FK Austria Wien

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Austria Wien
FK Austria Wien logo.svg
Full nameFußballklub Austria Wien
Nickname(s)Die Veilchen (The Violets)
Founded15 March 1911;108 years ago (1911-03-15)
Ground Franz Horr Stadium
Capacity17,565
ChairmanFrank Hensel
Manager Christian Ilzer
League Austrian Bundesliga
2018–19 Austrian Bundesliga, 4th
Website Club website
Soccerball current event.svg Current season

Fußballklub Austria Wien (German pronunciation: [ˈaʊ̯stri̯aː ˈviːn] ; known in English as Austria Vienna, and usually shortened to Austria in German-speaking countries), is an Austrian association football club from the capital city of Vienna. It has won the most national titles of any Austrian club from the top flight. It has won 24 Austrian Bundesliga titles and is one of only two sides that have never been relegated from the Austrian top flight. With 27 victories in the Austrian Cup and six in the Austrian Supercup, Austria Wien is also the most successful club in each of those tournaments. The club reached the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup final in 1978, and the semi-finals of the European Cup the season after. The club plays at the Franz Horr Stadium, known as the Generali Arena since a 2010 naming rights deal with an Italian insurance company.

Contents

History

Historical chart of Austria Wien league performance Austria wien Performance Graph.png
Historical chart of Austria Wien league performance

Foundation to World War II

FK Austria Wien has its roots in Wiener Cricketer, established on 20 October 1910 in Vienna. The club was renamed Wiener Amateur-SV in December of that year and adopted the name Fußballklub Austria Wien on 28 November 1926.

The team claimed its first championship title in 1924. Wiener Amateur changed its name to Austria Wien in 1926 as the amateurs became professionals. The club won its second league title that year.

The 1930s, one of Austria Wien's most successful eras, brought two titles (1933 and 1936) in the Mitropa Cup, a tournament for champions in Central Europe. The star of that side was forward Matthias Sindelar, who was voted in 1998 as the greatest Austrian footballer. [1]

The club's success was interrupted by the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany in 1938, with Austria taunted as " Judenklub ". [2] While Jewish players and staff at the club were killed or fled the country, Sindelar died under unresolved circumstances on 23 January 1939 of carbon monoxide poisoning in his apartment. He had refused to play for the combined Germany–Austria national team, citing injury (bad knees) and retirement from international matches. The club was part of the top-flight regional Gauliga Ostmark in German competition from 1938–45, but never finished higher than fourth. They participated in the Tschammerpokal (the predecessor to the modern-day DFB-Pokal) in 1938 and 1941. Nazi sports authorities directed that the team change its name to Sportclub Ostmark Wien in an attempt to Germanize it on 12 April 1938, but the club re-adopted its historical identity almost immediately on 14 July 1938.

Post-World War II

Austria Wien won its first league title for 23 years in 1949, and retained it the following year. It later won a fifth title in 1953. The club won 16 titles in 33 seasons between 1960 and 1993, starting with three-straight titles in 1961, 1962 and 1963. Forward Ernst Ocwirk, who played in five league title-winning sides in two separate spells at the club, managed the side to 1969 and 1970 Bundesliga titles. Other players of this era included Horst Nemec.

From 1973–74 season, Wiener AC formed a joint team with FK Austria Wien, which was called FK Austria WAC Wien until 1976–77, when Austria Wien opted to revert to their own club's traditional name. The results of the joint team are part of the Austria Wien football history.

The 1970s saw the beginning of another successful era, despite no league title between 1970 and 1976 as an aging squad was rebuilt. Eight league titles in the 11 seasons from 1975–76 to 1985–86 reasserted its dominance. After winning the 1977 Austrian Cup national Cup, Austria Wien reached the 1978 European Cup Winners' Cup final, which they lost 4–0 to Belgian club Anderlecht. The following season, the club reached the semi-finals of the European Cup, losing 1–0 on aggregate to Swedish team Malmö FF. [3] In 1982–83, Austria Wien reached the semi-finals of the Cup Winners' Cup, losing 5–3 on aggregate to Real Madrid. [4]

Players at Austria Wien in this era included Herbert "Schneckerl" Prohaska, Felix Gasselich, Thomas Parits, Walter Schachner, Gerhard Steinkogler, Toni Polster, Peter Stöger, Ivica Vastić and Tibor Nyilasi.

