FIVB Volleyball Women's World Championship

Last updated
FIVB Volleyball Women's World Championship
Sport Volleyball
Founded1952
Inaugural season 1952
CEO Flag of Brazil.svg Ary Graça
No. of teams24 (Finals)
ContinentInternational (FIVB)
Most recent
champion(s)
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia (1st title)
Most titlesFlag of Russia.svg  Russia (7 titles)
Official website FIVB Volleyball World Championships

The FIVB Volleyball Women's World Championship is an international volleyball competition contested by the senior women's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB), the sport's global governing body. The initial gap between championships was variable, but since 1970 they have been awarded every four years. The current champions are the Serbia, which won their first title at the 2018 tournament in Japan.

Volleyball ballgame and team sport in which two teams compete to ground the ball on their opponents side of the net

Volleyball is a popular team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net. Each team tries to score points by grounding a ball on the other team's court under organized rules. It has been a part of the official program of the Summer Olympic Games since Tokyo 1964.

Fédération Internationale de Volleyball International governing body for the sport of indoor, beach and grass volleyball

The Fédération Internationale de Volleyball, commonly known by the acronym FIVB, is the international governing body for all forms of volleyball. Its headquarters are located in Lausanne, Switzerland and its current president is Brazilian Ary Graça.

The 1970 FIVB Volleyball Women's World Championship was the sixth edition of the tournament, organised by the world's governing body, the FIVB. It was held in Bulgaria from 22 September to 2 October 1970.

Contents

The current format of the competition involves a qualification phase, which currently takes place over the preceding three years, to determine which teams qualify for the tournament phase, which is often called the World Championship Finals. 24 teams, including the automatically qualifying host nation(s), compete in the tournament phase for the title at venues within the host nation(s) over a period of about a month.

The 18 World Championship tournaments have been won by seven different national teams. Russia have won seven times (five as Soviet Union). The other World Championship winners are Japan and Cuba, with three titles each; China, with two titles; and Italy, United States and Serbia, with one title each.

Russia womens national volleyball team womens national volleyball team representing Russia

The Russia women's national volleyball team is governed by the Russian Volleyball Federation and takes part in international volleyball competitions. They played from 1949 to 1991 as the Soviet Union and as CIS in 1992.

Japan womens national volleyball team womens national volleyball team representing Japan

The Japan women's national volleyball team, or All-Japan women's volleyball team, is currently ranked 6th in the world by FIVB. The current head coach is Kumi Nakada.

Cuba womens national volleyball team womens national volleyball team representing Cuba

The Cuba women's national volleyball team was the first team to break the USSR's and Japan's domination in the world women's volleyball by winning the 1978 World Women's Volleyball Championship.

The 2014 World Championship took place in Italy. The 2018 World Championship was hosted again by Japan in 2018.

2014 FIVB Volleyball Womens World Championship

The 2014 FIVB Volleyball Women's World Championship was the 17th staging of the FIVB Volleyball Women's World Championship, contested by the 24 senior women's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB), the sport's global governing body. The final tournament was held in Italy from 23 September to 12 October 2014. Italy played hosts for this event for the first time. The final four was held at the Mediolanum Forum in Milan.

2018 FIVB Volleyball Womens World Championship

The 2018 World Women's Volleyball Championship was the 18th staging of the FIVB Volleyball Women's World Championship, contested by the senior women's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB), the sport's global governing body. The final tournament was held in Japan from 29 September to 20 October 2018. Japan played hosts for this event for the third time in twelve years and the fifth time overall. The final four was held at the Yokohama Arena in Yokohama.

History

Origins

The history of the World Championship goes back to the beginnings of volleyball as a professional, high level sport. One of the first concrete measures taken by the FIVB after its foundation in 1947 was the establishment of an international competition involving teams from more than one continent. In 1949, the first edition of the Men's World Championship was played in Prague, Czechoslovakia. At that point, the tournament was still restricted to Europe.

The FIVB Volleyball Men's World Championship is an international volleyball competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB), the sport's global governing body. The initial gap between championships was variable, but since 1962 they have been awarded every four years. The current champion is Poland, which won its third title at the 2018 tournament defending the championship title.

Prague Capital of Czechia

Prague is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and the historical capital of Bohemia. Situated in the northwest of Czechia on the Vltava river, Prague is home to about 1.3 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of 2.6 million. The city has a temperate climate, with warm summers and chilly winters.

Czechoslovakia 1918–1992 country in Central Europe, predecessor of the Czech Republic and Slovakia

Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia, was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the Czech Republic and Slovakia on 1 January 1993.

