 16220 / 20 / 0Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
2014December 3 7 12 Flag of Qatar.svg Doha, Qatar 17422 / 22 / 2Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
2016December 6 11 13 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Windsor, Canada 17222 / 22 / 2Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2018December 11 16 14 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Hangzhou, China 17522 / 22 / 2Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary

Future championships

YearDateEditionLocation
2020TBD 15 Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Abu Dhabi, UAE
2022TBD 16 Flag of Russia.svg Kazan, Russia
2024TBD 17 Flag of Hungary.svg Budapest, Hungary

Events

There are men's and women's events in all four strokes, the individual medley, as well as in relays. There are also two mixed relays.

Men's events

Edition 1993 1995 1997 1999 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016
Freestyle50 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
100 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
200 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
400 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
1500 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Backstroke50 m X X X X X X X X X X
100 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
200 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Breaststroke50 m X X X X X X X X X X
100 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
200 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Butterfly50 m X X X X X X X X X X
100 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
200 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Individual
medley
100 m X X X X X X X X X X
200 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
400 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Freestyle relays4×50 m X X
4×100 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
4×200 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Medley relays4×50 m X X
4×100 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Number of events16161620202020202020202222

Women's events

Edition 1993 1995 1997 1999 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016
Freestyle50 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
100 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
200 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
400 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
800 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Backstroke50 m X X X X X X X X X X
100 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
200 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Breaststroke50 m X X X X X X X X X X
100 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
200 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Butterfly50 m X X X X X X X X X X
100 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
200 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Individual
medley
100 m X X X X X X X X X X
200 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
400 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Freestyle relays4×50 m X X
4×100 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
4×200 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Medley relays4×50 m X X
4×100 m X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Number of events16161620202020202020202222

Mixed events

Edition 2014 2016 2018
Relays4×50 m freestyle X X X
4×50 m medley X X X
Number of events222

Medal table

Updated after the 2018 FINA World Swimming Championships (25 m):

The 14th FINA World Swimming Championships were held from 11 to 16 December 2018 in Hangzhou, China. These championships featured swimming events in a 25-meter (short-course) pool.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)11710583305
2Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia  (AUS)798973241
3Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)424138121
4Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)302844102
5Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)28201866
6Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)2292152
7Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)214240103
8Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands  (NED)21241964
9Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)21111042
10Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa  (RSA)2016642
11Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)19262469
12Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)17142657
13Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)15121340
14Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark  (DEN)1051631
15Flag of Spain.svg  Spain  (ESP)94821
16Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)78823
17Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia  (SVK)75517
18Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)6261951
19Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)6171639
20Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB)6129
21Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)55414
22Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania  (LTU)54110
23Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia  (CRO)5139
24Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)44210
25Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela  (VEN)4217
26Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe  (ZIM)4015
27Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica  (CRC)4004
28Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)371424
29Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia  (SLO)37313
30Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand  (NZL)35412
31Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea  (KOR)3205
32Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus  (BLR)2237
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia  (TUN)2237
34Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)1629
35Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina  (ARG)1225
36Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)1135
37Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan  (KAZ)1034
38Flag of Romania.svg  Romania  (ROU)0336
39Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)0213
40Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria  (ALG)0112
41Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova  (MDA)0101
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal  (POR)0101
43Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland  (SUI)0044
44Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium  (BEL)0022
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel  (ISR)0022
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago  (TRI)0022
47Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas  (BAH)0011
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands  (FRO)0011
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece  (GRE)0011
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland  (IRE)0011
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico  (PUR)0011
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia  (SRB)0011
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey  (TUR)0011
Totals (53 nations)5545615601675

See also

This is a list of the best results achieved by athletes from different nations at four major competitions where swimming events are competed. Results are based on major competitions according to FINA's historical records: the swimming and open water swimming events at the Olympic Games, the swimming and open water swimming events at the FINA World Aquatics Championships, the FINA Short Course Swimming World Championships and the defunct FINA World Open Water Swimming Championships. The results listed here only refer to swimming and open water swimming events. Medals earned by athletes from defunct NOCs or historical teams have been merged with the results achieved by their immediate successor states, as follows: Russia inherits medals from the Soviet Union and the Unified Team ; Serbia inherits medals from Yugoslavia; Australia inherits medals from Australasia; and Germany inherits medals from West Germany and East Germany. The table is pre-sorted by total number of medals, then most gold medal results, silver medal results and bronze medal results, respectively. When equal ranks are given, countries are listed in alphabetical order.