Recent history

Team photo for the 2010-2011 season FK Austria Wien - Teamphoto 2010-11.jpg
Team photo for the 2010–2011 season

At the start of the 1990s, Austria Wien enjoyed its most recent period of sustained success: three-straight Bundesliga titles from 1991 to 1993; three Austrian Cup titles in 1990, 1992 and 1994; and four Austrian Supercup titles in 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994. However, the club declined in the late 1990s due to financial problems which forced key players to be sold.

Austria Wien was taken over by Austro–Canadian billionaire Frank Stronach's Magna auto-parts consortium in 1999. Following deals with the Memphis cigarette company, the club was renamed FK Austria Memphis Magna. Stronach's investment in players, with a budget three times larger than the average in the league, saw a first Bundesliga title for ten years in 2002–03. Despite this, head coach Walter Schachner was fired. Although his replacement Christoph Daum could not retain the league title, he won the Austrian Cup.

In 2004, Memphis was dropped from the club's name. Austria Wien reached the UEFA Cup quarter-final in 2004–05, where they were eliminated by Parma. On 21 November 2005, Frank Stonach withdrew from the club. Consequently, several players (including top scorer Roland Linz, Vladimír Janočko, Joey Didulica, Libor Sionko, Filip Šebo and Sigurd Rushfeldt) were sold to other teams the following summer. The 2005–06 season nonetheless concluded with a Bundesliga and Cup double.

The loss of key players and a much lower budget for the 2006–07 season saw the club suffer. Despite losing 4–1 on aggregate to Benfica in the preliminary round of the UEFA Champions League, the team managed to qualify (against Legia Warsaw winning 2–1 on aggregate) for the group phase of the UEFA Cup. Former player and coach Thomas Parits became general manager. After the side lost three days later 4–0 away to Red Bull Salzburg, Partis terminated coaches Peter Stöger and Frank Schinkels. Georg Zellhofer replaced them. The season saw a sixth-place finish in the Bundesliga despite being in last place at Christmas. However, the club also won the Cup that year. The side improved the following season, finishing in third in the league.

Austria Wien players on the pitch against Red Bull Salzburg, December 2013 RB Salzburg gegen FK Austria Wien 13.JPG
Austria Wien players on the pitch against Red Bull Salzburg, December 2013

The summer of 2008 brought notable changes. Twelve players left the club, including Sanel Kuljić and Yüksel Sariyar, who joined Frank Stronach's newly founded team FC Magna in Austria's second division. The Betriebsführervertrag ("operating contract") with Stronach's Magna company expired, letting the club reorganize. On 1 July 2008, the original name FK Austria Wien was reinstated, without a sponsor's name included for the first time in 30 years. The club also bought Chinese international Sun Xiang, the first Chinese player to play in the Bundesliga. In the 2012–13 season, Austria Wien won its 24th league title, ahead of holders Red Bull Salzburg, but lost the Austrian Cup final 1–0 to third-tier club FC Pasching. [5]

In August 2013, Austria Wien qualified for the group stages of the UEFA Champions League group stage for the first time after defeating Dinamo Zagreb in the play-offs round. [6] They were drawn against Porto, Atlético Madrid and Zenit Saint Petersburg, all of which have won European trophies in the 21st century. Austria finished last in the group after a loss to Porto at home (0–1), a draw against Zenit in Saint Petersburg (0–0), two losses against Atlético and an away draw against Porto, which eventually put the Portuguese side to the third place in the group. A consolation came when Austria defeated Zenit 4–1 at Ernst-Happel-Stadion.

Stadium

Franz Horr Stadium Sudtribune Franz-Horr-Stadion.jpg
Franz Horr Stadium

Austria Wien plays its home games at the Franz Horr Stadium, which has had a capacity of 17,000 [7] since 2008, when a new two-tiered East Stand opened and renovations were made to the West Stand. The stadium was renamed the Generali Arena in a naming-rights deal with Italian insurer Generali announced at the end of 2010. [8]

The stadium was originally built in 1925 for Slovan Vienna, a Czech immigrants' club, and was largely destroyed by the Allies in World War II. Austria Wien moved into the ground in 1973, playing its first match there on 26 August. The stadium was subsequently named for Franz Horr, chairman of the Viennese FA, following his death. The stadium was expanded with new or renovated stands in 1982, 1986, 1998 and, most recently, 2008. [9]

Wien Derby

A 2010 Wien derby match between Austria Vienna and Rapid Vienna. FK Austria Wien - SK Rapid Wien 20101128 (01).jpg
A 2010 Wien derby match between Austria Vienna and Rapid Vienna.

