FIVB Volleyball Women's World Cup

Last updated
FIVB Volleyball Women's World Cup
Current season, competition or edition:
Volleyball current event.svg 2019 FIVB Volleyball Women's World Cup
Sport Volleyball
Founded1973
Inaugural season 1973
CEO Flag of Brazil.svg Ary Graça
No. of teams12
ContinentInternational (FIVB)
Most recent
champion(s)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China (4th title)
Most titlesFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba (4 titles each)
Official website FIVB Volleyball Women's World Cup

The FIVB Volleyball Women's World Cup is an international volleyball competition contested by the senior women's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB), the sport's global governing body. Initially the tournament was played in the year following the Olympic Games, but since 1991 the World Cup has been awarded in the year preceding the Olympic Games. The current champion is China, which won its fourth title at the 2015 tournament.

Volleyball ballgame and team sport in which two teams compete to ground the ball on their opponents side of the net

Volleyball is a popular team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net. Each team tries to score points by grounding a ball on the other team's court under organized rules. It has been a part of the official program of the Summer Olympic Games since Tokyo 1964.

Fédération Internationale de Volleyball international governing body for the sport of indoor, beach and grass volleyball

The Fédération Internationale de Volleyball, commonly known by the acronym FIVB, is the international governing body for all forms of volleyball. Its headquarters are located in Lausanne, Switzerland and its current president is Brazilian Ary Graça.

The FIVB Women's World Cup 1991 was held from November 8 to 17-1991, in 3 Cities in Japan, Tokyo, Sendai & Osaka. Twelve women's national teams played for the right to a fast lane ticket into the Olympic Tournament in Barcelona 1992.

Contents

The current format of the competition involves 12 teams, including the automatically qualifying host nation Japan, competing in the tournament phase for the title at venues within the host nation over a period of about two weeks. The World Cup (with exception of the 2019 edition) acts as the first qualification event for the following year's Olympic Games with the top two teams qualifying.

Japan womens national volleyball team womens national volleyball team representing Japan

The Japan women's national volleyball team, or All-Japan women's volleyball team, is currently ranked 6th in the world by FIVB. The current head coach is Kumi Nakada.

Volleyball at the Summer Olympics volleyball at the Summer Olympics

Volleyball has been part of the Summer Olympics program for both men and women consistently since 1964.

The 12 World Cup tournaments have been won by five different national teams. China and Cuba have won four times each. The other World Cup winners are Italy with two titles; and Japan and Russia as (Soviet Union), with one title each.

China womens national volleyball team womens national volleyball team representing China

The China women's national volleyball team represents the People's Republic of China in international volleyball competitions and friendly matches, governed by Chinese Volleyball Association. They are one of the leading and most successful squads in women's international volleyball and a worshipful sports team in China, having won nine championships titles in the three major international competitions of volleyball, including World Cup four times, World Championship twice and Olympic Game titles three times. The current head coach is Lang Ping, executive coach is An Jiajie. The team now ranks the first place in the FIVB World Ranking.

Cuba womens national volleyball team womens national volleyball team representing Cuba

The Cuba women's national volleyball team was the first team to break the USSR's and Japan's domination in the world women's volleyball by winning the 1978 World Women's Volleyball Championship.

Italy womens national volleyball team womens national volleyball team representing Italy

The Italy women's national volleyball team is governed by the Federazione Italiana Pallavolo (FIPAV). The team's biggest victories were the Gold Medal at the 2002 FIVB Women's World Championship, being the first team to break the domination of Russia, Cuba, China and Japan, and the 2007 and the 2011 World Cup, winning 21 out of the 22 matches in both tournaments.

This tournament should not be confused with the FIVB Volleyball Women's World Championship.

The FIVB Volleyball Women's World Championship is an international volleyball competition contested by the senior women's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB), the sport's global governing body. The initial gap between championships was variable, but since 1970 they have been awarded every four years. The current champions are the Serbia, which won their first title at the 2018 tournament in Japan.

History

Origins

The World Cup was created in 1965 with the purpose of partially filling the gap between the two most important volleyball tournaments, the Olympic Games and the World Championship, which take place in alternating 4-year cycles. The establishment of a third international competition would leave only one in every four years with no major events. The World Cup has a smaller entry than the World Championship, with at most 12 teams.

The World Cup was to be held in the year following the Olympic Games. The first two tournaments were for men's volleyball only; in 1973, a women's tournament was also introduced. Originally, each tournament had a different host, but in 1977 the competition was transferred to Japan on a permanent basis.