Three years later, a women's version was introduced; the events were synchronized and expanded to include nations from Asia, and began to be held in 4-year cycles. By the following edition, there were also teams from South, Central and North America.

South America A continent in the Western Hemisphere, and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere

South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. It may also be considered a subcontinent of the Americas, which is how it is viewed in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking regions of the Americas. The reference to South America instead of other regions has increased in the last decades due to changing geopolitical dynamics.

Central America central geographic region of the Americas

Central America is a region found in the southern tip of North America and is sometimes defined as a subcontinent of the Americas. This region is bordered by Mexico to the north, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama. The combined population of Central America is estimated to be between 41,739,000 and 42,688,190.

Since volleyball was to be added to the Olympic Program in 1964, the 4-cycles were advanced in 2 years after the fourth edition (1960), so that the World Championship may alternate with the Summer Olympics. As of 1970, teams from Africa also took part in the competition, and the original goal of having members from all five continental confederations in the games was achieved.

The number of teams involved in the games has changed significantly over the years. Following volleyball's increase in popularity, they raised steadily to over 20 in the 1970s and part of the 1980s, were then cut short to 16 in the 1990s, and finally set up in 24 after 2002. Today, the World Championship is the most comprehensive of all events organized by the FIVB, and arguably the second most important, surpassed in prestige only by the Olympic Games.

Until 1974, the host nation of the tournament organized both the men's and the women's events, with the single exception of the 1966/1967 games, which took place in different years. Since 1978, this practice has been only occasionally observed, for instance, in 1998 and in the 2006 edition, which was held, as the former was, in Japan.

Winners

If the titles of the Women's World Championship are evenly distributed between Europe and Asia, the situation is quite different when nations are taken into account. Except for Italy's singleand for many, unexpectedvictory in 2002 and United States victory in 2014, the only winners so far have been the Russia (5 times as Soviet Union), Japan, China and Cuba.

The Soviets made a most impressive start by winning the first three editions of the tournament: 1952, 1956, 1960. They were halfway to making it four, since the following edition was to be played in Moscow. Former runners-up Japan, nevertheless, was the champions in 1962 and interrupted the winning streak, repeating the performance in 1967, when the Soviet Union national team did not participate.

The teams faced each other again in 1970, and this time the Soviet Union beat their opponents to collect the gold. In the following edition, Japan took revenge and defeated the Soviet Union in straight sets. Then something extraordinary happened: the world watched astonished as a young Cuban squad left behind the two longtime rivals and secured the first important volleyball title for a continent other than Europe or Asia.

The early 1980s saw the rise of a new Asian force: led by superstar Lang Ping, China stamped their mark on the World Championship's history by winning two editions in a row (1982 and 1986). They also made it to the finals in 1990, but were overpowered by the Soviet Union in their last participation at the competition.

Cuba's 1978 title finally fructified in an aggressive style of play that virtually dominated the 1990s. Led by powerplayers Regla Torres, Mireya Luis and Regla Bell, the Caribbeans won the 1994 and 1998 editions of the World Championship, beating newbies as well as tradition rivals such as Russia and China.

In spite of being appointed as favourites in 2002, China lost at the semifinals to a rising Italy, which would eventually win the final against United States

In 2006, favourites Brazil couldn't stop Russia and lost the gold medal match in a shocking final tie-breaker.

In 2010, Russia once again defeated Brazil in a 5th-set tie-breaker.

In 2014, the United States made it to the finals after an astonishing straight-set win against the 2012 Olympic champion and 2006 and 2010 runner-up Brazil. China, on the other hand, reached the championship after winning over hosts Italy in a four-set fashion. The finals saw two former World champions – Lang Ping and Karch Kiraly – at the helm of the champion squads. United States' momentum carried them to a 3–1 victory over the young Chinese squad, earning the first ever World title for the USA women's team after finishing as bridesmaids in several editions of the World Championship, World Cup and the Olympic Games.