Austria Wien contests the Wien derby with Rapid Wien. The two clubs are two of the most supported and successful in the country, and two of the most culturally and socially significant clubs, both historically representing wider divisions in Viennese society. Both teams originate from Hietzing, the 13th district in the west of the city, but have since moved into different districts. Austria Wien is seen as a middle-class club, and before World War II, as part of the coffeehouse culture associated with the capital's intelligentsia. [10] Rapid traditionally holds the support of the city's working class. The two clubs first met in a league championship match on 8 September 1911, a 4–1 victory for Rapid. [11] The fixture is the most-played derby in European football after the Old Firm match in Glasgow and the Edinburgh Derby in Edinburgh, both in Scotland.

Honours

Domestic competitions

Champions: 1923–24, 1925–26, 1948–49, 1949–50; 1952–53; 1960–61, 1961–62, 1962–63; 1968–69, 1969–70; 1975–76; 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1983–84, 1984–85, 1985–86; 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93; 2002–03, 2005–06, 2012–13
Champions: 1920–21, 1923–24, 1924–25, 1925–26, 1932–33, 1934–35, 1935–36, 1947–48, 1948–49, 1959–60, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1966–67, 1970–71, 1973–74, 1976–77, 1979–80, 1981–82, 1985–86, 1989–90, 1991–92, 1993–94, 2002–03, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2008–09
Winners: 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 2003, 2004
Winners: 1948, 1949