In the 1990s, the installment of annual international events such as the World League and the Grand Prix made the original motivations for the creation of the World Cup obsolete. Instead of letting a consolidated event disappear for lack of interest, the FIVB decided to change its format in 1991: it would be held in the year preceding, and not following, the Olympic Games; and it would be considered a first international Olympic qualification tournament, granting the winner a direct berth in the games.

This move saved the competition. The possibility of securing an early berth for the Olympic Games, thus avoiding extraneous and in some cases tight continental qualification procedures, became a consistent motivation for the national federations to participate in the World Cup. In 1995, the number of Olympic spots granted at the competition was increased to three, as it remained until 2011. In 2015 the number of spots was only two again.

Winners

The Women's World Cup has had not one great winner, like its counterpart for men's volleyball, but two: China and Cuba.

The first edition of the tournament was won by the Soviet Union. Japan, the runner-up of 1973, took the gold in 1977. With the help of superstar player Lang Ping, China won the following two editions, in 1981 and 1985.

Then Cuba stepped forward to begin its amazing World Cup career, winning its first title in 1989. With the tournament now as an Olympic qualifier, there followed three more consecutive victories, in 1991, 1995 and 1999.

China came back in 2003 with a remarkably offensive team to win its third title.

Italy won the 2007 edition with an outstanding record of eleven wins in eleven games and only two sets left to the opponents (both lost against Serbia). Italy took a second win in a row in 2011, getting the better hand on United States and China. In 2015, China regained the title.

Competition formula

The World Cup is the most stable from all competition formulas employed by the FIVB. The following rules apply:

Results summary

YearHostFinal3rd place matchTeams
ChampionsScoreRunners-up3rd placeScore4th place
1973
Details
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Round-robin Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Flag of South Korea (1949-1984).svg
South Korea
Round-robin Flag of Peru.svg
Peru
10
1977
Details
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Round-robin Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
Flag of South Korea (1949-1984).svg
South Korea
Round-robin Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
8
1981
Details
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
Round-robin Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Round-robin Flag of the United States.svg
United States
8
1985
Details
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
Round-robin Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Round-robin Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
8
1989
Details
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
Round-robin Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
Round-robin Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
8
1991
Details
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
Round-robin Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Round-robin Flag of the United States.svg
United States
12
1995
Details
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
Round-robin Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
Round-robin Flag of Croatia.svg
Croatia
12
1999
Details
Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
Round-robin Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
Round-robin Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg
South Korea
12
2003
Details
Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
Round-robin Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Round-robin Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg
Italy
12
2007
Details
Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
Round-robin Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Round-robin Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
12
2011
Details
Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
Round-robin Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
Round-robin Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
12
2015
Details
Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
Round-robin Flag of Serbia.svg
Serbia
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Round-robin Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
12
2019
Details
Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Round-robin Round-robin 12

Medals summary

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 4206
2Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 4138
3Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2002
4Flag of Russia.svg  Russia [upper-alpha 1] 1236
5Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 1203
6Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 0314
7Flag of the United States.svg  United States 0134
8Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 0101
9Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 0022
Totals (9 nations)12121236

Participating nations

Legend
Team [1] Flag of Uruguay.svg
1973
(10)
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
1977
(8)
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
1981
(8)
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
1985
(8)
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
1989
(8)
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
1991
(12)
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
1995
(12)
Flag of Japan.svg
1999
(12)
Flag of Japan.svg
2003
(12)
Flag of Japan.svg
2007
(12)
Flag of Japan.svg
2011
(12)
Flag of Japan.svg
2015
(12)
Total
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 11th12th2
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 8th11th11th10th8th5
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 9th8th6th8th2nd3rd2nd2nd5th9
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 7th1
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 7th8th10th9th4
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 4th1st1st3rd2nd3rd5th1st3rd1st10
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Part of Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 4th8th2
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 5th2nd6th2nd1st1st1st1st6th4th9th11
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic 10th9th8th7th4
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt 12th12th2
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany See Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 9th6th2
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 6th1
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 7th4th1st1st4
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 2nd1st2nd4th4th7th6th6th5th7th4th5th12
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 12th11th12th12th10th5
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 8th1
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 4th5th5th5th5th10th10th11th11th9
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 8th6th2
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia See Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 2nd4th2
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia See Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia See Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.svg  SCG 5th7th2nd3
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 3rd3rd5th7th7th6th5th4th9th8th9th6th12
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 11th1
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 10th1
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 8th12th2
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 7th1
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 6th7th4th4th7th9th3rd3rd2nd3rd10
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 10th1
Discontinued nations
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 6thSee Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 1
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 1st8th3rd3rd2nd3rdSee Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 6

MVP by edition

See also

Notes

  1. FIVB considers Russia (Since 1993) as the inheritor of the records of Soviet Union (1948-1991) and CIS (1992).

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References