Related Research Articles

The 1st Short Course Swimming World Championships were organized by FINA and held in Palma de Mallorca, Spain, December 2–5, 1993. The meet featured competition in a short course pool. During the championships, a total of 12 world records were broken: 10 in the women's events and 2 in men's events, both in relays.

The 2001 World Aquatics Championships or the 9th FINA World Swimming Championships were held in Fukuoka, Japan between 16 July and 29 July 2001.

Ryan Lochte American swimmer

Ryan Steven Lochte is an American competitive swimmer and 12-time Olympic medalist. Lochte's 12 Olympic medals earn him the second-most decorated Olympian along with Natalie Coughlin, Dara Torres, and Jenny Thompson. He currently holds the world record in the 200-meter individual medley and 400-meter individual medley. As part of the American teams, he also holds the world record in the 4×200-meter freestyle and 4x100-meter freestyle (mixed) relay.

Nathaniel James Dusing is an American former competition swimmer, Olympic medalist, and former world champion.

Sarah Sjöström Swedish female swimmer

Sarah Fredrika Sjöström is a Swedish competitive swimmer specialized in the sprint freestyle and butterfly events. She is the current world record holder in the 50-meter freestyle, the 100-meter freestyle, the 200-meter freestyle, the 50-meter butterfly, and the 100-meter butterfly. She is the first Swedish woman to win an Olympic gold medal in swimming. She won the Overall Swimming World Cup in 2017 and 2018 and she has won 10 individual World Championship gold medals.

The swimming events of the 2001 World Aquatics Championships were held in a temporary pool at Marine Messe in Fukuoka, Japan in July 2001. This edition of the championships featured 20 events for both men and women, including the introduction of a 50 m event in all strokes and equality in the distance freestyle events, with both men and women swimming both 800 and 1500 m.

Jack Babashoff, Jr. is an American former competition swimmer who won a silver medal in 100-meter freestyle at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Quebec. Two years later, he won a gold medal in the 4×100-meter freestyle relay at the 1978 World Aquatics Championships. Jack attended Fountain Valley High School in Fountain Valley, California and the University of Alabama.

Nick Thoman American swimmer, Olympic gold medalist, world champion, world record-holder

Nicholas Brewer Thoman is an American competition swimmer who specializes in the backstroke and is an Olympic gold medalist. He has won two world championships as a member of winning United States medley relay teams at the FINA World Aquatics Championships. From 2009 to 2015 he held the world record in the 100-meter backstroke. Thoman has won a total of ten medals in major international competition, four gold, three silver, and three bronze spanning the Olympics, World Championships, Pan Pacific Championships, Pan American Games, and the Summer Universiade. He was a member of the 2012 U.S. Olympic team, and won gold and silver medals at the 2012 Summer Olympics.

Missy Franklin American swimmer, Olympic gold medalist, world champion, world record-holder

Melissa Jeanette Franklin is an American former competition swimmer and five-time Olympic gold medalist. She formerly held the world record in the 200-meter backstroke. As a member of the U.S. national swim team, she also held the world records in the 4×100-meter medley relay.

Vasily Ivanov is a Russian former swimmer who won silver medals in the 4×100 m medley relay at the 1992 Summer Olympics and 1994 World Aquatics Championships. He also won three gold medals in the 50 m breaststroke at the European Short Course Swimming Championships of 1991–1993. In 1991, he set a world record in the 100 m breaststroke.

References

  1. "FINA World Swimming Championships (25m)". FINA. March 7, 2012. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
  2. "5 more world records set at short-course worlds". Yahoo. December 5, 2014. Archived from the original on December 7, 2014. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
  3. "Ryan Lochte takes two medals at short course worlds". USA Today. December 3, 2014. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
  4. "Records fall at short-course worlds". ESPN. December 4, 2014. Archived from the original on December 7, 2014. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
  5. "Men's Events". Medallists & Statistics Special FINA World Swimming Championships (25m) (PDF). HistoFINA (Technical report). III. FINA. 2006. pp. 15–52. Archived from the original (PDF 0.3 MB) on April 27, 2015. Retrieved 2012-03-07.
  6. "Women's Events". Medallists & Statistics Special FINA World Swimming Championships (25m) (PDF). HistoFINA (Technical report). III. FINA. 2006. pp. 53–87. Archived from the original (PDF 0.4 MB) on April 27, 2015. Retrieved 2012-03-07.