European competitions

Champions: 1933, 1936
Champions: 1959
Runners-up: 1978

Intercontinental competitions

Semi-finals (2): 1951, 1952

European record

SeasonCompetitionRoundCountryClubHomeAway
1960–61 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Quarter-finals Flag of England.svg Wolverhampton Wanderers 2–00–5
1961–62 UEFA Champions League 1R Flag of Romania.svg Steaua București 2–00–0
2R Flag of Portugal.svg Benfica 1–11–5
1962–63 UEFA Champions League 1R Flag of Finland.svg HIFK 5–32–0
2R Flag of France.svg Stade Reims 3–20–5
1963–64 UEFA Champions League 1R Flag of Poland.svg Górnik Zabrze 1–0, 1–20–1
1967–68 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1R Flag of Romania.svg Steaua București 0–21–2
1969–70 UEFA Champions League 1R Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Dynamo Kyiv 1–21–3
1970–71 UEFA Champions League Qualification Flag of Bulgaria.svg Levski Sofia 3–01–3
1R Flag of Spain.svg Atlético Madrid 1–20–2
1971–72 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Qualification Flag of Denmark.svg B 1909 2–02–4
1R Flag of Albania.svg Dinamo Tirana 1–01–1
2R Flag of Italy.svg Torino 0–00–1
1972–73 UEFA Cup 1R Flag of Bulgaria.svg Beroe Stara Zagora 1–30–7
1974–75 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1R Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Waregem 4–11–2
2R Flag of Spain.svg Real Madrid 2–20–3
1976–77 UEFA Champions League 1R Flag of Germany.svg Borussia Mönchengladbach 1–00–3
1977–78 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1R Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg Cardiff City 1–00–0
2R Flag of the Czech Republic.svg MFK Košice 0–01–1
Quarter-finals Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Hajduk Split 1–11–1 (p 3-0)
Semi-finals Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Dynamo Moscow 2–1 (p 5-4)1–2
Final Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Anderlecht 0–4
1978–79 UEFA Champions League 1R Flag of Albania.svg Vllaznia Shköder 4–10–2
2R Flag of Norway.svg Lillestrøm 4–10–0
Quarter-finals Flag of East Germany.svg Dynamo Dresden 3–10–1
Semi-finals Flag of Sweden.svg Malmö FF 0–00–1
1979–80 UEFA Champions League 1R Flag of Denmark.svg Vejle 1–12–3
1980–81 UEFA Champions League 1R Flag of Scotland.svg Aberdeen 0–00–1
1981–82 UEFA Champions League 1R Flag of Albania.svg Partizani 3–10–1
2R Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Dynamo Kyiv 0–11–1
1982–83 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1R Flag of Greece.svg Panathinaikos 2–01–2
2R Flag of Turkey.svg Galatasaray 0–14–2
Quarter-finals Flag of Spain.svg Barcelona 0–01–1
Semi-finals Flag of Spain.svg Real Madrid 2–21–3
1983–84 UEFA Cup 1R Flag of Luxembourg.svg Aris Bonnevoie 10–05–0
2R Flag of France.svg Stade Lavallois 2–03–3
3R Flag of Italy.svg Internazionale 2–11–1
Quarter-finals Flag of England.svg Tottenham Hotspur 2–20–2
1984–85 UEFA Champions League 1R Flag of Malta.svg Valletta 4–04–0
2R Flag of East Germany.svg Dynamo Berlin 2–13–3
Quarter-finals Flag of England.svg Liverpool 1–11–4
1985–86 UEFA Champions League 1R Flag of East Germany.svg Dynamo Berlin 2–12–0
2R Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich 3–32–4
1986–87 UEFA Champions League 1R Flag of Luxembourg.svg Avenir Beggen 3–03–0
2R Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich 1–10–2
1987–88 UEFA Cup 1R Flag of Germany.svg Bayer Leverkusen 0–01–5
1988–89 UEFA Cup 1R Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Žalgiris 5–20–2
2R Flag of Scotland.svg Hearts 0–10–0
1989–90 UEFA Cup 1R Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ajax 1–03–0
2R Flag of Germany.svg Werder Bremen 2–00–5
1990–91 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1R Flag of Germany.svg Eintracht Schwerin 0–02–0
2R Flag of Italy.svg Juventus 0–40–4
1991–92 UEFA Champions League 1R Flag of England.svg Arsenal 1–01–6
1992–93 UEFA Champions League 1R Flag of Bulgaria.svg CSKA Sofia 3–12–3
2R Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Club Brugge 3–10–2
1993–94 UEFA Champions League 1R Flag of Norway.svg Rosenborg 4–11–3
2R Flag of Spain.svg Barcelona 1–20–3
1994–95 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1R Flag of Slovenia.svg Maribor 3–01–1
2R Flag of England.svg Chelsea 1–10–0
1995–96 UEFA Cup Qualification Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Kapaz Ganja 5–14–0
1R Flag of Belarus.svg Dinamo Minsk 1–20–1
1996 UEFA Intertoto Cup Group 3, 1st game Flag of Slovenia.svg Maribor 0–3
Group 3, 2nd game Flag of Iceland.svg Keflavík 6–0
Group 3, 3rd game Flag of Denmark.svg Copenhagen 1–2
Group 3, 4th game Flag of Sweden.svg Örebro 2–3
1997 UEFA Intertoto Cup Group 9, 1st game Flag of Slovakia.svg MŠK Žilina 1–3
Group 9, 2nd game Flag of Romania.svg Rapid București 1–1
Group 9, 3rd game Flag of France.svg Lyon 0–2
Group 9, 4th game Flag of Poland.svg Odra Wodzisław 1–5
1998 UEFA Intertoto Cup 1R Flag of Poland.svg Ruch Chorzów 0–12–2
1999 UEFA Intertoto Cup 3R Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Sint-Truiden 1–22–0
4R Flag of France.svg Rennes 2–20–2
2000 UEFA Intertoto Cup 2R Flag of Cyprus.svg Nea Salamina Famagusta 3–00–1
3R Flag of Romania.svg Ceahlăul Piatra Neamț 3–02–2
4R Flag of Italy.svg Udinese 0–10–2
2002–03 UEFA Cup 1R Flag of Ukraine.svg Shakhtar Donetsk 5–10–1
2R Flag of Portugal.svg Porto 0–10–2
2003–04 UEFA Champions League 3QR Flag of France.svg Marseille 0–10–0
2003–04 UEFA Cup 1R Flag of Germany.svg Borussia Dortmund 1–20–1
2004–05 UEFA Cup 2QR Flag of Ukraine.svg Illichivets Mariupol 3–00–0
1R Flag of Poland.svg Legia Warsaw 1–03–1
Group C Flag of Spain.svg Real Zaragoza 1–0
Flag of Ukraine.svg Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk 0–1
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Club Brugge 1–1
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Utrecht 2–1
3R Flag of Spain.svg Athletic Bilbao 0–02–1
4R Flag of Spain.svg Real Zaragoza 1–12–2
Quarter-finals Flag of Italy.svg Parma 1–10–0
2005–06 UEFA Cup 2QR Flag of Slovakia.svg MŠK Žilina 2–22–1
1R Flag of Norway.svg Viking 2–10–1
2006–07 UEFA Champions League 3QR Flag of Portugal.svg Benfica 1–10–3
2006–07 UEFA Cup 1R Flag of Poland.svg Legia Warsaw 1–01–1
Group F Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Zulte-Waregem 1–4
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ajax 0–3
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Sparta Prague 0–1
Flag of Spain.svg Espanyol 0–1
2007–08 UEFA Cup 2QR Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Jablonec 4–31–1
1R Flag of Norway.svg Vålerenga 2–02–2
Group H Flag of France.svg Bordeaux 1–2
Flag of Sweden.svg Helsingborgs IF 0–3
Flag of Greece.svg Panionios 0–1
Flag of Turkey.svg Galatasaray 0–0
2008–09 UEFA Cup 1QR Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Tobol 2–00–1
2QR Flag of Georgia.svg WIT Georgia 2–0not played
1R Flag of Poland.svg Lech Poznań 2–12–4 (AET)
2009–10 UEFA Europa League 3QR Flag of Serbia.svg Vojvodina 1–14–2
Play-off Flag of Ukraine.svg Metalurh Donetsk 2–23–2 (AET)
Group L Flag of Spain.svg Athletic Bilbao 0–30–3
Flag of Portugal.svg Nacional 1–11–5
Flag of Germany.svg Werder Bremen 2–20–2
2010–11 UEFA Europa League 2QR Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Široki Brijeg 2–21–0
3QR Flag of Poland.svg Ruch Chorzów 3–13–0
Play-off Flag of Greece.svg Aris 1–10–1
2011–12 UEFA Europa League 2QR Flag of Montenegro.svg Rudar Pljevlja 2–03–0
3QR Flag of Slovenia.svg Olimpija Ljubljana 3–21–1
Play-off Flag of Romania.svg Gaz Metan Mediaș 3–10–1
Group G Flag of Ukraine.svg Metalist Kharkiv 1–21–4
Flag of the Netherlands.svg AZ 2–22–2
Flag of Sweden.svg Malmö FF 2–02–1
2013–14 UEFA Champions League 3QR Flag of Iceland.svg FH 1–00–0
Play-off Flag of Croatia.svg Dinamo Zagreb 2–32–0
Group G Flag of Portugal.svg Porto 0–11–1
Flag of Spain.svg Atlético Madrid 0–30–4
Flag of Russia.svg Zenit Saint Petersburg 4–10–0
2016–17 UEFA Europa League 2QR Flag of Albania.svg Kukësi 1–04–1
3QR Flag of Slovakia.svg Spartak Trnava 0–11–0 (5–4p)
Play-off Flag of Norway.svg Rosenborg 2–12–1
Group E Flag of Romania.svg Astra Giurgiu 1–23–2
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Viktoria Plzeň 0–02–3
Flag of Italy.svg Roma 2–43–3
2017–18 UEFA Europa League 3QR Flag of Cyprus.svg AEL Limassol 0–02–1
Play-off Flag of Croatia.svg Osijek 0–12–1
Group D Flag of Italy.svg Milan 1–51–5
Flag of Greece.svg AEK Athens 0–02–2
Flag of Croatia.svg Rijeka 1–34–1
2019–20 UEFA Europa League 3QR Flag of Cyprus.svg Apollon Limassol 1–21–3