Competition formula

Qualification

ConfederationSlots
CAVB (Africa)2
AVC (Asia and Oceania)4
CEV (Europe)8
NORCECA (North America)6
CSV (South America)2
Total24 (22+H+C)

Final tournament

The competition formula of the FIVB World Championship has been constantly changed to fit the different number of teams that participate in each edition. The following rules usually apply:

Results summary

YearHostFinal3rd place matchTeams
ChampionsScoreRunners-up3rd placeScore4th place
1952
Details
Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg
Soviet Union
Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg
Soviet Union
Round-robin Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg
Poland
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
Round-robin Flag of Bulgaria (1948-1967).svg
Bulgaria
8
1956
Details
Flag of France.svg
France
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Round-robin Flag of Romania (1952-1965).svg
Romania
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg
Poland
Round-robin Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
17
1960
Details
Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg
Brazil
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Round-robin Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
Round-robin Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg
Poland
10
1962
Details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Round-robin Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg
Poland
Round-robin Flag of Romania (1952-1965).svg
Romania
14
1967
Details
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Round-robin Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of South Korea (1949-1984).svg
South Korea
Round-robin Flag of Peru.svg
Peru
4
1970
Details
Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971).svg
Bulgaria
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Round-robin Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Flag of North Korea (1948-1992).svg
North Korea
Round-robin Flag of Hungary.svg
Hungary
16
1974
Details
Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Round-robin Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Flag of South Korea (1949-1984).svg
South Korea
Round-robin Flag of East Germany.svg
East Germany
23
1978
Details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
3–0Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
3–1Flag of South Korea (1949-1984).svg
South Korea
23
1982
Details
Flag of Peru.svg
Peru
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
3–0Flag of Peru.svg
Peru
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
3–1Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
23
1986
Details
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
3–1Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
Flag of Peru.svg
Peru
3–1Flag of East Germany.svg
East Germany
16
1990
Details
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
3–1Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
3–1Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
16
1994
Details
Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
3–0Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
3–1Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg
South Korea
16
1998
Details
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
3–0Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
3–1Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
16
2002
Details
Flag of Germany.svg
Germany
Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
3–2Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
3–1Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
24
2006
Details
Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
3–2Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg
Serbia and Montenegro
3–0Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
24
2010
Details
Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
3–2Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
3–2Flag of the United States.svg
United States
24
2014
Details
Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
3–1Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
3–2Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
24
2018
Details
Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Flag of Serbia.svg
Serbia
3–2Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
3–0Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Netherlands
24
2022
Details
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Flag of Poland.svg
Netherlands / Poland
24

All-time performance

#TeamTitlesRunners-upThird PlaceFourth PlaceTotal
1Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 7 (1952, 1956, 1960,
1970, 1990, 2006, 2010)
2 (1962, 1974)4 (1978, 1994, 1998,
2002)
13
2Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 3 (1962, 1967, 1974)3 (1960, 1970, 1978)1 (2010)1 (1982)8
3Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 3 (1978, 1994, 1998)1 (1986)1 (1990)5
4Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 2 (1982, 1986)3 (1990, 1998, 2014)1 (2018)1 (2002)7
5Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1 (2014)2 (1967, 2002)2 (1982, 1990)1 (2010)6
6Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1 (2002)1 (2018)2 (2006, 2014)4
7Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 1 (2018)1 (2006)2
8Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 3 (1994, 2006, 2010)1 (2014)1 (1998)5
9Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 1 (1952)2 (1956, 1962)1 (1960)4
10Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 1 (1982)1 (1986)1 (1967)3
11Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 1 (1956)1 (1962)2
12Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 2 (1967, 1974)2 (1978, 1994)4
13Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 2 (1952, 1960)1 (1956)3
14Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea 1 (1970)1
15Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 2 (1974, 1986)2
16Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 1 (1952)1
16Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 1 (1970)1
16Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1 (2018)1

Hosts

List of hosts by number of championships hosted.

Times hostedNationsYears
5Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 1967, 1998, 2006, 2010, 2018
3Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 1952, 1962, 1978
2Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1960, 1994
1Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 1970
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 1990
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 1986
Flag of France.svg  France 1956
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 2002
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2014
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1974
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 2022*
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 1982
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 2022*
* = co-hosts.

Medals summary

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of Russia.svg  Russia [upper-alpha 1] 72413
2Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 3317
3Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 3104
4Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 2316
5Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1225
6Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1102
7Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia [upper-alpha 2] 1012
8Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 0314
9Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 0123
10Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 0112
11Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 0101
12Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic [upper-alpha 3] 0022
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 0022
14Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea 0011
Totals (14 nations)18181854

MVP by edition

See also

Notes

  1. FIVB considers Russia (since 1993) as the inheritor of the records of Soviet Union (1948–1991) and CIS (1992).
  2. FIVB considers Serbia (since 2007) as the inheritor of the records of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1948–1991), Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1992–2002) and Serbia and Montenegro (2003–2006).
  3. FIVB considers Czech Republic (since 1994) as the inheritor of the records of Czechoslovakia (1948–1993).

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References

  1. Volleywood. "List of MVP by edition - Women's World Championship". Volleywood.net.Cite web requires |website= (help)