FTSE 100 Index

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FTSE 100 Index
FTSE 100 index chart since 1984.png
FTSE 100 Index performance between 1984 and 2015
Foundation1984 [1]
Operator FTSE Group [1]
Exchanges London Stock Exchange [1]
Constituents100 [1]
TypeLarge cap
Market cap £2.054 trillion
(as of January 2018) [1]
Weighting method Capitalisation-weighted [1]
Related indices
Website ftse.com

The Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index, also called the FTSE 100 Index, FTSE 100, FTSE, or, informally, the "Footsie" /ˈfʊtsi/ , is a share index of the 100  companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalisation. It is seen as a gauge of prosperity for businesses regulated by UK company law. The index is maintained by the FTSE Group, a subsidiary of the London Stock Exchange Group.



The index is maintained by the FTSE Group, a now wholly owned subsidiary of the London Stock Exchange which originated as a joint venture between the Financial Times and the London Stock Exchange. It is calculated in real time and published every second when the market is open.

The FTSE 100 broadly consists of the largest 100 qualifying UK companies by full market value. [2] The total market value of a company is calculated by multiplying the share price of the company by the total number of shares they have issued. [3] Many of these are internationally focused companies, however, so the index's movements are a fairly weak indicator of how the UK economy is faring and are significantly affected by the exchange rates of the Pound. [4] A better indication of the UK economy is the FTSE 250 Index, as it contains a smaller proportion of international companies. [5]

FTSE 100 companies represent about 81% of the entire market capitalisation of the London Stock Exchange. Even though the FTSE All-Share Index is more comprehensive, the FTSE 100 is by far the most widely used UK stock market indicator. Other related indices are the FTSE 250 Index (which includes the next largest 250 companies after the FTSE 100), the FTSE 350 Index (which is the aggregation of the FTSE 100 and 250), FTSE SmallCap Index and the FTSE Fledgling Index. The FTSE All-Share aggregates the FTSE 100, FTSE 250 and FTSE SmallCap.

Component companies must meet a number of requirements set out by the FTSE Group, including having a full listing on the London Stock Exchange with a Sterling or Euro denominated price on the Stock Exchange Electronic Trading Service, and meeting certain tests on nationality, free float, and liquidity.

Continuous trading on the London Stock Exchange starts at 08:00 and ends at 16:30 (when the closing auction starts), and closing values are taken at 16:35.


In the FTSE indices, share prices are weighted by free-float capitalisation, so that the larger companies, with more of their stock "floating", make more of a difference to the index than smaller companies. The basic formula for these indices is:

The free float adjustment factor represents the percentage of all issued shares that are readily available for trading, rounded up to the nearest multiple of 5%. The free-float capitalisation of a company is its market capitalisation multiplied by its free float adjustment factor. It therefore does not include restricted stocks, such as those held by company insiders.

Record values

The index reached the following record values:

CategoryAll-time highs
Closing7,877.4522 May 2018
Intraday7,903.5022 May 2018

The index began on 3 January 1984 at the base level of 1000. The highest closing value of 7,877.45 was reached on 22 May 2018. [6] The highest intra-day value of 7,903.50 was reached on 22 May 2018. [7]

Annual returns

The following table shows the annual development of the FTSE 100 Index, which was calculated back to 1969. [8] [9] [10]

YearClosing levelChange in Index
in Points
Change in Index
in %

Constituents in March 2020

The following table lists the FTSE 100 companies after the changes on 23 March 2020. [11] The index consists of 100 companies, but there are 101 listings, as Royal Dutch Shell has both A and B class shares listed. Schroders Non Voting shares were also listed until 1 June 2012 when the FTSE's stricter rules came into force.