Current squad

As of 3 January 2020

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.PositionPlayer
3 Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg DF Maudo Jarjué
4 Flag of Australia (converted).svg MF James Jeggo
5 Flag of Austria.svg MF Vesel Demaku
6 Flag of Austria.svg MF Niels Hahn
7 Flag of Austria.svg MF Maximilian Sax
8 Flag of Austria.svg DF Stephan Zwierschitz
10 Flag of Austria.svg MF Alexander Grünwald
11 Flag of Austria.svg MF Benedikt Pichler
13 Flag of Austria.svg GK Ivan Lučić
14 Flag of Austria.svg FW Christoph Monschein
16 Flag of Austria.svg MF Dominik Prokop
17 Flag of Austria.svg DF Florian Klein
18 Flag of Austria.svg DF Christian Schoissengeyr
No.PositionPlayer
19 Flag of the Central African Republic.svg FW Sterling Yateke
20 Flag of Nigeria.svg FW Bright Edomwonyi
22 Flag of the Netherlands.svg DF Caner Çavlan
23 Flag of the United States.svg DF Erik Palmer-Brown (on loan from Manchester City)
24 Flag of Austria.svg DF Aleksandar Borković
26 Flag of Israel.svg FW Alon Turgeman
27 Flag of Austria.svg MF Thomas Ebner
28 Flag of Austria.svg DF Christoph Martschinko
30 Flag of Austria.svg DF Michael Madl
32 Flag of Austria.svg GK Patrick Pentz
36 Flag of Austria.svg FW Dominik Fitz
39 Flag of Austria.svg MF Manprit Sarkaria
46 Flag of Austria.svg DF Johannes Handl
99 Flag of Austria.svg GK Mirko Kos
Flag of Denmark.svg DF Andreas Poulsen (on loan from Borussia Mönchengladbach)

Manager history

As of 1 December 2018 [12]

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References

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