CompanyTickerFTSE Industry Classification Benchmark sector [12]
3i IIIFinancial Services
Admiral Group ADMNonlife Insurance
Anglo American plc AALMining
Antofagasta ANTOMining
Ashtead Group AHTSupport Services
Associated British Foods ABFFood Producers
AstraZeneca AZNPharmaceuticals & Biotechnology
Auto Trader Group AUTOMedia
Aveva AVVSoftware & Computer Services
Aviva AVLife Insurance
BAE Systems BAAerospace & Defence
Barclays BARCBanks
Barratt Developments BDEVHousehold Goods & Home Construction
Berkeley Group Holdings BKGHousehold Goods & Home Construction
BP BPOil & Gas Producers
British American Tobacco BATSTobacco
British Land BLNDReal Estate Investment Trusts
BT Group BT.AFixed Line Telecommunications
Bunzl BNZLSupport Services
Burberry BRBYPersonal Goods
Carnival Corporation & plc CCLTravel & Leisure
Centrica CNAGas, Water & Multi-utilities
Coca-Cola HBC CCHBeverages
Compass Group CPGSupport Services
CRH plc CRHConstruction & Materials
Croda International CRDAChemicals
DCC plc DCCSupport Services
Diageo DGEBeverages
EasyJet EZJTravel & Leisure
Evraz EVRIndustrial Metals & Mining
Experian EXPNSupport Services
Ferguson plc FERGSupport Services
Flutter Entertainment FLTRTravel & Leisure
Fresnillo FRESMining
GlaxoSmithKline GSKPharmaceuticals & Biotechnology
Glencore GLENMining
Halma HLMAElectronic & Electrical Equipment
Hargreaves Lansdown HLFinancial Services
Hikma Pharmaceuticals HIKPharmaceuticals & Biotechnology
Imperial Brands IMBTobacco
Informa INFMedia
InterContinental Hotels Group IHGTravel & Leisure
Intermediate Capital Group ICPInvestment Services
International Airlines Group IAGTravel & Leisure
Intertek ITRKSupport Services
ITV plc ITVMedia
JD Sports JDGeneral Retailers
Johnson Matthey JMATChemicals
Just Eat Takeaway JETSoftware and Computer Services
Land Securities LANDReal Estate Investment Trusts
Legal & General LGENLife Insurance
Lloyds Banking Group LLOYBanks
London Stock Exchange Group LSEFinancial Services
M&G MNGAsset Managers
Meggitt MGGTAerospace & Defence
Melrose Industries MROAutomobiles & Parts
Mondi MNDIForestry & Paper
Morrisons MRWFood & Drug Retailers
National Grid plc NGGas, Water & Multi-utilities
Next plc NXTGeneral Retailers
Ocado OCDOFood & Drug Retailers
Pearson plc PSONMedia
Pennon Group PNNWater
Persimmon plc PSNHousehold Goods & Home Construction
Phoenix Group PHNXLife Insurance
Polymetal International POLYPrecious Metals and Mining
Prudential plc PRULife Insurance
Reckitt Benckiser RBHousehold Goods & Home Construction
Rentokil Initial RTOSupport Services
Rio Tinto RIOMining
Rightmove RMVMedia
Rolls-Royce Holdings RRAerospace & Defence
Royal Bank of Scotland Group RBSBanks
Royal Dutch Shell RDSAOil & Gas Producers
RSA Insurance Group RSANonlife Insurance
Sage Group SGESoftware & Computer Services
Sainsbury's SBRYFood & Drug Retailers
Schroders SDRFinancial Services
Scottish Mortgage Investment Trust SMTEquity Investment Instruments
Segro SGROReal Estate Investment Trusts
Severn Trent SVTGas, Water & Multi-utilities
Smith & Nephew SNHealth Care Equipment & Services
DS Smith SMDSGeneral Industrials
Smiths Group SMINGeneral Industrials
Smurfit Kappa SKGGeneral Industrials
Spirax-Sarco Engineering SPXIndustrial Engineering
SSE plc SSEElectricity
Standard Chartered STANBanks
Standard Life Aberdeen SLAFinancial Services
St. James's Place plc STJLife Insurance
Taylor Wimpey TWHousehold Goods & Home Construction
Tesco TSCOFood & Drug Retailers
Unilever ULVRPersonal Goods
United Utilities UUGas, Water & Multi-utilities
Vodafone Group VODMobile Telecommunications
Whitbread WTBRetail hospitality
WPP plc WPPMedia

Past constituents

All changes are due to market capitalisation unless stated otherwise.

source: "FTSE: FTSE 100 Constituent Changes" (PDF). (57.9 KB)

FT 30

The oldest continuous index in the UK is the FT 30, also known as the Financial Times Index or the FT Ordinary Index (FTOI). [186] It was established in 1935 and nowadays is largely obsolete due to its redundancy. It is similar to the Dow Jones Industrial Average, and companies listed are from the industrial and commercial sectors. Financial sector companies and government stocks are excluded.

Of the original constituents, [187] three are currently in the FTSE 100: Tate & Lyle, Imperial Tobacco and Rolls-Royce, although Rolls-Royce has not been continuously listed and Imperial Tobacco was a subsidiary of Hanson for a number of years, and is now renamed as Imperial Brands. Only one of the original FT 30 companies are still in that index: [188] Tate & Lyle (membership is not strictly based on market capitalisation, so this does not mean they are necessarily among the top thirty companies in the FTSE 100). The best performer from the original lineup has been Imperial Tobacco. [189]

See also

Other lists
Stock market lists

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